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@aws/dynamodb-expressions

0.7.3 • Public • Published

Amazon DynamoDB Expressions

Apache 2 License

This library provides a number of abstractions designed to make dealing with Amazon DynamoDB expressions easier and more natural for JavaScript developers.

Attribute paths

The AttributePath class provides a simple way to write DynamoDB document paths. If the constructor receives a string, it will parse the path by scanning for dots (.), which designate map property dereferencing and left brackets ([), which designate list attribute dereferencing. For example, 'ProductReviews.FiveStar[0].reviewer.username' would be understood as referring to the username property of the reviewer property of the first element of the list stored at the FiveStar property of the top-level ProductReviews document attribute.

If a property name contains a left bracket or dot, it may be escaped with a backslash \. For example, Product\.Reviews would be interpreted as a single top-level document attribute rather than as a map property access.

Attribute values

This library will marshall values encountered using runtime type detection. If you have a value that is already in the format expected by DynamoDB, you may pass it to the AttributeValue constructor to direct other expression helpers not to marshall the value further.

Condition expressions

DynamoDB condition expressions may come in the form of a function call or as the combination of values and infix operators. This library therefore defines a ConditionExpression as the union of FunctionExpression and a tagged union of the expression operator types. Expressions may be compound or simple.

Compound expressions

These expressions envelope one or more simple expressions and are true or false based on the value of the subexpressions they contain. The recognized compound expressions are:

And expressions

Asserts that all of the subexpressions' conditions are satisfied.

import {ConditionExpression} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
const andExpression: ConditionExpression = {
    type: 'And',
    conditions: [
        // one or more subexpressions
    ]
};

Or expressions

Asserts that at least one of the subexpressions' conditions are satisfied.

import {ConditionExpression} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
const orExpression: ConditionExpression = {
    type: 'Or',
    conditions: [
        // one or more subexpressions
    ]
};

Not expressions

Asserts that the subexpression's condition is not satisfied.

import {ConditionExpression} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
const notExpression: ConditionExpression = {
    type: 'Not',
    condition: {
        type: 'LessThan',
        subject: 'foo',
        object: 100
    }
};

Simple expressions

These expressions make an assertion about a property in a DynamoDB object known as the expression's subject. The subject must be a string or an attribute path.

The particular assertion used is referred to in this library as a ConditionExpressionPredicate. A predicate may be declared separately from its subject but only becomes a valid expression when paired with a subject. The supported condition expression predicates are:

Equals expression predicate

Creates a condition which is true if the defined subject is equal to the defined object. For example, the following predicate object asserts that the subject has a value of 'bar':

import {
    ConditionExpression,
    ConditionExpressionPredicate,
} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
let equalsExpressionPredicate: ConditionExpressionPredicate = {
    type: 'Equals',
    object: 'bar'
};
 
// you can also define an equality predicate with the `equals` helper method
import {equals} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
equalsExpressionPredicate = equals('bar');
 
// combine with a subject to create a valid condition expression
const equalsExpression: ConditionExpression = {
    ...equalsExpressionPredicate,
    subject: 'foo'
};

object may be an attribute path, an attribute value, or another type. If the lattermost type is received, it will be serialized using the @aws/dynamodb-auto-marshaller package.

NotEquals expression predicate

Creates a condition which is true if the defined subject is NOT equal to the defined object. For example, the following predicate object asserts that the subject does not have a value of 'bar':

import {
    ConditionExpression,
    ConditionExpressionPredicate,
} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
let equalsExpressionPredicate: ConditionExpressionPredicate = {
    type: 'NotEquals',
    object: 'bar'
};
 
// you can also define an equality predicate with the `equals` helper method
import {notEquals} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
equalsExpressionPredicate = notEquals('bar');
 
// combine with a subject to create a valid condition expression
const equalsExpression: ConditionExpression = {
    ...equalsExpressionPredicate,
    subject: 'foo'
};

object may be an attribute path, an attribute value, or another type. If the lattermost type is received, it will be serialized using the @aws/dynamodb-auto-marshaller package.

