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    CSS Themes Made Easy

    Themify lets you manage your application’s themes in realtime, using a robust solution that’s easily configurable.

    Themify is a PostCSS plugin that generates your theme during the build phase. The main concept behind it is to provide two palettes, one light and one dark (resembles the inverse of the light palette).

    Under the hood, themify will replace your CSS colors with CSS variables, and also take care to provide a fallback for unsupported browsers (such as IE11).

    Introducing Themify: CSS Themes Made Easy

    🤓 Features

    • 🖌 Light & Dark palettes - define your theme using a simple JSON format

    • 🎨 Replace your colors in runtime - provide your clients with white-labeling capabilities. Let them choose their own colors and replace them instantly

    • ✏️ Use it inside your CSS - use your theme directly in your SASS files, no JavaScript is required

    • 🏃 Runtime replacement - change the active palette at runtime, either for the entire application or for a specific HTML container

    • 🔥 Legacy Browser Support - support for all major browsers including IE11


    npm install @datorama/themify --save



    Input Type Default Description
    createVars boolean true Determines whether CSS variables are automatically generated. This should kept as true, unless you want to inject them yourself.
    palette {light: [key: string]: string, dark: [key: string]: string} {} Palette colors
    classPrefix string '' A class prefix to append to each generated theme class.
    screwIE11 boolean true Whether to generate a fallback for legacy browsers that do not supports CSS Variables.
    fallback {cssPath: string \| null, dynamicPath: string \| null} {} cssPath: An absolute path to the fallback CSS.
    dynamicPath: An absolute path to the fallback JSON.

    Add themify to your build pipe:

    const themifyOptions = {  
      palette : {
        light: {
          'primary-100': '#f2f2f4',
          'primary-200': '#cccece',
          'accent-100': '#e6f9fc',
          'accent-200': '#96e1ed'
        dark: {
          'primary-100': '#505050',
          'primary-200': '#666a6b',
          'accent-100': '#096796',
          'accent-200': '#0a87c6'
      screwIE11 : false,  
      fallback : {  
        cssPath : './dist/theme_fallback.css', // use checksum 
        dynamicPath: './dist/theme_fallback.json'  
    const isProd = process.env.ENV === 'production';
    const basePath = isProd ? './dist' : './src';
    const cssPath = `${basePath}/theme_fallback.css`;
    const dynamicPath = `${basePath}/theme_fallback.json`;
      test: /\.scss$/,
      use: [{loader: "style-loader"}].concat(getLoaders())
    const getLoaders = () => [{
      loader: "css-loader"
        loader: 'postcss-loader',
        options: {
          ident: 'postcss2',
          plugins: () => [
        loader: "sass-loader"
        loader: 'postcss-loader',
        options: {
          ident: 'postcss1',
          plugins: () => [

    Add themify to SASS

    In order to use the themify function and other SASS helpers, you need to import the themify library from your main SASS file:

    @import 'node_modules/datorama/themify/dist/themify';

    The themify function receives as parameters the name of the color defined in the palette map and an optional opacity parameter. Themify will generate CSS selectors for each palette — one for the light and one for the dark.

    .my-awesome-selector {
      // color-key: a mandatory key from your palette. For example: primary-100 
      // opacity: an optional opacity. Valid values between 0 - 1. Defaults 1. 
      background-color: themify(color-key, opacity);
      // Define a different color for dark and light. 
      color: themify((dark: color-key-1, light: color-key-2));

    Basic usage

    button {
      background-color: themify(primary-100);
      color: themify(accent-200);
      &:hover {
        background-color: themify(primary-100, 0.5);

    The above example will produce the following CSS:

    .dark buttonbutton {
      background-color: rgba(var(--primary-100)1);
      color: rgba(var(--accent-200)1);
    .dark button:hoverbutton:hover {
      background-color: rgba(var(--primary-100)0.5);

    And the following fallback for IE11:

    button {
      background-color: #f2f2f4;
      color: #666a6b;
    .dark button {
      background-color: #505050;
      color: #0a87c6;
    button:hover {
      background-color: rgba(242, 242, 244, 0.5);
    .dark button:hover {
      background-color: rgba(80, 80, 80, 0.5);

    A different color for each palette

    Sometimes we need more control over the colors so it's possible to specify explicitly one color for light and another color for dark:

    button {
      background-color: themify((dark: primary-100, light: accent-200));

    The above example will produce the following CSS:

    .button {
      background-color: rgba(var(--accent-200)1);
    .dark button {
      background-color: rgba(var(--primary-100)1);

    Advanced usage

    themify can be combined with every valid CSS:

    button {
      border: 1px solid themify(primary-100);
      background: linear-gradient(themify(accent-200), themify(accent-100));

    Even in your animations:

    .element {  
      animation: pulse 5s infinite;  
    @keyframes pulse {
      0% {  
        background-color: themify(accent-100);  
      100% {  
        background-color: themify(accent-200);  

    Runtime replacement

    First, we'll create our own theme service.

    import {loadCSSVariablesFallback, replaceColors, Theme} from '@datorama/themify/utils';
    const palette = require('path_to_my_json_pallete');
    /** fallback for CSS variables support */
    const themeCSSFallback = 'path/theme_fallback.css';
    const themeJSONFallback = 'path/theme_fallback.json';
    export class MyThemeService {
        * load the CSS fallback file, in case the browser do not support CSS Variables.
        * Required only if you set screwIE11 option to false. 
        * callback - load event for the CSS file
        loadCSSVariablesFallback(themeCSSFallback, callback);
       * Replace the theme colors at runtime 
       * @param partialTheme a partial theme configuration.  
       setColors(partialTheme: Theme){
         replaceColors(themeJSONFallback, partialTheme, palette);

    Now let's use this service in our web application:

    const themeService = new MyThemeService();
    /** replace the colors at runtime **/
      light: {
        'primary-100': '#0c93e4'

    Changing the active palette

    In order to switch between the dark and light palettes, simply add the appropriate class to the desired HTML element.

    p {
      /** #96e1ed in light and #0a87c6 in dark */
      color: themify(accent-200);
    <p>I'm from the light palette</p>
    <div class="dark">
      <p>I'm from the dark palette</p>

    Theme class helpers

    You can take advantage of your themes not just in your CSS, but also directly in your HTML, by generating a CSS class for each color you define.

    In order to achieve this, use the generateThemeHelpers mixin, and pass the CSS properties you want to generate. For example:

    // generates the following predefined classes, for each color   
    $themeRules: (  
    @include generateThemeHelpers($themeRules);

    This will generate the following CSS:

    .dark .primary-100-color.primary-100-color {  
      color: rgba(var(--primary-100)1)  
    .dark .primary-200-color.primary-200-color {  
      color: rgba(var(--primary-100)1)  
    .dark .primary-100-color\:vi:visited.primary-100-color\:vi:visited {  
      color: rgba(var(--primary-100)1)  

    and so on..

    As you see, you can pass any CSS property, including pseudo classes. The following SASS map details the pseudo class keys and their values:

      ':a': ':active',  
      ':c': ':checked',  
      ':d': ':default',  
      ':di': ':disabled',  
      ':e': ':empty',  
      ':en': ':enabled',  
      ':fi': ':first',  
      ':fc': ':first-child',  
      ':fot': ':first-of-type',  
      ':fs': ':fullscreen',  
      ':f': ':focus',  
      ':h': ':hover',  
      ':ind': ':indeterminate',  
      ':ir': ':in-range',  
      ':inv': ':invalid',  
      ':lc': ':last-child',  
      ':lot': ':last-of-type',  
      ':l': ':left',  
      ':li': ':link',  
      ':oc': ':only-child',  
      ':oot': ':only-of-type',  
      ':o': ':optional',  
      ':oor': ':out-of-range',  
      ':ro': ':read-only',  
      ':rw' : ':read-write',  
      ':req': ':required',  
      ':r': ':right',  
      ':rt' : ':root',  
      ':s': ':scope',  
      ':t' : ':target',  
      ':va': ':valid',  
      ':vi': ':visited'  

    Now you can use the generated CSS classes directly in your HTML:
    <a class="primary-100-color primary-200-color:a">
        The default color is primary-100
        The active color will be primary-200

    Known issues

    • We discovered that Safari doesn't support the following syntax when it comes to borders with CSS variables:
    /** This will NOT work */
    border: 1px solid themify(primary-100);
    /** This will work */
    border-color: themify(primary-100);
    /** This will work */
    border: themify(primary-100) 1px solid;
    • Safari doesn't support box-shadow.


    Thanks goes to these wonderful people (emoji key):

    Netanel Basal

    📖 💻 🤔


    📖 💻 🤔

    This project follows the all-contributors specification. Contributions of any kind welcome!


    Apache © datorama


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