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1.0.1 • Public • Published

SVG Chameleon Animation

SVG Chameleon

SVG Chameleon creates a <symbol> sprite out of your SVG files that lets you easily modify colors and stroke-widths via CSS variables. It works with any SVGs, so no need for the designer or the developer to fiddle around with export options or the SVG markup. Thanks to the injected CSS variables, you don't need to worry about the Shadow DOM or specific tags of your SVG, just set your variables somewhere and they will cascade down to your SVG markup.



# install locally to your project with npm
npm i svg-chameleon --save-dev

Command Line Usage

# Example with path option
npx svg-chameleon --path=path/to/svg/directory/

How it works

SVG Chameleon does two things:

It creates a SVG symbol sprite using svg-sprite.

It injects CSS variables into the SVG code. For example, this following SVG symbol:

<symbol viewBox="0 0 100 100" id="circle-1">
  <circle cx="50" cy="50" r="40"

would be converted to:

<symbol viewBox="0 0 100 100" id="circle-1">
  <circle cx="50" cy="50" r="40"
    fill="var(--svg-custom-color, yellow)"
    stroke="var(--svg-custom-color-2, green)"
    stroke-width="var(--svg-custom-stroke-width, 4)"

You can now just set these variables in your CSS and it will affect the SVG, even though it is in the shadow-DOM. Just set these variables globally or scoped for specific SVGs.

#my-svg {
  --svg-custom-color: blue;
  --svg-custom-color-2: red;
<svg id="my-svg" viewBox="0 0 100 100">
  <use xlink:href=""/>

The CSS above would result in the circle having a blue fill, a red outline and a stroke-width of 4 (original value, since no variable was specified). You can also set transitions on the SVG for smooth animations. See options below.

Note: The specific namings (like --svg-custom-color and --svg-custom-color-2) are scoped to each SVG, meaning the original value of --svg-custom-color on one SVG doesn't necessarily have to be the same on another SVG. If you want consistent variables for specific colors, you can set custom vars in the options.


The creation of the chameleon sprite can be customized with various options. All options can be saved in a config file or used in the CLI directly.

module.exports = {
  path: 'path/to/svg/directory/',           // default: '' (current working directory)
  dest: 'path/to/dest/directory/'           // default: path + name as subfolder, if dest is specified no additional subfolder is created
  name: 'my-sprite',                        // default: 'chameleon-sprite' (used for .svg, .scss and .css files)
  dimensionStyles: {
    css: {
      create: false,                        // default: false (creates css with classes for dimensions / automatically true if other option is set)
      dest: null,                           // default: same dir as sprite
      name: null                            // default: name
    scss: {
      create: false,                        // default: false (creates scss with classes for dimensions / automatically true if other option is set)
      dest: null,                           // default same dir as sprite
      name: null                            // default: name
  colors: {
    apply: false,                           // default: true
    name: 'my-color-var-naming',            // default: 'svg-custom-color' (additional colors are named 'svg-custom-color-2' and so on)
    preserveOriginal: false,                // default: true (if false, replaces original color with 'currentColor')
    customVars: {
      '#D8D8D8': 'color-grey',              // this would result in --color-grey for every color attribute with '#D8D8D8' (--svg-custom-color will still override this)
      '#A3FF5E': 'color-primary'
  strokeWidths: {
    apply: false,                           // default: true
    name: 'my-stroke-width-var-naming',     // default: 'svg-custom-stroke-width' (additional stroke-widths are named 'svg-custom-stroke-width-2' and so on)
    nonScaling: true,                        // default: false (if true, preserves the stroke-width when scaling the SVG)
    customVars: {
      '1': 'stroke-thin',                   // this would result in --stroke-thin for every stroke-width with '1' (--svg-custom-stroke-width will still override this)
      '3.5': 'stroke-bold'
  transition: {
    apply: true,                            // default: false (automatically true if one of the other transition options is given)
    name: 'my-transition-var-name',         // default: svg-custom-transition
    default: 'all .3s'                      // fallback, if no transition variable is assigned in your CSS

Options as JS or JSON config file

The above Javascript options can be persisted as either JS or a JSON configuration file. The file must be named chameleon.config.js or chameleon.config.json.

The tool automatically searches for a configuration file in the directory where it was started and by going up in parent directories.

Alternatively a --config option with a path to the configuration file can be passed to the cli.

Command line options

option example corresponding options property
--config --config=path/to/chameleon.config.js
--path --path=path/to/svg/directory/ path
--dest --path=path/to/dest/directory/ dest
--name --name=my-sprite name
--css --css dimensionStyles.css.create
--css-dest --css-dest=path/to/css/dest/directory/ dimensionStyles.css.dest
--css-name --css-name=my-style
--scss --scss dimensionStyles.scss.create
--scss-dest --scss-dest=path/to/scss/dest/directory/ dimensionStyles.scss.dest
--scss-name --scss-name=my-style
--c-apply --c-apply=false colors.apply
--c-name --c-name=my-color-var-naming
--c-preserve --c-preserve=false colors.preserveOriginal
--c-custom-vars --c-custom-vars='#D8D8D8:color-grey,#A3FF5E:color-primary' colors.customVars
--sw-apply --sw-apply=false strokeWidths.apply
--sw-name --sw-name=my-stroke-width-var-naming
--sw-non-scaling --sw-non-scaling strokeWidths.nonScaling
--sw-custom-vars --sw-custom-vars='1:stroke-thin,3.5:stroke-bold' strokeWidths.customVars
--t-apply --t-apply transition.apply
--t-name --t-name=my-transition-var-name
--t-default --t-default='all .3s' transition.default

Usage in Code

const chameleon = require('svg-chameleon');

(async () => {
  await chameleon.create({ path: 'path/to/svg/directory/' });



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