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    syncshell

    2.0.1 • Public • Published

    syncShell

    将多个shell任务转换为同步任务(我也不知道怎么命名比较合适)

    Perform multiple shell tasks in synchronous order (I don't know how to name it)

    English version is at the bottom

    报告bug:

    下一个版本期望的新功能:

    • 支持查看所有正在排队的任务

    更新记录

    v2.0.0:

    • 可以给任务附加额外参数

    v1.0.0:

    • 配置任务方式变更,更简洁明了
    • 可查看当前所有正在运行的任务
    • 可查看当前所有已经配置的任务
    • 增加日志,可查看所有用户操作的详细信息

    v0.1.1:

    • 新增node客户端,用户可在本地终端直接执行cmd,用法和服务端一样

    v0.0.1:

    • 支持配置任务
    • 支持查看正在运行的相同的任务

    举个栗子:

    我们前端使用gulp构建工具,有程序媛A程序员B开发同一个功能,现在需要部署到test1环境进行测试了。

    程序媛A执行下面的脚本: sh gulp-build-test1.sh 这个命令需要5分钟或者更多时间才能执行完。

    程序员B这时也想测试自己的程序有没有bug,他也执行下面的脚本: sh gulp-build-test1.sh

    程序员B很慌😨,因为脚本直接报一大堆他看不懂的错误。就算gulp不报错,他们也不应该同一时间编译同一个工程。

    正确的顺序应该是: 程序猿A在6分钟后执行完了,告诉程序员B:“Hey, 我上完了”。 然后程序员B再执行脚本。他们总共花了12分钟在等待脚本执行。 如果有3个以上的人呢?


    很明显,程序猿A不需要等待她的脚本执行完成,她得知程序员B也要编译的时候,只要中断自己的任务,让程序员B再执行一次脚本就可以了。这样,他们总共只需要花6分钟时间。

    这一切都需要A和B手工配合。syncShell就是这样一个工具,它能帮你自动管理多个用户的任务,然后按照先来后到的顺序自动执行。

    怎么用?

    第一步:把server文件夹下的cmd.sh文件放到你的服务器上,默认放到/usr/local/bin/cmd.sh,然后设置aliascmd,这样你就可以在任意目录执行cmd命令了。

    alias cmd=/usr/local/bin/cmd.sh

    第二步:打开cmd.sh文件,配置要让它管理的任务。定位到这段代码:

    配置日志文件的路径,如果你想使用默认路径,直接忽略它。接下来去配置任务。

    # 配置操作记录日志文件 
    access_log="/var/log/cmd/access.log"
     
     
    # |-----------------------------------------| 
    # |           在下面添加任务名称               | 
    # |-----------------------------------------| 
    # | example: cmdMap+=(["name"]="shell")     | 
    # |-----------------------------------------| 
    cmdMap+=(["test1"]="sh ~/test.sh")
    cmdMap+=(["test2"]="echo 'test2'")
    # |-----------------------------------------| 

    我们定义了2个任务,分别是test1test2。任务名字由你自己指定,对应的脚本也由你指定,只要按照格式添加即可。但是也要符合bash的语法。

    你可以在这里添加任意多个任务。

    第三步:执行任务。 sh /usr/local/bin/cmd.sh -u LanFly -c test1 如果你配置了alias,则可以使用更短的命令 cmd -u LanFly -c test1

    -u参数指定是谁在运行本次test1任务。-c参数指定要运行的任务名。

    cmd就会立即执行你指定的test1的任务。如果你的test1任务还没执行完,B又执行了cmd -u someone -c test1,则someone会得到下面这句话: I am busy now, LanFly is running at 2017-09-11 16:23:23 并且阻塞,直到LanFly的test1任务执行完。someone的test1任务会自动运行。LanFly也可以随时按下ctrl c中断,someone的任务也会立即执行。

    可以有多个用户执行同一个命令,cmd会按照先来后到顺序执行。只要前一个用户执行完,或者是被中断,后一个用户就会自动执行,依次执行完所有的用户。

    支持多个用户执行多个不同的任务。cmd以任务名为管理单位。这意味着,你在执行test1的时候,其他用户可以执行test2,并且是不会阻塞。只有在同一个任务名有多个用户在执行的时候才会阻塞。

