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value-schema

3.0.0-rc.3 • Public • Published

value-schema

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simple, easy-to-use, and declarative schema validator

Table of Contents


Introduction

All of web applications need handling input parameters, consists of following steps:

  1. existence check
    • all required parameters exist?
    • fill omittable parameters with default values
  2. type check
    • e.g., typeof age === "number"
    • cast them if needed; "20"(string) to 20(number)
  3. domain check
    • e.g., 1 <= limit && limit <= 100
    • revise them if needed; 0 to 1

value-schema does all of them, by compact and highly readable code!

example

import vs from "value-schema";
 
const schemaObject = { // schema for input
    id: vs.number({ // number, >=1
        minValue: 1,
    }),
    name: vs.string({ // string, max 16 characters (trims if over)
        maxLength: {
            length: 16,
            trims: true,
        },
    }),
    age: vs.number({ // number, integer (rounds down toward zero), >=0
        integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.FLOOR_RZ,
        minValue: 0,
    }),
    email: vs.email(), // email
    state: vs.string({ // string, accepts only "active" and "inactive"
        only: ["active", "inactive"],
    }),
    classes: vs.array({ // array of number, separated by ",", ignores errors
        separatedBy: ",",
        each: {
            schema: vs.number(),
            ignoresErrors: true,
        },
    }),
    skills: vs.array({ // array of string, separated by ",", ignores errors
        separatedBy: ",",
        each: {
            schema: vs.string(),
            ignoresErrors: true,
        },
    }),
    creditCard: vs.numericString({ // numeric string, separated by "-", checks by Luhn algorithm
        separatedBy: "-",
        checksum: vs.NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.CREDIT_CARD,
    }),
    remoteAddr: vs.string({ // IPv4
        pattern: vs.STRING.PATTERN.IPV4,
    }),
    remoteAddrIpv6: vs.string({ // IPv6
        pattern: vs.STRING.PATTERN.IPV6,
    }),
    limit: vs.number({ // number, integer, omittable (sets 10 if omitted), >=1 (sets 1 if less), <=100 (sets 100 if greater)
        ifUndefined: 10,
        integer: true,
        minValue: {
            value: 1,
            adjusts: true,
        },
        maxValue: {
            value: 100,
            adjusts: true,
        },
    }),
    offset: vs.number({ // number, integer, omittable (sets 0 if omitted), >=0 (sets 0 if less)
        ifUndefined: 0,
        integer: true,
        minValue: {
            value: 0,
            adjusts: true,
        },
    }),
};
const input = { // input values
    id: "1",
    name: "Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Ciprin Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso",
    age: 20.5,
    email: "picasso@example.com",
    state: "active",
    classes: "1,3,abc,4",
    skills: "c,c++,javascript,python,,swift,kotlin",
    creditCard: "4111-1111-1111-1111",
    remoteAddr: "127.0.0.1",
    remoteAddrIpv6: "::1",
    limit: "0",
};
const expected = { // should be converted to this
    id: 1,
    name: "Pablo Diego José",
    age: 20,
    email: "picasso@example.com",
    state: "active",
    classes: [1, 3, 4],
    skills: ["c", "c++", "javascript", "python", "swift", "kotlin"],
    creditCard: "4111111111111111",
    remoteAddr: "127.0.0.1",
    remoteAddrIpv6: "::1",
    limit: 1,
    offset: 0,
};
 
// Let's apply!
const actual = vs.applySchemaObject(schemaObject, input);
 
// verification
assert.deepStrictEqual(actual, expected);

That's all! No control flows! Isn't it cool?

For details, see basic usage.

Install

install from npm registry.

npm install -S value-schema

Loading

CommonJS

// foo.js
var vs = require("value-schema");

ES Modules / Babel / TypeScript

// foo.mjs (ES Modules) / foo.js (Babel) / foo.ts (TypeScript)
import vs from "value-schema";

ES Modules has been supported as of Node.js v8.5.0. In Windows, Node.js v8.6.0 is recommended due to ERR_INVALID_PROTOCOL.

To execute "foo.mjs", --experimental-modules flag is required. (the flag is dropped as of Node.js v13.2.0)

$ node --experimental-modules foo.mjs
(node:25508) ExperimentalWarning: The ESM module loader is experimental.

TypeScript auto-completion and type-checking works perfectly on Visual Studio Code and IntelliJ IDEA!

