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@xeedware/http-status-codes

1.0.1 • Public • Published

@xeedware/http-status-codes

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Typescript classes customizable to a target HTTP API to get its status codes, associated reason phrases and references.

Two concrete classes provided in this package target HTTP API's conforming to

  • IANA HTTP Status Code Registry and
  • Postman Echo.

Overview

This package includes three Typescript classes:

  • IanaHttpStatusCodes
    Contains a dataset of definitive IANA HTTP Status Code Registry

    • status codes (e.g., 404) and it associated
    • reason phrase (e.g. "Not Found") and
    • reference (e.g., "RFC7231, Section 6.5.4").
  • HttpStatusCodeAbstractSubclass
    An abstract Typescript class to facilitate the creation of a concrete class targeted to a specific HTTP API. HttpStatusCodeAbstractSubclass extends IanaHttpStatusCodes for its initial dataset that is then customizable by calling protected methods.

  • PostmanEchoHttpStatusCodes
    A concrete class that extends HttpStatusCodeAbstractSubclass with several alterations to the IANA dataset to conform to HTTP status codes and reason phrases returned by Postman Echo (see https://docs.postman-echo.com/).

Install

npm install [-D] @xeedware/http-status

Usage

IanaHttpStatusCodes Class

  1. Import and Instantiate

    import {IanaHttpStatusCodes} from '@xeedware/http-status-codes';
    const ianaHttpStatusCodes = new IanaHttpStatusCodes();
  2. Frequently Used Methods

    1. getStatusCodes
      Get all status codes of the instance.

      const statusCodes = ianaHttpStatusCodes.getStatusCodes();
          // [
          //     100, 101, 102, 103, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204,
          //     205, 206, 207, 208, 226, 300, 301, 302, 303,
          //     304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 400, 401, 402, 403,
          //     404, 405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412,
          //     413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 421, 422, 423, 424,
          //     425, 426, 428, 429, 431, 451, 500, 501, 502,
          //     503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 510, 511
          // ]
    2. getReasonPhrase
      Get the reason phrase associated with the specified status code.

      const reasonPhrase200 = ianaHttpStatusCodes.getReasonPhrase(200);
         // 'OK'
      const reasonPhrase404 = ianaHttpStatusCodes.getReasonPhrase(404);
         // 'Not Found'
    3. getReference
      Get the reference associated with the specified status code.

      const reference200 = ianaHttpStatusCodes.getReference(200);
          // ["RFC7231, Section 6.3.1"]
      const reference404 = ianaHttpStatusCodes.getReference(404);
         // ["RFC7231, Section 6.5.4"]
  3. Other Methods

    1. getDataset
      Get the entire dataset as a JSON object.

      const dataSet = ianaHttpStatusCodes.getDataset();
    2. getRecord
      Get the record associated with the specified status code.

      const recordSet = ianaHttpStatusCodes.getRecord(200);
         // [{"reasonPhrase": "OK", "reference": ["RFC7231 - Section 6.3.1"]}]

PostmanEchoHttpStatusCodes Class

  1. Import and Instantiate

    import {PostmanEchoHttpStatusCodes} from '@xeedware/http-status-codes';
    const postmanEchoHttpStatusCodes = new PostmanEchoHttpStatusCodes();
  2. Methods
    Identical to IanaHttpStatusCodes but returns status codes and associated reason phrase as returned by Postman Echo.

HttpStatusCodeAbstractSubclass Class

What can you do with HttpStatusCodeAbstractSubclass?

1. Create a new class that modifies the IanaHttpStatusCodes dataset for your particular HTTP API

PostmanEchoHttpStatusCodes is an example. We used PostmanEchoHttpStatusCodes for known HTTP status codes and reason phrases during evaluation of HTTP clients Axios and Angular's HttpClient against HTTP requests to Postman Echo.

PostmanEchoHttpStatusCodes differs from IanaHttpStatusCodes by:

  • Returning status phrase "Switch Proxy" for status code 306, instead of "(Unused)" and references a "HTTP/1.1 305 and 306 Response Codes" document authored by Josh Cohen.
  • Adding status code 418 with reason phrase "I'm a Teapot" referenced in RFC7168.\ Note other services may add status code 418 but instead return the reason phrase "I'm a teapot" referenced in RFC2324.
  • Returning sstatus phrases "Unordered Collection" for status code 425 and references RFC3648.

