shaka-player
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4.9.9 • Public • Published

Shaka Player

Shaka Player is an open-source JavaScript library for adaptive media. It plays adaptive media formats (such as DASH, HLS and MSS) in a browser, without using plugins or Flash. Instead, Shaka Player uses the open web standards MediaSource Extensions and Encrypted Media Extensions.

Shaka Player also supports offline storage and playback of media using IndexedDB. Content can be stored on any browser. Storage of licenses depends on browser support.

Our main goal is to make it as easy as possible to stream adaptive bitrate video and audio using modern browser technologies. We try to keep the library light, simple, and free from third-party dependencies. Everything you need to build and deploy is in the sources.

For details on what's coming next, see our development roadmap.

Maintained branches

See maintained-branches.md for the up-to-date list of maintained branches of Shaka Player.

Platform and browser support matrix

Browser Windows Mac Linux Android iOS >= 9 iOS >= 17.1 iPadOS >= 13 ChromeOS Other
Chrome¹ Y Y Y Y Native Native Native Y -
Firefox¹ Y Y Y untested⁵ Native Native Native - -
Edge¹ Y - - - - - - - -
Edge Chromium Y Y Y untested⁵ Native Native Native - -
IE N - - - - - - - -
Safari¹ - Y - - Native Y Y - -
Opera¹ untested⁵ untested⁵ untested⁵ untested⁵ Native - - - -
Chromecast². - - - - - - - - Y
Tizen TV³ - - - - - - - - Y
WebOS⁶ - - - - - - - - Y
Hisense⁷ - - - - - - - - Y
Xbox One - - - - - - - - Y
Playstation 4⁷ - - - - - - - - Y
Playstation 5⁷ - - - - - - - - Y

NOTES:

  • ¹: On macOS, only Safari 9+ is supported. On iOS, only iOS 9+ is supported. Older versions will be rejected.
  • ²: The latest stable Chromecast firmware is tested. Both sender and receiver can be implemented with Shaka Player.
  • ³: Tizen 2017 model is actively tested and supported by the Shaka Player team. Tizen 2016 model is community-supported and untested by us.
  • ⁵: These are expected to work, but are not actively tested by the Shaka Player team.
  • ⁶: These are expected to work, but are community-supported and untested by us.
  • ⁷: These are expected to work, but are community-supported and untested by us.

NOTES for iOS and iPadOS:

  • We support iOS 9+ through Apple's native HLS player. We provide the same top-level API, but we just set the video's src element to the manifest/media. So we are dependent on the browser supporting the manifests.
  • Since iPadOS 13 MediaSource Extensions is supported
  • Since iPadOS 17 and iOS 17.1 [ManagedMediaSource Extensions][] is supported

Manifest format support matrix

Format Video On-Demand Live Event In-Progress Recording
DASH Y Y - Y
HLS Y Y Y -
MSS Y - - -

You can also create a manifest parser plugin to support custom manifest formats.

DASH features

DASH features supported:

  • VOD, Live, and In-Progress Recordings (dynamic VOD content)
  • MPD@timeShiftBufferDepth for seeking backward in Live streams
  • Multi-period content (static and dynamic)
  • Xlink elements (actuate=onLoad only, resolve-to-zero, fallback content)
  • All forms of segment index info: SegmentBase@indexRange, SegmentTimeline, SegmentTemplate@duration, SegmentTemplate@index, SegmentList
  • Multi-codec/multi-container manifests (we will negotiate support with the browser and choose the best ones)
  • Encrypted content (including custom ContentProtection schemas, PSSH in the manifest)
  • Key rotation
  • Trick mode tracks
  • WebVTT and TTML
  • CEA-608/708 captions
  • Multi-codec variants (on platforms with changeType support)
  • MPD chaining
  • MPD Patch updates for SegmentTemplate with $Number$, SegmentTimeline with $Number$ and SegmentTimeline with $Time$

DASH features not supported:

HLS features

HLS features supported:

  • VOD, Live, and Event types
  • Low-latency streaming with partial segments, preload hints, delta updates and blocking playlist reload
  • Discontinuity
  • ISO-BMFF / MP4 / CMAF support
  • MPEG-2 TS support
  • WebVTT and TTML
  • CEA-608/708 captions
  • Encrypted content with PlayReady and Widevine
  • Encrypted content with FairPlay (Safari on macOS and iOS 9+ only)
  • AES-128, AES-256 and AES-256-CTR support on browsers with Web Crypto API support
  • SAMPLE-AES and SAMPLE-AES-CTR (identity) support on browsers with ClearKey support
  • Key rotation
  • Raw AAC, MP3, AC-3 and EC-3 (without an MP4 container)
  • I-frame-only playlists with mjpg codec for thumbnails
  • #EXT-X-IMAGE-STREAM-INF for thumbnails

MPEG-5 Part2 LCEVC Support

Only supported on browsers with Media Source Extensions SourceBuffer support

MSS features

MSS features supported:

  • VOD
  • AAC and H.264
  • Encrypted content (PlayReady)
  • TTML/DFXP
  • Only supported with codem-isoboxer

MSS features not supported:

  • Live

DRM support matrix

Browser Widevine PlayReady FairPlay ClearKey⁶
Chrome¹ Y - - Y
Firefox² Y - - Y
Edge³ - Y - -
Edge Chromium Y Y - Y
Safari - - Y -
Opera untested⁵ - - untested⁵
Chromecast Y Y - Y
Tizen TV Y Y - Y
WebOS⁷ untested⁷ untested⁷ - untested⁷
Hisense⁷ untested⁷ untested⁷ - untested⁷
Xbox One - Y - -
Playstation 4⁷ - untested⁷ - untested⁷
Playstation 5⁷ - untested⁷ - untested⁷

Other DRM systems should work out of the box if they are interoperable and compliant to the EME spec.

NOTES:

  • ¹: Only official Chrome builds contain the Widevine CDM. Chromium built from source does not support DRM.
  • ²: DRM must be enabled by the user. The first time a Firefox user visits a site with encrypted media, the user will be prompted to enable DRM.
  • ³: PlayReady in Edge does not seem to work on a VM or over Remote Desktop.
  • ⁵: These are expected to work, but are not actively tested by the Shaka Player team.
  • ⁶: ClearKey is a useful tool for debugging, and does not provide actual content security.
  • ⁷: These are expected to work, but are community-supported and untested by us.
Manifest Widevine PlayReady FairPlay ClearKey
DASH Y Y - Y
HLS Y Y Y ¹ -
MSS - Y - -

NOTES:

  • ¹: By default, FairPlay is handled using Apple's native HLS player, when on Safari. We do support FairPlay through MSE/EME, however. See the streaming.useNativeHlsForFairPlay configuration value.

Media container and subtitle support

Shaka Player supports:

  • ISO-BMFF / CMAF / MP4
    • Depends on browser support for the container via MediaSource
    • Can parse "sidx" box for DASH's SegmentBase@indexRange and SegmentTemplate@index
    • Can find and parse "tfdt" box to find segment start time in HLS
    • For MSS, codem-isoboxer v0.3.7+ is required
  • WebM
    • Depends on browser support for the container via MediaSource
    • Can parse cueing data elements for DASH's SegmentBase@indexRange and SegmentTemplate@index
    • Not supported in HLS
  • MPEG-2 TS
    • Can be played on any browser which supports MP4
    • Can find and parse timestamps to find segment start time in HLS
  • WebVTT
    • Supported in both text form and embedded in MP4
  • TTML
    • Supported in both XML form and embedded in MP4
  • CEA-608
    • Supported embedded in MP4 and TS
  • CEA-708
    • Supported embedded in MP4 and TS
  • Raw AAC
    • Supported in raw AAC container and transmuxing to AAC in MP4 container (depends on browser support via MediaSource).
  • Raw MP3
    • Supported in raw MP3 container and transmuxing to MP3 in MP4 container (depends on browser support via MediaSource).
  • Raw AC-3
    • Supported in raw AC-3 container and transmuxing to AC-3 in MP4 container (depends on browser support via MediaSource).
  • Raw EC-3
    • Supported in raw EC-3 container and transmuxing to EC-3 in MP4 container (depends on browser support via MediaSource).
  • SubRip (SRT)
    • UTF-8 encoding only
  • LyRiCs (LRC)
    • UTF-8 encoding only
  • SubStation Alpha (SSA, ASS)
    • UTF-8 encoding only
  • SubViewer (SBV)
    • UTF-8 encoding only