Reference

types and constants

ValueSchemaError

The ValueSchemaError object represents an error.

ambient declaration
export interface ValueSchemaError extends Error
{
    name: string
    message: string
    cause: string
    value: any
    keyStack: (string | number)[]
 
    /**
     * check whether error is instance of ValueSchemaError or not
     * @param err error to check
     * @returns Yes/No
     */
    static is(err: unknown): err is ValueSchemaError;
}
properties
name description
name "ValueSchemaError"
message human-readable description of the error, including a string cause
cause cause of error; see CAUSE
value value to apply
keyStack array consists of path to key name(for object) or index(for array) that caused error; for nested object or array

See below example. For detail about schema / value-schema, see basic usage

import vs from "value-schema";
import assert from "assert";
 
// {foo: Array<{bar: {baz: number}}>}
const schemaObject = {
    foo: vs.array({
        each: vs.object({
            schemaObject: {
                bar: vs.object({
                    schemaObject: {
                        baz: vs.number(),
                    },
                }),
            },
        }),
    }),
};
const input = {
    foo: [
        {
            bar: {
                baz: 1,
            },
        },
        {
            bar: {
                baz: 2,
            },
        },
        { // index 2
            bar: {
                baz: "three", // ERROR!
            },
        },
        {
            bar: {
                baz: 4,
            },
        },
    ],
};
assert.throws(
    () => {
        vs.applySchemaObject(schemaObject, input);
    },
    {
        name: "ValueSchemaError",
        cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE,
        keyStack: ["foo", 2, "bar", "baz"], // route to error key/index: object(key="foo") -> array(index=2) -> object(key="bar") -> object(key="baz")
    });

CAUSE

The cause of error.

For more information, see below examples.

NUMBER.INTEGER

Rounding mode.

For more information, see number.

NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM

Checksum algorithms for numeric string.

For more information, see numeric string.

STRING.PATTERN

Regular expressions for string.

For more information, see string.

basic usage

applySchemaObject(schemaObject, input[, onError[, onFinished]])

apply schemaObject to data.

data

An object to be applied schema; e.g., req.query, req.body (in Express)

data will NOT be overwritten.

schemaObject

Schema object.

  • key: property name of data
  • value: schema instance; see below examples
onError(err)

Callback function for each errors. If no errors, this function will not be called.

If this parameter is omitted, applySchemaObject() throws ValueSchemaError on first error and remaining adjusting process will be cancelled.

  • err
    • an instance of ValueSchemaError
    • err.keyStack indicates path to key name that caused error: (string | number)[]
  • returns
    • an adjuted value
  • throws
    • an exception that will thrown from applySchemaObject()
    • remaining processes will be cancelled
onFinished()

Called after finished all error handlings. Will NOT called if no errors.

examples
successful

For more information, see below references about number(), string(), and so on.

const schemaObject = { // schema for input
    id: vs.number({ // number, >=1
        minValue: 1,
    }),
    name: vs.string({ // string, max 16 characters (trims if over)
        maxLength: {
            length: 16,
            trims: true,
        },
    }),
    age: vs.number({ // number, integer (rounds down toward zero), >=0
        integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.FLOOR_RZ,
        minValue: 0,
    }),
    email: vs.email(), // email
    state: vs.string({ // string, accepts only "active" and "inactive"
        only: ["active", "inactive"],
    }),
    classes: vs.array({ // array of number, separated by ",", ignores errors
        separatedBy: ",",
        each: {
            schema: vs.number(),
            ignoresErrors: true,
        },
    }),
    skills: vs.array({ // array of string, separated by ",", ignores errors
        separatedBy: ",",
        each: {
            schema: vs.string(),
            ignoresErrors: true,
        },
    }),
    creditCard: vs.numericString({ // numeric string, separated by "-", checks by Luhn algorithm
        separatedBy: "-",
        checksum: vs.NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.CREDIT_CARD,
    }),
    remoteAddr: vs.string({ // IPv4
        pattern: vs.STRING.PATTERN.IPV4,
    }),
    remoteAddrIpv6: vs.string({ // IPv6
        pattern: vs.STRING.PATTERN.IPV6,
    }),
    limit: vs.number({ // number, integer, omittable (sets 10 if omitted), >=1 (sets 1 if less), <=100 (sets 100 if greater)
        ifUndefined: 10,
        integer: true,
        minValue: {
            value: 1,
            adjusts: true,
        },
        maxValue: {
            value: 100,
            adjusts: true,
        },
    }),
    offset: vs.number({ // number, integer, omittable (sets 0 if omitted), >=0 (sets 0 if less)
        ifUndefined: 0,
        integer: true,
        minValue: {
            value: 0,
            adjusts: true,
        },
    }),
};
const input = { // input values
    id: "1",
    name: "Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Ciprin Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso",
    age: 20.5,
    email: "picasso@example.com",
    state: "active",
    classes: "1,3,abc,4",
    skills: "c,c++,javascript,python,,swift,kotlin",
    creditCard: "4111-1111-1111-1111",
    remoteAddr: "127.0.0.1",
    remoteAddrIpv6: "::1",
    limit: "0",
};
const expected = { // should be converted to this
    id: 1,
    name: "Pablo Diego José",
    age: 20,
    email: "picasso@example.com",
    state: "active",
    classes: [1, 3, 4],
    skills: ["c", "c++", "javascript", "python", "swift", "kotlin"],
    creditCard: "4111111111111111",
    remoteAddr: "127.0.0.1",
    remoteAddrIpv6: "::1",
    limit: 1,
    offset: 0,
};
 
// Let's apply!
const actual = vs.applySchemaObject(schemaObject, input);
 
// verification
assert.deepStrictEqual(actual, expected);

In TypeScript, use "Generics" for type-safe.

