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    @humanwhocodes/object-schema

    1.2.1 • Public • Published

    JavaScript ObjectSchema Package

    by Nicholas C. Zakas

    If you find this useful, please consider supporting my work with a donation.

    Overview

    A JavaScript object merge/validation utility where you can define a different merge and validation strategy for each key. This is helpful when you need to validate complex data structures and then merge them in a way that is more complex than Object.assign().

    Installation

    You can install using either npm:

    npm install @humanwhocodes/object-schema
    

    Or Yarn:

    yarn add @humanwhocodes/object-schema
    

    Usage

    Use CommonJS to get access to the ObjectSchema constructor:

    const { ObjectSchema } = require("@humanwhocodes/object-schema");
    
    const schema = new ObjectSchema({
    
        // define a definition for the "downloads" key
        downloads: {
            required: true,
            merge(value1, value2) {
                return value1 + value2;
            },
            validate(value) {
                if (typeof value !== "number") {
                    throw new Error("Expected downloads to be a number.");
                }
            }
        },
    
        // define a strategy for the "versions" key
        version: {
            required: true,
            merge(value1, value2) {
                return value1.concat(value2);
            },
            validate(value) {
                if (!Array.isArray(value)) {
                    throw new Error("Expected versions to be an array.");
                }
            }
        }
    });
    
    const record1 = {
        downloads: 25,
        versions: [
            "v1.0.0",
            "v1.1.0",
            "v1.2.0"
        ]
    };
    
    const record2 = {
        downloads: 125,
        versions: [
            "v2.0.0",
            "v2.1.0",
            "v3.0.0"
        ]
    };
    
    // make sure the records are valid
    schema.validate(record1);
    schema.validate(record2);
    
    // merge together (schema.merge() accepts any number of objects)
    const result = schema.merge(record1, record2);
    
    // result looks like this:
    
    const result = {
        downloads: 75,
        versions: [
            "v1.0.0",
            "v1.1.0",
            "v1.2.0",
            "v2.0.0",
            "v2.1.0",
            "v3.0.0"
        ]
    };

    Tips and Tricks

    Named merge strategies

    Instead of specifying a merge() method, you can specify one of the following strings to use a default merge strategy:

    • "assign" - use Object.assign() to merge the two values into one object.
    • "overwrite" - the second value always replaces the first.
    • "replace" - the second value replaces the first if the second is not undefined.

    For example:

    const schema = new ObjectSchema({
        name: {
            merge: "replace",
            validate() {}
        }
    });

    Named validation strategies

    Instead of specifying a validate() method, you can specify one of the following strings to use a default validation strategy:

    • "array" - value must be an array.
    • "boolean" - value must be a boolean.
    • "number" - value must be a number.
    • "object" - value must be an object.
    • "object?" - value must be an object or null.
    • "string" - value must be a string.
    • "string!" - value must be a non-empty string.

    For example:

    const schema = new ObjectSchema({
        name: {
            merge: "replace",
            validate: "string"
        }
    });

    Subschemas

    If you are defining a key that is, itself, an object, you can simplify the process by using a subschema. Instead of defining merge() and validate(), assign a schema key that contains a schema definition, like this:

    const schema = new ObjectSchema({
        name: {
            schema: {
                first: {
                    merge: "replace",
                    validate: "string"
                },
                last: {
                    merge: "replace",
                    validate: "string"
                }
            }
        }
    });
    
    schema.validate({
        name: {
            first: "n",
            last: "z"
        }
    });

    Remove Keys During Merge

    If the merge strategy for a key returns undefined, then the key will not appear in the final object. For example:

    const schema = new ObjectSchema({
        date: {
            merge() {
                return undefined;
            },
            validate(value) {
                Date.parse(value);  // throws an error when invalid
            }
        }
    });
    
    const object1 = { date: "5/5/2005" };
    const object2 = { date: "6/6/2006" };
    
    const result = schema.merge(object1, object2);
    
    console.log("date" in result);  // false

    Requiring Another Key Be Present

    If you'd like the presence of one key to require the presence of another key, you can use the requires property to specify an array of other properties that any key requires. For example:

    const schema = new ObjectSchema();
    
    const schema = new ObjectSchema({
        date: {
            merge() {
                return undefined;
            },
            validate(value) {
                Date.parse(value);  // throws an error when invalid
            }
        },
        time: {
            requires: ["date"],
            merge(first, second) {
                return second;
            },
            validate(value) {
                // ...
            }
        }
    });
    
    // throws error: Key "time" requires keys "date"
    schema.validate({
        time: "13:45"
    });

    In this example, even though date is an optional key, it is required to be present whenever time is present.

    License

    BSD 3-Clause

    Install

    npm i @humanwhocodes/object-schema

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    13,266,953

    Version

    1.2.1

    License

    BSD-3-Clause

    Unpacked Size

    49.4 kB

    Total Files

    14

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • nzakas