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theo

7.0.1 • Public • Published

Theo logo Theo

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Theo is a an abstraction for transforming and formatting Design Tokens.

Looking for the gulp plugin?

As of Theo v6, the gulp plugin is distributed as a separate package: gulp-theo.

Example

# buttons.yml 
props:
  button_background:
    value: "{!primary_color}"
imports:
  - ./aliases.yml
global:
  type: color
  category: buttons
# aliases.yml 
aliases:
  primary_color:
    value: "#0070d2"
const theo = require('theo');
 
theo
  .convert({
    transform: {
      type: 'web',
      file: 'buttons.yml'
    },
    format: {
      type: 'scss'
    }
  })
  .then(scss => {
    // $button-background: rgb(0, 112, 210);
  })
  .catch(error => console.log(`Something went wrong: ${error}`));

Transforms

Theo is divided into two primary features: transforms and formats.

Transforms are a named group of value transforms. Theo ships with several predefined transforms.

Name Value Transforms
raw []
web ['color/rgb']
ios ['color/rgb', 'relative/pixelValue', 'percentage/float']
android ['color/hex8argb', 'relative/pixelValue', 'percentage/float']

Value Transforms

Value transforms are used to conditionaly transform the value of a property. Below are the value transforms that ship with Theo along with the predicate that triggers them.

Name Predicate Description
color/rgb prop.type === 'color' Convert to rgb
color/hex prop.type === 'color' Convert to hex
color/hex8rgba prop.type === 'color' Convert to hex8rgba
color/hex8argb prop.type === 'color' Convert to hex8argb
percentage/float /%/.test(prop.value) Convert a percentage to a decimal percentage
relative/pixel isRelativeSpacing Convert a r/em value to a pixel value
relative/pixelValue isRelativeSpacing Convert a r/em value to a pixel value (excluding the px suffix)

Custom Transforms / Value Transforms

/*
{
  CUSTOM_EASING: {
    type: 'easing',
    value: [1,2,3,4]
  }
}
*/
 
theo.registerValueTransform(
  // Name to be used with registerTransform()
  "easing/web",
  // Determine if the value transform
  // should be run on the specified prop
  prop => prop.get("type") === "easing",
  // Return the new value
  prop => {
    const [x1, y1, x2, y2] = prop.get("value").toArray();
    return `cubic-bezier(${x1}${y1}${x2}${y2})`;
  }
);
 
// Override the default "web" transform
theo.registerTransform("web", ["color/rgb", "easing/web"]);

Formats

Theo ships with the following predefined formats.

custom-properties.css

:root {
  /* If prop has 'comment' key, that value will go here. */
  --prop-name: PROP_VALUE;
}

cssmodules.css

/* If prop has 'comment' key, that value will go here. */
@value prop-name: PROP_VALUE;

scss

// If prop has 'comment' key, that value will go here.
$prop-name: PROP_VALUE;

sass

// If prop has 'comment' key, that value will go here.
$prop-name: PROP_VALUE

less

// If prop has 'comment' key, that value will go here. 
@prop-name: PROP_VALUE;

styl

// If prop has 'comment' key, that value will go here.
$prop-name = PROP_VALUE

map.scss

$file-name-map: (
  // If prop has 'comment' key, that value will go here.
  "prop-name": (PROP_VALUE),
);

map.variables.scss

$file-name-map: (
  // If prop has 'comment' key, that value will go here.
  "prop-name": ($prop-name)
);

list.scss

$file-name-list: (
  // If prop has 'comment' key, that value will go here.
  "prop-name"
);

module.js

// If prop has 'comment' key, that value will go here.
export const propName = 'PROP_VALUE';

common.js

module.exports = {
  // If prop has 'comment' key, that value will go here.
  propName: 'PROP_VALUE'
};

html

// When passing "format" options to theo.convert(), this format can be
// passed some additional options
let formatOptions = {
  type: 'html',
  options: {
    transformPropName: name => name.toUpperCase()
  }
};

json

{
  "PROP_NAME": "PROP_VALUE"
}

raw.json

{
  "props": {
    "PROP_NAME": {
      "value": "PROP_VALUE",
      "type": "PROP_TYPE",
      "category": "PROP_CATEGORY"
    }
  }
}

ios.json

{
  "properties": [
    {
      "name": "propName",
      "value": "PROP_VALUE",
      "type": "PROP_TYPE",
      "category": "PROP_CATEGORY"
    }
  ]
}

android.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
  <property name="PROP_NAME" type="PROP_TYPE" category="PROP_CATEGORY">PROP_VALUE</property>
  <color name="PROP_NAME" type="color" category="PROP_CATEGORY">PROP_VALUE</color>
</resources>

aura.tokens

<aura:tokens>
  <aura:token name="propName" value="PROP_VALUE" />
</aura:tokens>

Custom Format (Handlebars)

const theo = require('theo');
 
theo.registerFormat(
  'array.js',
  `
  // Source: {{stem meta.file}}
  module.exports = [
    {{#each props as |prop|}}
      {{#if prop.comment}}// {{{prop.comment}}}{{/if}}
      ['{{camelcase prop.name}}', '{{prop.value}}'],
    {{/each}}
  ]
`
);

A plethora of handlebars helpers, such as camelcase and stem, are available and will assist in formatting strings in templates.

