1.4.0 • Public • Published

SQLite compiled to JavaScript

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sql.js is a javascript SQL database. It allows you to create a relational database and query it entirely in the browser. You can try it in this online demo. It uses a virtual database file stored in memory, and thus doesn't persist the changes made to the database. However, it allows you to import any existing sqlite file, and to export the created database as a JavaScript typed array.

sql.js uses emscripten to compile SQLite to webassembly (or to javascript code for compatibility with older browsers). It includes contributed math and string extension functions.

sql.js can be used like any traditional JavaScript library. If you are building a native application in JavaScript (using Electron for instance), or are working in node.js, you will likely prefer to use a native binding of SQLite to JavaScript. A native binding will not only be faster because it will run native code, but it will also be able to work on database files directly instead of having to load the entire database in memory, avoiding out of memory errors and further improving performances.

SQLite is public domain, sql.js is MIT licensed.

API documentation

A full API documentation for all the available classes and methods is available. Is is generated from comments inside the source code, and is thus always up to date.


By default, sql.js uses wasm, and thus needs to load a .wasm file in addition to the javascript library. You can find this file in ./node_modules/sql.js/dist/sql-wasm.wasm after installing sql.js from npm, and instruct your bundler to add it to your static assets or load it from a CDN. Then use the locateFile property of the configuration object passed to initSqlJs to indicate where the file is. If you use an asset builder such as webpack, you can automate this. See this demo of how to integrate sql.js with webpack (and react).

const initSqlJs = require('sql.js');
// or if you are in a browser:
// var initSqlJs = window.initSqlJs;

const SQL = await initSqlJs({
  // Required to load the wasm binary asynchronously. Of course, you can host it wherever you want
  // You can omit locateFile completely when running in node
  locateFile: file => `https://sql.js.org/dist/${file}`

// Create a database
var db = new SQL.Database();
// NOTE: You can also use new SQL.Database(data) where
// data is an Uint8Array representing an SQLite database file

// Prepare an sql statement
var stmt = db.prepare("SELECT * FROM hello WHERE a=:aval AND b=:bval");

// Bind values to the parameters and fetch the results of the query
var result = stmt.getAsObject({':aval' : 1, ':bval' : 'world'});
console.log(result); // Will print {a:1, b:'world'}

// Bind other values
stmt.bind([0, 'hello']);
while (stmt.step()) console.log(stmt.get()); // Will print [0, 'hello']
// free the memory used by the statement
// You can not use your statement anymore once it has been freed.
// But not freeing your statements causes memory leaks. You don't want that.

// Execute a single SQL string that contains multiple statements
sqlstr = "CREATE TABLE hello (a int, b char);";
sqlstr += "INSERT INTO hello VALUES (0, 'hello');"
sqlstr += "INSERT INTO hello VALUES (1, 'world');"
db.run(sqlstr); // Run the query without returning anything

var res = db.exec("SELECT * FROM hello");
  {columns:['a','b'], values:[[0,'hello'],[1,'world']]}

// You can also use JavaScript functions inside your SQL code
// Create the js function you need
function add(a, b) {return a+b;}
// Specifies the SQL function's name, the number of it's arguments, and the js function to use
db.create_function("add_js", add);
// Run a query in which the function is used
db.run("INSERT INTO hello VALUES (add_js(7, 3), add_js('Hello ', 'world'));"); // Inserts 10 and 'Hello world'

// Export the database to an Uint8Array containing the SQLite database file
var binaryArray = db.export();


There are a few examples available here. The most full-featured is the Sqlite Interpreter.


The test files provide up to date example of the use of the api.

Inside the browser

Example HTML file:

<meta charset="utf8" />
  <script src='/dist/sql-wasm.js'></script>
    config = {
      locateFile: filename => `/dist/${filename}`
    // The `initSqlJs` function is globally provided by all of the main dist files if loaded in the browser.
    // We must specify this locateFile function if we are loading a wasm file from anywhere other than the current html page's folder.
      //Create the database
      var db = new SQL.Database();
      // Run a query without reading the results
      db.run("CREATE TABLE test (col1, col2);");
      // Insert two rows: (1,111) and (2,222)
      db.run("INSERT INTO test VALUES (?,?), (?,?)", [1,111,2,222]);

      // Prepare a statement
      var stmt = db.prepare("SELECT * FROM test WHERE col1 BETWEEN $start AND $end");
      stmt.getAsObject({$start:1, $end:1}); // {col1:1, col2:111}

      // Bind new values
      stmt.bind({$start:1, $end:2});
      while(stmt.step()) { //
        var row = stmt.getAsObject();
        console.log('Here is a row: ' + JSON.stringify(row));
    Output is in Javascript console

Creating a database from a file chosen by the user

SQL.Database constructor takes an array of integer representing a database file as an optional parameter. The following code uses an HTML input as the source for loading a database:

dbFileElm.onchange = () => {
  var f = dbFileElm.files[0];
  var r = new FileReader();
  r.onload = function() {
    var Uints = new Uint8Array(r.result);
    db = new SQL.Database(Uints);