Within your subclass, you can call any of the following chainable HttpStatusCodeAbstractSubclass methods to alter the initial IANA dataset:

  • addRecord(statusCode, record)
  • deleteStatusCode(statusCode)
  • deleteRecord(statusCode, reasonPhrase)
  • replaceRecord(statusCode, reasonPhrase, record)
  • replaceReasonPhrase(statusCode, oldReasonPhrase, newReasonPhrase)
  • replaceReference(statusCode, reasonPhrase, reference)

For example:

import {HttpStatusCodeAbstractSubclass} from '@xeedware/http-status-codes';
export class MyHttpStatusCodes extends HttpStatusCodeAbstractSubclass {
    constructor() {
        super();
        this.addRecord(
            418, // statusCode
            {
                reasonPhrase: "I'm a Teapot",
                reference: ['RFC7168']
            } // record
        ).replaceRecord(
            425, // statusCode
            'Too Early', // reasonPhrase
            {
                reasonPhrase: 'Unordered Collection',
                reference: ['RFC3648']
            } // record
        );
    }
}

2. Create a more extensive dataset in which status codes can have multiple records

Should your application need knowledge of non-standard status codes and reason phrases in addition to those in the IANA dataset, HttpStatusCodeAbstractSubclass can provide that capability with its methods:

  • addRecord(statusCode, record)
    Protected method accessible only by a subclass to add an alternative record for the specified status code.

  • hasAlternatives(statusCode)
    Determine if a status code has more than one record.

  • getRecords(statusCode)
    Get all records for the specified status code.

  • getReasonPhrases(statusCode)
    Get all reason phrases for the specified status code.

  • getReferences(statusCode)
    Get all references for the specified status code regardless of reason phrase.

  • getRecordForReasonPhrase(statusCode, reasonPhrase)
    Get a status code's record that has the specified reason phrase.

  • getReferenceForReasonPhrase(statusCode, reasonPhrase)
    Get a status code's reference that has the specified reason phrase.

For example:

// MyMultiRecordHttpStatusCodes.ts
import {HttpStatusCodeAbstractSubclass} from '@xeedware/http-status-codes'
export class MyMultiRecordHttpStatusCode extends HttpStatusCodeAbstractSubclass {
    constructor() {
        super();
        this.addRecord(
            307, // statusCode
            {
                reasonPhrase: 'Switch Proxy',
                reference: ['Cohen, Josh. "HTTP/1.1 305 and 306 Response Codes". HTTP Working Group. Archived from the original on September 8, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.']
            }
        ).addRecord(
            418, // statusCode
            {
                reasonPhrase: "I'm a teapot",
                reference: ['RFC2324']
            } // record
        ).addRecord(
            418, // statusCode
            {
                reasonPhrase: "I'm a Teapot",
                reference: ['RFC7168']
            } // record
        );
    }
}
// demo.ts
import {MyMultiRecordHttpStatusCodes} from './MyMultiRecordHttpStatusCodes.ts';
 
const myMultiRecordHttpStatusCodes = new MyMultiRecordHttpStatusCodes();
 
const hasAlternatives307 = myMultiRecordHttpStatusCodes.hasAlternatives(307);
console.log(hasAlternatives307);  // true
 
const hasAlternatives418 = myMultiRecordHttpStatusCodes.hasAlternatives(418);
console.log(hasAlternatives418);  // true
 
const records418 = myMultiRecordHttpStatusCodes.getRecords(418);
console.log(records418.length);  // 2
 
const reasonPhrases418 = myMultiRecordHttpStatusCodes.getReasonPhrases(418);
console.log(reasonPhrases418);  // [ "I'm a teapot", "I'm a Teapot" ]
 
const references418 = myMultiRecordHttpStatusCodes.getReferences(418);
console.log(references418);  // [ ["RFC2324"], ["RFC7168"] ]
 
const reference418 = myMultiRecordHttpStatusCodes.getReferenceForReasonPhrase(418, "I'm a teapot");
console.log(reference418);  // ["RFC2324"]

In addition to status code 418 in the example above plus 306 and 425 previously mentioned, for unofficial status codes and associated reason phrase/reference see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_HTTP_status_codes. You'll find unofficial status codes/reason phrases used by other services like Apache Web Server, Spring Framework, Twitter, IIS and nginx.

About the IanaHttpStatusCodes Class's Dataset

The HTTP status code dataset is hardcoded into the IanaHttpStatusCodes class. We used the following shell and awk scripts found in the scripts directory to capture the IANA's offial dataset from https://www.iana.org/assignments/http-status-codes/http-status-codes-1.csv then transform the CSV to JSON:

  • http-status-csv_to_json.sh
    Shell script to download the official IANA HTTP StatusCode Registry dataset then transform the CSV to JSON that we then copied into the IanaHttpStatusCodes class.

  • http-status-csv_to_json.awk
    Awk script referenced by http-status-csv_to_json.sh to assist transforming CSV to JSON.

When IANA's HTTP status code dataset changes, we intend to use these scripts to update the IanaHttpStatusCodes hardcoded dataset, rebuild the package, then release a new version.

Install

npm i @xeedware/http-status-codes

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

3

Version

1.0.1

License

Apache-2.0

Unpacked Size

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Total Files

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