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0.0.9 • Public • Published

Hierarchical NodeJS dependency injection inspired by Angular

Super lightweight (2kb) library for creating dependency trees in NodeJS applications inpired by Angular. It is build on top of inversify. See this library in action with this stackblitz demo.

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Add the package to your project

npm i --save ts-nest
# or 
yarn add ts-nest

Import the decorators with

import { NestModule, Component, Injectable, Inject } from 'ts-nest'


Create a NestModule as application entrypoint and import all the wanted child modules, which are NestModules themselves.

  imports: [ AuthModule, HttpModule ],
  declarations: [ AppComponent ],
  providers: [ AuthService ],
  exports: [ ]
export class AppModule {}

Bootstrap your application by simply contructing it

const app = new AppModule();

There are two other types of objects in this dependency tree, Components and Injectables. Components can be created like follows.

export class AppComponent {
  constructor (@Inject(AuthService) authService: AuthService) {}

As you may have recognized, the constructor receives an Injected parameter. This parameter can be provided in your NestModule, like it is done in the first listing. The AuthService is decorated by an @Injectable() decorator

export class AuthService {}

When it is provided, the application knows about it, but does not directly create an instance. It gets instanciated when an @Inject(serviceIdentifier) is used as a constructor parameter in the same or a childs containers class.

The DI system is hierarchical. So the class provided in the parent module will also be available in all its children (with a single object instance).



Decorator Description Parameters Return value
@NestModule() Creates a container where the classes are stored, imports child-NestModules config: { imports?: any[], declarations?: any[], providers?: any[], exports?: any[] } Returns a custom decorator where a container object is created in the constructor
@Injectable() Make class bindable to an NestModules container - Inversify @injectable()
@Component() Make class bindable to an NestModules container - Inversify @injectable()
@Inject(serviceIdentifier) Let the DI know that a class instance is needed, if not exist, create class serviceIdentifier -

NestModule parameters

Input parameter Description
imports Creates an instance of the imported NestModule(), reads the exports parameter of the instantiated object and stores the exports in its own container. The instance is handled as a child of this module, so Inject()s will work in the child even if the child does not contain the instance itself, but its parent.
declarations Binds @Component() decorated classes to the container and after creating all imports it directly creates an instance.
providers Binds @Injectable() decorated classes to the container
exports Binds @Injectable() or @Component() decorated classes to the parents container


Get in touch

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Hi, I am Felix, Angular developer and NgRX contributor


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