@stdlib/repl

0.2.1 • Public • Published
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REPL

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Read-Eval-Print Loop (REPL) environment.

A Read-Eval-Print Loop (REPL) environment is an interactive programming environment which takes individual user inputs (e.g., single expressions), evaluates those inputs, and returns the result. Accordingly, a program written in a REPL environment is executed piecewise and sequentially.

REPL environments find common use in exploratory programming, prototyping, and debugging.

The REPL environment exposed here is available both as a standalone application and as a library which is embeddable in other libraries and applications.

Installation

npm install @stdlib/repl

Usage

var REPL = require( '@stdlib/repl' );

REPL( [options] )

Returns a REPL instance.

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL();

// ...

// Close the REPL:
repl.close();

The function accepts the following options:

  • input: input (readable) stream. Default: stdin.
  • output: output (writable) stream. Default: stdout.
  • sandbox: boolean indicating whether to run a REPL in a sandboxed context. Default: false.
  • timeout: number of milliseconds to execute a command before terminating execution. Default: 4294967295.
  • isTTY: boolean indicating whether the input and output streams should be treated like a TTY (terminal) and whether the REPL should use ANSI/VT100 escape codes when writing to the output stream.
  • inputPrompt: input prompt. If the input prompt includes the character sequence %d, the input prompt includes line numbers. Default: 'In [%d]: '.
  • outputPrompt: output prompt. If the output prompt includes the character sequence %d, the output prompt includes line numbers. Default: 'Out[%d]: '.
  • welcome: welcome message.
  • padding: number of empty lines between consecutive commands. Default: 1.
  • load: file path specifying a JavaScript file to load and evaluate line-by-line (e.g., a previous REPL history file).
  • save: file path specifying where to save REPL command history.
  • log: file path specifying where to save REPL commands and printed output.
  • quiet: boolean indicating whether log information, confirmation messages, and other possible REPL diagnostics should be silenced. Default: false.

REPL.prototype.createContext()

Returns a REPL context.

var debug = require( '@stdlib/streams/node/debug-sink' );

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL({
    'output': debug()
});

// ...

// Return a new REPL context:
var ctx = repl.createContext();

// ...

// Close the REPL:
repl.close();

REPL.prototype.resetContext()

Resets a REPL's execution context.

var debug = require( '@stdlib/streams/node/debug-sink' );

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL({
    'output': debug()
});

// ...

// Reset the REPL context:
repl.resetContext();

// ...

// Close the REPL:
repl.close();

REPL.prototype.clearHistory()

Clears a REPL's history.

var debug = require( '@stdlib/streams/node/debug-sink' );

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL({
    'output': debug()
});

// ...

// Clear the REPL history:
repl.clearHistory();

// ...

// Close the REPL:
repl.close();

Repl.prototype.clearUserDocs()

Clears user-defined documentation.

var debug = require( '@stdlib/streams/node/debug-sink' );

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL({
    'output': debug()
});

// ...

// Clear user-defined documentation:
repl.clearUserDocs();

// ...

// Close the REPL:
repl.close();

REPL.prototype.load( fpath, clbk )

Loads and evaluates a JavaScript file line-by-line.

var debug = require( '@stdlib/streams/node/debug-sink' );

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL({
    'output': debug()
});

// ...

// Load and evaluate a file line-by-line:
repl.load( './path/to/file.js', done );

function done() {
    // Close the REPL:
    repl.close();
}

REPL.prototype.reset()

Resets a REPL.

var debug = require( '@stdlib/streams/node/debug-sink' );

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL({
    'output': debug()
});

// ...

// Reset the REPL:
repl.reset();

// ...

// Close the REPL:
repl.close();

REPL.prototype.clear()

Clears the entire REPL screen and scrollback history.

var debug = require( '@stdlib/streams/node/debug-sink' );

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL({
    'output': debug()
});

// ...

// Clear the REPL:
repl.clear();

// ...

// Close the REPL:
repl.close();

This method is only applicable for TTY REPLs. In non-TTY REPLs, this method is a non-operation.

