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singlie

2.1.0 • Public • Published

Singlie

⚡ Singly circular & linear linked lists for ES6

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Description

Progressive implementation of the circular and linear singly linked list data structures in ES6 with TypeScript support.

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Visit the contributing guidelines to learn more on how to translate this document into more languages.

Contents

Install

Yarn

yarn add singlie

NPM

npm install singlie

Usage

Singlie exposes a progressive and composable API, that can be utilized through a simple and minimal syntax, allowing you to combine and chain methods effectively.

Usage examples can be also found at the test directory.

const {Circular, Linear} = require('singlie');
 
const linear = new Linear();
linear.prepend('A').append('B');
linear.head;
// => Node { value: 'A', next: Node { value: 'B', next: null } }
linear.head.next;
// => Node { value: 'B', next: null }
linear.head.next.next;
// => null
linear.map(x => `[${x}]`).reverse().join(' -> ');
// => [B] -> [A]
 
const circular = new Circular();
circular.append('B').prepend('A');
circular.head;
// => Node { value: 'A', next: Node { value: 'B', next: [Circular] } }
circular.head.next;
// => Node { value: 'B', next: Node { value: 'A', next: [Circular] } }
circular.head.next.next;
// => Node { value: 'A', next: Node { value: 'B', next: [Circular] } }
circular.map(x => `[${x}]`).reverse().toArray();
// => [ '[B]', '[A]' ]

In Depth

Linear Singly Linked List

Linear singly linked lists can contain multiple nodes, where each node has only a value and a next attribute. The value attribute holds the value stored inside of the node, and the next attribute points to the next node in line. The only exception, is that the last node of the list has null stored to its next attribute, which indicates the lack of further nodes down the line, thus the end of the list. The following example demonstrates the operations that can be performed on any linear singly linked list.

const {Linear} = require('singlie');
 
const linear = new Linear();
 
// Append a node holding the value `E`
linear.append('E');
linear.head; // => Node { value: 'E', next: null }
linear.last; // => Node { value: 'E', next: null }
linear.get(0); // => E
 
// Return the node corresponding to the index
linear.node(0); // => Node { value: 'E', next: null }
linear.node(0).value; // => E
linear.node(0).next; // => null
 
// Append multiple nodes at once
linear.append('F', 'G');
linear.length; // => 3
linear.node(0).next.value; // => F
linear.node(0).next.next.value; // => G
linear.toArray(); // => [ 'E', 'F', 'G' ]
 
// Prepend multiple nodes at once
linear.prepend('B', 'A');
linear.join(' '); // => A B E F G
 
// Insert multiple nodes to the given index
linear.insert({value: ['D', 'C', 'X'], index: 2});
linear.join(' '); // => A B X C D E F G
 
// Remove the node corresponding to the index
linear.remove(2);
linear.join(' '); // => A B C D E F G
 
// Update the value of the node corresponding to the index
linear.node(linear.length - 1).value = '!';
linear.join(' '); // => A B C D E F !
linear.set({value: 'G', index: linear.length - 1});
linear.join(' '); // => A B C D E F G
 
// Iterate over the list
const array = [];
linear.forEach(x => array.push(x));
log(array);
// => [ 'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F', 'G' ]
 
// Chain multiple methods
linear.reverse().map(x => `[${x}]`).join('->');
// => [G]->[F]->[E]->[D]->[C]->[B]->[A]
 
// Clear the list
linear.clear(); // => Linear { head: null, length: 0 }

Circular Singly Linked List

Circular singly linked lists can also contain multiple nodes, where again each node has the same value and next attributes. The only difference compared to linear lists, is that the last node always points back to the first node / head of the list, thus the list is said to be circular or circularly linked. The following example demonstrates the operations that can be performed on any circular singly linked list.

const {Circular} = require('singlie');
 
const circular = new Circular();
const {log} = console;
 
// Append a node holding the value `E`
circular.append('E');
circular.head; // => Node { value: 'E', next: [Circular] }
circular.last; // => Node { value: 'E', next: [Circular] }
circular.get(0); // => E
 
// Return the node corresponding to the index
circular.node(0); // => Node { value: 'E', next: [Circular] }
circular.node(0).value; // => E
circular.node(0).next.value; // => E
circular.node(0).next.next.value; // => E
 
// Append multiple nodes at once
circular.append('F', 'G');
circular.length; // => 3
circular.node(0).next.value; // => F
circular.node(0).next.next.value; // => G
circular.node(0).next.next.next.value; // => E
circular.toArray(); // => [ 'E', 'F', 'G' ]
 
// Prepend multiple nodes at once
circular.prepend('B', 'A');
circular.join(' '); // => A B E F G
 
// Insert multiple nodes to the given index
circular.insert({value: ['D', 'C', 'X'], index: 2});
circular.join(' '); // => A B X C D E F G
 
