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4.3.2 • Public • Published


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Panzoom is a small library (~3.7kb gzipped) to add panning and zooming functionality to an element. Rather than using absolute positioning or setting width and height, Panzoom uses CSS transforms to take advantage of hardware/GPU acceleration in the browser, which means the element can be anything: an image, a video, an iframe, a canvas, text, WHATEVER.

For common support questions, see the FAQ.

Browser support

Here is a list of currently supported browsers.

Mobile support

iOS, Android, and Windows Mobile are supported.

Panzoom includes support for touch gestures and even supports pinch gestures for zooming. It is perfectly suited for both mobile and desktop browsers. It uses pointer events by default wherever supported.

SVG support

Panzoom supports panning and zooming SVG elements directly.

In IE11, CSS animations/transitions do not work on SVG elements, at least for the transform style. They do work in other browsers.

One could implement transitions manually in IE11 using the setTransform option and integrating a tweening library for javascript animations (such as tween.js).


With npm:

$ npm install --save @panzoom/panzoom

With yarn:

$ yarn add @panzoom/panzoom

Panzoom uses UMD and can be loaded a lot of ways.

With ES6 imports:

import Panzoom from '@panzoom/panzoom'

With commonjs or browserify:

const Panzoom = require('@panzoom/panzoom')

With an AMD loader in an anonymous module:

define(['@panzoom/panzoom'], function (Panzoom) {
  const elem = document.getElementById('panzoom-element')

With a script tag:

<script src="/js/panzoom.js"></script>


const elem = document.getElementById('panzoom-element')
const panzoom = Panzoom(elem, {
  maxScale: 5
panzoom.pan(10, 10)
panzoom.zoom(2, { animate: true })
// Panning and pinch zooming are bound automatically (unless disablePan is true).
// There are several available methods for zooming
// that can be bound on button clicks or mousewheel.
button.addEventListener('click', panzoom.zoomIn)
elem.parentElement.addEventListener('wheel', panzoom.zoomWithWheel)


1. What is transform-origin and why is it added to the panzoom element?

  • The transform-origin is the origin from which transforms are applied. Panzoom ensures the defaults are set to what it expects to calculate focal point zooming.
  • HTML elements default to '50% 50%'.
  • SVG elements default to '0 0'.

2. I am using Panzoom with an <object> tag and it's not working. What's wrong?

Object elements can eat up events, making it so they never reach Panzoom. To fix this, disable pointer events (pointer-events: none) on the <object> tag and call Panzoom using a wrapper.

3. My links aren't working! How do I enable an anchor within a panzoom element?

Add class options.excludeClass (default is "panzoom-exclude") to whatever element you want to be clickable. Panzoom will check for this class before handling the event. Alternatively, add a reference to the element to the exclude option, or call event.stopImmediatePropagation() in an event handler on the clickable element.

A note on the async nature of Panzoom

In some cases, setting one thing and then setting another synchronously will not work as intended.

For instance, the following usually works fine.

const panzoom = Panzoom(elem)
panzoom.pan(100, 100)

However, you might find that the things start breaking when the contain option is set.

This is due to the fact that in order for Panzoom to retrieve proper dimensions, the scale needs to be painted.

If you find that things aren't looking quite right, try the following instead...

setTimeout(() => panzoom.pan(100, 100))


Panzoom(elem: HTMLElement | SVGElement, options?: Omit‹PanzoomOptions, "force"›): PanzoomObject

Defined in panzoom.ts:51


Name Type
elem HTMLElement | SVGElement
options? Omit‹PanzoomOptions, "force"›

Returns: PanzoomObject


Includes MiscOptions, PanOptions, and ZoomOptions



animate? : boolean (Default: false)

Defined in types.ts:13

Whether to animate transitions


canvas? : boolean (Default: false)

Defined in types.ts:24

This option treats the Panzoom element's parent as a canvas. Effectively, Panzoom binds the down handler to the parent instead of the Panzoom element, so that pointer events anywhere on the "canvas" moves its children. See issue #472.

Note: setting this option to true also changes where the cursor style is applied (i.e. the parent).


duration? : number (Default: 200)

Defined in types.ts:26

Duration of the transition (ms)


easing? : string (Default: "ease-in-out")

Defined in types.ts:28

CSS Easing used for transitions


exclude? : Element[]

Defined in types.ts:35

Add elements to this array that should be excluded from Panzoom handling. Ancestors of event targets are also checked. e.g. links and buttons that should not propagate the click event.


excludeClass? : string (Default: "panzoom-exclude")

Defined in types.ts:42

Add this class to any element within the Panzoom element that you want to exclude from Panzoom handling. That element's children will also be excluded. e.g. links and buttons that should not propagate the click event.


force? : boolean

Defined in types.ts:58

force should be used sparingly to temporarily override and ignore options such as disablePan, disableZoom, and panOnlyWhenZoomed. This option cannot be passed to the Panzoom constructor or setOptions (to avoid setting this option globally).