interface Parameters {
    foo: number
    bar: string
}
 
const schemaObject: vs.SchemaObject = {
    foo: vs.number(),
    bar: vs.string(),
};
const input = {
    foo: "12345",
    bar: "abcde",
};
 
const actual = vs.applySchemaObject<Parameters>(schemaObject, input);
error handling 1

fix errors

import vs from "value-schema";
import assert from "assert";
 
const schemaObject = {
    id: vs.number({
        minValue: 1,
    }),
    name: vs.string({
        maxLength: {
            length: 16,
            trims: true,
        },
    }),
    email: vs.email(),
};
const input = {
    id: 0, // error! (>= 1)
    name: "", // error! (empty string is not allowed)
    email: "john@example.com", // OK
};
const expected = {
    id: 100,
    name: "John Doe",
    email: "john@example.com",
};
 
const actual = vs.applySchemaObject(schemaObject, input, (err) => {
    const key = err.keyStack.shift();
    switch(key) {
    case "id":
        return 100;
    case "name":
        return "John Doe";
    default:
        return null;
    }
});
assert.deepStrictEqual(actual, expected);
error handling 2

throw exception after finished

import vs from "value-schema";
import assert from "assert";
 
const schemaObject = {
    id: vs.number({
        minValue: 1,
    }),
    name: vs.string({
        maxLength: {
            length: 16,
            trims: true,
        },
    }),
    email: vs.email(),
};
const input = {
    id: 0, // error! (>= 1)
    name: "", // error! (empty string is not allowed)
    email: "john@example.com", // OK
};
 
assert.throws(() => {
    const messages = [];
    vs.applySchemaObject(schemaObject, input, (err) => {
        // append key name
        const key = err.keyStack.shift();
        if(key !== undefined) {
            messages.push(key);
        }
    }, () => {
        // finished; join key name as message
        throw Error(messages.sort().join(","));
    });
}, {
    name: "Error",
    message: "id,name",
});
error handling 3

catch a first error by omitting error handler

import vs from "value-schema";
import assert from "assert";
 
const schemaObject = {
    id: vs.number({
        minValue: 1,
    }),
    name: vs.string({
        maxLength: {
            length: 16,
            trims: true,
        },
    }),
    email: vs.email(),
};
const input = {
    id: 0, // error! (>= 1)
    name: "", // error! (empty string is not allowed)
    email: "john@example.com", // OK
};
 
assert.throws(() => {
    // throws first error
    vs.applySchemaObject(schemaObject, input);
}, {
    name: "ValueSchemaError",
    cause: vs.CAUSE.MIN_VALUE,
    value: 0,
    keyStack: ["id"],
});
error handling 4

when input value is not an object

NOTE: schemaObject won't be checked because it's predictable; generated by programmer, not an external input

import vs from "value-schema";
import assert from "assert";
 
const schemaObject = {};
const input = 123;
 
assert.throws(() => {
    // `input` must be an object
    vs.applySchemaObject(schemaObject, input);
}, {
    name: "ValueSchemaError",
    cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE,
    value: 123,
    keyStack: [],
});

boolean

ambient declarations

export function boolean(options?: OptionsForBoolean): BooleanSchema;
 
type OptionsForBoolean = {
    strictType?: boolean;
    acceptsAllNumbers?: boolean;
 
    ifUndefined?: boolean | null;
    ifEmptyString?: boolean | null;
    ifNull?: boolean | null;
}
type ErrorHandler = (err: ValueSchemaError) => boolean | null | never;
interface BooleanSchema {
    applyTo(value: unknown, onError?: ErrorHandler): boolean | null
}

applyTo(value[, onError])

Applies schema to value.

If an error occurs, this method calls onError (if specified) or throw ValueSchemaError (otherwise).

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.boolean().applyTo(true),
    true);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.boolean().applyTo(false),
    false);
 
// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.boolean().applyTo(1),
    true);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.boolean().applyTo(0),
    false);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.boolean().applyTo("1"),
    true);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.boolean().applyTo("0"), // "0" is truthy in JavaScript, but value-schema treats as false!
    false);
 
// other truthy values
for (const truthy of ["true", "TRUE", "yes", "YES", "on", "ON"]) {
    assert.strictEqual(
        vs.boolean().applyTo(truthy),
        true);
}
// other falsy values
for (const falsy of ["false", "FALSE", "no", "NO", "off", "OFF"]) {
    assert.strictEqual(
        vs.boolean().applyTo(falsy),
        false);
}
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.boolean().applyTo(-1), // accepts only 0,1
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.boolean().applyTo("abc"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.boolean().applyTo([]),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.boolean().applyTo({}),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});

options

strictType

Enable strict type check. defaults: false

HANDLE WITH CARE! In URL encoding, all values will be treated as string. Use this method when your system accepts ONLY JSON encoding (application/json)

// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.boolean({strictType: true}).applyTo(1),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.boolean({strictType: true}).applyTo("1"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.boolean({strictType: true}).applyTo("true"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
acceptsAllNumbers

Accepts all numbers or not, other than 0 / 1. defaults: false

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.boolean({acceptsAllNumbers: true}).applyTo(-1),
    true);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.boolean({acceptsAllNumbers: true}).applyTo("100"),
    true);
ifUndefined

Specifies return value when input value is undefined.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.boolean({ifUndefined: true}).applyTo(undefined),
    true);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.boolean().applyTo(undefined),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.UNDEFINED});
ifNull

Specifies return value when input value is null.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.boolean({ifNull: true}).applyTo(null),
    true);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.boolean().applyTo(null),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.NULL});
ifEmptyString

Specifies return value when input value is "".