    查看当前所有正在运行的任务:

    cmd who
    # 或者 
    sh /usr/local/bin/cmd.sh who

    它会显示出当前所有正在运行的任务,你能看到是谁在什么时间运行了什么任务。

    查看当前所有已经配置的任务:

    cmd list
    # 或者 
    sh /usr/local/bin/cmd.sh list

    如果你不知道当前配置了哪些任务,list会列出当前所有已经配置的任务。

    查看所有用户操作的日志:

    syncShell会记录所有通过cmd执行的命令。它会记录谁在什么时间执行了什么命令,并且执行了多长时间。 日志文件的路径由用户自己配置,如果你使用了默认配置,可以在/var/log/cmd/access.log中查看。

    安装服务端

    服务端安装很简单,只需要一个cmd.sh文件就行。syncShell还有一个客户端,可以让你在自己电脑上远程执行cmd任务。省去手动连接服务器的麻烦。

    cmd.sh文件在npm包里的server文件夹下。你也可以在服务器上面执行下面的命令下载cmd.sh文件。

    wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/LanFly/syncShell/master/server/cmd.sh

    安装客户端

    很简单,使用-g选项全局安装。如果安装错误,你可能需要加上sudo以提供权限。

    sudo npm install syncshell -g

    安装完后,你就可以像服务器端一样直接使用cmd命令了,用法稍微有点不同。不过在这之前我们先得进行简单的配置。

    配置

    在终端中输入:

    sudo cmd

    第一次运行会让你输入服务端配置信息,按照自己的情况输入,下面是各字段的说明:

    user: 谁在用这个客户端,一般是你自己的用户名。即-c参数的值,客户端会自动帮你填写-c参数。 host: 安装了cmd.sh文件的服务器地址。客户端会自动连接服务器帮你运行cmd命令。 username: 用于登录服务器的用户名。 password: 用于登录服务器的密码。默认空字符串。 cmdPath: 服务器上cmd.sh文件的路径。默认/usr/local/bin/cmd.sh

    输入完后会保存这些信息到syncShell包的/client-Node/文件夹下的config.json文件中。配置完后就可以开始使用了。

    如果没有自定义配置全局安装的路径,默认全局安装的包路径为/usr/local/lib/node_modules/syncshell/

    运行

    客户端用法和服务端用法一致,不同之处在于客户端会自动使用user字段的信息,帮你填写-u参数。所以你不必输入-u参数。

    cmd -c test1

    如果你配置的用户名为LanFLy,则上面的命令的结果等于sh /usr/local/bin/cmd.sh -u LanFly -c test1。它会自动连接服务器,并运行这个命令。

    你还可以输入其它的参数,它会原样传递给cmd.sh脚本,你可以编辑脚本实现更多功能。

    客户端按ctrl+c同样会传递给服务端。总之,你可以认为客户端的执行和服务端完全一样。

    给任务附加额外参数

    2.0.0版本新增功能

    现在,你可以在执行任务的时候给任务附加额外的参数。看下面的例子:

    我配置了一个叫whoAmI的任务

    cmdMap+=(["whoAmI"]="sh ~/whoAmI.sh")

    whoAmI.sh脚本如下面所示

    user="unknow" # 用户名 
     
    while getopts "u:" arg
    do
      case $arg in
      u)
        user=$OPTARG
        ;;
      esac
    done
    echo 'my name is '$user

    这个脚本需要一个参数-u,并且会把-u参数的值输出。

    现在我通过cmd执行这个任务:

    cmd -c whoAmI -u LanFly

    -c参数表示让cmd执行whoAmI任务,-u参数则会透传给whoAmI任务所对应的脚本。

    你可以在后面无限附加任何参数,这些参数都会透传给任务。但要记住,前面2个参数必定是-c和-u,并且前面2个参数不会传给任务。-u参数在客户端自动帮你填写了,所以用客户端不需要-u参数。

