Non-Printable Material

    shared-store

    4.1.2 • Public • Published

    nlm-github nlm-node nlm-version

    shared-store

    This module allows you load data from a .json, .cson or .yml file, URL or custom loader function and share that data easily amongst multiple node.js worker processes. When the data changes, the master process will load the latest changes, which are immediately made available for all workers to consume.

    At Groupon, this allows us to dynamically update app config in a central system, and see those changes propagate automatically to our node.js processes without having to restart our apps.

    For development, engineers can change their local file-based config, and see those changes reflected immediately.

    Files are observed via fs.watch and URLs via a polling mechanism. HTTP cache headers are supported for optimal fetching behavior.

    Install

    npm install --save shared-store

    Usage

    The code below can be used in both master & child processes. The master process (i.e. cluster.isMaster) will run the loader; whereas the child processes will fetch changes from the temp directory.

    const SharedStore = require('shared-store');
    const fileContent = require('shared-store/file');
    
    const store = new SharedStore({
      temp: 'tmp/config',
    
      loader(options) {
        return fileContent(options.filename, {
          watch: true,
        });
      }
    });
    
    // Load the initial configuration
    store.init({ filename: 'conf/application.json' })
      .then(config => {
    
        // The `config` variable was passed into the callback for convenience
        // purposes only.  If you want the latest data at any point, you can call:
        const latestConfig = store.getCurrent();
    
        const server = require('http').createServer((req, res) => {
          res.end('ok');
        }).listen(latestConfig.port);
      }).catch(err => { throw err });

    When loading fails, the store will fall back to the temp directory.

    API

    new SharedStore({ temp, loader, active })

    Creates a new store, based on the given loader.

    • temp: Directory to store cached versions of the data. This is used for handling load errors and for sharing data across processes. The directory should not contain any other files.
    • loader: A function that takes options and returns an observable with the data.
    • active: If this instance should actively load the data or just get the latest from the temp directory. Defaults to cluster.isMaster.

    store.init([ options, [ callback ] ])

    Sets the options that will be passed into the loader. The promise will be resolved with the initial data.

    Note that cached data could be returned in the callback/promise if it already exists.

    SharedStore does not interpret options in any way, it is just forwarded to the loader.

    store.getCurrent()

    Get the last known version of the data. This function is safe to call once init finished. It will just return undefined otherwise.

    store.setActive(active=true)

    Enables/disables active mode (see constructor).

    SharedStore.safeMerge

    Random utility function to deep-merge multiple objects without mutating any of the input arguments. Very useful in loader implementations when combined with Observable.combineLatest.

    fileContent(filename, options)

    const fileContent = require('shared-store/file');

    An observable representing the content of a file. By default, parses the content based on the extension.

    Support for the following extensions is built in:

    • .json: Parsed using JSON.parse
    • .cson: Parsed using CSON.parse
    • .yml/.yaml: Parsed using yaml.load
    Options
    • defaultValue: If the file is not found, return this value instead. Parse errors will still cause failures.
    • root: If provided, the filename will be resolved relative to it.
    • parse: Function that takes a string and parses it into data. Defaults to auto-detection from the file's extension.
    • watch: Watch file for changes, defaults to false.
    • interval: Interval for checking for file changes in ms. If provided, has to be at least 1000 (1 second). Any value <= 0 disables the behavior. If watch is enabled, interval is automatically disabled. Defaults to 0 (disabled).

    fileAlternativesContent([filename, ...], options)

    const fileAlternativesContent = require('shared-store/file-alternatives');

    An observable representing the content of a single file, chosen from among multiple alternatives. All of the alternatives in the array argument are checked for existence. Iff exactly one exists, it is passed along with options to fileContent(). This is useful for multiple extensions:

    fileAlternativesContent(['some-file.cson', 'some-file.json'], options)

    or for a legacy path location and a new path location:

    fileAlternativesContent([oldestPath, oldPath, currentPath], options)

    If more than one or none of the paths exist, it is an error.

    httpResource({fetch, interval})

    const httpResource = require('shared-store/http');

    An observable representing a cacheable HTTP resource. Makes only minimal assumptions about how the data is fetched and focuses on handling caching.

    For interval, see the fileContent options above.

    fetch(headers) -> Promise({ body, response })

    The http resource will pass in cache headers that should be forwarded by the fetch implementation. httpResource will store ETag and Last-Modified headers in the response and pass them into subsequent requests. If response.statusCode is 304, the last known body will be returned. httpResource does not interpret the body in any way.

    Example fetch implementation using request:

    function fetch(headers) {
      return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
        request('http://my-service/config', {
          headers, json: true
        }, (error, response) => {
          if (response && response.statusCode === 304) {
            // Ignore parse errors etc. when a 304 is received
            return resolve({ response });
          } else if (error) {
            // Forward errors
            return reject(error);
          }
          // Default: resolve with response and body
          resolve({ response, body: response.body });
        });
      });
    }

    If you don't set an interval, handling the headers argument isn't necessary.

    Events

    Events are emitted on instances of the SharedStore class. Most notably, error events are emitted as 'err' and not 'error'. This is because unhandled 'error' events throw, which isn't necessary when fetching fails due to HTTP connection timeouts, etc.

    In this scenario, the cached copy will continue to be used until the data source is available again.

    Tests

    Once you've cloned the repository, you can run:

    npm run setup
    npm test

    Note: npm run setup is the same as npm install except that it ensures the public npm registry is always used.

    License

    Copyright (c) 2015, Groupon, Inc.
    All rights reserved.
    
    Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
    modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
    are met:
    
    Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
    this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
    
    Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
    
    Neither the name of GROUPON nor the names of its contributors may be
    used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
    specific prior written permission.
    
    THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS
    IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
    TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
    PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
    HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
    SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
    TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
    PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
    LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
    NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
    SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
    

    Install

    npm i shared-store

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    11

    Version

    4.1.2

    License

    BSD-3-Clause

    Unpacked Size

    67.5 kB

    Total Files

    18

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • ageitgey
    • jkrems
    • khoomeister
    • groupon