timewave

    0.1.4 • Public • Published

    timewave v0.1.4

    A tiny time simulation and date/time math library < 3k (minified/gzipped)

    const clock = Clock(new Date(2022,1,1),{tz:'America/New_York',hz:1,tick:1000,run:true}) // refresh every second
            .plus("363d 23h 59m") // jump forward to 11:59PM on Dec 31st, 2022
            .setAlarm({for:new Date(2023,1,1)},() => console.log(`Happy New Year 2023!`)) // log in one minute

    Small enough for every day date/time math. Powerful enough for games and simulations.

    Timewave provides much of the same functionality as MomentJS and its replacement Luxon in a smaller package.

    Timewave also provides the ability to create and run clocks in different timezones or at different refresh rates and speeds, e.g. you can have a clock that increments 5 seconds for every one second of real time.

    Features

    • A simple consistent API across Clocks (DateTimes), Durations, and Periods (Intervals)
    • Concise math operations and duration expressions
    • Multiple time-zone handling
    • Clocks that can be stopped, started, run forward or backward and cloned into different timezones
    • Periods (from time x to time y) that can be adjusted and shifted in pure or mutating mode
    • Alarms that can be invoked when a clock hits a specific time or is within a range

    If you like timewave, check out:

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    • Watchlight - Beyond the UI ... a light weight, comprehensive, reactive framework for business logic.
    • Nano-memoize - Faster than fast, smaller than micro ... nano-memoizer.

    Getting Started

    Install from NPMJS or GitHub.

    The file timewave.js in the root directory exports Clock,D, and Period. D is for Duration.

    Transpiling is left to the consumer. However, the code will run directly in contemporary browsers.

    Clock is a psuedo-class. It is a Proxy around a Date object. Nothing will ever be an instanceof a Clock. A Clock is an instanceof a Date.

    D and Period are classes, but have been written in such a way that you do not need to use the new operator.

    API

    We will start with D(uration), followed by Period and build up to Clock.

    D(uration)

    Why would you want to use a duration? So you can so this:

    const ms = D("1y 1w 1d").ms;
    const future = new Date(Date.now()+D("2y 1q"));
    D D(d:number|string|Clock|Date|Period)
    • If a number, then the duration is d milliseconds long.
    • If a string, it must be property formatted. See below.
    • A Clock is just a Date. See next line.
    • If a Date, then the duration is the return value of d.getTime(), i.e. number milliseconds from the start of the epoch.
    • If a Period, then the duration is d.length milliseonds.

    Durations have computed data members ms, s, m, h, d, w, mo, q, y that return the number of milliseconds, seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, quarters, and years in the duration.

    Array D.max(D[,D ...])
    • A static method of D that returns an Array of D that are the maximum ones of the durations provided. All the returned durations will contain the same number of milliseconds.
    Array D.min(D[,D ...])
    • A static method of D that returns an Array of D that are the minimum ones of the durations provided. All the returned durations will contain the same number of milliseconds.
    D d.minus(D)
    • Subtracts a duration from another duration and returns a new duration. The function is pure, i.e. the duration on which the method is called is not modified.
    • Consider using the basic match approach and JavaScript operators as described below rather than minus.
    D d.plus(D)
    • Adds a duration to another duration and returns a new duration. The function is pure, i.e. the duration on which the method is called is not modified.
    • Consider using the basic match approach and JavaScript operators as described below rather than plus.
    Formatting Durations

    Durations strings are space delimited sequences of numbers followed by a valid duration suffix, e.g. 1w or -1w. The duration suffixes and their equivalent milliseconds are:

    {
        ms: 1,
        s: 1000,
        m: 1000 * 60,
        h: 1000 * 60 * 60,
        d: 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * 365.2424177 / 365,
        w: 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * 365.2424177 / 52,
        mo: 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * 365.2424177 / 12,
        q: 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * 365.2424177 / 4,
        y: 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * 365.2424177
    };

    For convenience, the above is exposed as D.durations so you can use the values in your own code.

