state-forms
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0.1.0 • Public • Published

state-forms

A computed form - originally @cerebral/forms

Migrating from @cerebral/forms? See the migration guide at the bottom of this readme.

Install

NPM

npm install state-forms

Description

Forms are one of the most complex state management challenges out there. Before Cerebral was created I spent a lot of time developing formsy-react, which is a library that tries to solve forms with internal state. With the release of Cerebral we got a chance to explore the space of solving forms complexity with external state instead. To this day I have a hard time recommending a solution and you should not see this lib as "the official way of managing forms with Cerebral". There is nothing wrong thinking of a form as a very complex input where you only pass data into Cerebral on the submit of the form.

Instantiate

import { Controller, Provider } from 'cerebral'
import Forms from 'state-forms'
 
const controller = Controller({
  providers: [
    Provider(
      Forms({
        // Add additional rules
        rules: {
          myAddedRule(value, arg, get) {
            // value of the field
            value
            // arg passed to the rule
            arg
            // The "get" argument from computed. Use it to grab
            // state or props passed to component. The component
            // will track use of these dependencies for rerender
            get
 
            return true
          }
        },
 
        // errorMessage property added to field when invalid with the following rules
        errorMessages: {
          minLength(value, minLength) {
            return `The length is ${value.length}, should be equal or more than ${minLength}`
          }
        }
      })
    )
  ]
})

compute

To use a form you use the form function to generate computed form state. Typically:

import React from 'react'
import { Compute } from 'cerebral'
import { connect } from '@cerebral/react'
import { form } from 'state-forms'
 
export default connect(
  {
    form: Compute(state`path.to.form`, form)
  },
  function MyForm({ form }) {
    // Value of some field
    form.someField.value
    // A true/false if field has a value
    form.someField.hasValue
    // A true/false if field has been changed
    form.someField.isPristine
    // A true/false if field is valid
    form.someField.isValid
    // The name of the rule that failed
    form.someField.failedRule.name
    // Any arg you passed to the failing rule
    form.someField.failedRule.arg
    // If you have defined global error messages and field is invalid
    form.someField.errorMessage
    // Get all invalid fields
    form.getInvalidFields()
    // Get all fields
    form.getFields()
  }
)

You can also use the field computed, pointing to the field. This will optimize rendering as only the field will render on change.

import React from 'react'
import { compute } from 'cerebral'
import { connect } from '@cerebral/react'
import { field } from 'state-forms'
 
export default connect(
  {
    field: Compute(state`path.to.form.name`, field)
  },
  function MyField({ field }) {
    // Value of some field
    field.value
    // A true/false if field has a value
    field.hasValue
    // A true/false if field has been changed
    field.isPristine
    // A true/false if field is valid
    field.isValid
  }
)

defaultValue

You can define a default value for your fields. When the form is reset, it will put back the default value:

{
  myForm: {
    firstName: {
      value: '',
      defaultValue: 'Ben'
    }
  }
}

field

A field is just an object with a value property:

{
  myForm: {
    myField: {
      value: ''
    }
  }
}

form

A form is just an object in the state tree:

{
  myForm: {
  }
}

isRequired

Define field as required. This will make the field invalid if there is no value. By default forms identifies a value or not using the isValue rule. You can change this rule if you want, look below.

{
  myForm: {
    firstName: {
      value: '',
      isRequired: true
    }
  }
}

isValueRules

You can change what defines a field as having a value. For example if your value is an array, you can use the minLength rule to define a required minimum of 3 items in the array.

