@aws/dynamodb-data-mapper-annotations
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    0.7.3 • Public • Published

    Amazon DynamoDB DataMapper Annotations

    Apache 2 License

    This library provides annotations to allow easy integration of domain classes with the DataMapper defined in @aws/dynamodb-data-mapper. These annotations are provided in a separate NPM package because they rely on two experimental features of TypeScript (decorators and metadata decoration) and depend on the reflect-metadata package.

    Getting started

    To use the annotations, you will first need to enable two TypeScript compiler settings: experimentalDecorators and emitDecoratorMetadata. The former enables the use of annotations in your project, and the latter emits type information about declared property classes.

    Next, start adding table annotations to the domain models that represent records in your DynamoDB tables and attribute annotations to the declared properties that map to attributes of those records:

    import {
        attribute,
        autoGeneratedHashKey,
        rangeKey,
        table,
        versionAttribute,
    } from '@aws/dynamodb-data-mapper-annotations';
    import uuidV4 = require('uuid/v4');
    
    @table('my_table')
    class MyDomainClass {
        @autoGeneratedHashKey()
        id: string;
    
        @rangeKey({defaultProvider: () => new Date()})
        createdAt: Date;
    
        @versionAttribute()
        version: number;
    
        @attribute()
        toggle?: boolean;
    
        @attribute({memberType: 'String'})
        tags?: Set<string>;
        
        // This property will not be saved to DynamoDB.
        notPersistedToDynamoDb: string;
    }

    Using these annotations will automatically define properties at the DynamoDbSchema and DynamoDbTable symbols on the class prototype, meaning that you can pass instances of the class directly to a DataMapper instance. No need to define a schema separately; your class's property type declarations are the schema.

    To declare a class corresponding to a map attribute value in a DynamoDB record, simply omit the table annotation:

    import {
        attribute, 
        hashKey,
        table,
    } from '@aws/dynamodb-data-mapper-annotations';
    import {embed} from '@aws/dynamodb-data-mapper';
    
    class Comment {
        @attribute()
        author?: string;
    
        @attribute()
        postedAt?: Date;
    
        @attribute()
        text?: string;
    }
    
    @table('posts')
    class BlogPost {
        @hashKey()
        id: string;
    
        @attribute()
        author?: string;
    
        @attribute()
        postedAt?: Date;
    
        @attribute()
        text?: string;
        
        @attribute({memberType: embed(Comment)})
        replies?: Array<Comment>
    }

    Supported Annotations

    attribute

    Marks a property as an attribute in the mapped DynamoDB record. The annotation will attempt to infer the correct DynamoDB type from the TypeScript type metadata, though no metadata will be available for any generic type parameters used.

    attribute must be called as a function and accepts an optional argument containing a partial or complete field schema definition.

    autoGeneratedHashKey

    Designates the property as representing the record's hash key. If no key is defined, a V4 UUID will be used.

    autoGeneratedHashKey must be called as a function and accepts an optional argument containing a partial or complete field schema definition.

    hashKey

    Designates the property as representing the record's hash (partition) key.

    hashKey must be called as a function and accepts an optional argument containing a partial or complete field schema definition.

    rangeKey

    Designates the property as representing the record's range (sort) key.

    rangeKey must be called as a function and accepts an optional argument containing a partial or complete field schema definition.

    table

    Designates a class as representing a table in DynamoDB.

    table must be called as a function with that table name as the only argument.

    versionAttribute

    Designates the property as representing the record's version attribute. The data mapper will use optimistic locking by incrementing the version attribute during put and update operations and sending a condition expression with all put, update, and delete operations that will cause the operation to fail if the record in the database has a version number that does not match the one held by the client.

    versionAttribute must be called as a function and accepts an optional argument containing a partial or complete field schema definition.

    Caveats

    Reliance on experimental TypeScript features

    Because this package relies on experimental TypeScript features, it is subject to change and should be considered beta software. Decorators are currently on the ECMAScript standards track, but the accepted form may differ from that implemented by TypeScript, which could cause the public interface presented by this project to change.

    Lack of type information in generics

    Please note that TypeScript does not emit any metadata about the type parameters supplied to generic types, so Array<string>, [number, string], and MyClass[] are all exposed as Array via the emitted metadata. Without additional metadata, this annotation will treat all encountered arrays as collections of untyped data. You may supply either a members declaration or a memberType declaration to direct this annotation to treat a property as a tuple or typed list, respectively.

    Member type declarations are required for maps and sets, though the member type will be automatically inferred if a property is declared as being of type BinarySet or NumberValueSet (from the @aws/dynamodb-auto-marshaller package).

    Keywords

    Install

    npm i @aws/dynamodb-data-mapper-annotations

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    Version

    0.7.3

    License

    Apache-2.0

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