1.0.7 • Public • Published

    Sticky States

    npm version DragsterJS gzip size

    Makes elements sticky to the viewport (position fixed) based on the scroll position.


    Setting up is pretty straight-forward. Download the js and css files from dist folder and include them in your HTML:

    <link rel='stylesheet' id='sticky-states'  href='dist/sticky-states.min.css' type='text/css' media='all' />
    <script type="text/javascript" src="path/to/dist/sticky-states.min.js"></script>


    Sticky States is also available on NPM:

    $ npm install sticky-states


    Once the Sticky States script is loaded all functions will be available through the global variable window.StickyStates, however to enable the components you need to call the function init:

    Call the function StickyStates.init( options ); passing the options parameter as an object.

    Options Available

    The options parameter accept any of the available options from the default settings by passing the new values as an object. You can simply ommit the options you don't want to change the default values of.

    These are the currently accepted options with their default values, if in doubt check the source code:

    	var _defaults = {
    		elementSelector: '[data-sticky-states]',
    		innerElementSelector: '[data-sticky-states-inner]',
    		isEndPositionClass: 'is-end-position',
    		isStickyClass: 'is-sticky',
    		isStickyTopClass: 'is-sticky--top',
    		isStickyBottomClass: 'is-sticky--bottom',
    		isActivatedClass: 'is-activated',
    		positionAttribute: 'data-sticky-position',
    		thresholdAttribute: 'data-sticky-threshold',
    		staticAtEndAttribute: 'data-sticky-static-at-end',
    		containerAttribute: 'data-sticky-container',
    		position: 'top', // Accepted values: `top`, `bottom`
    		threshold: 0,

    For example, if your application already has the markup defined in many places and you want to change the selector used for the sticky element and its content element, initialize the component with the options below:

    var options = {
    	elementSelector: '[data-sticky-states], .also-has-sticky-states',
    	innerElementSelector: '[data-sticky-states-inner], .also-sticky-content',
    StickyStates.init( options );

    Everything else will use the default values.

    Basic Usage

    1. Recommended HTML elements structure

    The sticky-states component requires the following HTML elements structure:

    <div data-sticky-states>
    	<div data-sticky-states-inner>
    		<!-- CONTENT -->

    IMPORTANT: note that the main sticky element, which is marked with the data attribute data-sticky-states, is used to keep the space and position of the sticky inner element while it is sticky, avoiding layout shifts. The element that actually gets sticky is the inner element, marked with the data attribute data-sticky-states-inner.

    You can define the boundaries of the sticky element using the data attribute data-sticky-container, the default value is the parent element of the main sticky element. The boundaries of the container element are used define when the sticky element will stop being sticky or when it should move back to its normal state and position.

    The attribute data-sticky-container accepts any valid CSS selector, and will use the first element that matches the selector.

    While looking for the container element, the script will try to find a match higher in the DOM hiearchy of the sticky element itself (using the query function stickyElement.closest()). If a match is not found, the script will try to find a matching element in the entire document (using the query function window.querySelector()).

    For example, to set a sticky element to stay sticky while the content of a section is visible in the viewport you could use the following markup:

    <div data-sticky-states data-sticky-container="#section-id">
    	<div data-sticky-states-inner>
    		<!-- CONTENT -->
    <section id="section-id">
    	<!-- SECTION CONTENT -->

    Note that in this example the sticky element is not inside hierarchy of the container element <section> used to define the boundaries.

    2. Setting the position of the sticky element (top or bottom)

    Use the data attribute data-sticky-position at the main sticky element to set the position of the sticky element, if not specified at the element it will default to the top position, or the default position defined at the time of initialization of the StickyStates components.

    Sticky at the top (default):

    <div data-sticky-states>
    	<div data-sticky-states-inner>
    		<!-- CONTENT -->


    <div data-sticky-states data-sticky-position="top">
    	<div data-sticky-states-inner>
    		<!-- CONTENT -->

    Sticky at the bottom;

    <div data-sticky-states data-sticky-position="bottom">
    	<div data-sticky-states-inner>
    		<!-- CONTENT -->

    3. Setting the sticky element to stay at its original position, works only for sticky elements positioned at the bottom

    <div data-sticky-states data-sticky-position="bottom" data-sticky-threshold="0" data-sticky-static-at-end>
    	<div data-sticky-states-inner>
    		<!-- CONTENT -->

    Contributing to Development

    This isn't a large project by any means, but you are definitely welcome to contribute.

    Development environment

    Clone the repo and run npm install:

    $ cd path/to/sticky-states
    $ npm install

    Run the build command:

    $ gulp build

    Build on file save:

    $ gulp
    $ gulp watch


    Licensed under MIT.


    npm i sticky-states

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    • diegoversiani