0.0.1 • Public • Published

Webpack Cylic Dependency Checker

This tool analyzes your Webpack stats.json file to look for cyclic dependencies using "depth first" traversal. It detects cycles between any number of files, as well as files that require themeselves.

Why? Some tools like Flow, and some editors, will crash or hang forever when trying to analyze projects that use cyclic dependencies. Also cyclic dependencies are often a symptom of poorly organized code. Detecting them can help clean up a project. See the examples of cycle for a demonstration.


npm install --save-dev webpack-cyclic-dependency-checker

Command Line Usage

First, generate a Webpack stats.json file by passing in the --json flag. The full command might look something like:

webpack --json --config webpack.config.js > stats.json

Then pass the relative stats.json file path to this tool:

iscyclic stats.json

If there's a cycle in your dependencies, the output will resemble:

Detected cycle!
(14) ./src/index.js -> (327) ./src/components/HomePage.js -> (14) ./src/index.js

You can see in this example output ./src/index.js is repeated at the beginning and end. That's showing the full cycle.

The numbers are the Webpack module IDs. This tool won't show the specific lines of the require / import statements, but it's fairly simple to find those lines in the specified files

Command Line Options


By default all dependencies inside node_modules are ignored. This tool is mainly designed to detect cycles in your source code. If you want to include searching for cycles in external dependencies, use the --include-node-modules flag:

iscyclic stats.json --include-node-modules

Use in Node.js

You can require the functions used in this library directly in Node.js.

const cyclicUtils = require( 'cyclicUtils' );
const statsJson = require( './path/to/stats.json' );
const includeNodeModules = false;
const dependencyGraph = cyclicUtils.getDependencyGraphFromStats(
    statsJson, includeNodeModules
const cycle = cyclicUtils.isCyclic( dependencyGraph );

Check out cli.js to see how the output is parsed.

getDependencyGraphFromStats( json:Object, includeNodeModules:booelan )

Generates the dependency graph from Webpack's stats.json file. The output looks something like:

    1: [ 2 ],
    2: [],

Where the key is the Webpack module ID, and the array is the IDs of each dependency.

isCyclic( dependencyGraph:Object )

Returns the an array of module IDs in the cycle if a cycle is detected. Otherwise returns null.

Examples of Cycles

Cycle Through Multiple Files


import B from './B.js';


import C from './C.js';


import A from './A.js';

This results in a cycle, from A to B to C with the "back edge" going from C to A.

Cycle Through Self


import { something } from './A';
export { something: true };

A cycle like this is usually a mistake in the code, but it's perfectly valid ES6 syntax.

Package Sidebar


npm i webpack-cyclic-dependency-checker

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