@lokalise/node-core
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10.0.0 • Public • Published

node-core 🧬

Core libraries for Node.js backend services.

See docs for further instructions on how to use.

Overview

Default Logging Configuration

The library provides methods to resolve the default logging configuration. Public methods available are:

  • resolveLoggerConfiguration(), which accepts as parameter an appConfig, defined by the logLevel and the nodeEnv. If the environment is production, the output will be logged in JSON format to be friendly with any data storage. Otherwise, the output will be logged with coloring and formatting to be visible for debugging purposes and help developers.

    The method returns a logger configuration that should be used with pino library as in the following example:

    const loggerConfig = resolveLoggerConfiguration({
      logLevel: 'warn',
      nodeEnv: 'production',
    })
    
    const logger = pino(loggerConfig)
  • resolveMonorepoLoggerConfiguration(), which accepts as parameter an appConfig, defined by the logLevel and the nodeEnv. It mostly behaves the same as resolveLoggerConfiguration, with the exception of execution in development environments. Since monorepo services are usually ran concurrently, logs from stdout aren't easily accessible. For this reason this logging configuration writes development logs into files.

    The method returns a logger configuration that should be used with pino library as in the following example:

    const loggerConfig = resolveMonorepoLoggerConfiguration({
      logLevel: 'warn',
      nodeEnv: 'production',
      append: false,
      // targetFile: './logs/service.log' -- optional parameter, you can specify exact path for writing logs
    })
    
    const logger = pino(loggerConfig)

ConfigScope

ConfigScope is a class that provides a way to encapsulate a single config source (e. g. process.env) and produce a set of values out of it, defining constraints and transformations for them.

Once the class is instantiated, you can leverage the following ConfigScope methods:

Mandatory Configuration Parameters

  • getMandatory(), returns the value of a mandatory configuration parameter. If the value is missing, an InternalError is thrown. Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
  • getMandatoryInteger(), returns the value of a mandatory configuration parameter and validates that it is a number. If the value is missing or is not a number, an InternalError is thrown. Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
  • getMandatoryOneOf(), returns the value a mandatory configuration parameter and validates that it is one of the supported values. If the value is missing or is not supported, an InternalError is thrown. The method also serves as a type guard, narrowing the type of the passed value down to one of the supported options. Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
    • supportedValues;
  • getMandatoryValidatedInteger(), similar to getMandatoryInteger(), but also takes a validator in input and will throw an InternalError if the number is not valid. See Validators and Transformers for more information. Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
    • validator;
  • getMandatoryTransformed(), calls getMandatory() and returns the result of the transformer function applied to the configuration parameter value. See Validators and Transformers for more information. Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
    • transformer.

Optional Configuration Parameters

  • getOptionalNullable(), returns the value of an optional configuration parameter. If the value is missing, it is set to the provided default value.Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
    • defaultValue, which can be nullable;
  • getOptional(), similar to getOptionalNullable(), but defaultValue cannot be nullable. The return value is always a string;
  • getOptionalIntegerNullable(), returns the value of an optional configuration parameter and validates that it is a number. If the value is missing, it is set to the provided default value. If it is not a number, an InternalError is thrown. Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
    • defaultValue, which can be nullable;
  • getOptionalInteger, similar to getOptionalIntegerNullable(), but defaultValue cannot be nullable. The return value is always a number;
  • getOptionalValidated(), similar to getOptional(), but also takes a validator in input and will throw an InternalError if the value is not valid. See Validators and Transformers for more information. Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
    • validator;
  • getOptionalValidatedInteger(), similar to getOptionalValidated(), but expects and returns number instead. See Validators and Transformers for more information. Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
    • validator;
  • getOptionalTransformed(), similar to getOptional(), but also takes a transformer in input and the result of the transformer function applied to the configuration parameter value. See Validators and Transformers for more information. Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
    • defaultValue,
    • transformer;
  • getOptionalBoolean(), returns the value of an optional configuration parameter and validates that it is a boolean. It the value is missing, it is assigned the defaultValue. If it is not a boolean, an InternalError is thrown. Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
    • defaultValue.
  • getOptionalOneOf(), returns the value of an optional configuration parameter, if the value is missing, it falls back to the specified default value, and validates that it is one of the supported values. If the value is not supported, an InternalError is thrown. Parameters are:
    • param, the configuration parameter name;
    • defaultValue
    • supportedValues;

