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throughv

throughv

stream.Transform with parallel chunk processing

Same as Rod Vagg's through2 but with parallel chunk processing. throughv is useful to augment/process data coming from a stream in a fast parallel fashion, e.g. fetching some relevant data from a database.

fs.createReadStream('ex.txt')
  .pipe(throughv(function (chunk, enc, callback) {
    // this happen in parallel for all chunks 
    // in the stream's buffer, the parallelism 
    // is determined by highWaterMark 
 
    for (var i = 0; i < chunk.length; i++)
      if (chunk[i] == 97)
        chunk[i] = 122 // swap 'a' for 'z' 
 
    setImmediate(callback, null, chunk)
   }))
  .pipe(fs.createWriteStream('out.txt'))

Or object streams:

var all = []
 
fs.createReadStream('data.csv')
  .pipe(csv2())
  .pipe(throughv.obj(function (chunk, enc, callback) {
    // this happen in parallel for all chunks 
    // in the stream's buffer, the parallelism 
    // is determined by highWaterMark 
 
    var data = {
        name    : chunk[0]
      , address : chunk[3]
      , phone   : chunk[10]
    }
 
    setImmediate(callback, null, data)
  }))
  .on('data', function (data) {
    all.push(data)
  })
  .on('end', function () {
    doSomethingSpecial(all)
  })

Note that throughv.obj(fn) is a convenience wrapper around throughv({ objectMode: true }, fn).

Install

npm i throughv --save

API

throughv([ options, ] [ transformFunction ] [, flushFunction ])

Consult the stream.Transform documentation for the exact rules of the transformFunction (i.e. this._transform) and the optional flushFunction (i.e. this._flush).

options

The options argument is optional and is passed straight through to stream.Transform. So you can use objectMode:true if you are processing non-binary streams (or just use throughv.obj()).

In order to set the maximum parallelism at which the instance will process chunks, set highWaterMark. It is defaulted at 16KB for binary streams, and at 16 for object streams.

The options argument is first, unlike standard convention, because if I'm passing in an anonymous function then I'd prefer for the options argument to not get lost at the end of the call:

fs.createReadStream('/tmp/important.dat')
  .pipe(throughv({ objectMode: true, allowHalfOpen: false },
    function (chunk, enc, cb) {
      cb(null, 'wut?')
    }
  )
  .pipe(fs.createWriteStream('/tmp/wut.txt'))

transformFunction

The transformFunction must have the following signature: function (chunk, encoding, callback) {}. A minimal implementation should call the callback function to indicate that the transformation is done, even if that transformation means discarding the chunk.

To queue a new chunk, call callback(err, data)—this must be called only once for each chunk.

If you do not provide a transformFunction then you will get a simple pass-through stream.

flushFunction

The optional flushFunction is provided as the last argument (2nd or 3rd, depending on whether you've supplied options) is called just prior to the stream ending. Can be used to finish up any processing that may be in progress.

fs.createReadStream('/tmp/important.dat')
  .pipe(throughv(
    function (chunk, enc, cb) { cb(null, chunk) }, // transform is a 
noop
    function (cb) { // flush function 
      this.push('tacking on an extra buffer to the end');
      cb();
    }
  ))
  .pipe(fs.createWriteStream('/tmp/wut.txt'));

new Throughv(options)

This has the same api of Transform, so you can subclass it if you want

Acknowledgements

throughv is sponsored by nearForm.

Code was taken and adapted from node.js, readable-stream, and through2.

License

MIT