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.boolean({ifEmptyString: true}).applyTo(""),
    true);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.boolean().applyTo(""),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.EMPTY_STRING});

number

ambient declarations

export function number(options?: OptionsForNumber): NumberSchema;
 
type OptionsForNumber = {
    strictType?: boolean;
    acceptsSpecialFormats?: boolean;
    acceptsFullWidth?: boolean;
 
    ifUndefined?: number | null;
    ifEmptyString?: number | null;
    ifNull?: number | null;
 
    integer?: boolean | NUMBER.INTEGER;
    only?: number[];
    minValue?: number | {value: number, adjusts: boolean};
    maxValue?: number | {value: number, adjusts: boolean};
 
    converter?: (value: number, fail: () => never) => number | null;
}
type ErrorHandler = (err: ValueSchemaError) => number | null | never;
interface NumberSchema {
    applyTo(value: unknown, onError?: ErrorHandler): number | null
}

applyTo(value[, onError])

Applies schema to value.

If an error occurs, this method calls onError (if specified) or throw ValueSchemaError (otherwise).

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number().applyTo(-123),
    -123);
 
// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number().applyTo("-123"),
    -123);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number().applyTo(true),
    1);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number().applyTo(false),
    0);
 
// should cause error
assert.strictEqual( // catch error by callback function (that returns a value from applyTo() method)
    vs.number().applyTo(
        "abc",
        (err) => 10),
    10);
assert.throws( // ... or try-catch syntax
    () => vs.number().applyTo("abc"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number().applyTo("true"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});

options

strictType

Enable strict type check. defaults: false

HANDLE WITH CARE! In URL encoding, all values will be treated as string. Use this method when your system accepts ONLY JSON encoding (application/json)

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number().applyTo("123"),
    123);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number().applyTo(true),
    1);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number({strictType: true}).applyTo("123"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number({strictType: true}).applyTo(true),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
ifUndefined

Specifies return value when input value is undefined.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({ifUndefined: 1}).applyTo(undefined),
    1);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number().applyTo(undefined),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.UNDEFINED});
ifNull

Specifies return value when input value is null.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({ifNull: 1}).applyTo(null),
    1);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number().applyTo(null),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.NULL});
ifEmptyString

Specifies return value when input value is "".

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({ifEmptyString: 1}).applyTo(""),
    1);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number().applyTo(""),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.EMPTY_STRING});
acceptsSpecialFormats

Accepts all special number formats; e.g., "1e+2", "0x100", "0o100", "0b100". defaults: false

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({acceptsSpecialFormats: true}).applyTo("1e+2"),
    100);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({acceptsSpecialFormats: true}).applyTo("0x100"),
    256);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({acceptsSpecialFormats: true}).applyTo("0o100"),
    64);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({acceptsSpecialFormats: true}).applyTo("0b100"),
    4);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number().applyTo("1e+2"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
acceptsFullWidth

Accepts full-width string; e.g., "1234.5", "1234.5". defaults: false

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({acceptsFullWidth: true}).applyTo("1234.5"),
    1234.5);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number().applyTo("1234.5"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
integer

Limits an input value to integer.

value description
NUMBER.INTEGER.NO (0) / false does not limit to integer
NUMBER.INTEGER.YES (1) / true limits to integer, but does not round
NUMBER.INTEGER.FLOOR (2) rounds down toward infinity
NUMBER.INTEGER.FLOOR_RZ (3) rounds down toward zero
NUMBER.INTEGER.CEIL (4) rounds up toward infinity
NUMBER.INTEGER.CEIL_RZ (5) rounds up toward zero
NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_UP (6) rounds half up toward infinity
NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_UP_RZ (7) rounds half up toward zero
NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_DOWN (8) rounds half down toward infinity
NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_DOWN_RZ (9) rounds half down toward zero
// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.FLOOR}).applyTo(3.14),
    3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.FLOOR}).applyTo("3.14"),
    3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.FLOOR}).applyTo(-3.14),
    -4);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.FLOOR_RZ}).applyTo(3.14),
    3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.FLOOR_RZ}).applyTo(-3.14),
    -3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.CEIL}).applyTo(3.14),
    4);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.CEIL}).applyTo(-3.14),
    -3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.CEIL_RZ}).applyTo(3.14),
    4);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.CEIL_RZ}).applyTo(-3.14),
    -4);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_UP}).applyTo(3.49),
    3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_UP}).applyTo(3.5),
    4);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_UP}).applyTo(-3.5),
    -3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_UP}).applyTo(-3.51),
    -4);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_UP_RZ}).applyTo(3.49),
    3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_UP_RZ}).applyTo(3.5),
    4);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_UP_RZ}).applyTo(-3.49),
    -3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_UP_RZ}).applyTo(-3.5),
    -4);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_DOWN}).applyTo(3.5),
    3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_DOWN}).applyTo(3.51),
    4);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_DOWN}).applyTo(-3.49),
    -3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_DOWN}).applyTo(-3.5),
    -4);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_DOWN_RZ}).applyTo(3.5),
    3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_DOWN_RZ}).applyTo(3.51),
    4);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_DOWN_RZ}).applyTo(-3.5),
    -3);
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.HALF_DOWN_RZ}).applyTo(-3.51),
    -4);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number({integer: true}).applyTo(3.14),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number({integer: vs.NUMBER.INTEGER.YES}).applyTo(3.14), // equivalent to "true"
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
only

