su-downloader3-enhance

1.2.1 • Public • Published

su-downloader3 - A node.js HTTP downloader

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Table of Contents

Basic Usage

su-downloader3 has a very minimal API and is designed to simplify the task of downloading large files via HTTP.

const path = require('path')
const { startDownload } = require('su-downloader3')
 
var url = 'http://ftp.iinet.net.au/pub/test/5meg.test1'
var savePath = path.join(__dirname, '5meg.test1')
var locations = { url, savePath }
var options = {
    threads: 3,
    throttleRate: 100
}
 
startDownload(locations, options).subscribe({
    next: progressInfo => console.log(progressInfo),
    error: e => console.log(e),
    complete: () => console.log('download has completed!')
})

More examples

Overview

su-downloader3 is a node.js downloader library that facilitates the downloading of files via http/s requests. It is based around the request package and has inbuilt support for pausing/resuming (even after the process has exited), downloading using multiple concurrent requests (faster download speeds), and monitoring download progress.

There are two parts to the library; the downloader and the scheduler.

The downloader

The downloader is the core of su-downloader3. It's API consists only of the startDownload function which returns an observable. In order for the download to begin, this observable must be subscribed to. The meta data for the download and the download's progress info will be emitted by the observable.

The scheduler

The scheduler acts as an interface between the user and the downloader to manage multiple download tasks. It implements a FIFO queue data structure to allow the user to queue tasks, have them start automatically, and to limit the number of active downloads. The scheduler maintains a list of the download tasks, with each task being identified by a unique key provided when queueing the download. The scheduler also maintains a list containing the subscriptions for each active download. This removes the need for the user to subscribe to the observable returned by the downloader's startDownload function. Instead, they provide an observer object to the scheduler when queueing a download, and the scheduler will subscribe to the observable when the download is started. The scheduler can be configured to use a default download options object which applies to all downloads made through it. Options provided as a parameter will override the default options.

API

If you are using the scheduler, you should never need to call the startDownload function. Instead, queue the download using the scheduler's queueDownload instance method, and then the startDownload instance method.

startDownload(locations, options) => Observable

The download begins when the returned observable is subscribed to by the user.
Param Type Default Description
locations object or string If string, locations should be either a download url or an existing .sud path.
locations.url string url to download file from
locations.savePath string Path (including filename) to save the file to
locations.saveDir string Directory to save the file to
options object Download options
options.threads integer 4 The number of segments to break the file into
options.timeout integer 18000 How long to wait without receiving data before aborting download, in milliseconds
options.headers object Custom HTTP headers
options.throttleRate integer 500 Minimum time interval between successive emissions of download progress info, in milliseconds

Note: Only one of locations.savePath and locations.saveDir need to be defined. If both are defined, the file is saved to the path given by locations.savePath and locations.saveDir is ignored. If no save path is provided, the file will be saved to the current working directory with a filename determined by the url. e.g. http://download.location/file.zip will save the file to ./file.zip. If the save dir is provided, the file will be saved to that directory with the filename being determined as described above.

To pause a download started using the startDownload function, the user must call the unsubscribe instance method on the subscription made to the observable returned by the startDownload function. See here for an example.

The returned observable emits the meta data of the download on its first emission. Subsequent emissions contain the download progress info which is an object that looks like:

{
    time: {
        start, //timestamp
        elapsed, //milliseconds
        eta //seconds
    },
    total: {
        filesize, //bytes
        downloaded, //bytes
        percentage //real number between 0 and 100
    },
    instance: {
        downloaded, //bytes
        percentage //real number between 0 and 100
    },
    speed, //bytes per second
    avgSpeed, //bytes per second
    threadPositions //array of bytes
}

speed is calculated by finding the change in downloaded with respect to a small change in elapsed. Because of this, if the throttleRate is particularly low, speed will likely fluctuate. instance holds data pertaining to the particular session of the download. For example, if you start a download today and download 120MB/200MB, then resume the download tomorrow, by the time the download is finished, total.downloaded will be 200MB, but instance.downloaded will be 80MB.

SuDScheduler(schedulerOptions) => SuDScheduler

Instantiates a new SuDScheduler instance with the given options.

Param Type Default Description
schedulerOptions object Scheduler options
schedulerOptions.autoStart boolean true Whether or not to automatically start downloading queued download tasks
schedulerOptions.maxConcurrentDownloads integer 4 Maximum number of downloads at any single time. Set this to 0 for unlimited concurrent downloads
schedulerOptions.downloadOptions object Default download options to be used for downloads if not provided (see startDownload)

A SuDScheduler instance's options can be accessed and written to at any time by setting the properties of the SuDScheduler.option object.

SuDScheduler.queueDownload(key, locations, [options], userObserver) => object or true

Adds a new download task to the end of the queue.

Param Type Default Description
key string Unique identifier for each download task. Required
locations object Same as the locations parameter for startDownload
options object Same as the options parameter for startDownload
userObserver object Can be the 3rd or 4th positional argument. The userObserver object must have a next, error and complete fields which are functions. Required

If the scheduler has autoStart set to true, true will be returned if a download task is successfully queued. If the scheduler has autoStart set to false, a convenience object containing a start method will be returned so that the user may simply dot chain start() or easily start the download whenever they need.

