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3.0.2 • Public • Published

JSON Schema to OpenAPI Schema

A little NodeJS package to convert JSON Schema to a OpenAPI Schema Object.



  • converts JSON Schema Draft 04 to OpenAPI 3.0 Schema Object
  • switches type: ['foo', 'null'] to type: foo and nullable: true
  • supports deep structures with nested allOfs etc.
  • switches patternProperties to x-patternProperties
  • converts dependencies to an allOf + oneOf OpenAPI-valid equivalent


npm install --save @openapi-contrib/json-schema-to-openapi-schema

Requires NodeJS v10 or greater.


Here's a small example to get the idea:

const convert = require('@openapi-contrib/json-schema-to-openapi-schema');

const schema = {
	$schema: 'http://json-schema.org/draft-04/schema#',
	type: ['string', 'null'],
	format: 'date-time',

(async () => {
	const convertedSchema = await convert(schema);

The example prints out

  type: 'string',
  format: 'date-time',
  nullable: true


The function accepts options object as the second argument.

cloneSchema (boolean)

If set to false, converts the provided schema in place. If true, clones the schema by converting it to JSON and back. The overhead of the cloning is usually negligible. Defaults to true.

dereference (boolean)

If set to true, all local and remote references (http/https and file) $refs will be dereferenced. Defaults to false.

convertUnreferencedDefinitions (boolean)

Defaults to true.

If a schema had a definitions property (which is valid in JSONSchema), and only some of those entries are referenced, we'll still try and convert the remaining definitions to OpenAPI. If you do not want this behavior, set this to false.

dereferenceOptions (object = $RefParser.Options)

Options to pass to the dereferencer (@apidevtools/json-schema-ref-parser). To prevent circular references, pass { dereference: { circular: 'ignore' } }.

Command Line

    json-schema-to-openapi-schema <command> [options] <file>

    convert                 Converts JSON Schema Draft 04 to OpenAPI 3.0 Schema Object

    -h, --help              Show help for any command
    -v, --version           Output the CLI version number
    -d, --dereference       If set all local and remote references (http/https and file) $refs will be dereferenced


OpenAPI is often described as an extension of JSON Schema, but both specs have changed over time and grown independently. OpenAPI v2 was based on JSON Schema draft v4 with a long list of deviations, but OpenAPI v3 shrank that list, upping their support to draft v4 and making the list of discrepancies shorter. This has been solved for OpenAPI v3.1, but for those using OpenAPI v3.0, you can use this tool to solve the divergence.

Diagram showing data model (the objects, payload bodies, etc) and service model (endpoints, headers, metadata, etc)

This tool sets out to allow folks to convert from JSON Schema (their one source of truth for everything) to OpenAPI (a thing for HTML docs and making SDKs).


† Draft v5 is also known as Draft Wright 00, as the drafts are often named after the author, and this was the first one by A. Wright. Amongst other things, draft v5 aimed to rewrite the meta files, but the experiment failed, meaning we need to continue to use the draft v4 metafiles. Ugh.

Converting Back

To convert the other way, check out openapi-schema-to-json-schema, which this package was based on.


To run the test-suite:

npm test


This package is Treeware. If you use it in production, then we ask that you buy the world a tree to thank us for our work. By contributing to the Treeware forest you’ll be creating employment for local families and restoring wildlife habitats.





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npm i @openapi-contrib/json-schema-to-openapi-schema

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