Subtitles are rendered by the browser by default. Applications can create a text display plugin for customer rendering to go beyond browser-supported attributes.

Transmuxer support

Shaka Player supports:

  • Raw AAC to AAC in MP4
  • Raw MP3 to MP3 in MP4
  • Raw AC-3 to AC-3 in MP4
  • Raw EC-3 to EC-3 in MP4
  • AAC in MPEG-2 TS to AAC in MP4
  • AC-3 in MPEG-2 TS to AC-3 in MP4
  • EC-3 in MPEG-2 TS to EC-3 in MP4
  • MP3 in MPEG-2 TS to MP3 in MP4
  • MP3 in MPEG-2 TS to raw MP3
  • Opus in MPEG-2 TS to MP3 in MP4
  • H.264 in MPEG-2 TS to H.264 in MP4
  • H.265 in MPEG-2 TS to H.265 in MP4
  • Muxed content in MPEG-2 TS with the previous codecs

Thumbnails support

Shaka Player supports:

  • Internal DASH thumbnails. Using DASH-IF IOP Image Adaptation Set
  • Internal HLS thumbnails. Using HLS Image Media Playlist
  • Internal HLS thumbnails. Using I-frame-only playlists with mjpg codec
  • External WebVTT with images/sprites (only for VoD)

Monetization with Ads

Shaka Player supports:

  • IMA SDK for Client-Side Ad Insertion
  • IMA DAI SDK for Server-Side Ad Insertion
  • AWS MediaTailor for Client-Side
  • AWS MediaTailor for Server-Side
  • AWS MediaTailor overlays

Content Steering support

Shaka Player supports Content Steering (v1) in DASH and HLS.

Content Steering features supported:

  • TTL, if missing, the default value is 300 seconds.
  • RELOAD-URI, if missing we use the url provided in the manifest as fallback.
  • PATHWAY-PRIORITY only HOST replacement

Content Steering features not supported:

  • PATHWAY-CLONES other replacements than HOST.

VR support

Shaka Player supports VR when:

  • Content is automatically treated as VR if it fits the following criteria:
    • HLS or DASH manifest
    • fMP4 segments
    • Init segment contains prji and hfov boxes
  • Or, if it is manually enabled via the UI config.

VR modes supported:

  • Equirectangular projection with 360 degrees of horizontal field of view.
  • Cubemap projection with 360 degrees of horizontal field of view.

NOTES:

  • VR is only supported for clear streams or HLS-AES stream. DRM prevents access to the video pixels for transformation.

Documentation & Important Links

FAQ

For general help and before filing any bugs, please read the FAQ.

Contributing

If you have improvements or fixes, we would love to have your contributions. Please read CONTRIBUTING.md for more information on the process we would like contributors to follow.

Framework Integrations

The Shaka team doesn't have the bandwidth and experience to provide guidance and support for integrating Shaka Player with specific frameworks, but some of our users have successfully done so and created tutorials to help other beginners.

Shaka + ReactJS Library

Shaka + ReactJS integrations:

Shaka + Next.js integration:

Shaka + Vue.js integrations:

Shaka + Nuxt.js integration:

Shaka + video.js integration:

Shaka + Angular integration:

If you have published Shaka Integration code/tutorials, please feel free to submit PRs to add them to this list, we will gladly approve!

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  • joeyparrish
  • modmaker
  • shaka-bot