LessThan expression predicate

Creates a condition which is true if the defined subject is less than the defined object. For example, the following predicate object asserts that the subject is less than 10:

import {
    ConditionExpression,
    ConditionExpressionPredicate,
} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
let equalsExpressionPredicate: ConditionExpressionPredicate = {
    type: 'LessThan',
    object: 10
};
 
// you can also define an equality predicate with the `equals` helper method
import {lessThan} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
equalsExpressionPredicate = lessThan(10);
 
// combine with a subject to create a valid condition expression
const equalsExpression: ConditionExpression = {
    ...equalsExpressionPredicate,
    subject: 'foo'
};

object may be an attribute path, an attribute value, or another type. If the lattermost type is received, it will be serialized using the @aws/dynamodb-auto-marshaller package.

LessThanOrEqualTo expression predicate

Creates a condition which is true if the defined subject is less than or equal to the defined object. For example, the following predicate object asserts that the subject is less than or equal to 10:

import {
    ConditionExpression,
    ConditionExpressionPredicate,
} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
let equalsExpressionPredicate: ConditionExpressionPredicate = {
    type: 'LessThanOrEqualTo',
    object: 10
};
 
// you can also define an equality predicate with the `equals` helper method
import {lessThanOrEqualTo} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
equalsExpressionPredicate = lessThanOrEqualTo(10);
 
// combine with a subject to create a valid condition expression
const equalsExpression: ConditionExpression = {
    ...equalsExpressionPredicate,
    subject: 'foo'
};

object may be an attribute path, an attribute value, or another type. If the lattermost type is received, it will be serialized using the @aws/dynamodb-auto-marshaller package.

GreaterThan expression predicate

Creates a condition which is true if the defined subject is greater than the defined object. For example, the following predicate object asserts that the subject is greater than 10:

import {
    ConditionExpression,
    ConditionExpressionPredicate,
} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
let equalsExpressionPredicate: ConditionExpressionPredicate = {
    type: 'GreaterThan',
    object: 10
};
 
// you can also define an equality predicate with the `equals` helper method
import {greaterThan} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
equalsExpressionPredicate = greaterThan(10);
 
// combine with a subject to create a valid condition expression
const equalsExpression: ConditionExpression = {
    ...equalsExpressionPredicate,
    subject: 'foo'
};

object may be an attribute path, an attribute value, or another type. If the lattermost type is received, it will be serialized using the @aws/dynamodb-auto-marshaller package.

GreaterThanOrEqualTo expression predicate

Creates a condition which is true if the defined subject is greater than or equal to the defined object. For example, the following predicate object asserts that the subject is greater than or equal to 10:

import {
    ConditionExpression,
    ConditionExpressionPredicate,
} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
let equalsExpressionPredicate: ConditionExpressionPredicate = {
    type: 'GreaterThanOrEqualTo',
    object: 10
};
 
// you can also define an equality predicate with the `equals` helper method
import {greaterThanOrEqualTo} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
equalsExpressionPredicate = greaterThanOrEqualTo(10);
 
// combine with a subject to create a valid condition expression
const equalsExpression: ConditionExpression = {
    ...equalsExpressionPredicate,
    subject: 'foo'
};

object may be an attribute path, an attribute value, or another type. If the lattermost type is received, it will be serialized using the @aws/dynamodb-auto-marshaller package.

Between expression predicate

Creates a condition which is true if the defined subject is between a defined lowerBound and upperBound. For example, the following predicate object asserts that the subject is greater than or equal to 10 and less than or equal to 99:

import {
    ConditionExpression,
    ConditionExpressionPredicate,
} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
let equalsExpressionPredicate: ConditionExpressionPredicate = {
    type: 'Between',
    lowerBound: 10,
    upperBound: 99
};
 
// you can also define an equality predicate with the `equals` helper method
import {between} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
equalsExpressionPredicate = between(10, 99);
 
// combine with a subject to create a valid condition expression
const equalsExpression: ConditionExpression = {
    ...equalsExpressionPredicate,
    subject: 'foo'
};

lowerBound and upperBound may both be an attribute path, an attribute value, or another type. If the lattermost type is received, it will be serialized using the @aws/dynamodb-auto-marshaller package.

Membership expression predicate

Creates a condition which is true if the defined subject is equal to a member of a list of defined values. For example, the following predicate object asserts that the subject is one of 'fizz', 'buzz', or 'fizzbuzz':

import {
    ConditionExpression,
    ConditionExpressionPredicate,
} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
let equalsExpressionPredicate: ConditionExpressionPredicate = {
    type: 'Membership',
    values: ['fizz', 'buzz', 'fizzbuzz']
};
 
// you can also define an equality predicate with the `equals` helper method
import {inList} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
equalsExpressionPredicate = inList('fizz', 'buzz', 'fizzbuzz');
 
// combine with a subject to create a valid condition expression
const equalsExpression: ConditionExpression = {
    ...equalsExpressionPredicate,
    subject: 'foo'
};

Each value in the values array may be an attribute path, an attribute value, or another type. If the lattermost type is received, it will be serialized using the @aws/dynamodb-auto-marshaller package.

