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4.0.4 • Public • Published

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Front-end development toolkit, powered by Webpack, Babel, CSS Modules, Less, ESLint and Jest.

Quickly get up and running with a zero-config development environment, or optionally add minimal config when needed. Designed for usage with seek-style-guide, although this isn't a requirement.

This tool is heavily inspired by other work, most notably:

WARNING: While this software is open source, its primary purpose is to improve consistency, cross-team collaboration and code quality at SEEK. As a result, it’s likely that we will introduce more breaking API changes to this project than you’ll find in its alternatives.


Modern Javascript (via Babel)

Use import, const, =>, rest/spread operators, destructuring, classes with class properties, JSX and all their friends in your code. It'll all just work, thanks to the following Babel plugins:

Locally Scoped CSS (via CSS Modules and Less)

Import any .less file into your Javascript as a styles object and use its properties as class names.

For example, given the following Less file:

.exampleWrapper {
  font-family: comic sans ms;
  color: blue;

You can then import the classes into your JavaScript code like so:

import styles from './example.less';
export default () => (
  <div className={styles.exampleWrapper}>
    Hello World!

Static CSS-in-JS (via css-in-js-loader)

You can import .css.js files into your components and use them exactly as you would a regular style sheet. This is mostly useful when you want to take advantage of JavaScript to compose styles:

import { standardWrapper } from 'theme/wrappers';
import { fontFamily } from 'theme/typography';
import { brandPrimary } from 'theme/palette';
export default {
  '.exampleWrapper': {
    fontFamily: fontFamily,
    color: brandPrimary
import styles from './example.css.js';
export default () => (
  <div className={styles.exampleWrapper}>
    Hello World!

Unit and Snapshot Testing (via Jest)

The sku test command will invoke Jest, running any tests in files named *.test.js, *.spec.js or in a __tests__ folder.

Since sku uses Jest as a testing framework, you can read the Jest documentation for more information on writing compatible tests.

Linting and Formatting (via ESLint and Prettier)

Running sku lint will execute the ESLint rules over the code in your src directory. You can see the ESLint rules defined for sku projects in eslint-config-seek.

Adding the following to your package.json file will enable the Atom ESLint plugin to work correctly with sku.

"eslintConfig": {
  "extends": "seek"

Similarly, running sku format will reformat the JavaScript code in src using Prettier.

Static Pre-rendering (via static-site-generator-webpack-plugin)

Generate static HTML files via a webpack-compiled render function that has access to your application code. For example, when building a React application, you can pre-render to static HTML with React's renderToString function.

SEEK Style Guide Support

Without any special setup, sku is pre-configured for the SEEK Style Guide. Just start importing components as needed and everything should just work out of the box.

Getting Started

Create a new project and start a local development environment:

$ npx sku init my-app
cd my-app
$ npm start

Don't have npx?

$ npm install -g npx

Development Workflow

To start a local development server and open a new browser tab:

$ npm start

To run tests:

$ npm test

To build assets for production:

$ npm run build


If you need to configure sku, first create a sku.config.js file in your project root:

$ touch sku.config.js

While sku has a zero configuration mode, the equivalent manual configuration would look like this:

module.exports = {
  entry: {
    client: 'src/client.js',
    render: 'src/render.js'
  public: 'src/public',
  publicPath: '/',
  target: 'dist'

If you need to specify a different config file you can do so with the --config parameter.

$ sku start --config sku.custom.config.js

NOTE: The --config parameter is only used for dev (sku start) and build steps (sku build). Linting (sku lint), formatting (sku format) and running of unit tests (sku test) will still use the default config file and does not support it.

Code Splitting

At any point in your application, you can use a dynamic import to create a split point.

For example, when importing the default export from another file:

import('./some/other/file').then(({ default: stuff }) => {

For dynamically loaded bundles to work in production, you must provide a publicPath option in your sku config.

For example, if your assets are hosted on a CDN:

module.exports = {
  publicPath: `${process.env.BUILD_ID}/`

In development, the public path will be /, since assets are served locally.

