2.0.0-1 • Public • Published

    Rate Limit Redis

    This module is a Redis based rate limiter for Node.js and Express. It is intended to be used where your web severs are distributed across multiple systems or nodes (such as in load balancing) and there needs to be a centralized location to store request counts.

    How it works

    1. When a request is made, a new temporary record is stored in Redis. This record is defined by the IP address of the request and will expire.
    2. If a second request is made before the first expires, the record count is incremented.
    3. For each request made within the rate limit window, the record is incremented.
    4. If the record count reaches the max limit before expiring, then a 429 error status is returned.


    npm install --save @jwerre/rate-limit-redis


    const {rateLimitRedis} = require('@jwerre/rate_limit_redis');
    const app = require('express')();
    const rateLimitArgs = {
      redis: {
        host: '',
        port: 6379,
      timeframe: 60,
      limit: 120,
      headers: true,
      whitelist: [ '' ],
      customRoutes: [
          path: '/stingy/rate/limit',
          method: 'POST',
          timeframe: 30,
          limit: 5,
          path: '/loose/rate/limit',
          method: 'PUT',
          timeframe: 120,
          limit: 500,
          path: /^\/regex\/[0-9]{5,10}\/?$/,
          method: 'GET',
          timeframe: 60,
          limit: 25,
          path: '/ignore/rate/limit',
          method: 'GET',
          ignore: true
    // use trust proxy if behind load balancer
    app.enable('trust proxy');
    app.use( rateLimitRedis(rateLimitArgs) );
    app.get('/', (req, res) => { res.send('OK') ); });
    const server = app.listen( 8080 );
    server.on('error', () => {
      // rateLimitRedis is added to the global scope so you can 
      // close the connection properly
      // see: https://nodejs.org/docs/latest-v14.x/api/globals.html

    Alternate Usage

    If you need a little more control, you can instantiate the RateLimitRedis class yourself.

    const {RateLimitRedis} = require('@jwerre/rate_limit_redis');
    const rateLimitRedis = new RateLimitRedis({
      timeframe: 60,
      limit: 120,
      .then((res) => {
      .catch((err) => {


    Data Type Argument Description
    Object redis Redis options https://github.com/redis/node-redis/blob/master/docs/client-configuration.md
    String namespace String to prepend to the Redis key e.g.: 'rate-limit:<USER-IP>'.
    Number timeframe Rate limit window in seconds.
    Number limit Maximum amount of requests allowed within timeframe.
    Boolean headers Whether to set rate limit headers or not.
    [String] whitelist A list of IP addresses where rate limit should not apply. This may be useful if you have automated tasks, probes or health checks coming from known IPs and you don't want to apply a rate limit to them.
    [Object] customRoutes A list of routes where you can set custom rate limits. This will create a new rate limit with a unique key based on the IP, method and path.
    String|RegExp customRoutes.path The path to ignore (required). Note: Do not user trailing slash.
    String customRoutes.method The request method of the ignored path (default: get).
    Number customRoutes.timeframe Rate limit window in seconds for custom route.
    Number customRoutes.limit Maximum amount of requests allowed within timeframe for custom route.
    Boolean customRoutes.ignore Rate limit request to this custom route will be ignored. Be careful with this one.



    Process HTTP request.


    HTTP request: The http request to rate limit


    Promise: Object containing rate limit information e.g.:

      status: 200,
      limit: 100,
      timeframe: 2,
      remaining: 99,
      retry: Number // if status is 429
      error: Error // if status is 429


    Close redis connection.




    This module uses Redis Expire to manage rate limit requests. If using Redis 2.4 or lower, accuracy could be as much as 1 second off.


    Ensure Node.js and Redis are installed and running. Then execute the following commands:

    npm install
    npm test


    TODO: Set up benchmark test.


    npm i @jwerre/rate-limit-redis

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