Serializing condition expressions

To serialize a condition expression, pass a ConditionExpression object and an instance of ExpressionAttributes.

Expression attributes

Amazon DynamoDB expressions are serialized as strings with semantically important control characters and reserved words. The ExpressionAttributes object will escape both attribute names and attribute values for safe use in any expression. When a full DynamoDB request input is ready to be sent, you can retrieve a the ExpressionAttributeNames and ExpressionAttributeValues shapes to send alongside the input:

import {
    AttributePath,
    AttributeValue,
    ExpressionAttributes,
} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
const DynamoDb = require('aws-sdk/clients/dynamodb');
 
const attributes = new ExpressionAttributes();
 
// you can add a string attribute name
const escapedFoo = attributes.addName('foo');
// or a complex path
const escapedPath = attributes.addName('bar.baz[3].snap.crackle.pop');
// or an already parsed attribute path
attributes.addName(new AttributePath('path.to.nested.field'));
 
// raw JavaScript values added will be converted to AttributeValue objects
const escapedRaw = attributes.addValue(42);
// already marshalled values must be wrapped in an AttributeValue object
const escapedMarshalled = attributes.addValue(new AttributeValue({N: "42"}));
 
const client = new DynamoDb();
client.query({
    TableName: 'my_table',
    KeyConditionExpression: `${escapedFoo} = ${escapedRaw} AND ${escapedPath} = ${escapedMarshalled}`,
    ExpressionAttributeNames: attributes.names,
    ExpressionAttributeValues: attributes.values,
})

Function expressions

Function expressions represent named functions that DynamoDB will execute on your behalf. The first parameter passed to the FunctionExpression represents the function name and must be a string; all subsequent parameters represent arguments to pass to the function. These parameters may be instances of AttributePath (to have the function evaluate part of the DynamoDB document to which the function applies), AttributeValue (for already-marshalled AttributeValue objects), or arbitrary JavaScript values (these will be converted by the @aws/dynamodb-auto-marshaller package's Marshaller):

import {
    AttributePath,
    ExpressionAttributes,
    FunctionExpression,
} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
const expr = new FunctionExpression(
    'list_append', 
    new AttributePath('path.to.list'),
    'foo'
);
const attributes = new ExpressionAttributes();
// serializes as 'list_append(#attr0.#attr1.#attr2, :val3)'
const serialized = expr.serialize(attributes);
console.log(attributes.names); // {'#attr0': 'path', '#attr1': 'to', '#attr2': 'list'}
console.log(attributes.values); // {':val3': {S: 'foo'}}

Mathematical expressions

Mathematical expressions are used in the SET clause of update expressions to add or subtract numbers from attribute properties containing number values:

import {MathematicalExpression} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
const expr = new MathematicalExpression('version', '+', 1);

Projection Expressions

Projection expressions tell DynamoDB which attributes to include in fetched records returned by GetItem, Query, or Scan operations. This library uses ProjectionExpression as a type alias for an array of strings and AttributePath objects.

Update Expressions

Update expressions allow the partial, in place update of a record in DynamoDB. The expression may have up to four clauses, one containing directives to set values in the record, one containing directives to remove attributes from the record, one containing directives to add values to a set, and the last containing directives to delete values from a set.

import {
    AttributePath,
    FunctionExpression,
    UpdateExpression,
} from '@aws/dynamodb-expressions';
 
const expr = new UpdateExpression();
 
// set a value by providing its key and the desired value
expr.set('foo', 'bar');
// you may also set properties in nested maps and lists
expr.set(
    'path.to.my.desired[2].property',
    new FunctionExpression(
        'list_append',
        new AttributePath('path.to.my.desired[2].property'),
        'baz'   
    )
);
 
// remove a value by providing its key or path
expr.remove('fizz.buzz.pop[0]');
 
// add a value to a set
expr.add('string_set', 'foo');
 
// delete a value from the same set
expr.delete('string_set', 'bar');

Keywords

install

npm i @aws/dynamodb-expressions

Downloadsweekly downloads

9,205

version

0.7.3

license

Apache-2.0

repository

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