REPL.prototype.clearLine()

Clears the current line.

var debug = require( '@stdlib/streams/node/debug-sink' );

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL({
    'output': debug()
});

// ...

// Clear the current line:
repl.clearLine();

// ...

// Close the REPL:
repl.close();

This method is only applicable for TTY REPLs. In non-TTY REPLs, this method is a non-operation.

REPL.prototype.clearCommand()

Clears the current REPL command buffer (i.e., clear any command which has been buffered but not yet executed).

var debug = require( '@stdlib/streams/node/debug-sink' );

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL({
    'output': debug()
});

// ...

// Clear the command buffer:
repl.clearCommand();

// ...

// Close the REPL:
repl.close();

REPL.prototype.close()

Closes a REPL.

var debug = require( '@stdlib/streams/node/debug-sink' );

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL({
    'output': debug()
});

// ...

// Close the REPL:
repl.close();

Commands

REPL instances support the following commands...

alias2pkg( arg )

Returns the package name associated with a provided alias or class instance.

In [1]: var v = alias2pkg( 'base.sin' )
Out[1]: '@stdlib/math/base/special/sin'

Note: only direct instances of documented built-in constructors are supported.

alias2related( arg )

Returns aliases related to a specified alias or class instance.

In [1]: var v = alias2related( 'base.sin' )
Out[1]: [...]

Note: only direct instances of documented built-in constructors are supported.

ans

Result of the last successfully executed command.

In [1]: identity( 3.14 )
Out[1]: 3.14

In [2]: ans
Out[2]: 3.14

assignfrom( workspace, variable )

Reads a value from a specified workspace.

In [1]: workspace( 'foobar' );

In [2]: var x = 3.14;

In [3]: workspace( 'barfoo' );

In [4]: var y = assignfrom( 'foobar', 'x' )
Out[4]: 3.14

assignin( workspace, variable, value )

Assigns a value to a variable in a specified workspace.

In [1]: assignin( 'base', 'x', 3.14 );

In [2]: x
Out[2]: 3.14

citation()

Prints how to cite stdlib in publications.

In [1]: citation()

clear()

Clears the entire REPL screen and scrollback history.

In [1]: clear()

Note: this function is only applicable for TTY REPLs. In non-TTY REPLs, this function is a non-operation.

clearHistory()

Clears the REPL history.

In [1]: clearHistory()

clearUserDocs( [options] )

Deletes user-defined documentation.

In [1]: clearUserDocs()

The function supports the following options:

  • include: inclusion filter. May be either an array-like object or a regular expression.

  • exclude: exclusion filter. May be either an array-like object or a regular expression.

  • filter: filter type. This option is only applicable for array-like object filters. Must be one of the following values:

    • 'alias': filter based on documentation alias. If a filter matches a documentation alias, the user-defined documentation is removed.
    • 'value': filter based on object reference. If a filter matches an associated object reference, the user-defined documentation is removed.
    • '*': filter based on both documentation alias and object reference. If a filter matches either a documentation alias or an associated object reference, the user-defined documentation is removed.

    Default: '*'.

In [1]: clearUserDocs( { 'include': /^foo/ } )

clearvars( [options] )

Deletes user-defined variables in the current workspace.

In [1]: clearvars()

The function supports the following options:

  • include: variable name inclusion filter. May be either an array-like object or a regular expression.
  • exclude: variable name exclusion filter. May be either an array-like object or a regular expression.
In [1]: clearvars( { 'include': /^foo/ } )

clearWorkspace( [name, ][options] )

Deletes user-defined variables in a specified workspace.

In [1]: clearWorkspace()

By default, the function clears user-defined variables in the current workspace. To clear user-defined variables in a different workspace, provide a workspace name.

