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0.2.0-ALPHA-2 • Public • Published

stargate-mongoose ci-tests

stargate-mongoose is a Mongoose driver for JSON API which runs on top of Apache Cassandra / DataStax Enterprise.

  1. Quickstart
  2. Architecture
  3. Version compatibility
  4. Sample Applications
  5. Features
  6. MongoDB Driver Overriding
  7. API Reference
  8. Developer Guide


Prerequisites: npm, node, Docker (for testing the sample app locally using docker compose)

  • Start Docker on your local machine.
  • Clone this repository
git clone
cd stargate-mongoose
  • Execute below script and wait for it to complete, which starts a simple JSON API on local with a DSE 6.8 (DataStax Enterprise) as database backend.

For macOS/Linux


For Windows

  • Create a sample project called 'sample-app'
mkdir sample-app
cd sample-app
npm init && npm install express mongoose stargate-mongoose
  • Create a file called index.js under the 'sample-app' directory and copy below code into the file.
const express = require('express');
const mongoose = require('mongoose');
const stargate_mongoose = require('stargate-mongoose');
const Schema = mongoose.Schema;
const driver = stargate_mongoose.driver;

// override the default mongodb native driver

//Set up mongoose
// JSON API URL & inventory is the Name of the Namespace
const JSON_API_URI="http://localhost:8080/v1/inventory";
//Stargate Coordinator Authentication URL
const AUTH_URL="http://localhost:8081/v1/auth";
// Define Product schema
const productSchema = new Schema({ name: String, price: Number});
// Create Product model
const Product = mongoose.model('Product', productSchema);
//Connect to server
mongoose.connect(JSON_API_URI, {
                    //Default user name
                    //Default password
                    "authUrl": AUTH_URL                    
//Wait for collections to get created
Object.values(mongoose.connection.models).map(Model => Model.init());

//Start the express server
const HOST="";
const PORT=8097;
const app = express();
//Add product API
app.get('/addproduct', (req, res) => {
  const newProduct = new Product(
    { name:"product"+Math.floor(Math.random() * 99 + 1), 
      price: "" + Math.floor(Math.random() * 900 + 100) });;
  res.send('Added a product!');
//Get products API
app.get('/getproducts', (req, res) => {
    .then(products => res.json(products));

//Start server
app.listen(PORT, HOST, () => {
  console.log(`Running on http://${HOST}:${PORT}` 
              + '\nNavigate to'
              + '\n\thttp://localhost:'+PORT+'/addproduct'
              + '\n\thttp://localhost:'+PORT+'/getproducts');


High level architecture

stargate-mongoose usage end to end architecture


  • Cassandra Cluster - Apache Cassandra / DataStax Enterprise Cluster as backend database.
  • Stargate Coordinator Nodes - Stargate is an open source Data API Gateway for Cassandra. Coordinator is one of the primary components of Stargate which connects the API layer to the backend database. More details can be found here.
  • Stargate JSON API - JSON API is an open source JSON API that runs on top of Stargate's coordinator.
  • JavaScript Clients that use Mongoose - Mongoose is an elegant mongodb object modeling library for node.js applications. By implementing a driver required by the Mongoose interface to connect to the JSON API instead of native mongodb access layer, now a JavaScript client can store/retrieve documents on an Apache Cassandra/DSE backend.

The current implementation of the JSON API uses DataStax Enterprise (DSE) as the backend database.

Version compatibility

Component/Library Name Version
Mongoose 7.x
DataStax Enterprise 6.8.x

CI tests are run using the Stargate and JSON API versions specified in the api-compatibility.versions file.

Sample Applications

Sample applications developed using stargate-mongoose driver are available in below repository.


Service Commands

Operation Name Description
Create Namespace When flag createNamespaceOnConnect is set to true the keyspace passed on to the mongoose.connect function is created automatically when the function is invoked.

Namespace Commands

Operation Name Description
createCollection mongoose.model('ModelName',modelSchema) creates a collection as required
dropCollection model.dropCollection() drops the collection
findCollections Not supported

Collection Commands

Operation Name Description
countDocuments Model.countDocuments(filter) returns the count of documents
estimatedDocumentCount Not supported
deleteMany Model.deleteMany(filter)
deleteOne Model.deleteOne(filter)
find Model.find(filter, projection). Projections are yet to be supported.
findOne Model.findOne(filter, projection)
findOneAndDelete Model.findOneAndDelete(filter)
findOneAndReplace Model.findOneAndReplace(filter, replacement)
findOneAndUpdate Model.findOneAndUpdate(filter, update)
insertMany Model.insertMany([{docs}])
insertOne Model.insertOne({doc})
updateMany Model.updateMany(filter, update)
updateOne Model.updateOne(filter, update)

