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0.2.1 • Public • Published


A simple SPARQL HTTP Client library for Node.js. The spiritual successor to Aldo Bucchi's node-sparql

Getting Started


npm install sparqlshine


var sparql = require('sparqlshine');
var client = new sparql.Client('http://dbpedia.org/sparql');
client.query('select * where { ?s ?p ?o } limit 100', function(err, res) {
  return console.log(res);

The result of calling the query() function will be a raw object conforming to the SPARQL-JSON[1] results format.

Core API


Low level function. Returns the complete SPARQL-JSON results object.

client.query('select * where {?s ?p ?o} limit 10', function(err, res) {
  var ref = res.results.bindings;
  for (var i = 0, len = ref.length; i < len; i++) {

Convenience Query Methods


Convenience method to get to the rows directly. Builds on top of sparql.query, like most of the other query methods.

client.rows('select * where {?s ?p ?o} limit 10', function(err, res) {
  for (var i = 0, len = res.length; i < len; i++) {


Convenience method that only returns the first row in the result set

client.row('select * where {?s ?p ?o} limit 10', function(err, res) {


Convenience method that returns an array of with the first value of each row

client.col('select distinct ?name where {?s foaf:name ?name} limit 10', function(err, res) {
  for (var i = 0, len = res.length; i < len; i++) {

What's with the rdf_value.value part? Read the SPARQL-JSON results format specification page.


Convenience method that returns only the first binding of the first row or NULL

client.col('select ?name where {?s foaf:name ?name} limit 1', function(err, res) {

Convenience Update Methods

There are a bunch of higher level methods that generate SPARQL for you. I am providing a small number of such methods, as I don't want this library to grow into something like Active Record.

Writing SPARQL by hand is highly encouraged.


Provide an abstraction atop a simple 'entity oriented' operation that is not so simple when you are working with SPARQL.

Imagine you want to do something like this, conceptually speaking:

aldo.name = 'Aldo'

You can get that with one simple call to the API

client.set('<urn:test:graph>', '<urn:test:aldo>', '<urn:test:name>', '"Aldo"', false, function(err, res) {
  console.log('Aldo is now named Aldo, hooray!');

Not so simple? Well, compare that to the SPARQL Update statement that gets generated under the covers:

modify <urn:test:graph>
  delete { <urn:test:aldo> <urn:test:name> ?x }
  insert { <urn:test:aldo> <urn:test:name> "Aldo" }
  where { optional{ <urn:test:aldo> <urn:test:name> ?x } }

Notice that, if <urn:test:aldo> had a previous <urn:test:name>, it will be replaced. If it doesn't, then a new triple will be inserted.

You can also delete a value by setting it to null ( effectively removing one or more triples )

client.set('<urn:test:graph>', '<urn:test:aldo>', '<urn:test:name>', null, false, function(err, res) {
  console.log('Aldo went back to anonimity');

In this case, the generated SPARQL is:

delete from <urn:test:graph>
  { <urn:test:aldo> <urn:test:name> ?x }
  where { <urn:test:aldo> <urn:test:name> ?x }

The 5th parameter is a boolean flag indicating whether the triple patterns should be inverted ( useful for when you only have the reversed predicate )


One Subject, several pairs Predicate-Object

Let's group some attributes of an user

attributes =
	'<urn:test:username>' : 'haj'
	'<urn:test:password>' : '123'
	'<urn:test:name>' : 'Herman'

And we invoke mset

client.mset('<urn:test:graph>', '<urn:test:haj>', attributes, function(err, res) {
  if (err != null) {
  } else {
    console.log('Error: ' + err);

The SPARQL query generated is:

INSERT INTO <urn:test:graph>
	{ <urn:test:haj> 	<urn:test:username> 	'Haj';
						<urn:test:password>		'123';
						<urn:test:name>			'Herman'. }


Mocha is used for testing. Install Mocha by running npm install -g mocha.

To run the tests, find the root directory of the project and run mocha test/sparql.test.js.


npm i sparqlshine

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