// Overrides disablePan and panOnlyWhenZoomed
panzoom.pan(50, 100, { force: true })
// Overrides disableZoom
panzoom.zoom(1, { force: true })


handleStartEvent? : function

Defined in types.ts:83

On the first pointer event, when panning starts, the default Panzoom behavior is to call event.preventDefault() and event.stopPropagation() on that event. The former is almost certainly a necessity; the latter enables Panzoom elements within Panzoom elements.

But there are some cases where the default is not the desired behavior. Set this option to override that behavior.

// Only call preventDefault()
Panzoom(elem, {
  handleStartEvent: (event) => {
// Do nothing.
// This can change dragging behavior on mobile.
Panzoom(elem, {
  handleStartEvent: () => {}

Type declaration:

▸ (event: Event): void


Name Type
event Event


noBind? : boolean

Defined in types.ts:87

Skip binding the default Panzoom event listeners


origin? : string

Defined in types.ts:101

Change this at your own risk. The transform-origin is the origin from which transforms are applied. Default: '50% 50%' for HTML and '0 0' for SVG. The defaults are set because changing the transform-origin on SVG elements doesn't work in IE.

Changing this should work with many things, but it will break focal point zooming, which assumes the defaults are set to do the more complicated calculations.

And again, changing this for SVG in IE doesn't work at all.


overflow? : string (Default: "hidden")

Defined in types.ts:103

The overflow CSS value for the parent. Defaults to 'hidden'


setTransform? : typeof setTransform

Defined in types.ts:121

Override the transform setter. This is exposed mostly so the user could set other parts of a transform aside from scale and translate. Default is defined in src/css.ts.

// This example always sets a rotation
// when setting the scale and translation
const panzoom = Panzoom(elem, {
  setTransform: (elem, { scale, x, y }) => {
    panzoom.setStyle('transform', `rotate(0.5turn) scale(${scale}) translate(${x}px, ${y}px)`)


silent? : boolean

Defined in types.ts:123

Silence all events


startScale? : number (Default: 1)

Defined in types.ts:129

Scale used to set the beginning transform


startX? : number (Default: 0)

Defined in types.ts:125

X Value used to set the beginning transform


startY? : number (Default: 0)

Defined in types.ts:127

Y Value used to set the beginning transform


touchAction? : string (Default: "none")

Defined in types.ts:139

This value is used to set touch-action on both the Panzoom element and its parent. It is needed because that the native scroll on mobile interferes with panning and pinch zooming. Set this to empty string to re-enable scrolling on mobile, but note that both scrolling and panning cannot work at the same time.


Includes MiscOptions


contain? : "inside" | "outside"

Defined in types.ts:158

Contain the panzoom element either inside or outside the parent. Inside: The panzoom element is smaller than its parent and cannot be panned to the outside. Outside: The panzoom element is larger than its parent and cannot be panned to the inside. In other words, no empty space around the element will be shown.

Note: the containment pan adjustment is not affected by the disablePan option.


cursor? : string (Default: "move")

Defined in types.ts:160

The cursor style to set on the panzoom element


disablePan? : boolean (Default: false)

Defined in types.ts:166

Disable panning functionality. Note: disablePan does not affect focal point zooming or the contain option. The element will still pan accordingly.


disableXAxis? : boolean (Default: false)

Defined in types.ts:168

Pan only on the Y axis


disableYAxis? : boolean (Default: false)

Defined in types.ts:170

Pan only on the X axis


panOnlyWhenZoomed? : boolean (Default: false)

Defined in types.ts:174

Disable panning while the scale is equal to the starting value


relative? : boolean (Default: false)

Defined in types.ts:172

When passing x and y values to .pan(), treat the values as relative to their current values


Includes MiscOptions


disableZoom? : boolean (Default: false)

Defined in types.ts:179

Disable zooming functionality


focal? : object

Defined in types.ts:186

Zoom to the given point on the panzoom element. This point is expected to be relative to the panzoom element's dimensions and is unrelated to the parent dimensions.

Type declaration:

  • x: number

  • y: number


maxScale? : number (Default: 4)

Defined in types.ts:190

The maximum scale when zooming


minScale? : number (Default: 0.125)

Defined in types.ts:188

The minimum scale when zooming


step? : number (Default: 0.3)

Defined in types.ts:192

The step affects zoom calculation when zooming with a mouse wheel, when pinch zooming, or when using zoomIn/zoomOut


These methods are available after initializing Panzoom


bind: function

Defined in types.ts:213

Bind the default down, move, and up event listeners to the Panzoom element. This does not normally need to be called. It gets called by default when creating a new Panzoom object, but can be skipped with the noBind option.

Signature with return type:

▸ (): void


destroy: function

Defined in types.ts:215

Remove all event listeners bound to the the Panzoom element

Signature with return type:

▸ (): void


eventNames: object

Defined in types.ts:221

This object exposes the event names used by Panzoom, depending on the current browser's support for Pointer or Touch events.

