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    7.0.0 • Public • Published


    This package includes some utilities used by Create React App.
    Please refer to its documentation:

    Usage in Create React App Projects

    These utilities come by default with Create React App, which includes it by default. You don’t need to install it separately in Create React App projects.

    Usage Outside of Create React App

    If you don’t use Create React App, or if you ejected, you may keep using these utilities. Their development will be aligned with Create React App, so major versions of these utilities may come out relatively often. Feel free to fork or copy and paste them into your projects if you’d like to have more control over them, or feel free to use the old versions. Not all of them are React-specific, but we might make some of them more React-specific in the future.

    Entry Points

    There is no single entry point. You can only import individual top-level modules.

    new InterpolateHtmlPlugin(replacements: {[key:string]: string})

    This Webpack plugin lets us interpolate custom variables into index.html.
    It works in tandem with HtmlWebpackPlugin 2.x via its events.

    var path = require('path');
    var HtmlWebpackPlugin = require('html-dev-plugin');
    var InterpolateHtmlPlugin = require('react-dev-utils/InterpolateHtmlPlugin');
    // Webpack config
    var publicUrl = '/my-custom-url';
    module.exports = {
      output: {
        // ...
        publicPath: publicUrl + '/'
      // ...
      plugins: [
        // Generates an `index.html` file with the <script> injected.
        new HtmlWebpackPlugin({
          inject: true,
          template: path.resolve('public/index.html'),
        // Makes the public URL available as %PUBLIC_URL% in index.html, e.g.:
        // <link rel="shortcut icon" href="%PUBLIC_URL%/favicon.ico">
        new InterpolateHtmlPlugin({
          PUBLIC_URL: publicUrl
          // You can pass any key-value pairs, this was just an example.
          // WHATEVER: 42 will replace %WHATEVER% with 42 in index.html.
        // ...
      // ...

    new ModuleScopePlugin(appSrc: string | string[], allowedFiles?: string[])

    This Webpack plugin ensures that relative imports from app's source directories don't reach outside of it.

    var path = require('path');
    var ModuleScopePlugin = require('react-dev-utils/ModuleScopePlugin');
    module.exports = {
      // ...
      resolve: {
        // ...
        plugins: [
          new ModuleScopePlugin(paths.appSrc, [paths.appPackageJson]),
          // ...
        // ...
      // ...

    new WatchMissingNodeModulesPlugin(nodeModulesPath: string)

    This Webpack plugin ensures npm install <library> forces a project rebuild.
    We’re not sure why this isn't Webpack's default behavior.
    See #186 for details.

    var path = require('path');
    var WatchMissingNodeModulesPlugin = require('react-dev-utils/WatchMissingNodeModulesPlugin');
    // Webpack config
    module.exports = {
      // ...
      plugins: [
        // ...
        // If you require a missing module and then `npm install` it, you still have
        // to restart the development server for Webpack to discover it. This plugin
        // makes the discovery automatic so you don't have to restart.
        // See
        new WatchMissingNodeModulesPlugin(path.resolve('node_modules'))
      // ...

    checkRequiredFiles(files: Array<string>): boolean

    Makes sure that all passed files exist.
    Filenames are expected to be absolute.
    If a file is not found, prints a warning message and returns false.

    var path = require('path');
    var checkRequiredFiles = require('react-dev-utils/checkRequiredFiles');
    if (!checkRequiredFiles([
    ])) {

    clearConsole(): void

    Clears the console, hopefully in a cross-platform way.

    var clearConsole = require('react-dev-utils/clearConsole');
    console.log('Just cleared the screen!');

    eslintFormatter(results: Object): string

    This is our custom ESLint formatter that integrates well with Create React App console output.
    You can use the default one instead if you prefer so.

    const eslintFormatter = require('react-dev-utils/eslintFormatter');
    // In your webpack config:
    // ...
    module: {
       rules: [
            test: /\.(js|jsx)$/,
            include: paths.appSrc,
            enforce: 'pre',
            use: [
                loader: 'eslint-loader',
                options: {
                  // Pass the formatter:
                  formatter: eslintFormatter,


    measureFileSizesBeforeBuild(buildFolder: string): Promise<OpaqueFileSizes>

    Captures JS and CSS asset sizes inside the passed buildFolder. Save the result value to compare it after the build.

    printFileSizesAfterBuild(webpackStats: WebpackStats, previousFileSizes: OpaqueFileSizes, buildFolder: string, maxBundleGzipSize?: number, maxChunkGzipSize?: number)

    Prints the JS and CSS asset sizes after the build, and includes a size comparison with previousFileSizes that were captured earlier using measureFileSizesBeforeBuild(). maxBundleGzipSize and maxChunkGzipSizemay may optionally be specified to display a warning when the main bundle or a chunk exceeds the specified size (in bytes).

    var {
    } = require('react-dev-utils/FileSizeReporter');
    measureFileSizesBeforeBuild(buildFolder).then(previousFileSizes => {
      return cleanAndRebuild().then(webpackStats => {
        printFileSizesAfterBuild(webpackStats, previousFileSizes, buildFolder);

    formatWebpackMessages({errors: Array<string>, warnings: Array<string>}): {errors: Array<string>, warnings: Array<string>}