// Create a new workspace:
In [1]: workspace( 'foobar' );

In [2]: var x = 3.14;

// Switch to another workspace:
In [3]: workspace( 'barfoo' );

In [4]: typeof x
Out[4]: 'undefined'

// List the variables in the previous workspace:
In [5]: varsWorkspace( 'foobar' )
Out[5]: [ 'x' ]

// Delete the variables in the previous workspace:
In [6]: clearWorkspace( 'foobar' );

In [7]: varsWorkspace( 'foobar' )
Out[7]: []

// Navigate to the previous workspace:
In [8]: workspace( 'foobar' );

// Confirm that the variables were deleted:
In [9]: x
Error: x is not defined

The function supports the following options:

  • include: variable name inclusion filter. May be either an array-like object or a regular expression.
  • exclude: variable name exclusion filter. May be either an array-like object or a regular expression.
In [1]: clearWorkspace( 'foobar', { 'include': /^x/ } );

contributors()

Prints a list of stdlib contributors.

In [1]: contributors()

copyright()

Prints copyright information.

In [1]: copyright()

credits()

Prints credits.

In [1]: credits()

currentWorkspace

Returns the name of the current workspace.

In [1]: currentWorkspace
Out[1]: 'base'

deeprerequire( id )

Re-imports a module, JSON, or local file and all of its associated module dependencies.

In [1]: var foo = require( './foo.js' );

// Modify `./foo.js` and/or its module dependencies...

// Re-import the module:
In [2]: foo = deeprerequire( './foo.js' );

Modules can be imported from node_modules. Local modules and JSON files can be imported using a relative path (e.g., './foo.js', './../bar.json', etc) that will be resolved against the current working directory.

deleteWorkspace( [name] )

Deletes a workspace.

In [1]: workspace( 'foobar' );

In [2]: var x = 3.14;

In [3]: workspace( 'barfoo' );

In [4]: workspaces()
Out[4]: [ 'base', 'foobar', 'barfoo' ]

In [5]: deleteWorkspace( 'foobar' );

In [6]: workspaces()
Out[6]: [ 'base', 'barfoo' ]

If not provided an argument, the REPL deletes the current workspace and switches to the 'base' workspace.

In [1]: workspace( 'foobar' );

In [2]: currentWorkspace
Out[2]: 'foobar'

In [3]: deleteWorkspace();

In [4]: workspaces()
Out[4]: [ 'base' ]

In [5]: currentWorkspace
Out[5]: 'base'

Note: the 'base' workspace cannot be deleted.

donate()

Prints donation information.

In [1]: donate()

evalin( workspace, expression )

Evaluates an expression in a specified workspace.

// Create a workspace:
In [1]: workspace( 'foobar' );

// Create and switch to another workspace:
In [2]: workspace( 'barfoo' );

// Attempt to evaluate an expression in the first workspace:
In [3]: evalin( 'foobar', 'var x = 3.14;' );

// Check that nothing has changed in the current workspace:
In [4]: x
Error: x is not defined

// Switch to the first workspace:
In [5]: workspace( 'foobar' );

// Check that the expression was successfully evaluated:
In [6]: x
Out[6]: 3.14

example( arg )

Runs examples for a specified alias, property, or class instance.

In [1]: example( base.sin )

Note: only direct instances of documented built-in constructors are supported.

help( [arg] )

Prints help text.

In [1]: help()

To print help text for an alias,

In [1]: help( 'base.sin' )

In [2]: help( base.sin )

To print help text for a property,

In [1]: help( random.streams.randu.factory )

To print help text for a class instance,

In [1]: var x = new Float64Array( 10 );

In [2]: help( x )

Note: only direct instances of documented built-in constructors are supported.

info( arg )

Prints abbreviated help text for a provided alias, property, or class instance.

In [1]: info( base.sin )

In [2]: info( 'base.sin' )

Note: only direct instances of documented built-in constructors are supported.

isKeyword( keyword )

Returns a boolean indicating whether a string is a reserved keyword in the REPL environment.

In [1]: isKeyword( 'base.sin' )
Out[1]: true

license()

Prints license information.

In [1]: license()

load( fpath )

Loads and evaluates a JavaScript file, such as a REPL history file, line-by-line.

In [1]: load( './path/to/file.js' )

loadWorkspace( name[, options] )

Loads variables from a specified workspace into the current workspace.

