@s-ui/react-initial-props
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2.22.0 • Public • Published

sui-react-initial-props

Make your React pages to get initial props asynchronously both client and server

Motivation

sui-react-initial-props offers a way to make your easily your app isomorphic.

  • Offers same parameters for your getInitialProps in the client in the server to make your app 100% universal.
  • Avoid re-renders as other options like React-Transmit causing a longer time to respond, specially in the server.
  • Minimal footprint by focusing on the really need stuf.

![example]

Usage

import loadPage from '@s-ui/react-initial-props/lib/loadPage'
// contextFactory is not used anymore but the param is needed to be present for compatibility reasons
const contextFactory = null

// use the loadPage from the sui-react-initial-props
const loadHomePage = loadPage(contextFactory,
  () => import(/* webpackChunkName: "HomePage" */ './pages/Home')
)

export default (
  <Route>
    <Route path='/:lang' component={loadHomePage}>
  </Route>
)
// server - isomorphic middleware

import {
  createServerContextFactoryParams,
  ssrComponentWithInitialProps
} from '@s-ui/react-initial-props'

function isomorphic (req, res, next) {
contextFactory(
  createServerContextFactoryParams(req) // pass the request to create the context
).then(context => {
  match({routes, location: req.url}, function (error, redirectLocation, renderProps = false) {
    const Target = (props) => <div>{props.fromInitialProps}</div>
    ssrComponentWithInitialProps({ context, renderProps, Target })
      .then(({ initialProps, reactString, performance }) => {
        // you have here the initialProps retrieved from the page in case you need it
        console.log('Time spent resolving the getInitialProps method', performance.getInitialProps)
        console.log('Time spent rendering the react tree', performance.renderToString)
        res.send(reactString)
      })
  }
universal - react page component

const Page = (props) => {
  useEffect(()=> {
    // If defined previously as seen below, access __HTTP__ object as follows:
    const {initialContent, __HTTP__} = props
    const {redirectTo} = __HTTP__
    window.location.href = redirectTo
  })

  return (
    <div>
      <h1>This is the page</h1>
      <p>{initialContent}</p>
    </div>
  )
}

Page.getInitialProps = ({ context, routeInfo }) =>
  Promise.resolve({
    initialContent: 'This is the initial content',
    // Optional __HTTP__ object to perform 301 Redirects
    __HTTP__: {
      redirectTo: 'https://<301 Redirect Route>',
      // Optional object to set an Http-Cookie before redirection
      httpCookie: {
        AdNotAvailable: true
      },
      // Optional Array of ojects to set a response headers before redirection
      headers: [{'Cache-Control': 'no-store, max-age=0'}]
    }
  })
/**
 * Determine if Page should be kept while navigating on client between routes for the same page.
 * If `true`, while getting intial props on client, the component will receive a `isLoading` prop.
 * If `false`, a `renderLoading` method could be used in order to render a placeholder while loading.
 * If no value is provided, `false` is used.
**/
Page.keepMounted = true

/**
 * This could be used only in case you are using `keepMounted` with a false value.
 * This will be rendered while fetching getInitialProps on the client.
**/
Page.renderLoading = () => <h1>Loading...</h1>

Installation

npm install @s-ui/react-initial-props --save

API Reference

createClientContextFactoryParams()

Create the params for the contextFactory on the client

Response
Field Type Description
cookies string All the cookies of the user
isClient boolean Useful to know in your contextFactory if you're in the client
pathName string Current path of the url requested
userAgent string Information of the browser, device and version in raw

createServerContextFactoryParams({ req })

Create the params for the contextFactory on the server

Params
Field Type Description
req object Native Node Incoming Message with any customized property added on your middleware
Response
Field Type Description
cookies string All the cookies of the user
isClient boolean Useful to know in your contextFactory if you're in the client
pathName string Current path of the url requested
req object Native Node Incoming Message with any customized property added on your middleware
userAgent string Information of the browser, device and version in raw

ssrComponentWithInitialProps({ Target, context, renderProps })

This method, retrieves the component page with the getInitialProps method, executes the async method and when it receives the info, then render to a string using the Target component and passing down the context.

Params
Field Type Description
Target React Element React Element to be used for passing the context and render the app on it.
context  object Context to be passed to the Target component and to the getInitialProps
renderProps object Props used by React Router with some useful info. We're extracting the pageComponent from it
Response

The response is a promise resolved with two parameters. In addition, you can define an optional __HTTP__ object in initialProps to allow server side redirects using SUI-SSR:

Field Type Description
initialProps object Result of executing the getInitialProps of the pageComponent.
initialprops.HTTP object An optional object containing a redirectTo key where an url might be included to allow 3XX server side redirects using [sui-ssr]. By default, redirect status code is 301, but you may set a valid redirectStatusCode option set in the file @s-ui/ssr/status-codes, an optional httpCookie key where you will define an object with the key/value of the Http-Cookie to be set from server and an optional headers key array of objects where you will define a custom response headers (see https://github.com/SUI-Components/sui/tree/master/packages/sui-ssr)
reactString string String with the renderized app ready to be sent.

loadPage(contextFactory, importPage)

Load the page asynchronously by using React Router and resolving the getInitialProps. On the client it prepare the component to show the renderLoading (if specified) of the component.

Params
Field Type Description
contextFactory function Context factory method to create the context that will be used on the app.
importPage function Import the chunk of the page

Contributing

Please refer to the main repo contributing info.

Readme

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Install

npm i @s-ui/react-initial-props

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Version

2.22.0

License

MIT

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