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    @node-redis/search
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    1.0.5 • Public • Published

    @node-redis/search

    This package provides support for the RediSearch module, which adds indexing and querying support for data stored in Redis Hashes or as JSON documents with the RedisJSON module. It extends the Node Redis client to include functions for each of the RediSearch commands.

    To use these extra commands, your Redis server must have the RediSearch module installed. To index and query JSON documents, you'll also need to add the RedisJSON module.

    Usage

    For complete examples, see search-hashes.js and search-json.js in the Node Redis examples folder.

    Indexing and Querying Data in Redis Hashes

    Creating an Index

    Before we can perform any searches, we need to tell RediSearch how to index our data, and which Redis keys to find that data in. The FT.CREATE command creates a RediSearch index. Here's how to use it to create an index we'll call idx:animals where we want to index hashes containing name, species and age fields, and whose key names in Redis begin with the prefix noderedis:animals:

    await client.ft.create('idx:animals', {
      name: {
        type: SchemaFieldTypes.TEXT,
        sortable: true
      },
        species: SchemaFieldTypes.TAG,
        age: SchemaFieldTypes.NUMERIC
      }, {
        ON: 'HASH',
        PREFIX: 'noderedis:animals'
      }
    );

    See the FT.CREATE documentation for information about the different field types and additional options.

    Querying the Index

    Once we've created an index, and added some data to Redis hashes whose keys begin with the prefix noderedis:animals, we can start writing some search queries. RediSearch supports a rich query syntax for full-text search, faceted search, aggregation and more. Check out the FT.SEARCH documentation and the query syntax reference for more information.

    Let's write a query to find all the animals where the species field has the value dog:

    const results = await client.ft.search('idx:animals', '@species:{dog}');

    results looks like this:

    {
      total: 2,
      documents: [
        {
          id: 'noderedis:animals:4',
          value: {
            name: 'Fido',
            species: 'dog',
            age: '7'
          }
        },
        {
          id: 'noderedis:animals:3',
          value: {
            name: 'Rover',
            species: 'dog',
            age: '9'
          }
        }
      ]
    }

    Indexing and Querying Data with RedisJSON

    RediSearch can also index and query JSON documents stored in Redis using the RedisJSON module. The approach is similar to that for indexing and searching data in hashes, but we can now use JSON Path like syntax and the data no longer has to be flat name/value pairs - it can contain nested objects and arrays.

    Creating an Index

    As before, we create an index with the FT.CREATE command, this time specifying we want to index JSON documents that look like this:

    {
      name: 'Alice',
      age: 32,
      coins: 100
    }

    Each document represents a user in some system, and users have name, age and coins properties.

    One way we might choose to index these documents is as follows:

    await client.ft.create('idx:users', {
      '$.name': {
        type: SchemaFieldTypes.TEXT,
        SORTABLE: 'UNF'
      },
      '$.age': {
        type: SchemaFieldTypes.NUMERIC,
        AS: 'age'
      },
      '$.coins': {
        type: SchemaFieldTypes.NUMERIC,
        AS: 'coins'
      }
    }, {
      ON: 'JSON',
      PREFIX: 'noderedis:users'
    });

    Note that we're using JSON Path to specify where the fields to index are in our JSON documents, and the AS clause to define a name/alias for each field. We'll use these when writing queries.

    Querying the Index

    Now we have an index and some data stored as JSON documents in Redis (see the JSON package documentation for examples of how to store JSON), we can write some queries...

    We'll use the RediSearch query language and FT.SEARCH command. Here's a query to find users under the age of 30:

    await client.ft.search('idx:users', '@age:[0 30]');

    Keywords

    none

    Install

    npm i @node-redis/search

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    139,707

    Version

    1.0.5

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    72.6 kB

    Total Files

    66

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • leibale