{
  myForm: {
    interests: {
      value: [],
      isRequired: true,
      isValueRules: ['minLength:3']
    }
  }
}

nesting

You can nest this however you want, even with array:

{
  myForm: {
    firstName: {value: ''},
    lastName: {value: ''},
    address: [{
      street: {value: ''},
      zipCode: {value: ''}
    }],
    interests: {
      books: {value: false},
      films: {value: false}
    }
  }
}

helpers

toJSON

Typically you want to convert your forms to a plain value structure.

import formToJSON from 'state-forms/lib/helpers/formToJSON'
const form = formToJSON(myForm)

This form will now have the structure of:

{
  myField: 'theValue',
  address: {
    street: 'street value',
    zipCode: 'zip code value'
  }
}

resetForm

Reset a form to to the default values

import resetForm from 'state-forms/lib/helpers/resetForm'
const form = resetForm(myForm)

updateErrorMessages

Dynamically update global error messages:

function myAction({ forms }) {
  forms.updateErrorMessages({
    someRule() {}
  })
}

updateRules

Dynamically update available rules:

function myAction({ forms }) {
  forms.updateRules({
    someNewRule() {}
  })
}

validationRules

You add validation rules on the field:

{
  myForm: {
    firstName: {
      value: '',
      validationRules: ['minLength:3']
    }
  }
}

equals:Value

{
  field1: {
    value: 123, // valid
    validationRules: ['equals:123']
  },
  field2: {
    value: '123', // valid
    validationRules: ['equals:"123"']
  },
  field3: {
    value: [], // not valid
    validationRules: ['equals:[]']
  }
}

equalsField:Field

{
  field1: {
    value: 'foo', // valid
    validationRules: ['equalsField:full.path.to.form.field2']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'foo', // valid
    validationRules: ['equalsField:full.path.to.form.field1']
  },
  field3: {
    value: 'bar', // not valid
    validationRules: ['equalsField:full.path.to.form.field2']
  }
}

isAlpha

{
  field1: {
    value: 'abc', // valid
    validationRules: ['isAlpha']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'AbC', // valid
    validationRules: ['isAlpha']
  },
  field3: {
    value: '123abc', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isAlpha']
  }
}

isAlphanumeric

{
  field1: {
    value: '123abc', // valid
    validationRules: ['isAlphanumeric']
  },
  field2: {
    value: '123', // valid
    validationRules: ['isAlphanumeric']
  },
  field3: {
    value: '123+abc', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isAlphanumeric']
  }
}

isEmail

{
  field1: {
    value: 'ho@hep.co', // valid
    validationRules: ['isEmail']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'hello@', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isEmail']
  },
  field3: {
    value: 'hel.co', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isEmail']
  }
}

isEmpty

{
  field1: {
    value: '', // valid
    validationRules: ['isEmpty']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'hello', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isEmpty']
  },
  field3: {
    value: 123, // not valid
    validationRules: ['isEmpty']
  }
}

isExisty

{
  field1: {
    value: 0, // valid
    validationRules: ['isExisty']
  },
  field2: {
    value: [], // valid
    validationRules: ['isExisty']
  },
  field3: {
    value: null, // not valid
    validationRules: ['isExisty']
  }
}

isFalse

{
  field1: {
    value: false, // valid
    validationRules: ['isFalse']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'false', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isFalse']
  },
  field3: {
    value: true, // not valid
    validationRules: ['isFalse']
  }
}

isFloat

{
  field1: {
    value: '22.5', // valid
    validationRules: ['isFloat']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 22.5, // valid
    validationRules: ['isFloat']
  },
  field3: {
    value: '22', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isFloat']
  }
}

isInt

{
  field1: {
    value: '123', // valid
    validationRules: ['isInt']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 123, // valid
    validationRules: ['isInt']
  },
  field3: {
    value: '22.5', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isInt']
  }
}

isLength:Number

{
  field1: {
    value: 'hey', // valid
    validationRules: ['isLength:3']
  },
  field2: {
    value: ['foo', 'bar'], // valid
    validationRules: ['isLength:2']
  },
  field3: {
    value: 'hm 123', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isLength:3']
  }
}

isNumeric

{
  field1: {
    value: '123', // valid
    validationRules: ['isNumeric']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 123, // valid
    validationRules: ['isNumeric']
  },
  field3: {
    value: '123abc', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isNumeric']
  }
}