Accepts only particular values.

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({only: [1, 3, 5]}).applyTo(1),
    1);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number({only: [1, 3, 5]}).applyTo(2),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.ONLY});
minValue

Limits minimum value.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({minValue: {value: 1, adjusts: true}}).applyTo(0),
    1);
 
// should cause errors
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number({minValue: {value: 1, adjusts: false}}).applyTo(0),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MIN_VALUE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number({minValue: 1}).applyTo(0), // shorthand of {value: 1, adjusts: false}
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MIN_VALUE});
maxValue

Limits maximum value.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({maxValue: {value: 100, adjusts: true}}).applyTo(101),
    100);
 
// should cause errors
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number({maxValue: {value: 100, adjusts: false}}).applyTo(101),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MAX_VALUE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number({maxValue: 100}).applyTo(101), // shorthand of {value: 100, adjusts: false}
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MAX_VALUE});
converter

Converts input value to another.

fail() causes ValueSchemaError.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.number({converter: value => value * 2}).applyTo("1"),
    2);
 
// should cause errors
assert.throws(
    () => vs.number({converter: (value, fail) => fail()}).applyTo(0),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.CONVERTER});

string

ambient declarations

export function string(options?: OptionsForString): StringSchema;
 
type OptionsForString = {
    strictType?: boolean;
 
    ifUndefined?: string | null;
    ifEmptyString?: string | null;
    ifNull?: string | null;
 
    trims?: boolean;
 
    only?: string[];
    minLength?: number;
    maxLength?: number | {length: number, trims: boolean};
    pattern?: RegExp;
 
    converter?: (value: string, fail: () => never) => string | null;
}
type ErrorHandler = (err: ValueSchemaError) => string | null | never;
interface StringSchema {
    applyTo(value: unknown, onError?: ErrorHandler): string | null
}

applyTo(value[, onError])

Applies schema to value.

If an error occurs, this method calls onError (if specified) or throw ValueSchemaError (otherwise).

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string().applyTo("123"),
    "123");
 
// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string().applyTo(123),
    "123");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string().applyTo({}),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});

options

strictType

Enable strict type check. defaults: false

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string().applyTo(123),
    "123");
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string().applyTo(true),
    "true");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string({strictType: true}).applyTo(123),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string({strictType: true}).applyTo(true),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
ifUndefined

Specifies return value when input value is undefined.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string({ifUndefined: "xyz"}).applyTo(undefined),
    "xyz");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string().applyTo(undefined),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.UNDEFINED});
ifNull

Specifies return value when input value is null.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string({ifNull: "x"}).applyTo(null),
    "x");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string().applyTo(null),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.NULL});
ifEmptyString

Specifies return value when input value is undefined.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string({ifEmptyString: "xyz"}).applyTo(""),
    "xyz");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string().applyTo(""),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.EMPTY_STRING});
trims

Removes whitespace from both ends of input. defaults: false

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string({trims: true}).applyTo("\r\n hell, word \t "),
    "hell, word");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string({trims: true}).applyTo(" \t\r\n "),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.EMPTY_STRING});
only

Accepts only particular values.

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string({only: ["eat", "sleep", "play"]}).applyTo("sleep"),
    "sleep");
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string({only: [""]}).applyTo(""),
    "");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string({only: ["eat", "sleep", "play"]}).applyTo("study"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.ONLY});
minLength

Limits minimum length of input string.

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string({minLength: 5}).applyTo("abcde"),
    "abcde");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string({minLength: 5}).applyTo("a"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MIN_LENGTH});
maxLength

Limits maximum length of an input string.

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string({maxLength: {length: 5, trims: false}}).applyTo("abcde"),
    "abcde");
 
// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string({maxLength: {length: 5, trims: true}}).applyTo("abcdefg"),
    "abcde");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string({maxLength: {length: 5, trims: false}}).applyTo("abcdefg"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MAX_LENGTH});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string({maxLength: 5}).applyTo("abcdefg"), // shorthand of {length: 5, trims: false}
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MAX_LENGTH});
pattern

Specifies acceptable pattern by regular expression.

