szyslak

static site generator with an attitude

Szyslak

Static site generator with an attitude

Szyslak is a static site generated based on Node.JS and Grunt. It is designed for my personal needs and website building habits. While quite a lot of static site generators are available out there, I find that adapting yourself to them makes absolutely no sense. Having to structure my site's code according to the generator's own directory structure requirements alone kills these for me.

In my opinion, it is much better to have a framework that is adapted to your particular needs and methodologies. If you need a static site generator, I encourage you to create your own. Don't use this (unless it really fits your needs). If anything, use this as a reference for creating your own static site generator (not that I claim this one is properly written).

  • Automatic rendering of HTML files with Lo-Dash templates.
  • Automatic compilation of Roole files into CSS.
  • Automatic minification of CSS files (with clean-css) and JS files (with UglifyJS).
  • Automatic parsing of JSON files and YAML/JSON Front Matter (with yaml-front-matter) in HTML files. JSON files are turned into objects that are available inside all HTML pages/templates. YAML/JSON Front Matter is available inside the specific HTML file only.

Nested templating is not supported yet.

This plugin requires Grunt ~0.4.1

If you haven't used Grunt before, be sure to check out the Getting Started guide, as it explains how to create a Gruntfile as well as install and use Grunt plugins. Once you're familiar with that process, you may install this plugin with this command:

npm install szyslak --save-dev

Once the plugin has been installed, it may be enabled inside your Gruntfile with this line of JavaScript:

grunt.loadNpmTasks('szyslak');

Szyslak projects have a directory structure of source files in a directory called src/, and the generated site is generated into a directory called dist/.

Inside the source directory, the structure is basically whatever you want it to be, with the following three exceptions:

  • If you want to use JSON data files (you don't have to), they should be placed in a directory of their own. This directory can be named however you want and doesn't have to be at the top of src/. By default, Szyslak searches for them in src/data/.
  • The same goes for templates. You don't have to use them, and by default they're expected to be in src/templates/.
  • And the same goes for vendor/third-party/bower-managed files. By default, they're expected to be in src/vendor/.

Here's an example directory structure:

src/
    vendor/
        bootstrap/
            ...
        jquery/
            ...
    templates/
        layout.html
        whatever.html
    css/
        styles.css
    js/
        main.js
        other.js
    blog/
        post1.html
        post2.html
    index.html
dist/

The szyslak task is the only task provided by this package. To use this task, add a section named szyslak to the data object passed into grunt.initConfig(). I recommended using the clean task from grunt-contrib-clean to automatically purge the destination directory when running grunt.

Here's an example Gruntfile:

module.exports = function(grunt) {
    // Project configuration. 
    grunt.initConfig({
        szyslak: {
            options: {
                templates_dir: "templates", // this is the default 
                data_dir: "data", // this is the default 
                vendor_dir: "bower_components", // the default is "vendor" 
                vendor_files: [
                    'jquery/jquery.min.js',
                    'knockout.js/knockout.js'
                ]
            }
        },
 
        // Before generating any new files, 
        // remove any previously-created files. 
        clean: ['dist/*']
    });
 
    // Load npm plugins to provide necessary tasks. 
    grunt.loadNpmTasks('grunt-contrib-clean');
    grunt.loadNpmTasks('szyslak');
 
    // Default task to be run. 
    grunt.registerTask('default', ['clean', 'szyslak']);
};

Type: String Default value: 'templates'

The directory, inside src/, where template files reside.

Type: String Default value: 'data'

The directory, inside src/, where JSON data files reside.

Type: String Default value: 'vendor'

The directory, inside src/, where third-party source files reside.

Type: Array Default value: none

A list of files to copy from the vendor directory to the destination tree. Only these files are copied, and if this configuration option is not provided, no files are copied.

There are two ways to list files in this array:

  1. An item in this array can either be a simple string (Grunt's globbing patterns are supported), in which case the file(s) are copied directly to the vendor directory in the destination tree (e.g. dist/vendor/), flattened (so 'src/vendor/jquery/jquery.min.js' in the vendor directory is copied to 'dist/vendor/jquery.min.js').
  2. An item can be an object, with two properties: src, which is an array of source files (again, globbing patterns are supported), and dest, which is a destination directory inside the output vendor directory.

For example:

szyslak: {
    options: {
        vendor_directory: "bower",
        vendor_files: [
            'jquery/jquery.min.js',
            'knockout.js/knockout.js',
            { src: ['bootstrap/dist/{css,js}/bootstrap.min.{css,js}'], dest: 'bootstrap' }
        ]
    }
}

In the above example, the following file copies will be made:

  • src/bower/jquery/jquery.min.js => dist/bower/jquery.min.js
  • src/bower/knockout.js/knockout.js => dist/bower/knockout.js
  • src/bower/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css => dist/bower/bootstrap/bootstrap.min.css
  • src/bower/bootstrap/dist/js/bootstrap.min.js => dist/bower/bootstrap/bootstrap.min.css

The szyslak tasks employs the following process to generate the site:

  1. If a data directory exists, all JSON files in it are parsed into objects named like the files (minus the .json extension).
  2. If a templates directory exists, all HTML files in it are pre-processed with Lo-Dash, and the resulting template functions are saved into an object.
  3. If a vendor directory exists, and vendor files have been configured, they are copied to the site's dist/ directory.
  4. Szyslak goes over all other files and directories under src/ (recursively of course), and performs the following:
    • If a file has an .html extension, its front matter (either YAML or JSON) is parsed (it doesn't have to have any), and the HTML content is rendered with Lo-Dash.

      A context object is available inside the template, which includes all data objects from step 1, all fields from the front matter (if any), and the following three keys:

      • path - the relative path of the file inside dist/.
      • base - the same as path but minus the extension.
      • title - the same as path, it's just there to make sure every page has a title even if one was not provided in the front matter.

      The resulting content is again rendered into the layout.html template (with the same context object). The resulting content is copied to the appropriate location in the dist/ directory.

    • If the file has a .roo extension, it is compiled to CSS and minified, before being copied.

    • If the file has a .js or .css extension, it is minified and copied.

    • All other files are simply copied as is.

Note that apart from vendor files (see explanation above), directory structures are maintained. Paths are not flattened before copying.

  • 2013-10-23 v1.0.0 Initial release.