// Remove the node corresponding to the index
circular.remove(2);
circular.join(' '); // => A B C D E F G
 
// Update the value of the node corresponding to the index
circular.node(circular.length - 1).value = '!';
circular.join(' '); // => A B C D E F !
circular.set({value: 'G', index: circular.length - 1});
circular.join(' '); // => A B C D E F G
 
// Iterate over the list
const array = [];
circular.forEach(x => array.push(x));
log(array);
// => [ 'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F', 'G' ]
 
// Chain multiple methods
circular.reverse().map(x => `[${x}]`).join('->');
// => [G]->[F]->[E]->[D]->[C]->[B]->[A]
 
// Clear the list
circular.clear(); // => Circular { head: null, length: 0 }

API

The following documentation holds for both circular & linear lists. The described list instance is used to depict the same methods that are applicable to both a linear and a circular linked list, without overlooking their above described differences and unique qualities.

list.append(value[, value])

  • Return Type: Linked List

Appends one of more nodes to the list.

value
  • Type: any

Can be one or more comma delimited values. Each value corresponds to a single node.

list.append('A', 'B', 'C', 'D');
// => { value: 'A', next: { value: 'B', next: [List] } }

list.prepend(value[, value])

  • Return Type: Linked List

Prepends one of more nodes to the list.

value
  • Type: any

Can be one or more comma delimited values. Each value corresponds to a single node.

list.append('C' , 'D');
// => { value: 'C', next: [List] }
list.prepend('B', 'A');
// => { value: 'A', next: { value: 'B', next: { value: 'C', next: [List] } } }

list.head

  • Return Type: Node | null

Returns the first node / head on the list.

list.append('A', 'B');
list.head;
// => Node { value: 'A', next: [Node] }

list.last

  • Return Type: Node | null

Returns the last node on the list.

list.append('A', 'B');
list.last;
// => Node { value: 'B', next: [Node] }

list.length

  • Return Type: Integer

Returns the length of the list.

list.append('A', 'B');
list.length;
// => 2

list.isEmpty()

  • Return Type: Boolean

Checks whether or not the list is empty.

list.append('A', 'B');
list.isEmpty();
// => false

list.insert({value[, value], index})

  • Return Type: Linked List

Inserts one or more nodes to the given index.

value
  • Type: any

Can be one or more comma delimited values. Each value corresponds to a single node.

index
  • Type: Integer

Can be an integer corresponding to a list index.

list.append('A', 'B', 'E');
list.insert({value: ['C', 'D'], index: 1});
// => { value: 'A', next: { value: 'D', next: { value: 'C', next: { value: 'B', next: [List] } } } }

list.node(index)

  • Return Type: Node

Return the node corresponding to the given index.

index
  • Type: Integer

Can be an integer corresponding to a list index.

list.append('A', 'B', 'C', 'D');
const node = list.node(0);
// => { value: 'A', next: { value: 'B', next: [List] } }
node.value;
// => A
node.next;
// => { value: 'B', next: [List] }

list.get(index)

  • Return Type: any

Return the value of node corresponding to the given index.

index
  • Type: Integer

Can be an integer corresponding to a list index.

list.append('A', 'B');
 
list.get(0);
// => A
list.get(0);
// => B

list.remove(index)

  • Return Type: Linked List

Removes from the list the node located to the given index.

index
  • Type: Integer
  • Default: list.length - 1

Can be an integer corresponding to a list index.

If not provided, the last node of the list will be removed.

list.append('A', 'B', 'C', 'D');
// => { value: 'A', next: [List] }
list.remove(0);
// => { value: 'B', next: [List] }
list.remove(0);
// => { value: 'C', next: [List] }

list.toArray()

  • Return Type: Array

Converts the list into an array.

list.append('A', 'B', 'C');
// => { value: 'A', next: { value: 'B', next: [List] } }
const array = list.toArray();
// => [ 'A', 'B', 'C' ]

list.clear()

  • Return Type: Linked List

Removes all nodes from the list.

list.append('A', 'B', 'C');
// => { value: 'A', next: { value: 'B', next: [List] } }
list.clear();
// => null

list.join([separator])

  • Return Type: String

Joins the values of all nodes on the list into a string and returns the string.

separator
  • Type: String
  • Default: Comma ','

Specifies a string to separate each pair of adjacent node values of the array.

