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utf-8

UTF8.js

A simple JavaScript library to encode/decode UTF8 strings.

NPM version Build status Dependency Status devDependency Status Coverage Status

Encoding

A char:

UTF8.setBytesFromCharCode('é'.charCodeAt(0));
// [0xC3, 0xA9] 

A string:

UTF8.setBytesFromString('1.3$ ~= 1€');
// [49, 46, 51, 36, 32, 126, 61, 32, 49, 226, 130, 172] 

Decoding

A char:

String.fromCharCode(UTF8.getCharCode([0xC3, 0xA9]);
// 'é' 

A string:

UTF8.getStringFromBytes([49, 46, 51, 36, 32, 126, 61, 32, 49, 226, 130, 172]);
// '1.3$ ~= 1€' 

TypedArrays are welcome

As inputs :

var bytes=new Uint8Array([0xC3, 0xA9, 49, 46, 51, 36, 32, 126, 61, 32, 49, 226, 130, 172]);
 
// The first char 
String.fromCharCode(UTF8.getCharCode(bytes));
// é 
 
// The following string at the offset 2 
UTF8.getStringFromBytes(bytes,2);
// '1.3$ ~= 1€' 

As well as outputs :

var bytes=new Uint8Array(14);
 
// First encoding a char 
UTF8.setBytesFromCharCode('é'.charCodeAt(0));
 
// Then encoding a string 
UTF8.setBytesFromString('1.3$ ~= 1€', 2);

UTF8 encoding detection

UTF8.isNotUTF8(bytes);
// true | false 

This function can prove the text contained by the given bytes is not UTF-8 (or badly encoded UTF-8 string). It's not reciprocally true, especially for short strings with which false positives are frequent.

Strict mode

If you try to encode an UTF8 string in an ArrayBuffer too short to contain the complete string, it will silently fail. To avoid this behavior, use the strict mode :

UTF8.setBytesFromString('1.3$ ~= 1€', 2, null, true);

NodeJS

Also available on NPM :

npm install utf-8

Thanks

  • The Debian project for it's free (as freedom) russian/japanese man pages used for real world files tests !

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