typescanner
TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

0.5.3 • Public • Published

typescanner

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A simple library for implementing Type Guard in TypeScript.

Feature

  • 🛡 Basic Type Guard Functions + Custom Type Guard Functions
  • 💡 Intuitive definition of Object's type guard functions
  • Verify the type of a value in one line

Demo

https://codesandbox.io/s/typescanner-demo-ke7d4

Install

npm i typescanner

Example

// define the union type
const Lang = {
  ja: "ja",
  en: "en",
} as const;
type Lang = typeof Lang[keyof typeof Lang]; // "ja" | "en"

const langList = Object.values(Lang);

type Post = {
  id: number;
  author: string | null;
  body: string;
  lang: Lang;
  isPublic: boolean;
  createdAt: Date;
  tags?: string[] | null;
};

// create a scanner
const isPost = scanner<Post>({
  id: number,
  author: union(string, Null),
  body: string,
  lang: list(langList),
  isPublic: boolean,
  createdAt: date,
  tags: optional(array(string), Null),
});

const data = {
  id: 1,
  author: "taro",
  body: "Hello!",
  lang: "ja",
  isPublic: true,
  createdAt: new Date(),
  tags: ["tag1", "tag2"],
} as unknown;

// scan
const post = scan(data, isPost);

post.body; // OK

Usage

fields

fields is used when creating a scanner. fields returns a Condition or an array of conditions as defined below.

type Condition<T> = (value: unknown) => value is T;
string; // string
number; // number
boolean; // boolean
symbol; // symbol
bigint; // bigint
Undefined; // undefined
Null; // null
data; // Date

union(string, null); // string | null
// If you want to use multiple types other than null and undefined,
// you need to write the types explicitly.
union<string | number>(string, number); // string | number

// Passes the Condition for the values in the array.
array(string); // string[]
array<string | number>(string, number); // (string | number)[]

optional(string); // string | undefined
optional<string | number>(string, number); // string | number | undefined

// Check if the value passed when determining the type is contained 
// in the array passed by list().
list(["a", "b", "c"]); // "a" | "b" | "c"

// Pass a constructor as argument
instanceOf(Error)

scanner

scanner is a function to implement type guard for objects. It returns a "type guard function" of the type defined by Type Aliase by setting a field to the value of each property.

  type Foo = {
    a: string;
    b: number;
    c: boolean;
    d: Date;
    e: string[];
    f?: string;
    g: "a" | "b" | "c";
    h: string | null;
    i: string | number;
    j: number;
  };
  
  // You can extend fields by defining your own type guard functions.
  const even = (value: unknown): value is number =>
    isNumber(value) && value % 2 === 0;
  
  const isFoo = scanner<Foo>({
    a: string,
    b: number,
    c: boolean,
    d: date,
    e: array(string),
    f: optional(string),
    g: list(["a", "b", "c"]),
    h: union(string, Null),
    i: union<string | number>(string, number),
    j: even, // Custom field
  });
  
  const foo = {
    a: "a",
    b: 2,
    c: true,
    d: new Date(),
    e: ["a", "b"],
    f: "f",
    g: "a",
    j: 2,
  } as unknown;
  
  if (isFoo(foo)) {
    foo.a // OK
  }

Debugging with scannar

If you want to see which field has the problem, set outputLog to true.

WARNING: If the scanner is nested, it may not output logs as expected.

const isBar = scanner<Bar>({
  a: string,
  b: number,
}, { outputLog: true })

// throw error
if (!isBar(data)) throw new Error("data is invalid")

// Error: value.${key} does not meet the condition.

scan

scan is used with the first argument being the value you want to validate and the second argument being the Condition. If the verification is successful, the "narrowed value" will be returned. If it fails, it throws an exception.

  // success
  const data = scan(foo as unknown, isFoo);
  data.a // OK
  
  // Error!
  const data = scan(bar as unknown, isFoo); // Error: type assertion is failed.

other

Basic type guard functions with function names beginning with "is".

// primitive

isString("a")

isNumber(1)

isBoolean(true)

isUndefined(undefined)

isNull(null)

isDate(new Data())

isSymbol(Symbol("a"))

isBigint(BigInt(1))

// isUnion

isUnion<string | number>(1, isString, isNumber)

// isObject

isObject(value) // (value: unknown) =>  value is { [P in keyof T]?: unknown }

// isArray

isArray(["a", "b"], isString) // string[]

isArray<string | number>(["a", 1], isString, isNumber) // (string | number)[]

isArray(["a", null, undefined], isString, isNull, isUndefined) // (string | null | undefined)[]

// isOptional

isOptional("a", isString) // true

isOptional(undefined, isString) // true

// isList

const Lang = {
  ja: "ja",
  en: "en",
} as const;

type Lang = typeof Lang[keyof typeof Lang]; // "ja" | "en"
const langList = Object.values(Lang);

isList("ja", langList) // true

// isInstanceOf

try {
  ...
} catch (error) {
  if (isInstanceOf(error, Error)) {
    error.message // OK
  }
}

Contribution

wellcome

License

MIT

Readme

Keywords

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Install

npm i typescanner

Weekly Downloads

39,890

Version

0.5.3

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

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Total Files

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Collaborators

  • yona3