You can also use STRING.PATTERN constants

constant explanation
STRING.PATTERN.EMAIL email address that follows RFC5321 / RFC5322
STRING.PATTERN.HTTP HTTP/HTTPS URL
STRING.PATTERN.IPV4 IPv4 address
STRING.PATTERN.IPV6 IPv6 address
STRING.PATTERN.URI URI that follows RFC3986
// should be OK
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.string({pattern: /^Node.js$/}).applyTo("NodeXjs"),
    "NodeXjs");
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.string({pattern: vs.STRING.PATTERN.URI}).applyTo("https://example.com/path/to/resource?name=value#hash"),
    "https://example.com/path/to/resource?name=value#hash");
 
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string({pattern: /^Node.js$/}).applyTo("NODE.JS"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string({pattern: vs.STRING.PATTERN.URI}).applyTo("https://例.com/"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
converter

Converts input value to another.

fail() causes ValueSchemaError.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.string({converter: value => value.toLowerCase()}).applyTo("123ABCxyz"),
    "123abcxyz");
 
// should cause errors
assert.throws(
    () => vs.string({converter: (value, fail) => fail()}).applyTo("foo"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.CONVERTER});

numeric string

ambient declarations

export function numericString(options?: OptionsForNumericString): NumericStringSchema;
 
type OptionsForNumericString = {
    ifUndefined?: string | null;
    ifEmptyString?: string | null;
    ifNull?: string | null;
 
    fullWidthToHalf?: boolean;
    joinsArray?: boolean;
 
    minLength?: number;
    maxLength?: number | {length: number, trims: boolean};
    separatedBy?: string | RegExp;
    pattern?: RegExp;
    checksum?: NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM;
 
    converter?: (value: string, fail: () => never) => string | null;
}
type ErrorHandler = (err: ValueSchemaError) => string | null | never;
interface NumericStringSchema {
    applyTo(value: unknown, onError?: ErrorHandler): string | null
}

applyTo(value[, onError])

Applies schema to value.

If an error occurs, this method calls onError (if specified) or throw ValueSchemaError (otherwise).

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString().applyTo("123"),
    "123");
 
// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString().applyTo(123),
    "123");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString().applyTo("abc"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});

options

ifUndefined

Specifies return value when input value is undefined.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({ifUndefined: "123"}).applyTo(undefined),
    "123");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString().applyTo(undefined),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.UNDEFINED});
ifNull

Specifies return value when input value is null.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({ifNull: "456"}).applyTo(null),
    "456");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString().applyTo(null),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.NULL});
ifEmptyString

Specifies return value when input value is "".

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({ifEmptyString: "456"}).applyTo(""),
    "456");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString().applyTo(""),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.EMPTY_STRING});
separatedBy

Assumes an input value is separated by delimiter, and ignore them.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({separatedBy: "-"}).applyTo("4111-1111-1111-1111"),
    "4111111111111111");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString().applyTo("4111-1111-1111-1111"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
fullWidthToHalf

Converts full-width string to half-width; e.g., "1234". defaults: false

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({fullWidthToHalf: true}).applyTo("1234"),
    "1234");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString().applyTo("1234"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
joinsArray

Assumes an input value is array, and join them. defaults: false

This method is useful for the following form.

<!-- "cc_number" will be passed in array -->
<form>
    Input credit card number:
    <input name="cc_number" required />
    -
    <input name="cc_number" required />
    -
    <input name="cc_number" required />
    -
    <input name="cc_number" required />
</form>
// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({joinsArray: true}).applyTo(["1234", "5678"]),
    "12345678");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString().applyTo(["1234", "5678"]),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
minLength

Limits minimum length of input string.

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({minLength: 4}).applyTo("1234"),
    "1234");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString({minLength: 5}).applyTo("1234"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MIN_LENGTH});
maxLength

Limits maximum length of an input string.

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({maxLength: {length: 4, trims: false}}).applyTo("1234"),
    "1234");
 
// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({maxLength: {length: 5, trims: true}, separatedBy: "-"}).applyTo("1234-5678"),
    "12345");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString({maxLength: {length: 5, trims: false}}).applyTo("123456"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MAX_LENGTH});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString({maxLength: 5}).applyTo("123456"), // shorthand of {length: 5, trims: false}
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MAX_LENGTH});
checksum

Checks input value by specified algorithm.

algorithm name explanation used by constant aliases
"luhn" Luhn algorithm credit card NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.LUHN NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.CREDIT_CARD
"modulus10/weight3:1" Modulus 10 / Weight 3:1 ISBN-13, EAN, JAN NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.MODULUS10_WEIGHT3_1 NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.ISBN13 / NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.EAN / NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.JAN
// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({checksum: vs.NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.LUHN}).applyTo("4111111111111111"),
    "4111111111111111");
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({checksum: vs.NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.CREDIT_CARD}).applyTo("4111111111111111"), // alias of LUHN
    "4111111111111111");
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({checksum: vs.NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.MODULUS10_WEIGHT3_1}).applyTo("9784101092058"),
    "9784101092058");
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({checksum: vs.NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.ISBN13}).applyTo("9784101092058"), // alias of MODULUS10_WEIGHT3_1
    "9784101092058");
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({checksum: vs.NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.EAN}).applyTo("9784101092058"), // alias of MODULUS10_WEIGHT3_1
    "9784101092058");
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({checksum: vs.NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.JAN}).applyTo("9784101092058"), // alias of MODULUS10_WEIGHT3_1
    "9784101092058");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString({checksum: vs.NUMERIC_STRING.CHECKSUM_ALGORITHM.LUHN}).applyTo("4111111111111112"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.CHECKSUM});
converter

