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@react-native-community/netinfo

5.9.7 • Public • Published

@react-native-community/netinfo

CircleCI Status Supports Android, iOS, macOS, and Windows MIT License Lean Core Extracted

React Native Network Info API for Android, iOS, macOS & Windows. It allows you to get information on:

  • Connection type
  • Connection quality

Getting started

Install the library using either Yarn:

yarn add @react-native-community/netinfo

or npm:

npm install --save @react-native-community/netinfo

Using React Native >= 0.60

Linking the package manually is not required anymore with Autolinking.

  • iOS Platform:

    $ npx pod-install # CocoaPods on iOS needs this extra step

  • Android Platform with Android Support:

    Using Jetifier tool for backward-compatibility.

    Modify your android/build.gradle configuration:

    buildscript {
      ext {
        buildToolsVersion = "28.0.3"
        minSdkVersion = 16
        compileSdkVersion = 28
        targetSdkVersion = 28
        # Only using Android Support libraries
        supportLibVersion = "28.0.0"
      }
    
  • Android Platform with AndroidX:

    Modify your android/build.gradle configuration:

    buildscript {
      ext {
        buildToolsVersion = "28.0.3"
        minSdkVersion = 16
        compileSdkVersion = 28
        targetSdkVersion = 28
        # Remove 'supportLibVersion' property and put specific versions for AndroidX libraries
        androidXCore = "1.0.2"
        // Put here other AndroidX dependencies
      }
    
  • macOS Platform:

    Autolinking is not yet available on macOS. See the Manual linking steps for macOS below.

Using React Native < 0.60

You then need to link the native parts of the library for the platforms you are using. The easiest way to link the library is using the CLI tool by running this command from the root of your project:

react-native link @react-native-community/netinfo

If you can't or don't want to use the CLI tool, you can also manually link the library using the instructions below (click on the arrow to show them):

Manually link the library on iOS

Either follow the instructions in the React Native documentation to manually link the framework or link using Cocoapods by adding this to your Podfile:

pod 'react-native-netinfo', :path => '../node_modules/@react-native-community/netinfo'
Manually link the library on macOS
  1. Open your project .xcodeproj on xcode.

  2. Right click on the Libraries folder and select Add files to "yourProjectName".

  3. Add RNCNetInfo.xcodeproj (located at node_modules/@react-native-community/react-native-netinfo/macos) to your project Libraries.

  4. Go to Build Phases -> Link Binary with Libraries and add: libRNCNetInfo-macOS.a.

Manually link the library on Android

Make the following changes:

android/settings.gradle

include ':react-native-community-netinfo'
project(':react-native-community-netinfo').projectDir = new File(rootProject.projectDir, '../node_modules/@react-native-community/netinfo/android')

android/app/build.gradle

dependencies {
   ...
   implementation project(':react-native-community-netinfo')
}

android/app/src/main/.../MainApplication.java

On top, where imports are:

import com.reactnativecommunity.netinfo.NetInfoPackage;

Add the NetInfoPackage class to your list of exported packages.

@Override
protected List<ReactPackage> getPackages() {
    return Arrays.asList(
            new MainReactPackage(),
            new NetInfoPackage()
    );
}
Manually link the library on Windows

Link C++ implementation

  • Open the solution in Visual Studio for your Windows apps
  • Right click in the Explorer and click Add > Existing Project...
  • Navigate to ./<app-name>/node_modules/@react-native-community/netinfo/windows/RNCNetInfoCPP/ and add RNCNetInfoCPP.vcxproj
  • This time right click on your React Native Windows app under your solutions directory and click Add > Reference...
  • Check the RNCNetInfoCPP you just added and press ok
  • Open pch.h, add #include "winrt/ReactNativeNetInfo.h"
  • Open App.cpp, add PackageProviders().Append(winrt::ReactNativeNetInfo::ReactPackageProvider()); before InitializeComponent();

Link C# implementation

  • Open the solution in Visual Studio for your Windows apps
  • Right click in the Explorer and click Add > Existing Project...
  • Navigate to ./<app-name>/node_modules/@react-native-community/netinfo/windows/RNCNetInfo/ and add RNCNetInfo.csproj
  • This time right click on your React Native Windows app under your solutions directory and click Add > Reference...
  • Check the RNCNetInfo you just added and press ok
  • Open up MainReactNativeHost.cs for your app and edit the file like so:
+ using ReactNativeCommunity.NetInfo;
......
        protected override List<IReactPackage> Packages => new List<IReactPackage>
        {
            new MainReactPackage(),
+           new RNCNetInfoPackage(),
        };

React Native Compatibility

To use this library you need to ensure you are using the correct version of React Native. If you are using a version of React Native that is lower than 0.57 you will need to upgrade that before attempting to use this library.