Environment Configuration Parameter

  • isProduction(), returns true if the environment is production;
  • isDevelopment(), returns true if the environment is not production;
  • isTest(), returns true if the environment is test.

Validators and Transformers

Ad-hoc validators and transformers can be built leveraging the EnvValueValidator and the EnvValueTransformer types exposed by the library. Alternatively, the following validators and transformers are already provided out of the box:

Validators

  • createRangeValidator(), which accepts greaterOrEqualThan and lessOrEqualThan and validates that a numeric value ranges between those numbers.

Transformers

  • ensureClosingSlashTransformer(), which accepts a value as parameter, that can be a string or nullable, and adds a closing slash if it is missing and the value is defined.

Error Handling

The library provides classes and methods for error handling.

Global Error Handler

Public methods to leverage a global error handler are provided to be used when the process is run outside of the context of the request (e. g. in a queue where no one would catch an error if thrown):

  • resolveGlobalErrorLogObject(), which accepts err and optionally correlationID as parameters and converts the plain error into a serializable object. If the error is not a built-in Error type and doesn't have any message, a fixed string is returned instead;
  • executeAndHandleGlobalErrors(), which accepts the operation parameter and will return the result of executing such operation. If an error is thrown during the execution of the operation, resolveGlobalErrorLogObject() is called to log the error and the process is terminated;
  • executeAsyncAndHandleGlobalErrors(), which accepts operation and optionally stopOnError as parameters and will return the result of executing such operation asynchronously. If an error is thrown during the execution of the operation, resolveGlobalErrorLogObject() is called to log the error and the process is terminated only if stopOnError is true. stopOnError defaults to true if not provided.

Errors

The library exposes classes for the following errors:

  • InternalError, which issues a 500 status code and is not exposed in the global error handler. It expects the following parameters:
    • message;
    • errorCode;
    • details – (optional).
  • PublicNonRecoverableError, which issues the HTTP status code provided and signals that the user did something wrong, hence the error is returned to the consumer of the API. It expects the following parameters:
    • message;
    • errorCode;
    • details – (optional);
    • httpStatusCode – (optional). Defaults to 500;

Either

The library provides the type Either for error handling in the functional paradigm. The two possible values are:

  • result is defined, error is undefined;
  • error is defined, result is undefined.

It's up to the caller of the function to handle the received error or throw an error.

Read this article for more information on how Either works and its benefits.

Additionally, DefiniteEither is also provided. It is a variation of the aforementioned Either, which may or may not have error set, but always has result.

waitAndRetry

There is helper function available for writing event-driven assertions in automated tests, which rely on something eventually happening:

import { waitAndRetry } from '@lokalise/node-core'

const result = await waitAndRetry(
  () => {
    return someEventEmitter.emittedEvents.length > 0
  },
  20, // sleepTime between attempts
  30, // maxRetryCount before timeout
)

expect(result).toBe(false) // resolves to what the last attempt has returned
expect(someEventEmitter.emittedEvents.length).toBe(1)

Encryption

Hashing

  • HashUtils - utils for hashing using sha256/sha512 algorithms

Checksum

  • ChecksumUtils - utils for insecure hashing using the MD5 algorithm

Streams

  • StreamUtils - utils for temporary persisting of streams for length calculation and reuse

Readme

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  • carlos_gamero
  • kibertoad
  • arthuracs
  • yury.kravtsov
  • filippos.mikropoulos
  • aplokalise
  • botlokalise
  • laurislokalise
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  • bodrovis