vp-pubsub

1.0.8 • Public • Published

NPM

VP PubSub

VP PubSub is a publish/subscribe library that supports message filtering

Index

Getting Started

Install

bower

bower install vp-pubsub --save-dev

npm

npm install vp-pubsub

git

git clone https://github.com/schubergphilis/vp-pubsub.git

Include

Basic

<script type="text/javascript" src="vp-pubsub.js"></script>

AMD

define(['/bower_components/vp-pubsub/vp-pubsub'], function (PubSub) {
 
})

nodejs

var PubSub = require('vp-pubsub');

Testing

Install

npm

  1. npm install
  2. npm test

browser

  1. bower install
  2. open test/index.html in the browser

API

Event names have some restrictions.

  • The event name is only allowed to use lowercase characters and numbers
  • The first character must be a-z
  • you can use a '.' to name space the event

Example of valid event names

  • x
  • somelongname
  • a123
  • x.x
  • x.x.x.x.x.x

Example of invalid event names

  • 1a
  • a.
  • a#$

pub

VPpubsub.pub publish a event

Parameters:
Name Type Description
evnt string The event that you want to publish
[data] * Data that you want to send along with the event
[scope] * Event scope
[notAsync=false] boolean Events are default asynchronous, but in some cases yo don't want that
Example
//publish an event without data
VPpubsub.pub('foo');
//publish an event with `true` as data
VPpubsub.pub('foo', true);
//publish a event with `"test"` as data in the scope `window`
VPpubsub.pub('foo', "test", window);
//publish a event with `"test"` as data in the scope `window`, synchronise
VPpubsub.pub('foo', "test", window, true);

sub

VPpubsub.sub Subscribe to a event

You can subscribe to multiple events by separating the event with |. You can subscribe to event in the same namespace by using * (channel filter). example: foo.* will trigger the subscriber by the event foo but also every event that starts with the name space foo like foo.bar

You can subscribe to all events with *

Parameters:
Name Type Description
evnt string The event(s) where you want to subscribe to.
subscriber function The subscriber
[scope] * Scope can be used to only subscribe to events that are in that scope
[thisArg] * The this scope of the subscriber
Subscriber parameters
Name Type Description
data * The data send by publishing the event
event string the event that was published.
$$sub function the subscriber self
Example
//only subscribe to foo
VPpubsub.sub('foo', function (data, evnt, $$sub) {
    console.log(data, evnt, $$sub);
});
//subscribe to name space foo
VPpubsub.sub('foo.*', function (data, evnt, $$sub) {
    console.log(data, evnt, $$sub);
});
//subscribe to name space foo.bar
VPpubsub.sub('foo.bar', function (data, evnt, $$sub) {
    console.log(data, evnt, $$sub);
});
//subscribe to foo.bar in the scope window
VPpubsub.sub('foo.bar', function (data, evnt, $$sub) {
    console.log(data, evnt, $$sub);
}, window);
//subscribe to foo.bar and execute the subscriber in the window scope
VPpubsub.sub('foo.bar', function (data, evnt, $$sub) {
    console.log(data, evnt, $$sub);
}, null, window);
//subscribe to all events
VPpubsub.sub('*', function (data, evnt, $$sub) {
    console.group(evnt);
    console.info(data);
    console.log($$sub);
    console.groupEnd();
});

on

VPpubsub.on works almost the same as VPpubsub.sub but returns a thenable object

Parameters:
Name Type Description
evnt string The event(s) where you want to subscribe to.
[scope] * Scope can be used to only subscribe to events that are in that scope
[thisArg] * The this scope of the subscriber

It will return an object with 2 methods then and off

then

VPpubsub.on.then will run the on fulfill function when the subscribed event is published, it will have the same parameters as the subscriber of VPpubsub.sub

then will return not return a thenable object, it will only return a object with a off method that can be used to unsubscribe. important the off method that the then method returns will only unsubscribe after at least the on fullfill function is called once!

Parameters:
Name Type Description
fulfill function on fulfill function see for the parameters VPpubsub.sub
off

VPpubsub.on.off can be used to unsubscribe from the current event

important to know is that you can't unsubscribe using you on fulfill method like:

function sub(data) {
    console.log(data)
}
VPpubsub.on('test.on');
.then(sub);
 
VPpubsub.unsub('test.on', sub);

Best way to unsubscribe is by using off or using the $$sub inside the on fulfill method

Example
//normal use
VPpubsub
.on('test.on.api')
.then(function (data) {
    console.log(data)
});
 
//multi times calling then
var test = VPpubsub.on('test.on.api2')
//then 1
test.then(function (data) {
    console.log('called then 1', data);
});
//then 2
test.then(function (data) {
    console.log('called then 2', data);
});
 
//subonce
VPpubsub
.on('test.on.api.once')
.then(function (data) {
    console.log(data)
})
.off();
 
//unsub
var tst2 = VPpubsub
    .on('test.on.api.unsub');
tst2.then(function (data) {
    console.log(data)
})
tst2.off();
//unsub option 2
var tst3 = VPpubsub
    .on('test.on.api.unsub')
    .then(function (data) {
        console.log(data)
    });
//important this will only unsubscribe if at least once the on fulfill function is called
tst3.off();
//promise
var e = VPpubsub.on('test.on.api.promise'),
    p = Promise.resolve(p);
//important promise will only return the data not the event or subscriber
p.then(function (data) {
    console.log(data)
})
.then(function (data) {
    e.off();
});
 

subonce

VPpubsub.subonce same as sub only it will subscribes once to the event, with on limitation you can not subscribe to a channel (*)

unsub

VPpubsub.unsub unsubscribe from a event

Event, subscriber and scope must be the same as when you subscribed.