    Extracts and prettifies warning and error messages from webpack stats object.

    var webpack = require('webpack');
    var config = require('../config/');
    var formatWebpackMessages = require('react-dev-utils/formatWebpackMessages');
    var compiler = webpack(config);
    compiler.hooks.invalid.tap('invalid', function() {
    compiler.hooks.done.tap('done', function(stats) {
      var rawMessages = stats.toJson({}, true);
      var messages = formatWebpackMessages(rawMessages);
      if (!messages.errors.length && !messages.warnings.length) {
        console.log('Compiled successfully!');
      if (messages.errors.length) {
        console.log('Failed to compile.');
        messages.errors.forEach(e => console.log(e));
      if (messages.warnings.length) {
        console.log('Compiled with warnings.');
        messages.warnings.forEach(w => console.log(w));

    printBuildError(error: Object): void

    Prettify some known build errors. Pass an Error object to log a prettified error message in the console.

      const printBuildError = require('react-dev-utils/printBuildError')
      try {
      } catch(e) {
        printBuildError(e) // logs prettified message

    getProcessForPort(port: number): string

    Finds the currently running process on port. Returns a string containing the name and directory, e.g.,

    in /Users/developer/create-react-app
    var getProcessForPort = require('react-dev-utils/getProcessForPort');

    launchEditor(fileName: string, lineNumber: number): void

    On macOS, tries to find a known running editor process and opens the file in it. It can also be explicitly configured by REACT_EDITOR, VISUAL, or EDITOR environment variables. For example, you can put REACT_EDITOR=atom in your .env.local file, and Create React App will respect that.

    noopServiceWorkerMiddleware(): ExpressMiddleware

    Returns Express middleware that serves a /service-worker.js that resets any previously set service worker configuration. Useful for development.

    openBrowser(url: string): boolean

    Attempts to open the browser with a given URL.
    On Mac OS X, attempts to reuse an existing Chrome tab via AppleScript.
    Otherwise, falls back to opn behavior.

    var path = require('path');
    var openBrowser = require('react-dev-utils/openBrowser');
    if (openBrowser('http://localhost:3000')) {
      console.log('The browser tab has been opened!');

    printHostingInstructions(appPackage: Object, publicUrl: string, publicPath: string, buildFolder: string, useYarn: boolean): void

    Prints hosting instructions after the project is built.

    Pass your parsed package.json object as appPackage, your the URL where you plan to host the app as publicUrl, output.publicPath from your Webpack configuration as publicPath, the buildFolder name, and whether to useYarn in instructions.

    const appPackage = require(paths.appPackageJson);
    const publicUrl = paths.publicUrl;
    const publicPath = config.output.publicPath;
    printHostingInstructions(appPackage, publicUrl, publicPath, 'build', true);


    choosePort(host: string, defaultPort: number): Promise<number | null>

    Returns a Promise resolving to either defaultPort or next available port if the user confirms it is okay to do. If the port is taken and the user has refused to use another port, or if the terminal is not interactive and can’t present user with the choice, resolves to null.

    createCompiler(webpack: Function, config: Object, appName: string, urls: Object, useYarn: boolean): WebpackCompiler

    Creates a Webpack compiler instance for WebpackDevServer with built-in helpful messages. Takes the require('webpack') entry point as the first argument. To provide the urls argument, use prepareUrls() described below.

    prepareProxy(proxySetting: string, appPublicFolder: string): Object

    Creates a WebpackDevServer proxy configuration object from the proxy setting in package.json.

    prepareUrls(protocol: string, host: string, port: number): Object

    Returns an object with local and remote URLs for the development server. Pass this object to createCompiler() described above.


    This is an alternative client for WebpackDevServer that shows a syntax error overlay.

    It currently supports only Webpack 3.x.

    // Webpack development config
    module.exports = {
      // ...
      entry: [
        // You can replace the line below with these two lines if you prefer the
        // stock client:
        // require.resolve('webpack-dev-server/client') + '?/',
        // require.resolve('webpack/hot/dev-server'),
      // ...

    getCSSModuleLocalIdent(context: Object, localIdentName: String, localName: String, options: Object): string

    Creates a class name for CSS Modules that uses either the filename or folder name if named index.module.css.

    For MyFolder/MyComponent.module.css and class MyClass the output will be MyComponent.module_MyClass__[hash] For MyFolder/index.module.css and class MyClass the output will be MyFolder_MyClass__[hash]

    const getCSSModuleLocalIdent = require('react-dev-utils/getCSSModuleLocalIdent');
    // In your webpack config:
    // ...
    module: {
       rules: [
          test: /\.module\.css$/,
          use: [
              loader: require.resolve('css-loader'),
              options: {
                importLoaders: 1,
                modules: true,
                getLocalIdent: getCSSModuleLocalIdent,
              loader: require.resolve('postcss-loader'),
              options: postCSSLoaderOptions,




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