Easily translates plain ASCII punctuation characters into "smart" typographic punctuation HTML entities.
The following text about what is SmartyPants and how to use it is from the original SmartyPants.pl project.
by John Gruber
SmartyPants can perform the following transformations:
Straight quotes (
') into "curly" quote HTML entities
Backtick-style quotes (
``like this'') into "curly" quote HTML entities
---) into en- and em-dash entities
Three consecutive dots (
...) into an ellipsis entity
This means you can write, edit, and save your posts using plain old ASCII straight quotes, plain dashes, and plain dots, but your published posts (and final HTML output) will appear with smart quotes, em-dashes, and proper ellipses.
SmartyPants does not modify characters within
<script> tag blocks. Typically, these tags are used to
display text where smart quotes and other "smart punctuation" would not
be appropriate, such as source code or example markup.
If you need to use literal straight quotes (or plain hyphens and periods), SmartyPants accepts the following backslash escape sequences to force non-smart punctuation. It does so by transforming the escape sequence into a decimal-encoded HTML entity:
Escape Value Character ------ ----- --------- \\ \ \ \" " " \' ' ' \. . . \- - - \` ` `
This is useful, for example, when you want to use straight quotes as foot and inch marks:
in SmartyPants's HTML output. Which, when rendered by a web browser, looks like:
npm install -g smartypants
npm install smartypants
smartypants command line only support stdio now:
cat source.txt | smartypants
There is another command
smartypantsu return UTF-8 character instead of HTML entity.
cat source.txt | smartypants
var smartypants = require('smartypants'); var attr = 1; // Number or string var sourceText = '"hello!"'; var educated = smartypants.smartypants(sourceText, attr);
import smartypants from 'smartypants'; var attr = 1; // Number or string var sourceText = '"hello!"'; var educated = smartypants(sourceText, attr); // default export is available
In node module, smartypants provides several methods, orginal provided only in MT Tempalte:
- default is smartypants (ES6 module only)
smartypantsueducates everything, return UTF-8 characters instead of HTML entity
smartquotesonly educates quotes
smartdashesonly educates dashes
smartellipsesonly educates ellipses
Options and Configuration
Numeric values are the easiest way to configure SmartyPants's behavior:
"0" Suppress all transformations. (Do nothing.)
Performs default SmartyPants transformations: quotes (including
backticks-style), em-dashes, and ellipses.
-- (dash dash) is
used to signify an em-dash; there is no support for en-dashes.
Same as smarty_pants="1", except that it uses the old-school
typewriter shorthand for dashes:
-- (dash dash) for en-dashes,
--- (dash dash dash) for em-dashes.
Same as smarty_pants="2", but inverts the shorthand for dashes:
(dash dash) for em-dashes, and
--- (dash dash dash) for en-dashes.
Stupefy mode. Reverses the SmartyPants transformation process,
turning the HTML entities produced by SmartyPants into their ASCII
“ is turned into a simple double-quote
— is turned into two dashes, etc. This is useful if you
are using SmartyPants from Brad Choate's MT-Textile text filter, but
wish to suppress smart punctuation in specific MT templates, such as
RSS feeds. Text filters do their work before templates are
processed; but you can use smarty_pants="-1" to reverse the
transformations in specific templates.
The following single-character attribute values can be combined to
toggle individual transformations from within the smarty_pants
attribute. For example, to educate normal quotes and em-dashes, but not
ellipses or backticks-style quotes:
Educates normal quote characters: (
") and (
``backticks'' double quotes.
Educates backticks-style double quotes and
single' ` quotes.
"d" Educates em-dashes.
"D" Educates em-dashes and en-dashes, using old-school typewriter shorthand: (dash dash) for en-dashes, (dash dash dash) for em-dashes.
"i" Educates em-dashes and en-dashes, using inverted old-school typewriter shorthand: (dash dash) for em-dashes, (dash dash dash) for en-dashes.
"e" Educates ellipses.
Translates any instance of
" into a normal double-quote
character. This should be of no interest to most people, but of
particular interest to anyone who writes their posts using
Dreamweaver, as Dreamweaver inexplicably uses this entity to
represent a literal double-quote character. SmartyPants only
educates normal quotes, not entities (because ordinarily, entities
are used for the explicit purpose of representing the specific
character they represent). The "w" option must be used in
conjunction with one (or both) of the other quote options ("q" or
"b"). Thus, if you wish to apply all SmartyPants transformations
(quotes, en- and em-dashes, and ellipses) and also translate
" entities into regular quotes so SmartyPants can educate
them, you should pass the following to the smarty_pants attribute:
Why You Might Not Want to Use Smart Quotes in Your Weblog
For one thing, you might not care.
Most normal, mentally stable individuals do not take notice of proper typographic punctuation. Many design and typography nerds, however, break out in a nasty rash when they encounter, say, a restaurant sign that uses a straight apostrophe to spell "Joe's".
If you're the sort of person who just doesn't care, you might well want to continue not caring. Using straight quotes -- and sticking to the 7-bit ASCII character set in general -- is certainly a simpler way to live.
Even if you do care about accurate typography, you still might want to think twice before educating the quote characters in your weblog. One side effect of publishing curly quote HTML entities is that it makes your weblog a bit harder for others to quote from using copy-and-paste. What happens is that when someone copies text from your blog, the copied text contains the 8-bit curly quote characters (as well as the 8-bit characters for em-dashes and ellipses, if you use these options). These characters are not standard across different text encoding methods, which is why they need to be encoded as HTML entities.
People copying text from your weblog, however, may not notice that you're using curly quotes, and they'll go ahead and paste the unencoded 8-bit characters copied from their browser into an email message or their own weblog. When pasted as raw "smart quotes", these characters are likely to get mangled beyond recognition.
That said, my own opinion is that any decent text editor or email client makes it easy to stupefy smart quote characters into their 7-bit equivalents, and I don't consider it my problem if you're using an indecent text editor or email client.
One situation in which quotes will get curled the wrong way is when apostrophes are used at the start of leading contractions. For example:
'Twas the night before Christmas.
In the case above, SmartyPants will turn the apostrophe into an opening
single-quote, when in fact it should be a closing one. I don't think
this problem can be solved in the general case -- every word processor
I've tried gets this wrong as well. In such cases, it's best to use the
proper HTML entity for closing single-quotes (
John Gruber http://daringfireball.net
Kao, Wei-Ko(othree) https://blog.othree.net
Portions of this plug-in are based on Brad Choate's nifty MTRegex plug-in. Brad Choate also contributed a few bits of source code to this plug-in. Brad Choate is a fine hacker indeed. (http://bradchoate.com/)
Jeremy Hedley (http://antipixel.com/) and Charles Wiltgen (http://playbacktime.com/) deserve mention for exemplary beta testing.
Rael Dornfest (http://raelity.org/) ported SmartyPants to Blosxom.
Copyright and License
Copyright (c) 2004 John Gruber
Copyright (c) 2016 Kao, Wei-Ko(othree)
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
Neither the name "SmartyPants" nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
This software is provided by the copyright holders and contributors "as is" and any express or implied warranties, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are disclaimed. In no event shall the copyright owner or contributors be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary, or consequential damages (including, but not limited to, procurement of substitute goods or services; loss of use, data, or profits; or business interruption) however caused and on any theory of liability, whether in contract, strict liability, or tort (including negligence or otherwise) arising in any way out of the use of this software, even if advised of the possibility of such damage.