Parameters:
Name Type Description
evnt string Event where from you want to unsubscribe
subscriber function The subscriber
[scope] * the scope if used by subscribing

fork

VPpubsub.fork returns a VPpubsub with his own subscribers

Tips

Unique events

Problem

If you've a set up as bellow, than module A and module B will always have the result of both request and that is probably not what you want.

//module A
VPpubsub.sub('message.result', function (result) {
    console.log(result)
})
VPpubsub.pub('message.get', {
    type: 'error'
});
 
//module B
VPpubsub.sub('message.result', function (result) {
    console.log(result)
})
VPpubsub.pub('message.get');
 
//module log message
VPpubsub.sub('message.result', function (result) {
    console.log(result)
})
 
//module Message
VPpubsub.sub('message.get', function (filter) {
    VPpubsub.pub('message.result', [])
})

Solution 1 ( channels )

One way to fix this is to use the channel filter as used below.

//module A
VPpubsub.sub('message.result.moduleA', function (result) {
    console.log(result)
})
VPpubsub.pub('message.get.moduleA', {
    type: 'error'
});
 
//module B
VPpubsub.sub('message.result.moduleB', function (result) {
    console.log(result)
})
VPpubsub.pub('message.get.moduleB');
 
//module log message
VPpubsub.sub('message.result.*', function (result) {
    console.log(result)
})
 
//module Message
VPpubsub.sub('message.get.*', function (filter, evnt) {
    var id = evnt.split('.').splice(2).join('.'),
        resultEvent = 'message.result';
    if (id) {
        resultEvent += '.' + id;
    }
    VPpubsub.pub(resultEvent, [])
})

Solution 2 ( ID's )

Another way to fix this is to use event ID's. You can subscribe and publish an event with a ID. Subscribers that are subscripted to events with a ID will only be triggered if the ID match, all other subscribers for that event, include channel subscribers will be triggered normally.

You can give an event a ID via adding a @ to the event name for example message.get@myid. a Event ID can only exists of 0-9 and a-z characters. To give a example of when what is triggered

- publish without ID
pub: message.get
sub: message.get        //triggered
sub: message.get@myid   //not triggered
sub: message.get.*      //triggered
- publish with ID
pub: message.get@myid
sub: message.get        //triggered
sub: message.get@myid   //triggered
sub: message.get.*      //triggered

the solution with id would like this

//module A
VPpubsub.sub('message.result@moduleA', function (result) {
    console.log(result)
})
VPpubsub.pub('message.get@moduleA', {
    type: 'error'
});
 
//module B
VPpubsub.sub('message.result@moduleB', function (result) {
    console.log(result)
})
VPpubsub.pub('message.get@moduleB');
 
//module log message
VPpubsub.sub('message.result', function (result) {
    console.log(result)
})
 
//module Message
VPpubsub.sub('message.get', function (filter, evnt) {
    var id = evnt.split('@')[1],
        resultEvent = 'message.result';
    if (id) {
        resultEvent += '@' + id;
    }
    VPpubsub.pub(resultEvent, [])
})

is published ?

Problem

If you've a set up as bellow, than event module.a.api will never be published because event module.a.ready was already published before module B was subscribing on it.

//module A
define('module/a', ['vp-pubsub'], function (PubSub) {
    PubSub.sub('module.a.api', function (data) {
        console.log(data)
    })
    PubSub.pub('module.a.ready');
});
 
//module B
define('module/b', ['vp-pubsub'], function (PubSub) {
    PubSub.subonce('module.a.ready', function () {
        PubSub.pub('module.a.api', {filter: 1});
    })
});
 
require(['module/a', 'module/b'])

Solution 1 ( multiple events )

One way to fix this is to introduce a extra event where you request of the module is ready that then re-publish the ready event. In this way it does not matter of module A or module B is first loaded.

- first load module A
loading module A (pub: module.a.ready) > loading module B > pub: module.a.isready > pub: module.a.ready > pub: module.a.api
- first load module B
loading module B (pub: module.a.isready) > loading module A > pub: module.a.ready > pub: module.a.api
//module A
define('module/a', ['vp-pubsub'], function (PubSub) {
    PubSub.sub('module.a.api', function (data) {
        console.log(data)
    });
    PubSub.sub('module.a.isready', function () {
        PubSub.pub('module.a.ready');
    });
    PubSub.pub('module.a.ready');
});
 
//module B
define('module/b', ['vp-pubsub'], function (PubSub) {
    PubSub.subonce('module.a.ready', function () {
        PubSub.pub('module.a.api', {filter: 1});
    })
    PubSub.pub('module.a.isready');
});
 
require(['module/a', 'module/b'])

Solution 2 ( force publishing last data )

Another way to fix this is to use the force publishing last data API. VP PubSub will always remember the last published data of a event. You can request the last published data via adding a ! at the front of the event name. For example: !module.a.ready. Keep in mind that it only remembers the last published data, so this works great with ready events or events that contains counter data

//module A
define('module/a', ['vp-pubsub'], function (PubSub) {
    PubSub.sub('module.a.api', function (data) {
        console.log(data)
    });
    PubSub.pub('module.a.ready');
});
 
//module B
define('module/b', ['vp-pubsub'], function (PubSub) {
    PubSub.subonce('!module.a.ready', function () {
        PubSub.pub('module.a.api', {filter: 1});
    });
});
 
require(['module/a', 'module/b'])

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Install

npm i vp-pubsub

Weekly Downloads

3

Version

1.0.8

License

Apache License v2.0

Last publish

Collaborators

  • victor-perez