Converts input value to another.

fail() causes ValueSchemaError.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.numericString({converter: value => value.padStart(8, "0")}).applyTo("1234"),
    "00001234");
 
// should cause errors
assert.throws(
    () => vs.numericString({converter: (value, fail) => fail()}).applyTo("1234"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.CONVERTER});

email

ambient declarations

export function email(options?: OptionsForEmail): EmailSchema;
 
type OptionsForEmail = {
    ifUndefined?: string | null;
    ifEmptyString?: string | null;
    ifNull?: string | null;
 
    trims?: boolean;
    pattern?: RegExp;
}
type ErrorHandler = (err: ValueSchemaError) => string | null | never;
interface EmailSchema {
    applyTo(value: unknown, onError?: ErrorHandler): string | null
}

applyTo(value[, onError])

Applies schema to value.

If an error occurs, this method calls onError (if specified) or throw ValueSchemaError (otherwise).

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.email().applyTo("user+mailbox/department=shipping@example.com"),
    "user+mailbox/department=shipping@example.com"); // dot-string
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.email().applyTo("!#$%&'*+-/=?^_`.{|}~@example.com"),
    "!#$%&'*+-/=?^_`.{|}~@example.com"); // dot-string
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.email().applyTo("\"Fred\\\"Bloggs\"@example.com"),
    "\"Fred\\\"Bloggs\"@example.com"); // quoted-string
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.email().applyTo("\"Joe.\\\\Blow\"@example.com"),
    "\"Joe.\\\\Blow\"@example.com"); // quoted-string
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.email().applyTo("user@example-domain.com"),
    "user@example-domain.com");
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.email().applyTo("user@example2.com"),
    "user@example2.com");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo("@example.com"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo(".a@example.com"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo("a.@example.com"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo("a..a@example.com"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo("user@example@com"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo("user-example-com"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo("user@example_domain.com"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo("user@example.com2"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});

options

ifUndefined

Specifies return value when input value is undefined.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.email({ifUndefined: "user@example.com"}).applyTo(undefined),
    "user@example.com");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo(undefined),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.UNDEFINED});
ifNull

Specifies return value when input value is null.

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.email({ifNull: "user@example.com"}).applyTo(null),
    "user@example.com");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo(null),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.NULL});
ifEmptyString

Specifies return value when input value is "".

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.email({ifEmptyString: "user@example.com"}).applyTo(""),
    "user@example.com");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo(""),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.EMPTY_STRING});
trims

Removes whitespace from both ends of input. defaults: false

// should be adjusted
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.email({trims: true}).applyTo("\r\n user@example.com \t "),
    "user@example.com");
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo("\r\n user@example.com1 \t "),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email({trims: true}).applyTo(" \t\r\n "),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.EMPTY_STRING});
pattern

Specifies acceptable pattern by regular expression.

// should be OK
assert.strictEqual(
    vs.email({pattern: /^[\w\.]+@([\w\-]+\.)+\w+$/}).applyTo("......@example.com"), // accept leading/trailing/consecutively dots
    "......@example.com");
 
// should cause errors
assert.throws(
    () => vs.email().applyTo("......@example.com"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.PATTERN});

array

ambient declarations

export function array<T>(options?: OptionsForArray<T>): ArraySchema;
 
type OptionsForArray<T> = {
    ifUndefined?: T[] | null;
    ifEmptyString?: T[] | null;
    ifNull?: T[] | null;
 
    separatedBy?: string | RegExp;
    toArray?: boolean;
    minLength?: number;
    maxLength?: number | {length: number, trims: boolean};
    each?: BaseSchema<T> | {schema: BaseSchema<T>, ignoresErrors: boolean};
 
    converter?: (values: T[], fail: () => never) => T[] | null;
}
type ErrorHandler<T> = (err: ValueSchemaError) => T[] | null | never;
interface ArraySchema<T> {
    applyTo(value: unknown, onError?: ErrorHandler): T[] | null
}

applyTo(value[, onError])

Applies schema to value.

If an error occurs, this method calls onError (if specified) or throw ValueSchemaError (otherwise).

// should be OK
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array().applyTo([1, "a"]),
    [1, "a"]);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array().applyTo("abc"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array().applyTo(0),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});

options

ifUndefined

Specifies return value when input value is undefined.

// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({ifUndefined: [1, "a"]}).applyTo(undefined),
    [1, "a"]);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array().applyTo(undefined),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.UNDEFINED});
ifNull

Specifies return value when input value is null.

// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({ifNull: [1, "a"]}).applyTo(null),
    [1, "a"]);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array().applyTo(null),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.NULL});
ifEmptyString

Specifies return value when input value is "".

// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({ifEmptyString: [1, "a"]}).applyTo(""),
    [1, "a"]);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array().applyTo(""),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.EMPTY_STRING});
separatedBy

Assumes an input value is string and separated by delimiter.