Custom Format (function)

You may also register a format using a function:

const camelCase = require('lodash/camelCase');
const path = require('path');
const theo = require('theo');
 
theo.registerFormat('array.js', result => {
  // "result" is an Immutable.Map
  // https://facebook.github.io/immutable-js/
  return `
    module.exports = [
      // Source: ${path.basename(result.getIn(['meta', 'file']))}
      ${result
        .get('props')
        .map(
          prop => `
        ['${camelCase(prop.get('name'))}', '${prop.get('value')}'],
      `
        )
        .toJS()}
    ]
  `;
});

API

type ConvertOptions = {
  transform: TransformOptions,
  format: FormatOptions
}
 
type TransformOptions = {
  // If no "type" is specified, values will not be transformed
  type?: string,
  // Path to a token file
  // or just a filename if using the "data" option
  file: string,
  // Pass in a data string instead of reading from a file
  data?: string
}
 
type FormatOptions = {
  type: string,
  // Available to the format function/template
  options?: object
}
 
type Prop = Immutable.Map
type Result = Immutable.Map
 
theo.convert(options: ConvertOptions): Promise<string>
 
theo.convertSync(options: ConvertOptions): string
 
theo.registerFormat(
  name: string,
  // Either a handlebars template string
  // or a function that returns a string
  format: string | (result: Result) => string
): void
 
theo.registerValueTransform(
  // Referenced in "registerTransform"
  name: string,
  // Indicate if the transform should run for the provided prop
  predicate: (prop: Prop) => boolean,
  // Return the new "value"
  transform: (prop: Prop) => any
): void
 
theo.registerTransform(
  name: string,
  // An array of registered value transforms
  valueTransforms: Array<string>
): void

CLI

Please refer to the documentation of the CLI

Design Tokens

Theo consumes Design Token files which are a central location to store design related information such as colors, fonts, widths, animations, etc. These raw values can then be transformed and formatted to meet the needs of any platform.

Let's say you have a web, native iOS, and native Android application that would like to share information such as background colors.

The web might like to consume the colors as hsla values formatted as Sass variables in an .scss file.

iOS might like rgba values formatted as .json.

Finally, Android might like 8 Digit Hex (AARRGGBB) values formatted as .xml.

Instead of hard coding this information in each platform/format, Theo can consume the centralized Design Tokens and output files for each platform.

Spec

A Design Token file is written in either JSON (JSON5 supported) or YAML and should conform to the following spec:

{
  // Required
  // A map of property names and value objects
  "props": {
    "color_brand": {
      // Required
      // Can be any valid JSON value
      "value": "#ff0000",
 
      // Required
      // Describe the type of value
      // [color|number|...]
      "type": "color",
 
      // Required
      // Describe the category of this property
      // Often used for style guide generation
      "category": "background",
 
      // Optional
      // This value will be included during transform
      // but excluded during formatting
      "meta": {
        // This value might be needed for some special transform
        "foo": "bar"
      }
    }
  },
 
  // Optional
  // This object will be merged into each property
  // Values defined on a property level will take precedence
  "global": {
    "category": "some-category",
    "meta": {
      "foo": "baz"
    }
  },
 
  // Optional
  // Share values across multiple props
  // Aliases are resolved like: {!sky}
  "aliases": {
    "sky": "blue",
    "grass": {
      "value": "green",
      "yourMetadata": "How grass looks"
    }
  },
 
  // Optional
  // Array of design token files to be imported
  // "aliases" will be imported as well
  // "aliases" will already be resolved
  // "global" will already be merged into each prop
  // Imports resolve according to the Node.js module resolution algorithm: 
  // https://nodejs.org/api/modules.html#modules_all_together
  "imports": [
    // Absolute file path
    "/home/me/file.json",
    // Relative file path: resolves from the directory of the file where the import occurs
    "./some/dir/file.json",
    // Module path
    "some-node-module"
  ]
}

install

npm i theo

Downloadsweekly downloads

901

version

7.0.1

license

BSD-3-Clause

repository

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