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    whistlepunk

    2.0.0 • Public • Published

    Whistlepunk

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    noun - a lumberjack who operates the signal wire running to a donkey engine whistle.

    What Is It?

    Logging.....sigh. It's necessary, but often intrusive, heavy-handed and cumbersome...or it's anemic and fails to satisfy the needs of Ops and Developers. Whistlepunk doesn't care about what logging tools you love to use. It just cares that it needs to "blow the whistle" (i.e. - indicate something should be logged). You can plug your favorite logging tool into whistlepunk by writing an adapter for it (which consists of susbcribing to the postal "log" channel and writing the published log messages to your preferred logging library). At LeanKit, we're using debug a lot (during development) and then standard out for production logs - so whistlepunk has two adapters (currently) built-in.

    How Does it Work?

    If whistlepunk knows about your adapter, then including a section for that adapter in your configuration will enable it. For example, this config enables the "stdOut" and "debug" built-in adapters:

    var postal = require("postal");
    var whistlepunk = require("whistlepunk");
    
    var config =  {
    	adapters: {
    		stdOut: {
    			level: 4,
    			bailIfDebug: true, // disables stdOut if DEBUG=* is in play
    			timestamp: {
    				local: true, // defaults to UTC
    				format: "MMM-D-YYYY hh:mm:ss A" // ex: Jan 1, 2015 10:15:20 AM
    			},
    			topic: "#", // default topic
    		},
    		"debug": {
    			level: 4
    		}
    	}
    };
    
    var loggerFactory = whistlepunk(postal, config);
    
    var logger = loggerFactory();
    logger.warn("Watch it, I'm warning you!");

    Alternate API

    A common use case we've run into is that multiple modules need logging but a dependency on a shared loggerFactory instance gets cumbersome and introduces limitations in setup due to temporal coupling.

    Whistlepunk now provides a singleton log instance that you can provide configuration to even after log instances have been created. Any calls to these uninitialized logs will simply no-op until some configuration has been provided.

    This also supports use cases where you may want to change log configuration during the lifetime of the application.

    var whistlepunk = require("whistlepunk").log;
    
    var config =  {
    	adapters: {
    		stdOut: {
    			level: 5,
    			bailIfDebug: true, // disables stdOut if DEBUG=* is in play
    			timestamp: {
    				local: true, // defaults to UTC
    				format: "MMM-D-YYYY hh:mm:ss A" // ex: Jan 1, 2015 10:15:20 AM
    			},
    			topic: "#", // default topic
    		},
    		"debug": {
    			level: 5
    		}
    	}
    };
    
    var logger = whistlepunk( "my.topic" );
    logger.warn( "no configuration was provided, no one will see this" );
    whistlepunk( config );
    logger.info( "now that an adapter was added, this will show up" );
    
    // creating additional log instances that use different topics
    // is simple and doesn't require you to provide the configuration
    // nor do you need to carry around the same loggerFactory instance.
    var altLogger = whistlepunk( "off.topic" );
    altLogger.info( "that reminds me ..." );

    Any other module can get access to the same log factory by using require( "whistlepunk" ).log; and not need to pass around shared references.

    The trade-off for these features is that you can create a race condition in your setup where some log entries could no-op. Careful planning in how you initialize will avoid this problem.

    Configuration

    Log Levels

    The log levels available are specified as integers (as in the above level value under each adapter's configuration). Specifying a log level includes each level up to the level specified. For example, specifying a log level of "3" (info), will include warn (2) and error (1) log messages as well.

    • 0 - off
    • 1 - error
    • 2 - warn
    • 3 - info
    • 4 - debug

    Topics

    Topics provide a way for adapters to limit what log entries they accept based on the namespace of the logger publishing the log entry. Since postal is being used to handle this, AMQP style wildcards are a valid way to subscribe to parts of a namespace.