In [1]: workspace( 'foobar' );

In [2]: var x = 3.14;

In [3]: workspace( 'barfoo' );

In [4]: typeof x
Out[4]: 'undefined'

In [5]: loadWorkspace( 'foobar' );

In [6]: x
Out[6]: 3.14

The function supports the following options:

  • include: variable name inclusion filter. May be either an array-like object or a regular expression.
  • exclude: variable name exclusion filter. May be either an array-like object or a regular expression.
  • override: boolean indicating whether to override existing workspace variables. Default: true.
In [1]: workspace( 'foobar' );

In [2]: var x = 3.14, y = 6.28;

In [3]: workspace( 'barfoo' );

In [4]: typeof x
Out[4]: 'undefined'

In [5]: loadWorkspace( 'foobar', { 'include': /^x/ } );

In [6]: x
Out[6]: 3.14

In [7]: typeof y
Out[7]: 'undefined'

logStart( fpath )

Starts logging commands and printed output to a specified file path.

// TODO

logStop( id )

Stops logging commands and printed output to a file path associated with a specified record identifier.

// TODO

presentationStart( [text, ][options] )

Starts a REPL presentation.

In [1]: var id = presentationStart( 'beep\n---\nboop\n' );

The function accepts the following options:

  • borderTop: top border character sequence. Default: '*'.
  • borderBottom: bottom border character sequence. Default: '*'.
  • borderLeft: left border character sequence. Default: '* '.
  • borderRight: right border character sequence. Default: ' *'.
  • counter: slide counter. Can either be true, false, or 'progress'. Default: false.
  • width: presentation width. If null, the presentation width is either computed based on the screen size (if a REPL output stream is TTY) or set to 80 characters. Default: null.
  • height: presentation height. If null, the presentation height is either computed based on the screen size (if a REPL output stream is TTY) or set to 25 rows. Default: null.
  • workspace: REPL workspace name. A presentation adds commands to the specified workspace, thus allowing presentation navigation and interaction. Default: 'presentation-<n>', where n is an assigned presentation identifier.
  • load: file path specifying a presentation file to load. If presentation text is provided, this option is ignored. Otherwise, this option is required.
  • watch: boolean indicating whether to watch a presentation source file for changes. This option is only applicable if not provided presentation text and the options object specifies a presentation file to load. Default: false.
  • autoClear: boolean indicating whether to automatically clear the screen before writing a rendered slide to the REPL. Default: true.
  • loop: boolean indicating whether to "loop" a presentation. Default: false.

A few notes:

  • When not provided presentation text, an options argument must specify a presentation file to load.
  • If a specified workspace already exists, the workspace is silently cleared and a new presentation bound. In order to preserve an existing workspace, specify an alternative presentation workspace name.

presentationStop( [id] )

Stops a REPL presentation.

In [1]: var id = presentationStart( 'beep\n---\nboop\n' );

In [2]: presentationStop();

A few notes:

  • If provided a presentation identifier, the corresponding presentation is stopped. Otherwise, assuming the function is invoked in a presentation workspace, the current presentation is stopped.
  • When stopping a REPL presentation, the presentation's REPL workspace is both cleared and deleted.

quit()

Exits the REPL.

In [1]: quit()

renameWorkspace( oldName, newName )

Renames a workspace.

// Create a new workspace:
In [1]: workspace( 'foobar' );

In [2]: var x = 3.14;

// List current workspaces:
In [3]: workspaces()
Out[3]: [ 'base', 'foobar' ]

// Switch to another workspace:
In [4]: workspace( 'barfoo' );

// List current workspaces:
In [5]: workspaces()
Out[5]: [ 'base', 'foobar', 'barfoo' ]

// Rename the first workspace:
In [6]: renameWorkspace( 'foobar', 'beepboop' );

// Check the updated list of workspaces:
In [7]: workspaces()
Out[7]: [ 'base', 'barfoo', 'beepboop' ]

// Switch to the renamed workspace:
In [8]: workspace( 'beepboop' );

// Confirm that workspace contains previously defined variables:
In [9]: x
Out[9]: 3.14

Note: the new workspace name must not already exist. The only exception is when the old name and the new name are the same; in which case, invoking this command is a non-operation.