Signature with return type:

  • down: string

  • move: string

  • up: string


getOptions: function

Defined in types.ts:227

Returns a copy of the current options object

Signature with return type:

▸ (): PanzoomOptions


getPan: function

Defined in types.ts:223

Get the current x/y translation

Signature with return type:

▸ (): object

  • x: number

  • y: number


getScale: function

Defined in types.ts:225

Get the current scale

Signature with return type:

▸ (): number


pan: function

Defined in types.ts:238

Pan the Panzoom element to the given x and y coordinates

// Translates the element to 50px, 100px
panzoom.pan(50, 100)
// Pans the element right 10px and down 10px from its current position
panzoom.pan(10, 10, { relative: true })

Signature with return type:

▸ (x: number | string, y: number | string, panOptions?: PanOptions): CurrentValues


Name Type
x number | string
y number | string
panOptions? PanOptions


reset: function

Defined in types.ts:251

Reset the pan and zoom to startX, startY, and startScale. Animates by default, ignoring the global option. Pass { animate: false } to override. Reset ignores the disablePan, disableZoom, and panOnlyWhenZoomed options. Pass { force: false } to override.

panzoom.reset({ animate: false })

Signature with return type:

▸ (resetOptions?: PanzoomOptions): CurrentValues


Name Type
resetOptions? PanzoomOptions


setOptions: function

Defined in types.ts:253

Change options for the Panzoom instance

Signature with return type:

▸ (options?: PanzoomOptions): void


Name Type
options? PanzoomOptions


setStyle: function

Defined in types.ts:255

A convenience method for setting prefixed styles on the Panzoom element

Signature with return type:

▸ (name: string, value: string): void


Name Type
name string
value string


zoom: function

Defined in types.ts:264

Zoom the Panzoom element to the given scale

panzoom.zoom(2.2, { animate: true })

Signature with return type:

▸ (scale: number, zoomOptions?: ZoomOptions): CurrentValues


Name Type
scale number
zoomOptions? ZoomOptions


zoomIn: function

Defined in types.ts:275

Zoom in using the predetermined increment set in options. Animates by default, ignoring the global option. Pass { animate: false } to override.

panzoom.zoomIn({ animate: false })

Signature with return type:

▸ (zoomOptions?: ZoomOptions): CurrentValues


Name Type
zoomOptions? ZoomOptions


zoomOut: function

Defined in types.ts:286

Zoom out using the predetermined increment set in options. Animates by default, ignoring the global option. Pass { animate: false } to override.

panzoom.zoomOut({ animate: false })

Signature with return type:

▸ (zoomOptions?: ZoomOptions): CurrentValues


Name Type
zoomOptions? ZoomOptions


zoomToPoint: function

Defined in types.ts:297

Zoom the Panzoom element to a focal point using the given pointer/touch/mouse event or constructed point. The clientX/clientY values should be calculated the same way as a pointermove event on the Panzoom element's parent.

panzoom.zoomToPoint(1.2, pointerEvent)

Signature with return type:

▸ (scale: number, point: object, zoomOptions?: ZoomOptions): CurrentValues


scale: number

point: object

Name Type
clientX number
clientY number

Optional zoomOptions: ZoomOptions


zoomWithWheel: function

Defined in types.ts:326

Zoom the Panzoom element to a focal point using the given WheelEvent

This is a convenience function that may not handle all use cases. Other cases should handroll solutions using the zoomToPoint method or the zoom method's focal option.

Note: the focal point zooming pan adjustment is not affected by the disablePan option.

// Bind to mousewheel
elem.parentElement.addEventListener('wheel', panzoom.zoomWithWheel)
// Bind to shift+mousewheel
elem.parentElement.addEventListener('wheel', function (event) {
  if (!event.shiftKey) return
  // Panzoom will automatically use `deltaX` here instead
  // of `deltaY`. On a mac, the shift modifier usually
  // translates to horizontal scrolling, but Panzoom assumes
  // the desired behavior is zooming.

Signature with return type:

▸ (event: WheelEvent, zoomOptions?: ZoomOptions): CurrentValues


Name Type
event WheelEvent
zoomOptions? ZoomOptions


Optional isSVG

isSVG? : boolean

Defined in types.ts:203


scale: number

Defined in types.ts:202


x: number

Defined in types.ts:200


y: number

Defined in types.ts:201


The following events are available as custom events on the panzoom element using the native CustomEvent API. Add listeners the same way you would any other event.

elem.addEventListener('panzoomchange', (event) => {
  console.log(event.detail) // => { x: 0, y: 0, scale: 1 }

Notes about all events

  • The event object passed as an argument to the listener will always have a detail property with the current x, y, and scale values.
  • Events can be silenced when the silent option is set to true, either globally or when passed to pan, any zoom method, or reset.
  • Avoid putting too much logic in these event handlers as it could effect the performance of panning or zooming.


Fired when the user starts a move or pinch zoom gesture on mobile.


Fired whenever there is a pan, zoom, or reset. Note that direct calls to options.setTransform do not fire this event.


Fired whenever the zoom is changed by any Panzoom zoom method, directly or internally.


Fired whenever the pan is changed by the pan method, directly or internally.


Fired when the user finishes a move or finishes a pinch zoom gesture on mobile.


Fired whenever reset is called.


npm i @panzoom/panzoom

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