    任务执行的结果为:

    my name is LanFly

    现在让我们来看看cmd做了什么。

    首先客户端cmd会生成要执行的命令:

    sh ${cmd path in you server} -u ${your name} -c whoAmI -u LanFly

    然后发送这条命令到服务器执行。

    服务端cmd收到这条命令后,查找whoAmI任务的内容。然后把前面2个参数去除,也就是-u和-c参数。然后把剩下的所有参数拼接在任务后面。

    最终,服务器端cmd生成实际执行的bash命令:

    sh ~/whoAmI.sh -u LanFly


    English version document

    Report bug:

    New functionality for the next release

    • Support to view all the tasks that are queuing

    change log

    v2.0.0:

    • Additional parameters can be added to the task

    v1.0.0:

    • Configuration tasks change, more concise and clear
    • Can view all currently running tasks
    • You can see all the currently configured tasks
    • Log in to see the details of all user actions

    v0.1.1:

    • New NodeJS client, the user can directly execute CMD in the local terminal, the use and service the same

    v0.0.1:

    • Support configuration tasks
    • Support to view the same tasks that are running

    Let me give an example first:

    Our front end uses the gulp build tool, which has the Programmer A and programmer B to develop the same program, and now needs to be deployed to the test1 environment for testing.

    Program A executes the following script: sh gulp-build-test1.sh This command will take 5 minutes or more to complete. Programmer B also wants to test whether his program has bug, and he performs the following script: sh gulp-build-test1.sh

    Programmer B was at a loss as the script reported a lot of mistakes he didn't understand.😨 Even if gulp doesn't make a mistake, they shouldn't compile the same project at the same time.

    The correct order should be...: Programmer A finished in 6 minutes and told the programmer B, "Hey, I'm done". The programmer B then executes the script. They spent a total of 12 minutes waiting for the script to execute. What if there are more than 3 people?


    Obviously, programmer A does not have to wait for her script execution to complete. She knows that when programmer B is compiling, it's okay to just interrupt her task and let the programmer B execute the script again. In this way, they only need 6 minutes in all.

    All this requires manual collaboration between A and B. SyncShell is a tool, it can help you to automatically manage multiple user tasks, and then follow the order automatically in order of arrival.

    How to use it?

    The first step: put the cmd.sh file under the server folder on your server, default to /usr/local/bin/cmd.sh, and then set alias to cmd so that you can execute the cmd command in any directory.

    alias cmd=/usr/local/bin/cmd.sh

    The second step: open the cmd.sh file and configure the task to be managed by it. Locate this code:

    Configure the path of the log file. If you want to use the default path, ignore it. Next, configure the task.

    # 配置操作记录日志文件 
    access_log="/var/log/cmd/access.log"
     
     
    # |-----------------------------------------| 
    # |          add your tasks here            | 
    # |-----------------------------------------| 
    # | example: cmdMap+=(["name"]="shell")     | 
    # |-----------------------------------------| 
    cmdMap+=(["test1"]="sh ~/test.sh")
    cmdMap+=(["test2"]="echo 'test2'")
    # |-----------------------------------------| 

    We define 2 tasks, namely test1, test2. The task name is assigned by yourself, and the corresponding script is specified by you, as long as you add in format. But also conform to the syntax of bash.

    You can add any number of tasks here.

    The third step: perform the task: sh /usr/local/bin/cmd.sh -u LanFly -c test1 If you configure alias, you can use shorter commands: cmd -u LanFly -c test1

    The -u parameter specifies who is running the test1 task. The -c parameter specifies the name of the task to run.

    cmd will immediately execute the task of your assigned test1. If your test1 task is not finished, B executes the cmd -u someone -c test1, then someone gets the following sentence: I am busy now, LanFly is running at 2017-09-11 16:23:23 And block until the LanFly test1 task is done. The someone task for test1 will run automatically. LanFly can also press ctrl c interrupts at any time, and the tasks of someone will be executed immediately.

    You can have multiple users to perform the same command, cmd will be in accordance with the order of execution in order of arrival. As soon as the previous user has finished or is interrupted, the latter user will execute automatically and execute all the users in turn.

    It supports multiple users performing several different tasks. cmd takes task name as management unit. This means that when you execute test1, other users can execute test2 and are not blocked. Only when the same task name has multiple users blocked when it is executed.