Note: as a 'base' workspace must always exist, when renaming the 'base' workspace, variables from the 'base' workspace are simply copied to a new workspace and the 'base' workspace cleared of user-defined variables.

require( id )

Imports a module, JSON, or local file.

In [1]: var crypto = require( 'crypto' );

Modules can be imported from node_modules. Local modules and JSON files can be imported using a relative path (e.g., './foo.js', './../bar.json', etc) that will be resolved against the current working directory.

rerequire( id )

Re-imports a module, JSON, or local file.

In [1]: var foo = require( './foo.js' );

// Modify `./foo.js`...

// Re-import the module:
In [2]: foo = rerequire( './foo.js' );

Modules can be imported from node_modules. Local modules and JSON files can be imported using a relative path (e.g., './foo.js', './../bar.json', etc) that will be resolved against the current working directory.

rerun( [arg] )

Reruns previous commands.

In [1]: 1+1
Out[1]: 2

In [2]: rerun()

By default, the command re-executes the previous command. If provided an integer, the previous n commands are re-executed.

In [1]: 1+1
Out[1]: 2

In [2]: 2+2
Out[2]: 4

In [3]: rerun( 2 )

If provided a regular expression, the most recent command matching the regular expression is rerun.

In [1]: var x = base.sin( 3.14 );

In [2]: 1+1
Out[2]: 2

In [3]: rerun( /base\.sin/ )

If provided an array of command identifiers, the command corresponding to each identifier is rerun.

In [1]: 1+1
Out[1]: 2

In [2]: 2+2
Out[2]: 4

In [3]: 3+3
Out[3]: 6

In [4]: rerun( [ 1, 3 ] )

If provided a subsequence string, the command corresponding to each resolved command identifier is rerun.

In [1]: 1+1
Out[1]: 2

In [2]: 2+2
Out[2]: 4

In [3]: 3+3
Out[3]: 6

In [4]: rerun( '1:3:2' )

WARNING: be careful when re-evaluating previously executed rerun commands, as this can lead to infinite execution loops.

reset()

Resets the REPL.

In [1]: reset()

save( fpath )

Saves previous commands to a specified file path.

// TODO

saveStart( fpath )

Starts saving commands to a specified file path.

// TODO

saveStop( id )

Stops saving commands to a file path associated with a specified record identifier.

// TODO

tutorial( [name, [options]] )

Starts a tutorial.

In [1]: var id = tutorial( 'repl' );

The function accepts the following options:

  • borderTop: top border character sequence. Default: '*'.
  • borderBottom: bottom border character sequence. Default: '*'.
  • borderLeft: left border character sequence. Default: '* '.
  • borderRight: right border character sequence. Default: ' *'.
  • counter: slide counter. Can either be true, false, or 'progress'. Default: progress.
  • workspace: REPL workspace name. A tutorial presentation adds commands to the specified workspace, thus allowing tutorial navigation and interaction. Default: 'tutorial-<name>-<n>', where name is the tutorial name and n is an assigned tutorial presentation identifier.
  • autoClear: boolean indicating whether to automatically clear the screen before writing a rendered tutorial slide to the REPL. Default: true.

A few notes:

  • When not provided a tutorial name, the function prints a list of available tutorials.
  • If a specified workspace already exists, the workspace is silently cleared and a new tutorial presentation bound. In order to preserve an existing workspace, specify an alternative tutorial workspace name.

userDoc( alias, [ref,] doc )

Adds user-defined documentation.

In [1]: function foo() {};

In [2]: userDoc( 'foo', foo, '\nfoo()\n    Foo bar.\n' );

In [3]: help( foo )

If user-defined documentation already exists for the provided alias, the current documentation is overwritten.