If an input type is array, this option will be ignored.

// should be OK
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({separatedBy: ","}).applyTo([1, 2, 3]),
    [1, 2, 3]);
 
// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({separatedBy: ","}).applyTo("1,2,3"),
    ["1", "2", "3"]);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array().applyTo("1,2,3"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
toArray

Converts an input value to array if not. defaults: false

// should be OK
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({toArray: true}).applyTo([0]),
    [0]);
 
// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({toArray: true}).applyTo(0),
    [0]);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array().applyTo(0),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
minLength

Limits minimum length of input array.

// should be OK
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({minLength: 2}).applyTo([1, 2]),
    [1, 2]);
 
// should cause errors
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array({minLength: 2}).applyTo([1]),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MIN_LENGTH});
maxLength

Limits maximum length of an input array.

// should be OK
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({maxLength: {length: 2, trims: false}}).applyTo([1, 2]),
    [1, 2]);
 
// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({maxLength: {length: 2, trims: true}}).applyTo([1, 2, 3]),
    [1, 2]);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array({maxLength: {length: 2, trims: false}}).applyTo([1, 2, 3]),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MAX_LENGTH});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array({maxLength: 2}).applyTo([1, 2, 3]), // shorthand of {length: 1, trims: false}
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.MAX_LENGTH});
each

Apply schema for each elements.

// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({each: {schema: vs.number(), ignoresErrors: true}}).applyTo([true, "abc", 2]),
    [1, 2]);
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array({each: {schema: vs.number(), ignoresErrors: false}}).applyTo([true, "abc", 2]),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array({each: vs.number()}).applyTo([true, "abc", 2]), // shorthand of {schema: vs.number(), ignoresErrors: false}
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
converter

Converts input value to another.

fail() causes ValueSchemaError.

// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.array({each: vs.number(), separatedBy: ",", converter: values => values.sort()}).applyTo("4,1,5,2"),
    [1, 2, 4, 5]);
 
// should cause errors
assert.throws(
    () => vs.array({converter: (value, fail) => fail()}).applyTo([]),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.CONVERTER});

object

ambient declarations

export function object(options?: OptionsForObject): ObjectSchema;
 
type OptionsForObject = {
    ifUndefined?: object | null;
    ifEmptyString?: object | null;
    ifNull?: object | null;
 
    schemaObject?: SchemaObject;
 
    converter?: (values: object, fail: () => never) => object | null;
}
type ErrorHandler = (err: ValueSchemaError) => object | null | never;
interface ObjectSchema {
    applyTo(value: unknown, onError?: ErrorHandler): object | null
}

applyTo(value[, onError])

Applies schema to value.

If an error occurs, this method calls onError (if specified) or throw ValueSchemaError (otherwise).

// should be OK
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.object().applyTo({a: 1, b: 2}),
    {a: 1, b: 2});
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.object().applyTo("abc"),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
assert.throws(
    () => vs.object().applyTo(0),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
ifUndefined

Specifies return value when input value is undefined.

// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.object({ifUndefined: {a: 1, b: 2}}).applyTo(undefined),
    {a: 1, b: 2});
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.object().applyTo(undefined),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.UNDEFINED});
ifNull

Specifies return value when input value is null.

// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.object({ifNull: {a: 1, b: 2}}).applyTo(null),
    {a: 1, b: 2});
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.object().applyTo(null),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.NULL});
ifEmptyString

Specifies return value when input value is "".

// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.object({ifEmptyString: {a: 1, b: 2}}).applyTo(""),
    {a: 1, b: 2});
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.object().applyTo(""),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.EMPTY_STRING});
schemaObject

Applies schemaObject to input value.

// should be OK
const schemaObject = {a: vs.number(), b: vs.string()};
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.object({schemaObject}).applyTo({a: 1, b: "2"}),
    {a: 1, b: "2"});
 
// should be adjusted
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.object({schemaObject}).applyTo({a: 1, b: 2}),
    {a: 1, b: "2"});
 
// should cause error
assert.throws(
    () => vs.object({schemaObject}).applyTo({a: "x", b: "2"}),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.TYPE});
converter

Converts input value to another.

fail() causes ValueSchemaError.

Below example uses case package.

// should be adjusted
function keysToCamel(values) {
    return Object.entries(values).reduce((prev, [key, value]) => {
        return {
            ...prev,
            [Case.camel(key)]: value,
        };
    }, {});
}
const input = {
    "first name": "John",
    "last-name": "Doe",
    "credit_card": "4111111111111111",
};
const output = {
    firstName: "John",
    lastName: "Doe",
    creditCard: "4111111111111111",
}
assert.deepStrictEqual(
    vs.object({converter: keysToCamel}).applyTo(input),
    output);
 
// should cause errors
assert.throws(
    () => vs.object({converter: (value, fail) => fail()}).applyTo({}),
    {name: "ValueSchemaError", cause: vs.CAUSE.CONVERTER});

Changelog

See CHANGELOG.md.

Install

npm i value-schema

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

20

Version

3.0.0-rc.3

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

560 kB

Total Files

149

Last publish

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