@react-native-community/netinfo version Required React Native Version
4.x.x & 5.x.x >= 0.60 or >= 0.59 if using Jetifier
3.x.x >= 0.59
2.x.x >= 0.57
1.x.x >= 0.57

Browser Compatilibity

The web implementation heavily depends on the Network Information API which is still an is an experimental technology and thus it's not supported in every browser. If this API is not available the library will safely fallback to the old onLine property and return basic connection information.

Migrating from the core react-native module

This module was created when the NetInfo was split out from the core of React Native. To migrate to this module you need to follow the installation instructions above and then change you imports from:

import { NetInfo } from "react-native";

to:

import NetInfo from "@react-native-community/netinfo";

Note that the API was updated after it was extracted from NetInfo to support some new features, however, the previous API is still available and works with no updates to your code.

Usage

Import the library:

import NetInfo from "@react-native-community/netinfo";

Subscribe to network state updates:

// Subscribe
const unsubscribe = NetInfo.addEventListener(state => {
  console.log("Connection type", state.type);
  console.log("Is connected?", state.isConnected);
});
 
// Unsubscribe
unsubscribe();

Get the network state once:

NetInfo.fetch().then(state => {
  console.log("Connection type", state.type);
  console.log("Is connected?", state.isConnected);
});

API

Types

NetInfoState

Describes the current state of the network. It is an object with these properties:

Property Type Description
type NetInfoStateType The type of the current connection.
isConnected boolean If there is an active network connection. Note that this DOES NOT mean that internet is reachable.
isInternetReachable boolean If the internet is reachable with the currently active network connection.
isWifiEnabled boolean (Android only) Whether the device's WiFi is ON or OFF.
details The value depends on the type value. See below.

The details value depends on the type value.

type is none or unknown

details is null.

type is wifi

details has these properties:

Property Platform Type Description
isConnectionExpensive Android, iOS, macOS, Windows, Web boolean If the network connection is considered "expensive". This could be in either energy or monetary terms.
ssid Android, iOS (not tvOS) string The SSID of the network. May not be present, null, or an empty string if it cannot be determined. On iOS, make sure your app meets at least one of the following requirements. On Android, you need to have the ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION permission in your AndroidManifest.xml and accepted by the user.
bssid Android, iOS (not tvOS) string The BSSID of the network. May not be present, null, or an empty string if it cannot be determined. On iOS, make sure your app meets at least one of the following requirements. On Android, you need to have the ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION permission in your AndroidManifest.xml and accepted by the user.
strength Android number An integer number from 0 to 100 for the signal strength. May not be present if the signal strength cannot be determined.
ipAddress Android, iOS, macOS string The external IP address. Can be in IPv4 or IPv6 format. May not be present if it cannot be determined.
subnet Android, iOS, macOS string The subnet mask in IPv4 format. May not be present if it cannot be determined.
frequency Android number Network frequency. Example: For 2.4 GHz networks, the method will return 2457. May not be present if it cannot be determined.
type is cellular

details has these properties:

Property Platform Type Description
isConnectionExpensive Android, iOS, macOS, Windows, Web boolean If the network connection is considered "expensive". This could be in either energy or monetary terms.
cellularGeneration Android, iOS, Windows NetInfoCellularGeneration The generation of the cell network the user is connected to. This can give an indication of speed, but no guarantees.
carrier Android, iOS string The network carrier name. May not be present or may be empty if none can be determined.
type is bluetooth, ethernet, wimax, vpn, or other

details has these properties:

Property Type Description
isConnectionExpensive boolean If the network connection is considered "expensive". This could be in either energy or monetary terms.

NetInfoStateType

Describes the current type of network connection. It is an enum with these possible values:

Value Platform Description
none Android, iOS, macOS, Windows, Web No network connection is active
unknown Android, iOS, macOS, Windows, Web The network state could not or has yet to be be determined
cellular Android, iOS, Windows, Web Active network over cellular
wifi Android, iOS, macOS, Windows, Web Active network over Wifi
bluetooth Android, Web Active network over Bluetooth
ethernet Android, macOS, Windows, Web Active network over wired ethernet
wimax Android, Web Active network over WiMax
vpn Android Active network over VPN
other Android, iOS, macOS, Windows, Web Active network over another type of network

NetInfoCellularGeneration

Describes the current generation of the cellular connection. It is an enum with these possible values:

Value Description
null Either we are not currently connected to a cellular network or type could not be determined
2g Currently connected to a 2G cellular network. Includes CDMA, EDGE, GPRS, and IDEN type connections
3g Currently connected to a 3G cellular network. Includes EHRPD, EVDO, HSPA, HSUPA, HSDPA, and UTMS type connections
4g Currently connected to a 4G cellular network. Includes HSPAP and LTE type connections

NetInfoConfiguration

The configuration options for the library.