    These are all valid durations:

    D(1000); // duration is 1 second
    D(new Date()); // duration is size of epoch
    D(Period({start:Date.now(),end:Date.now()+10000})); // duration is 10 seconds
    D("1d"); // duration is 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24 * 365.2424177 / 365
    D("1y 1w 1d"); // you do the math!
    Basic Duration Math

    Basic duration math is conducted directly in Javascript using standard math operators. The result is always a number of milliseconds. Because basic durations do not have an associated date object, they do not need to account for DST and leap years.

    const d = D("1m") + D("1s") + 1000; // d will be 62000

    You can wrap the result in D and do a conversion by appending the type you desire using dot notation:

    const d1 = D(D("1m") + D("1s") + 1000).ms; // d1 will be "62000ms"
        d2 = D("1m").plus(D("1s")  + 1000).ms; // d2 will be "62000ms"

    Period

    Period Period({start:Date|number,end:Date|number})
    • If start or end is a Date it is used for the start or end of the Period.
    • If start or end is a number it is converted to a Date and used for the start or end of the Period.
    • When a number is used for start or end, you can effectively ignore that a Date is used internally, since it is the difference between the two that is relevant to computations. The values are stored as Dates for the convenience of the developer so that they can perhaps be used for other purposes and/or to maintain clarity of application code. It also makes Period DST and leap year preserving.

    A 'Period' has computed data members ms, s, m, h, d, w, mo, q, y for the milliseconds, seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, quarters, and years in the period.

    Period p.extend(amount:D|number)
    • If amount is negative, moves the start the amount back in time.
    • If amount is positive, moves the end the ``amount` forward in time.
    • If a D is used, the movement is DST and leap year preserving.
    Array Period.max(Period[,Period ...])
    • A static method of Period that returns an Array of Period that are the maximum ones of the periods provided. All the returned periods will contain the same number of milliseconds.
    Array Period.min(Period[,Period ...])
    • A static method of Period that returns an Array of Period that are the minimum ones of the periods provided. All the returned periods will contain the same number of milliseconds.
    Period p.shift(amount:D|number)
    • If amount is negative, moves the start and end the amount back in time.
    • If amount is positive, moves the start and end the amount forward in time.
    • If a D is used, the movement is DST and leap year preserving.

    Clock

    Clock Clock(?initialDate:Date|number=Date.now(),{?tz:string,?hz:number=60,?tick:number|string|D|Period=1000/hz,?run:boolean=false,?sync:boolean=true})
    • Creates a Clock, which will be an instanceof and Date, but not a Clock, since it is just a Proxy around a Date.
    • Clocks generally behave like DateTime in Luxon and other libraries. We call them Clocks because they can also run.
    • initialDate will usually be a Date or another Clock. However, it can be just a number, which is the number of milliseconds from the start of the epoch. If you are building a stopwatch that has no regard for actual time, using a number is perfectly appropriate.
    • tz is an IANA timezone
    • hz is the number of times per second the time should be updated if the clock is running.
    • tick is the amount of time that should be added (subtracted if negative) from the time at each update. To run faster than normal, make this number bigger than 1000 / hz to make it slower, make is smaller than 1000 / hz. If a number or Period is provided, then milliseconds are used. If a string parseable as a D (duration) or a D is used, DST and leapyear preserving math is used.
    • run, if true, starts running the clock as soon as it is created.
    • sync, if true (the default), will use system time to sync the clock at each refresh in case the interval running the refresh at hz rate is unable to keep up or there are breakpoints in the code that slow execution.

    Note, when you provide new Date() or Date.now() as the initialDate along with a timezone it IS NOT adjusted. The Clock treats the Date provided as the Date in the timezone. For example:

    const now = new Date(), // assume this is Thu May 12 2022 09:46:27 GMT-0700 (Pacific Daylight Time)
        nyc = Clock(now,{tz:"America/New_York"}); // this will be Thu May 12 2022 09:46:27 GMT-0400 (America/New_York Daylight Time)

    Why does Clock behave this way? Well, what would you expect if you did the below? new Date() is just a special dynamic case of the same thing.

    const date = new Date("1776-07-04 16:00"),
        nyc = Clock(date,{tz:"America/New_York"}); 

    If you want an offset clock, do this instead:

    const nyc = Clock().clone({tz:"America/New_York"}); // create a default clock in the current timezone and then clone it to New York
    Clock Properties
    • All the standard Date get method results are mapped to camel case property names based on the method name, e.g.
    const clock = Clock();
    clock.seconds === clock.getSeconds(); // is true

    These additional properties are also available:

    • weekDay (non-zero indexed)
    • dayOfMonth
    • dayOfYear
    • ordinal (same as dayOfYear)
    • isInLeapYear
    • 'isInDST'
    • offset (timezone offset in minutes)
    • weekOfYear
    • stats (info about stops and starts)
    Standard Date Methods
    • All standard Date methods are available.
    • All the get methods can take one argument an IANA timezone string. This allows the use of a single Clock to get times for any timezone, e.g.
    const clock = Clock(),
        loclms = clock.getTime(),
        nycms = clock.getTime("America/New_York"),
        chms = clock.getTime("America/Chicago");
    Clock c.clone({?tz:string=sourceTz,?hz:number=sourceHz,?tick:number|string|D|Period=sourceTick,?run:boolean=sourceRun,?sync:boolean=sourceSync,?alarms:Array=sourceAlarms})
    • Creates a new clock with copies of the source values. Typically, you would clone as follows:
    const clone = myClock.clone({tz:<some new tz>});

    If you do not want to bring alarms into the clone, then do this:

    const clone = myClock.clone({tz:<some new tz>,alarms:[]});
    Array Clock.max(Clock[,Clock ...])
    • A static method of Clock that returns an Array of Clock that have the maximum times of the clocks provided. All the returned times will contain the same UTC time.
    Array Clock.min(Clock[,Clock ...])
    • A static method of Clock that returns an Array of Clock that have the minimum times of the clocks provided. All the returned periods will contain the same UTC time.
    Clock c.minus(amount:number|string|D|Period)
    • Adjusts the clock back by the provided amount. If a string is provided, it must be parseable as a D, i.e. duration.
    • If a number or Period, then milliseconds is used. Otherwise, DST and leap year maintaining math is used.
    • This is impure, i.e. it mutates the Clock. Clone the clock first to avoid mutation.
    Clock c.plus(amount:number|string|D|Period)
    • Adjusts the clock forward by the amount. If a string is provided, it must be parseable as a D, i.e. duration.
    • If a number or Period, then milliseconds is used. Otherwise, DST and leap year maintaining math is used.
    • This is impure, i.e. it mutates the Clock. Clone the clock first to avoid mutation.
    Clock c.reset({hz:number,tick:number|string|D|Period,sync:boolean,run:boolean=false}={})
    • Resets the clock to its initialTime. Useful for implementing stop watches or times trials.
    • If hz, tick, or sync are provided they change how the clock is run.
    • The clock can be restarted with run = true after the reset.
    Clock c.setAlarm({for:Date|Period},callback:(clock:Clock,complete:boolean) => {...},?name:string=callback.name)
    • Invokes the callback when the Clock time matches the for Date or Period. The callback is invoked with the Clock as the first argument and whether the Clock considers the alarm complete for the second. For dates this will always be true. For periods the callback will be invoked multiple times depending on the clock refresh rate and tick size. Once the Clock goes beyond the upper bound of the period, the complete flag will be true.
    • It is not currently possible to remove alarms. This is under development.
    Clock.start({hz:number,tick:number,sync:boolean}={})
    • Starts the clock running. If it is already running, it will be stopped and re-started.
    • If hz, tick, or sync are provided they change the clock.
    Clock c.stop()
    • Stops the clock from running

    Testing

    Current test coverage is shown below:

    File % Stmts % Branch % Funcs % Lines
    All files 88.73 84.79 77.46 90.03
    timewave.js 88.73 84.79 77.46 90.03

    Architecture

    Why do we use a Proxy around Date for Clock? It makes for a very small and efficient code base that is easy to test. And, it allows us to delegate most leap year and leap second processing to the native JavaScript Date object.

    Why do we use IANA names in the parenthetical portion of a Clock time string? It makes for a very small code base. We do not want to ship an IANA look-up table. And, technically the parenthetical portion of a Date string is an optional part of the Javascript spec.

    We may implement a separately imported IANA look-up given sufficient demand.

    Change History

    Reverse Chronological Order

    2022-05-20 v0.1.4 README typo correction

    2022-05-13 v0.1.3 Updated docs.

    2022-05-13 v0.1.2 Eliminated fixed use of tx offset internally. Now called every time it is needed in case DST goes into effect during the life of a Clock or Period. Improved date calculations for year, quarter, month, week, day. Added DST to Clock string representation.

    2022-05-13 v0.1.1 Updated docs.

    2022-05-13 v0.1.0 Unit test coverage of over 85%. Added alarms and more options for stopping and starting Clocks along with Clock stats collection. Comprehensive documentation.

    2022-05-09 v0.0.1 Initial public commit

    Install

    npm i timewave

    Homepage

    timewave.dev

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    6

    Version

    0.1.4

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    73.9 kB

    Total Files

    11

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • anywhichway