    View all currently running tasks:

    cmd who
    # or 
    sh /usr/local/bin/cmd.sh who

    It displays all the tasks that are currently running, and you can see who has run the task at what time.

    See all the currently configured tasks:

    cmd list
    # or 
    sh /usr/local/bin/cmd.sh list

    If you don't know what tasks are currently configured, list lists all of the currently configured tasks.

    View all user logs:

    SyncShell will record all commands that are executed by CMD command. It records who has executed what command and how long it has been executed.

    The path of the log file configured by users themselves, if you use the default configuration, can be in /var/log/cmd/access.Log view.

    Install server

    The server installation is simple and requires only one cmd.sh file. SyncShell also has a client that allows you to remotely execute cmd tasks on your computer. Save the trouble of manually connecting your server.

    The cmd.sh file is in the syncShell folder under the server folder. You can also download the cmd.sh file by executing the following command on the server.

    wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/LanFly/syncShell/master/server/cmd.sh

    Installation client

    Very simple. Use the -g option to install globally. If the installation error, you may need to add sudo to provide permissions.

    sudo npm install syncshell -g

    Once installed, you can use the cmd command directly like the server side. The usage is slightly different. But before that, we have to do simple configuration.

    configure

    Input in terminal:

    sudo cmd

    The first run will allow you to enter the service configuration information, and enter it according to your own situation. Here are the instructions for each field:

    user: Who is using this client? usually your own user name. That is, the value of the -c parameter, and the client will help you fill out the -c parameter automatically. host: The server address of the cmd.sh file was installed. The client will automatically connect to the server to help you run the cmd command. username: The user name used to log in to the server. password: The password used to log on to the server. Default empty string. cmdPath: The path of the cmd.sh file on the server. Default /usr/local/bin/cmd.sh

    When you've finished typing, it saves the information into the config.json file under the /client-Node/ folder of the syncShell package. After configuration, you can start using it.

    If you do not have a custom configuration global installation path, the default global installed package path is /usr/local/lib/node_modules/syncshell/

    run

    The client usage is consistent with the server usage. The difference is that the client automatically uses the user field information to help you fill in the -c parameter. So you don't have to enter the -c parameter.

    cmd -c test1

    If you configure the user name to be LanFLy, the result of the above command is equal to sh /usr/local/bin/cmd.sh -u LanFly -c test1. It automatically connects to the server and runs this command.

    You can also input other parameters, which will pass to the cmd.sh script as they are, and you can edit the script to perform more functions.

    The client by ctrl+c will also pass to the server. In short, you can think that the client's execution is exactly the same as the server.

    Attach additional parameters to the task

    2.0.0 new features

    Now, you can attach additional parameters to the task while performing the task. Look at the following example:

    I configured with a whoAmI task

    cmdMap+=(["whoAmI"]="sh ~/whoAmI.sh")

    The whoam.sh script is shown below:

    user="unknow"
     
    while getopts "u:" arg
    do
      case $arg in
      u)
        user=$OPTARG
        ;;
      esac
    done
    echo 'my name is '$user

    This script requires a parameter -u and outputs the value of the -u parameter.

    Now I perform this task through cmd:

    cmd -c whoAmI -u LanFly

    The -c parameter indicates that cmd performs the whoAmI task, and the -u parameter will pass to the script corresponding to the whoAmI task.

    You can attach any parameter to the back, which can be passed to the task. But remember, the first two arguments must be -c and -u, and the first two parameters will not be passed to the task. The -u parameter is automatically filled in on the client side, so you don't need the -u parameter on the client side.

    The results of the task execution are:

    my name is LanFly

    Now let's see what cmd does.

    First, the client cmd generates the command to execute:

    sh ${cmd path in you server} -u ${your name} -c whoAmI -u LanFly

    This command is then sent to the server for execution.

    After receiving this command, the server cmd looks for the contents of the whoAmI task. And then cmd remove the first two parameters, which is the -u and -c parameters. Then the remaining parameters are spliced in the back of the task.

    Finally, the server side cmd generates the actual bash commands that are executed:

    sh ~/whoAmI.sh -u LanFly

    Install

    npm i syncshell

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    1

    Version

    2.0.1

    License

    MIT

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • lanfly