2.2.1 • Public • Published


DEPRECATED - Use nexe instead

Package your node applications as standalone executable binaries, instantly.

npm i -g xbin


echo 'console.log("Hello World")' | xbin > myApp
$ chmod +x myApp
$ ./myApp
Hello World


  • You must be able to build Node
  • You need an application bundle for your node project.
    • webpack (target: 'node')
    • browserify
    • jspm


In addition to the stdin and stdout interfaces, xbin has the following command line options: The CLI may be useful for maintaining your build configuration in a Dockerfile

xbin --help              CLI OPTIONS

  -i --input      =/main/bundle/file.js   -- main js bundle
  -o --output     =/my/xbin/binary        -- path to output file
  -p --python     =/path/to/python2       -- python executable
  -v --version    =4.4.4                  -- node version
  -t --temp       =/path/for/build/files  -- xbin temp directory (3Gb+) ~ XBIN_TEMP
  -n --name       =xbin-output.js         -- file name for error reporting at run time
  -d --download   =win32-x64-X.X.X        -- use prebuilt binary (url or name)
  -f --flag       ="--expose-gc"          -- *v8 flags to include during compilation
  -r --resource                           -- *embed file bytes within binary (patches fs)
  -c --configure                          -- *arguments to forward to configure.py script
  -m --make                               -- *arguments to forward to make or vcbuild.bat
  -a --plugin                             -- *path or directory to load plugin(s) from

  --clean                                 -- force recompile after build caches

                                             * option can be used more than once


import { build } from 'xbin'
//Programatic API is the same as CLI, except for those values accepting arrays
  input: './path/to/input/bundle.js',     //Required
  output: './output.exe',                 //Default: './xbin_TIMESTAMP.suffix'
  python: '/python2/path',                //Default: '' //assumed present in environment
  version: '6.9.1',                       //Default: Host node version
  temp: '/tmp/build/directory',           //Default: './.xbin'
  name: 'xbin-output.js'                  //Default: 'xbin-output.js'
  ico: './myAssets/my-icon.ico',          //Default: ''
  flags: [...],                           //Default: []
  resources: [...],                       //Default: []
  configure: [...],                       //Default: []
  make: [...],                            //Default: ['nosign', 'release'] on Windows; [] on *nix
  plugins: [...],                         //Default: []
  clean: true                             //Default: false
  rc: {
      "CompanyName": "Node.js",
      "ProductName": "Node.js",
      "FileDescription": "Node.js: Server-side JavaScript",
      "FileVersion": "NODE_EXE_VERSION",
      "ProductVersion": "NODE_EXE_VERSION",
      "OriginalFilename": "node.exe",
      "InternalName": "node",
      "LegalCopyright": "Copyright Node.js contributors. MIT license.",
      "LegalTrademarks": ""
}).then(() => console.log('done!'))

Plugins (not supported yet)

export function xbinSuperPlugin (compiler, next) {
  // Command line arguments will be available by key name on the compiler instance
  // patch or add a source file
  return compiler.readFileAsync('src/file/of/interest').then(file => {
    file.contents = myTransform(file.contents)
    return next()
  return next()

Fast Rebuilds

Once you have successfully built with xbin, the compiled version of Node will be cached and reused for future builds. You can change your input and resources without the need to recompile Node. Changes to version, name, flags, configure, and make will automatically cause a recompile. If you wish to force a recompile, you can set the --clean option.

echo 'console.log("Hello World")' | xbin > myApp # several minutes 
echo 'console.log("Hello World Different")' | xbin > myApp # seconds 
echo 'console.log("Hello World Clean")' | xbin --clean > myApp # several minutes 

How can I use Native Modules?

With the custom xbin-loader (see xbin-loader). You can bundle .node files (native extensions). These files are loaded into memory and written to file at runtime. The temp file is required because most environments do not have mechanisms for loading dynamic libraries from RAM. For troubleshooting, see issue #4

Node Versions

LTS Versions 4.X and 6.X are supported

Use Cases

  • Services written on Node.js
    • winsw on Windows (save it as a resource!)
    • systemv or systemd on Linux
  • Ship and update runtimes at will!

How it works

xbin is built around a series of middleware. Each middleware function is described below. The first point will describe the upstream function and the second, its downstream function.

  • cli
  • Collects and normalizes input
  • Writes and noramlizes output
  • download
  • Downloads the Node Source if not present in the configured or default storage location
  • Nothing
  • compile
  • Adds an additional source file to node source _third_party_main.js. This file contains code that is responsible for loading your application bundle
  • Executes the node build process with parameters provided to xbin
  • artifacts
  • Creates a temporary xbin directory in the node source folder. If the temp directory already exists, it repopulates the node source with the versions stored in the temporary directory
  • Stores original node source files before they're overwritten, and then writes their patched versions and adds new files.
  • nodegyp
  • Nothing
  • Appends any additional source files setup during the other middleware or plugin phases and records them in the node.gyp manifest
  • flags
  • Nothing
  • If any v8 flags --flag are passed to xbin. The flag is compiled with the node runtime. These options also exist in the node.gyp file.
  • argv
  • Updates src/node.cc of the Node Source, to bypass strict argv options. Allowing you to pass arbitrary command line options to your custom runtime.
  • resource
  • If resource flags are supplied, additional code is added that builds a dictionary of getters keyed by resource basename. The getters return a Buffer of the resource's bytes. They are retrieved at runtime by reading from fs.readFile and fs.readFileSync
    • eg. cat input.js | xbin --resource ./some/file > out.run will cause any readFile or readFileSync of ./any/path/file where the basename is file to retrieve the embedded resource.
  • ico
  • Overwrites node's included icon file

Plugins act as additional middleware appended after the ones described here


The Compiler object that is passed to each middleware function has all of the xbin configuration properties (options) appended to it. Additionally it has these relevant methods

  • readFileAsync('node/src/file'): Promise<{ filename: string, contents: Buffer }> - The file path should not be normalized, or be prefaced with a /. The filename will be joined and normalized with the temporary source locatoin. Files that are read into the compiler cache are written out during the articacts downstream function
  • writeFileAsync('node/src/file'): Promise<void> - This method immediately writes a file to the node source directory currently being operated on.




npm i xbin

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  • calebboyd