See : https://sql-js.github.io/sql.js/examples/GUI/gui.js

Loading a database from a server

var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
// For example: https://github.com/lerocha/chinook-database/raw/master/ChinookDatabase/DataSources/Chinook_Sqlite.sqlite
xhr.open('GET', '/path/to/database.sqlite', true);
xhr.responseType = 'arraybuffer';

xhr.onload = e => {
  var uInt8Array = new Uint8Array(xhr.response);
  var db = new SQL.Database(uInt8Array);
  var contents = db.exec("SELECT * FROM my_table");
  // contents is now [{columns:['col1','col2',...], values:[[first row], [second row], ...]}]

See: https://github.com/sql-js/sql.js/wiki/Load-a-database-from-the-server

Use from node.js

sql.js is hosted on npm. To install it, you can simply run npm install sql.js. Alternatively, you can simply download sql-wasm.js and sql-wasm.wasm, from the download link below.

read a database from the disk:

var fs = require('fs');
var initSqlJs = require('sql-wasm.js');
var filebuffer = fs.readFileSync('test.sqlite');

  // Load the db
  var db = new SQL.Database(filebuffer);

write a database to the disk

You need to convert the result of db.export to a buffer

var fs = require("fs");
// [...] (create the database)
var data = db.export();
var buffer = new Buffer(data);
fs.writeFileSync("filename.sqlite", buffer);

See : https://github.com/sql-js/sql.js/blob/master/test/test_node_file.js

Use as web worker

If you don't want to run CPU-intensive SQL queries in your main application thread, you can use the more limited WebWorker API.

You will need to download dist/worker.sql-wasm.js dist/worker.sql-wasm.wasm.


  var worker = new Worker("/dist/worker.sql-wasm.js");
  worker.onmessage = () => {
    console.log("Database opened");
    worker.onmessage = event => {
      console.log(event.data); // The result of the query

      id: 2,
      action: "exec",
      sql: "SELECT age,name FROM test WHERE id=$id",
      params: { "$id": 1 }

  worker.onerror = e => console.log("Worker error: ", e);
    buffer:buf, /*Optional. An ArrayBuffer representing an SQLite Database file*/

See examples/GUI/gui.js for a full working example.

Flavors/versions Targets/Downloads

This library includes both WebAssembly and asm.js versions of Sqlite. (WebAssembly is the newer, preferred way to compile to JavaScript, and has superceded asm.js. It produces smaller, faster code.) Asm.js versions are included for compatibility.

Upgrading from 0.x to 1.x

Version 1.0 of sql.js must be loaded asynchronously, whereas asm.js was able to be loaded synchronously.

So in the past, you would:

<script src='js/sql.js'></script>
  var db = new SQL.Database();


var SQL = require('sql.js');
var db = new SQL.Database();

Version 1.x:

<script src='dist/sql-wasm.js'></script>
  initSqlJs({ locateFile: filename => `/dist/${filename}` }).then(function(SQL){
    var db = new SQL.Database();


var initSqlJs = require('sql-wasm.js');
  var db = new SQL.Database();

NOTHING is now a reserved word in SQLite, whereas previously it was not. This could cause errors like Error: near "nothing": syntax error


Although asm.js files were distributed as a single Javascript file, WebAssembly libraries are most efficiently distributed as a pair of files, the .js loader and the .wasm file, like sql-wasm.js and sql-wasm.wasm. The .js file is responsible for loading the .wasm file. You can find these files on our release page

Versions of sql.js included in the distributed artifacts

You can always find the latest published artifacts on https://github.com/sql-js/sql.js/releases/latest.

For each release, you will find a file called sqljs.zip in the release assets. It will contain:

  • sql-wasm.js : The Web Assembly version of Sql.js. Minified and suitable for production. Use this. If you use this, you will need to include/ship sql-wasm.wasm as well.
  • sql-wasm-debug.js : The Web Assembly, Debug version of Sql.js. Larger, with assertions turned on. Useful for local development. You will need to include/ship sql-wasm-debug.wasm if you use this.
  • sql-asm.js : The older asm.js version of Sql.js. Slower and larger. Provided for compatibility reasons.
  • sql-asm-memory-growth.js : Asm.js doesn't allow for memory to grow by default, because it is slower and de-optimizes. If you are using sql-asm.js and you see this error (Cannot enlarge memory arrays), use this file.
  • sql-asm-debug.js : The Debug asm.js version of Sql.js. Use this for local development.
  • worker.* - Web Worker versions of the above libraries. More limited API. See examples/GUI/gui.js for a good example of this.


In order to enable extensions like JSON1 or FTS5, change the CFLAGS in the Makefile and rebuild:

        -O2 \

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npm i sql.js-fts5

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