isSpecialWords

{
  field1: {
    value: 'hey there', // valid
    validationRules: ['isSpecialWords']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'some  åäö', // valid
    validationRules: ['isSpecialWords']
  },
  field3: {
    value: 'hm 123', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isSpecialWords']
  }
}

isTrue

{
  field1: {
    value: true, // valid
    validationRules: ['isTrue']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'true', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isTrue']
  },
  field3: {
    value: false, // not valid
    validationRules: ['isTrue']
  }
}

isUndefined

{
  field1: {
    value: undefined, // valid
    validationRules: ['isUndefined']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'hello', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isUndefined']
  },
  field3: {
    value: 123, // not valid
    validationRules: ['isUndefined']
  }
}

isUrl

{
  field1: {
    value: 'http://www.test.com', // valid
    validationRules: ['isUrl']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'http://www', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isUrl']
  },
  field3: {
    value: 'http//www', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isUrl']
  }
}

isWords

{
  field1: {
    value: 'hey there', // valid
    validationRules: ['isWords']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'wut åäö', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isWords']
  },
  field3: {
    value: 'hm 123', // not valid
    validationRules: ['isWords']
  }
}

isValue

{
  field1: {
    value: 'test', // valid
    validationRules: ['isValue']
  },
  field2: {
    value: [], // not valid
    validationRules: ['isValue']
  },
  field3: {
    value: null, // not valid
    validationRules: ['isValue']
  },
  field3: {
    value: false, // not valid
    validationRules: ['isValue']
  }
}

maxLength:Number

{
  field1: {
    value: '123', // valid
    validationRules: ['maxLength:3']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'fo', // valid
    validationRules: ['maxLength:3']
  },
  field3: {
    value: ['foo', 'bar', 'baz', 'mip'], // not valid
    validationRules: ['maxLength:3']
  }
}

minLength:Number

{
  field1: {
    value: '123', // valid
    validationRules: ['minLength:3']
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'fo', // not valid
    validationRules: ['minLength:3']
  },
  field3: {
    value: ['foo', 'bar', 'baz', 'mip'], // valid
    validationRules: ['minLength:3']
  }
}

regexp

{
  field1: {
    value: 'foo', // valid
    validationRules: [/foo/]
  },
  field2: {
    value: 'bar', // not valid
    validationRules: [/foo/]
  }
}

Migrating from @cerebral/forms

since state-forms does not depend on Cerebral it does not use Providers or Computes, but you can wrap state-forms functions in Providers and Computes for the same effect.

An example Cerebral controller:

// import { Controller, Module } from 'cerebral' // before
import { Controller, Module, Provider } from 'cerebral' // after
// import FormsProvider from '@cerebral/forms' // before
import Forms from 'state-forms' // after
 
export default Controller(
  Module({
    providers: {
      // forms: FormsProvider({}) // before
      forms: Provider(Forms({})) // after
    }
  })
)

An example connected component:

import { Compute } from 'cerebral' // added
// import { form } from '@cerebral/forms' // before
import { form } from 'state-forms' // after
 
export default connect(
  {
    // myForm: form(state`myForm`) // before
    myForm: Compute(state`myForm`, form) // after
  },
  MyComponent
)

state-forms does not contain any Cerebral operators, but it does has the helpers that are needed to create your own.

isValidForm.js

import { form } from 'state-forms'
 
export default formPath =>
  function isValidForm({ state, path, resolve }) {
    const formValue = form(resolve.value(formPath))
    return formValue.isValid ? path.true() : path.false()
  }

resetForm.js

import resetFormHelper from 'state-forms/lib/helpers/resetForm'
 
export default formPath =>
  function resetForm({ state, resolve }) {
    const path = resolve.path(formPath)
    state.set(path, resetFormHelper(state.get(path)))
  }

setField.js

export default (fieldPath, fieldValue) => {
   function setField({ state, resolve }) {
    state.merge(resolve.path(fieldPath), {
      value: resolve.value(fieldValue),
      isPristine: false
    })
  }

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Version

0.1.0

License

MIT

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  • garthw