SuDScheduler.startDownload(key) => boolean

Starts a new download, or resumes an active download. Starting a new download task using this method ignores the maxConcurrentDownloads limit. Returns false if a download task with the provided key doesn't exist, or true otherwise.

Param Type Default Description
key string Unique identifier for an existing download task.

SuDScheduler.pauseDownload(key, stop) => boolean

Pauses or stops a download task. Returns false if a download task with the provided key doesn't exist, or if the download task is not currently downloading. Returns true otherwise.

Param Type Default Description
key string Unique identifier for a download task
stop boolean false Whether to stop or just pause the download

A paused download is considered active. Thus, if the download is paused, i.e. stop is false, then new downloads will not be automatically started if the max concurrency limit is already reached. If the download is stopped, i.e. stop is true, then the next queued download will start (given that autoStart is set to true).

SuDScheduler.killDownload(key) => boolean

Stops a download (if active) and removes associated .sud and .PARTIAL files, OR, removes a queued download task from queue. Returns false if a download task with the provided key doesn't exist, or true otherwise.

Param Type Default Description
key string Unique identifier for a download task

Note: This method is synchronous.

SuDScheduler.startQueue() => undefined

Starts as many download tasks as possible, limited by the maxConcurrentDownloads option.

SuDScheduler.pauseAll(stop) => undefined

Pauses or stops all download tasks.

Param Type Default Description
stop boolean false Whether to stop or just pause the download

SuDScheduler.getStatus(key) => TaskQueueItem (object) or false

Returns the status of a download, or false if the download task with the provided key doesn't exist.

Param Type Default Description
key string Unique identifier for a download task

Read only properties

SuDScheduler.taskQueue => array

The queue of download tasks.

SuDScheduler.queuedCount => integer

The number of queued tasks.

SuDScheduler.activeCount => integer

The number of active tasks.

SuDscheduler.stoppedCount => integer

The number of stopped tasks.

SuDScheduler.taskCount => integer

The total number of tasks.

The following utility functions are also exposed for convenience:

killFiles(sudPath) => boolean

Synchronously removes all .sud and .PARTIAL files associated with the sudPath.

Param Type Default Description
sudPath string Path to an existing .sud file

If sudPath does not exist or is invalid, false is returned. If the files are successfully deleted, true is returned.

sudPath(savePath) => string

Returns the .sud file associated with the given save path.

Param Type Default Description
savePath string Save path of a download

This function simply appends .sud to savePath.

Design

su-downloader3 uses Rxjs to handle streams of data.

There are 4 stages involved with the download process. In each stage, the observable is transformed in some way.

Stage 1: A HEAD request is made to get the file size, which is used to create and write the meta data.

Stage 2: The GET requests are made based on the meta data.

Stage 3: The data from the GET requests are written to the .PARTIAL files and the position of each thread is updated. The rebuilding of files is set up.

Stage 4: The download progress info is created based on the thread positions and meta data.

Stage 1

The observable returned by startDownload is an observable chain that begins with a HEAD request to the url to get its file size. The file size (and other values provided, such as the url, save path and threads) is then transformed to the meta object which is written to the .sud file as a side effect. Since the meta object is emitted through the observable, it doesn't matter that the .sud file is written as a side effect as opposed to within the observable chain since it won't be used; it's only purpose is for resuming previous downloads.

Stage 2

GET requests will then be made based on the meta data. In particular, the Range header is set so that only a particular range of bytes is downloaded for each request. These ranges are calculated based on the file size and the number of threads being used. The meta data is mapped to an object holding an array of these request observables and the plain meta data object.

Stage 3

The request observables and meta data object are then mapped to an observable (using concatMap) which emits the meta data on its first emission and then the thread positions of any single thread thereafter. Within this concatMap, the data is written to disk. This has to be done within the observable chain as opposed to a side effect as delays in I/O can cause corrupted files or cause the rebuilding process to fail. For this same reason, the rebuilding process is also done within the observable chain, after all the request observables have finished (this is done by using concat to concatenate the rebuild observable with a flattened requests higher order observable). Note that although the rebuilding process is set up during this stage, the observable that is concatenated to the flattened requests higher order observable that actually performs the rebuilding of files is only subscribed to once the requests higher order observable has finished.

Stage 4

The final step is to generate the download progress info based on the thread positions. The observable up to this point currently emits SINGLE thread positions on each emission, e.g. 1995135, 4331582, 1996443... The goal is to track the positions of ALL threads after each emission. To do this, the meta data is used to calculate which thread a certain thread position belongs to (e.g. a thread position of 135 must belong to a thread with a range of 0 to 200), and the thread position for that thread is updated. These thread positions are stored as an array indexed the same as the ranges. The scan operator is used to keep track of the download progress info.

The process for resuming a download from an existing .sud file is similar. The only difference is in stage 1; instead of making a HEAD request and creating a meta data object, the meta data object is simply read from the file and that is what is used in subsequent stages.

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npm i su-downloader3-enhance

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