Filter Clause

Operator Description
literal comparison Equal to. Example: { "first_name" : "jim" }
$eq Example: { "first_name" : { "$eq" : "jim" } }
$gt Example (age > 25): { "age" : { "$gt" : 25 } }
$gte Example (age >= 25): { "age" : { "$gte" : 25 } }
$lt Example (age < 25): { "age" : { "$lt" : 25 } }
$lte Example (age <= 25): { "age" : { "$lte" : 25 } }
$ne Not Equal to. Example: { "first_name" : { "$ne" : "jim" } }
$in Example: { "" : { "$in" : ["nyc", "la"] } }
$nin Example: { "" : { "$nin" : ["nyc", "la"] } }
$not Example: { "first_name" : { "$not" : { "$eq" : "jim" }}}
$exists Example: { "" : { "$exists" : true} }
$all Array operation. Matches if all the elements of an array matches the given values. Example: { "tags" : { "$all" : [ "home", "school" ] } }
$elemMatch Array operation. Matches if the elements of an array in a document matches the given conditions. Example: {"goals": { "$elemMatch": { "$gte": 2, "$lt": 10 }}}
$size Array Operation. Example: { "tags" : { "$size" : 1 } }
$and Logical expression. Example : { "$and" : [ {first_name : “jim”}, {"age" : {"$gt" : 25 } } ] }
$or Not supported

Projection Clause

Operator Description
$elemMatch (projection) Not supported
$slice Array related operation. Example: { "tags" : { "$slice": 1 }} returns only the first element from the array field called tags.
$ (projection) Not supported

Sort Clause

Operator Description
Multi Field Sort Not supported

Update Clause

Operator Description
$inc Example: { $inc: { "points" : 5 } }
$min Not supported
$max Not supported
$rename Not supported
$set Example: "$set": {"location": "New York"}
$setOnInsert Not supported
$unset Example: {"$unset" : {"password": ""}}
$ (update) Not supported
$[] (update) Not supported
$[] Not supported
$addToSet Example: {"$addToSet" : {"points": 10}}. This will add 10 to an array called points in the documents, without duplicates (i.e. ll skip if 10 is already present in the array)
$pop Example: {"$pop" : {"points": 1 }}. This removes the last 1 item from an array called points. -1 will remove the first 1 item.
$pull Not supported
$push Example. "$push": {"tags": "work"}. This pushes an element called work to the array tags
$pullAll Not supported

Index Operations

Index operations are not supported. There is one caveat for ttl indexes: When adding a document, you can add a ttl option (determined in seconds) that will behave in the similar way to a ttl index. For example, with the collections client:

import { Client } from 'stargate-mongoose';
// connect to JSON API
const client = await Client.connect(process.env.JSON_API_URI);
// get a collection
const collection = client.db().collection('docs');
// insert and expire this document in 10 seconds
await collection.insertOne({ hello: 'world' }, { ttl: 10 });

Aggregation Operations

Aggregation operations are not supported.

Transaction Operations

Transaction operations are not supported.

NodeJS MongoDB Driver Overriding (experimental)

If you have an application that uses the NodeJS MongoDB driver, or a dependency that uses the NodeJS MongoDB driver, it is possible to override it's use with the collections package of stargate-mongoose. This makes your application use JSON API documents instead of MongoDB documents. Doing so requires code changes in your application that address the features section of this README, and a change in how you set up your client connection.

If your application uses mongodb you can override it's usage like so:

In your app's mongodb package.json entry:

"mongodb": "stargate-mongoose@0.2.0-ALPHA",

Then, re-install your dependencies

npm i

Finally, modify your connection so that your driver connects to JSON API

import { MongoClient } from 'stargate-mongoose';

// connect to JSON API
const client = await MongoClient.connect(process.env.JSON_API_URI);

If you have an application dependency that uses mongodb, you can override it's usage like so (this example uses mongoose):

Add an override to your app's package.json (requires NPM 8.3+), also, add `stargate-mongoose as a dependency:

"dependencies": {
    "stargate-mongoose": "^0.2.0-ALPHA"
"overrides": {
    "mongoose": {
        "mongodb":  "stargate-mongoose@0.2.0-ALPHA"

Then, re-install your dependencies

npm i

Finally, modify your depdendencies connection so that your driver connects to JSON API

import mongoose from 'mongoose';

// connect to JSON API
await mongoose.connect(process.env.JSON_API_URI);


npm i stargate-mongoose

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  • chris.wilhite