In your application's render function, you have access to the public path so that you can render the correct asset URLs.

For example:

export default ({ publicPath }) => `
  <!doctype html>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="${publicPath}style.css" />
    <script src="${publicPath}main.js"></script>

Environment Variables

By default, process.env.NODE_ENV is handled correctly for you and provided globally, even to your client code. This is based on the sku script that's currently being executed, so NODE_ENV is 'development' when running sku start, but 'production' when running sku build.

Any other environment variables can be configured using the env option:

module.exports = {
  env: {

Since this config is written in JavaScript, not JSON, you can easily pass through any existing environment variables:

module.exports = {
  env: {

Environment variables can also be configured separately for development and production, plus any custom environments. The default environment for sku build is production, however you can select a custom environment to build your application by passing the command line argument --env (-e for shorthand). The environment is also passed to your code using process.env.SKU_ENV. Please note that these environments are not related to NODE_ENV.

sku build --env testing

module.exports = {
  env: {
      development: '/mock/api',
      testing: 'http://localhost/test/api',
      production: ''

Note: Running sku start will always use the development environment.


Since sku injects its own code into your bundle in development mode, it's important for polyfills that modify the global environment to be loaded before all other code. To address this, the polyfills option allows you to provide an array of modules to import before any other code is executed.

Note: Polyfills are only loaded in a browser context. This feature can't be used to modify the global environment in Node.

module.exports = {
  polyfills: [

Compile Packages

Sometimes you might want to extract and share code between sku projects, but this code is likely to rely on the same tooling and language features that this toolkit provides. A great example of this is seek-style-guide. Out of the box sku supports loading the seek-style-guide but if you need to treat other packages in this way you can use compilePackages.

module.exports = {
  compilePackages: ['awesome-shared-components']

Any node_modules passed into this option will be compiled through webpack as if they are part of your app.


Often we render multiple versions of our application for different locations, eg. Australia & New Zealand. To render an HTML file for each location you can use the locales option in sku.config.js. Locales are preferable to monorepos when you need to render multiple versions of your HTML file but only need one version of each of the assets (JS, CSS, images, etc). Note: You can use locales inside a monorepo project.

The locales option accepts an array of strings representing each locale you want to render HTML files for.

module.exports = {
  locales: ['AU', 'NZ']

For each locale, sku will call your render.js function and pass it the locale as a parameter.

const render = ({ locale }) => (
  `<div>Rendered for ${locale}</div>`

The name of the HTML file that is generated will be suffixed by -{locale}.


module.exports = {
  locales: ['AU', 'NZ']

will create index-AU.html & index-NZ.html.

Note: When running the app in dev mode only one HTML file will be created, defaulting to the first listed locale.

Development server

Out of the box sku will start your app with webpack-dev-server on http://localhost:8080. However there a few options you can pass sku.config.js if needed.

module.exports = {
  // A list hosts your app can run off while in the dev environment.
  hosts: ['', ''],
  // The port you want the server to run on
  port: 5000,
  // Optional parameter to set a page to open when the development server starts
  initialPath: '/my-page'

Note: The app will always run on localhost. The hosts option is only for apps that resolve custom hosts to localhost.

Monorepo Support

If you need to build multiple projects in the same repo, you can provide an array of config objects.

Note that you can only run a development server for a single project at a time, so each configuration must be given a unique name:

module.exports = [
    name: 'hello',
    entry: {
      client: 'src/pages/hello/client.js',
      render: 'src/pages/hello/render.js'
    public: 'src/pages/hello/public',
    target: 'dist/hello'
    name: 'world',
    entry: {
      client: 'src/pages/world/client.js',
      render: 'src/pages/world/render.js'
    public: 'src/pages/world/public',
    target: 'dist/world'

You will then be prompted to select the project you'd like to work on when starting your development server:

$ npm start

Alternatively, you can start the relevant project directly:

$ npm start hello


Refer to If you're planning to change the public API, please open a new issue and follow the provided RFC template in the GitHub issue template.


MIT License


npm i sku

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