In [1]: function foo() {};

In [2]: userDoc( 'foo', foo, '\nfoo()\n    Foo bar.\n' );

In [3]: help( foo )

foo()
    Foo bar.


In [4]: userDoc( 'foo', foo, '\nfoo()\n    Beep boop.\n' );

In [5]: help( foo )

foo()
    Beep boop.


vars( [options] )

Returns a list of variable names in the current workspace.

In [1]: var x = 3.14;

In [2]: vars()
Out[2]: [ 'x' ]

The function supports the following options:

  • include: regular expression variable name inclusion filter.
  • exclude: regular expression variable name exclusion filter.
  • types: array-like object containing variable type inclusion filter(s).
  • details: boolean indicating whether to include additional variable details, such as variable type, contents, etc. Default: false.
In [1]: var x = 3.14;

In [2]: vars( { 'details': true } )

varsWorkspace( [name, ][options] )

Returns a list of variable names in a specified workspace.

In [1]: var x = 3.14;

// List variable names in the current workspace:
In [2]: varsWorkspace()
Out[2]: [ 'x' ]

In [3]: workspace( 'foo' );

In [4]: varsWorkspace( 'base' )
Out[4]: [ 'x' ]

The function supports the following options:

  • include: regular expression variable name inclusion filter.
  • exclude: regular expression variable name exclusion filter.
  • types: array-like object containing variable type inclusion filter(s).
  • details: boolean indicating whether to include additional variable details, such as variable type, contents, etc. Default: false.
In [1]: var x = 3.14;

In [2]: workspace( 'foo' );

In [3]: varsWorkspace( 'base', { 'details': true } )

workspace( name )

Switch to a specified workspace.

In [1]: workspace( 'foobar' );

In [2]: var x = 3.14;

In [3]: workspace( 'beepboop' );

In [4]: x
Error: x is not defined

In [5]: workspace( 'foobar' );

In [6]: x
Out[6]: 3.14

If a workspace with the specified name does not exist, the workspace is created.

workspaces( [options] )

Returns a list of workspace names.

In [1]: workspaces()
Out[1]: [ 'base' ]

The function supports the following options:

  • include: regular expression workspace name inclusion filter.
  • exclude: regular expression workspace name exclusion filter.
  • details: boolean indicating whether to include additional workspace details, such as variable names, types, contents, etc. Default: false.
In [1]: workspaces( { 'details': true  } )

Examples

var join = require( 'path' ).join;
var REPL = require( '@stdlib/repl' );

function onExit() {
    console.log( '' );
    console.log( 'REPL closed.' );
}

// Create a new REPL:
var repl = new REPL();
repl.on( 'exit', onExit );

// Load a history file:
repl.load( join( __dirname, 'examples', 'history.txt' ), done );

function done() {
    // Close the REPL:
    repl.close();
}

CLI

Installation

To use as a general utility, install the CLI package globally

npm install -g @stdlib/repl-cli

Usage

Usage: stdlib-repl [options]

Options:

  -h, --help                    Print this message.
  -V, --version                 Print the package version.
      --welcome <message>       Welcome message.
      --input-prompt <prompt>   Input prompt. Default: 'In [%d]: '.
      --output-prompt <prompt>  Output prompt. Default: 'Out[%d]: '.
      --padding <padding>       Empty lines between commands. Default: 1.
      --load <filepath>         JavaScript file to evaluate line-by-line.
      --save <filepath>         File to save REPL command history.
      --logfile <filepath>      File to log REPL commands and printed output.
      --timeout <timeout>       Milliseconds before terminating a command.
      --quiet                   Disable printing of REPL logs and diagnostics.

Examples

$ stdlib-repl

Notice

This package is part of stdlib, a standard library for JavaScript and Node.js, with an emphasis on numerical and scientific computing. The library provides a collection of robust, high performance libraries for mathematics, statistics, streams, utilities, and more.

For more information on the project, filing bug reports and feature requests, and guidance on how to develop stdlib, see the main project repository.

Community

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License

See LICENSE.

Copyright

Copyright © 2016-2024. The Stdlib Authors.

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