If omitted, the node values are separated with a comma ','.

list.append('A', 'B', 'C');
// => { value: 'A', next: { value: 'B', next: [List] } }
list.join();
// => 'A,B,C'
list.join('');
// => 'ABC'
list.join(' ');
// => 'A B C'

list.forEach(function)

  • Return Type: Linked List

Executes a provided function once for each node value.

function
  • Type: Function

Function to execute for each node value.

const array = [];
list.append('A', 'B', 'C');
// => { value: 'A', next: { value: 'B', next: [List] } }
list.forEach(x => array.push(x));
console.log(array);
// => [ 'A', 'B', 'C' ];

list.map(function)

  • Return Type: Linked List

Executes a provided function once for each node value.

function
  • Type: Function

Function that produces a new node value for the new list.

list.append('A', 'B', 'C');
// => { value: 'A', next: { value: 'B', next: [List] } }
const mapped = list.map(x => `[${x}]`);
array.join(' ');
// => '[A] [B] [C]'

list.filter(function)

  • Return Type: Linked List

Creates a new liked list with all elements that pass the test implemented by the provided function.

function
  • Type: Function

Function is a predicate, to test each element of the list. Return true to keep the element, false otherwise.

list.append(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6);
// => { value: 1, next: { value: 2, next: [List] } }
const filtered = list.filter(x => x % 2 > 0);
filtered.toArray();
// => [ 1, 3, 5 ]

list.reduce(function, initialValue)

  • Return Type: Any

Executes a reducer function on each member of the list resulting in a single output value.

function
  • Type: Function

The reducer function takes two arguments: accumulator & current value. The reducer function's returned value is assigned to the accumulator, whose value is remembered across each iteration throughout the list and ultimately becomes the final, single resulting value.

list.append(20, 50, 35, 41, 5, 67);
// => { value: 20, next: { value: 50, next: [List] } }
list.reduce((acc, x) => acc > x ? acc : x, -Infinity);
// => 67

list.includes(value)

  • Return Type: Boolean

The method determines whether a list, circular or linear, includes a certain value among its nodes, returning true or false as appropriate.

value
  • Type: Any

The value to search for.

list.append(20, 50, 35, 41, 5, 67);
// => { value: 20, next: { value: 50, next: [List] } }
list.includes();
// => false
list.includes(0);
// => false
list.includes(50);
// => true

list.indexOf(value)

  • Return Type: Number

The method returns the first index at which a given element can be found in the circular/linear linked list, or -1 if it is not present.

value
  • Type: Any

Element to locate in the array.

list.append(20, 50, 35, 41, 5, 67);
// => { value: 20, next: { value: 50, next: [List] } }
list.indexOf();
// => -1
list.indexOf(0);
// => -1
list.indexOf(41);
// => 3

list.toString()

  • Return Type: String

Returns a string representing the specified list and its elements.

list.append(20, 50, 35, 41, 5, 67);
// => '20,50,35,41,5,67'

list.isCircular()

  • Return Type: Boolean

Returns true if the linked list is circular or false if it is linear.

const {Circular} = require('singlie');
 
const list = new Circular();
 
list.isCircular();
// => true

list.isLinear()

  • Return Type: Boolean

Returns true if the linked list is linear or false if it is circular.

const {Circular} = require('singlie');
 
const list = new Circular();
 
list.isLinear();
// => false

linear.toCircular()

  • Return Type: Circular Linked List

Returns a new circular linked list containing all elements of the original linear linked list.

const {Linear} = require('singlie');
 
const list = new Linear();
 
list.toCircular().isLinear();
// => false

circular.toLinear()

  • Return Type: Linear Linked List

Returns a new linear linked list containing all elements of the original circular linked list.

const {Circular} = require('singlie');
 
const list = new Circular();
 
list.toLinear().isLinear();
// => true

Also available, along with the Circular and Linear exposed classes, is the Node class, mainly useful for testing purposes, since it can be utilized to compare nodes residing in linear & circular linked lists. The class has a unary constructor method, with a 'value' parameter, corresponding to the data stored in the created instance.

Additionally, each Node instance has the following two public properties:

node.value

  • Return Type: any

The value that the node contains.

const {Node} = require('singlie');
 
const node = new Node('A');
// => { value: 'A', next: null }
 
node.value;
//=> 'A'
 
node.value = 'B' // Update the `value` attribute to 'B'
// => { value: 'B', next: null }

node.next

  • Return Type: Node | null

The next node in line, that the targeted node instance points to.

const {Node} = require('singlie');
 
const node1 = new Node('A');
// => { value: 'A', next: null }
 
node1.next
//=> null
 
const node2 = new Node('B');
 
node1.next = node2; // `node1` now points to `node2`
//=> { value: 'A', next: { value: 'B', next: null } }

Development

For more info on how to contribute to the project, please read the contributing guidelines.

  • Fork the repository and clone it to your machine
  • Navigate to your local fork: cd singlie
  • Install the project dependencies: npm install or yarn install
  • Lint the code and run the tests: npm test or yarn test

Related

  • doublie - Doubly circular & linear linked lists for ES6

Team

License

MIT

install

npm i singlie

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version

2.1.0

license

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homepage

github.com

repository

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