Property Type Description
reachabilityUrl string The URL to call to test if the internet is reachable. Only used on platforms which do not supply internet reachability natively.
reachabilityTest (response: Response) => boolean A function which is passed the Response from calling the reachability URL. It should return true if the response indicates that the internet is reachable. Only used on platforms which do not supply internet reachability natively.
reachabilityShortTimeout number The number of milliseconds between internet reachability checks when the internet was not previously detected. Only used on platforms which do not supply internet reachability natively.
reachabilityLongTimeout number The number of milliseconds between internet reachability checks when the internet was previously detected. Only used on platforms which do not supply internet reachability natively.
reachabilityRequestTimeout number The number of milliseconds that a reachability check is allowed to take before failing. Only used on platforms which do not supply internet reachability natively.

Methods

configure()

Configures the library with the given configuration. You only need to supply the properties which you want to change from the default values.

Note that calling this will stop all previously added listeners from being called again. It is best to call this right when your application is started to avoid issues.

Example:

NetInfo.configure({
  reachabilityUrl: 'https://clients3.google.com/generate_204',
  reachabilityTest: async (response) => response.status === 204,
  reachabilityLongTimeout: 60 * 1000, // 60s
  reachabilityShortTimeout: 5 * 1000, // 5s
  reachabilityRequestTimeout: 15 * 1000, // 15s
});

addEventListener()

Subscribe to connection information. The callback is called with a parameter of type NetInfoState whenever the connection state changes. Your listener will be called with the latest information soon after you subscribe and then with any subsequent changes afterwards. You should not assume that the listener is called in the same way across devices or platforms.

Parameter Type Description
listener (state:NetInfoState)=> void The listener which will be called whenever the connection state changes

Example:

// Subscribe
const unsubscribe = NetInfo.addEventListener(state => {
  console.log("Connection type", state.type);
  console.log("Is connected?", state.isConnected);
});
 
// Unsubscribe
unsubscribe();

useNetInfo()

A React Hook which can be used to get access to the latest state. It returns a hook with the NetInfoState type.

Example:

import {useNetInfo} from "@react-native-community/netinfo";
 
const YourComponent = () => {
  const netInfo = useNetInfo();
 
  return (
    <View>
      <Text>Type: {netInfo.type}</Text>
      <Text>Is Connected? {netInfo.isConnected.toString()}</Text>
    </View>
  );
};

You can optionally send configuration when setting up the hook. Note that configuration is global for the library, so you shouldn't send different configuration for different hooks. It is instead recommended that you called NetInfo.configure() once when your project starts. The hook option is only provided as a convinience.

const YourComponent = () => {
  const netInfo = useNetInfo({
    reachabilityUrl: 'https://clients3.google.com/generate_204',
    reachabilityTest: async (response) => response.status === 204,
    reachabilityLongTimeout: 60 * 1000, // 60s
    reachabilityShortTimeout: 5 * 1000, // 5s
    reachabilityRequestTimeout: 15 * 1000, // 15s
  });
 
  // ...
};

fetch()

Returns a Promise that resolves to a NetInfoState object.

Example:

NetInfo.fetch().then(state => {
  console.log("Connection type", state.type);
  console.log("Is connected?", state.isConnected);
});

You can optionally send an interface string so the Promise resolves to a NetInfoState from the NetInfoStateType indicated in interface argument.

NetInfo.fetch("wifi").then(state => {
  console.log("SSID", state.details.ssid);
  console.log("BSSID", state.details.bssid);
  console.log("Is connected?", state.isConnected);
});

Troubleshooting

Errors when building on Android

This library was migrated from using the support library to AndroidX in version 4.0.0. All of your depenencies must be using either the support library or AndroidX. Using a mixture of the two is not possible.

From React Native 0.60 AndroidX is used by default.

If you need to either convert this library back to the support library (to use an older React Native version) or convert other libraries forward to use AndroidX (if they have not been updated yet), you can use the Jetifier tool.

Errors while running Jest tests

If you do not have a Jest Setup file configured, you should add the following to your Jest settings and create the jest.setup.js file in project root:

setupFiles: ['<rootDir>/jest.setup.js']

You should then add the following to your Jest setup file to mock the NetInfo Native Module:

import mockRNCNetInfo from '@react-native-community/netinfo/jest/netinfo-mock.js';
 
jest.mock('@react-native-community/netinfo', () => mockRNCNetInfo);

Issues with the iOS simulator

There is a known issue with the iOS Simulator which causes it to not receive network change notifications correctly when the host machine disconnects and then connects to Wifi. If you are having issues with iOS then please test on an actual device before reporting any bugs.

Maintainers

Contributing

Please see the contributing guide.

License

The library is released under the MIT license. For more information see LICENSE.

Install

npm i @react-native-community/netinfo

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

197,473

Version

5.9.7

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

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Total Files

142

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