    Be aware that when calling reset on a log, all adapter subscriptions that match the log's namespace will be unsubscribed.

    example topics

    	topic: "#" // will subscribe to all logs
    	topic: "autohost.#" // will subscribe to all autohost loggers
    	topic: "#.errors" // would subscribe to any logger with a namespace ending in "error"
    	topic: "myApp.#,autohost.#" // subscribes to `myApp.#` and `autohost.#`
    	topic: [ "myApp.#", "autohost.#" ] // same as above but

    Timestamps

    Whistlepunk uses moment.js to capture and format timestamps. Timestamps will default to Greenwich Mean Time and the ISO8601 format.

    Whistlepunk Users

    Adapters should support the timestamp property in their configuration. To learn how to provide custom formats for the timestamp in your log entries, see moment.js.

    The timestamp property has the following properties:

    	{
    		local: false, // default setting
    		format: "YYYY-MM-DDTHH:mm:ss.SSSZ" // default setting
    	}

    Adapter Authors

    Whistelpunk provides adapters with two fields that can be used to display a timestamp. The timestamp field is an ISO8601 string in GMT. The utc field is a moment instance in UTC that can be used to apply a user-supplied format.

    A timeFormatter function that will adjust and format the timestamp according to the adapter's configuration will be passed to your adapter's constructor. It requires the configuration and data as arguments:

    var timestamp = formatter( config, data );

    See the stdOut adapter for an example use case.

    Using With autohost

    It's possible to use autohost to emit log messages over websockets to a client. To do so, you need to ensure autohost is registered with its fount instances as "ah", and pass the autohost fount instance to whistlepunk:

    var postal = require("postal");
    var whistlepunk = require("whistlepunk");
    
    var config =  {
    	adapters: {
    		stdOut: {
    			level: 4,
    			bailIfDebug: true // disables stdOut if DEBUG=* is in play
    		},
    		"debug": {
    			level: 4
    		},
    		autohost: {
    			level: 4
    		}
    	}
    };
    // assuming autohost instance is assigned to a "host" variable
    var loggerFactory = whistlepunk(postal, config, host.fount);
    
    var logger = loggerFactory();
    logger.debug("More info than you'd typically want to sift through....");

    Custom Adapters

    Whistlepunk adapters modules must meet the following criteria:

    • export a factory method that takes the adapter config
    • provide an onLog method it can call on entries
    • implement a singleton (requiring it multiple times should result in the same instance)

    Optionally, your adapter module can:

    • provide an init method that returns a promise for asynchronous setup
    • provide a constraint predicate that filters log entries (one is provided by default that filters by level)
    • accept a fount instance as a second argument to the factory method

    Debug adapter - synchronous example

    var debug = require( "debug" );
    var namespaces = {};
    var debugAdapter = {
    	onLog: function( data ) {
    		var debugNs = namespaces[ data.namespace ];
    		if ( !debugNs ) {
    			debugNs = namespaces[ data.namespace ] = debug( data.namespace );
    		}
    		debugNs( data.type, data.msg );
    	}
    };
    
    // factory method returns the same instance every time
    // this allows whistlepunk to prevent creating duplicate subscriptions
    // which would cause duplicate log entries
    module.exports = function( config ) {
    	return debugAdapter;
    };

    Autohost Socket adapter - asynchronous example

    var noOpAdapter = { onLog: function() {} };
    var adapter;
    
    function createAhAdapter( fount ) {
    	var host;
    
    	return {
    		// whistlepunk will call this when present
    		// and cache log messages for this adapter
    		// until the promise resolves
    		init: function() {
    			return fount.resolve( "ah" )
    				.then( function( _host ) {
    					host = _host;
    				} );
    		},
    		onLog: function( data ) {
    			if ( host && host.notifyClients ) {
    				host.notifyClients( data.type, data );
    			}
    		}
    	};
    }
    
    // because need fount to get a handle to the
    // autohost instance, return a no-op adapter
    // if it's missing
    module.exports = function( config, formatter, fount ) {
    	adapter = adapter || ( fount ? createAhAdapter( fount ) : noOpAdapter );
    	return adapter;
    };

    Install

    npm i whistlepunk

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    1,711

    Version

    2.0.0

    License

    none

    Unpacked Size

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    Total Files

    11

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    Collaborators

    • johndmathis
    • arobson
    • brian_edgerton
    • dougneiner
    • heath101