settings-lib

    1.2.0 • Public • Published

    Settings Library

    This library provides easy access to configuration from multiple sources (JSON, YAML, environment variables or command line switch parameters) and combines them, in layers, starting with a base file (if provided), adding environment settings to this and finally applying any command line switches that have been configured. While not limited or constrained to a specific approach, this library may be used to easily facilitate The Twelve-Factor App configuration methodology in your applications.

    A base configuration file can be specified that contains settings necessary for development. Subsequent configuration can be applied to augment and override configuration settings in the base config, either via NODE_ENV, other environment variables, via command line switches or all of the above!

    This module is useful in that it allows you to abstract configuration management from your application and deployment at runtime, thus enabling you to avoid checking in sensitive configuration values (i.e. usernames, passwords, secret keys, etc.) to source control. Effectively, one should never commit configuration values into a source code repository and the litmus test for The Twelve-Factor App methodology is that the codebase could be made open source, at any moment, without compromising security credentials.

    Build Status Coverage Status

    Installation

    npm install --save settings-lib

    Usage

    initialize

    The initialize method will read in all configuration, from each source, compile the details and then return a configuration Javascript object for subsequent usage within your application. This method supports an optional callback, can be executed as a Promise or can return from an async/await call.

    Below is an example using a callback:

    const options = { baseSettingsPath : './config/config.json' };
    const settings = require('settings-lib'),
    
    settings.initialize(options, function (err, config) {
      // work with config
    });

    The initialize method also supports promises natively:

    const options = { baseSettingsPath : './config/config.json' };
    const settings = require('settings-lib'),
    
    settings
      .initialize(options)
      .then((config) => {
        // work with config
      })
      .catch((err) => {
        // handle any loading / parsing errors
      });

    The initialize method may also be called within an async function:

    import settings from 'settings-lib';
    
    const options = { baseSettingsPath : './config/config.json' };
    
    async function main () {
      let config;
    
      try {
        config = await settings.initialize(options);
        // work with config
      } catch (ex) {
        // handle any loading / parsing errors
      }
    }

    Options

    The options parameter is optional. When it is not supplied or when only a portion of it is supplied, the default values (as shown below) take precidence for any fields that are missing.

    defaultOptions = {
      baseSettingsPath : '',
      commandLineSwitches : ['--config-file'],
      environmentSearchPaths : ['./', './config', './settings'],
      readCommandLineMap : {},
      readEnvironmentMap : {},
      strict : false
    };

    Base Settings Path

    The base configuration (baseSettingsPath) is specified as a file path in the options object when calling initialize(options, callback). If no baseSettingsPath field exists or the value is blank, the settings library will attempt to construct configuration via environment based configuration and command line based configuration. The base settings path may be either a YAML (.yml) or JSON (.json) file.

    Strict

    The strict value works in conjunction with the baseSettingsPath provided via the options. When strict is specified as true, only the fields defined in the baseSettingsPath configuration file will be used and can be overridden when all settings from various sources are combined. This means that additional settings values that are defined in the environment specific override (i.e. develop.json when NODE_ENV=develop exists) will be ignored if the keys aren't specified in the file at the baseSettingsPath. By default, the value of strict is set to false and any new key/value pairs present in the environment override files augment and are added to the base settings when not originally specified.

    Environment Search Paths

    Environment search paths are supplied as an array to the field environmentSearchPaths in the options parameter. When specified, any value supplied in the NODE_ENV environment variable will be used to attempt to locate a similarly named .json or a .yml file. If both a .json file and a .yml file exist, the .yml file values will be the ones loaded.

    For example, notice the following command line:

    NODE_ENV=develop node app.js

    In the above example, settings-lib will attempt to locate a file named develop.json in each of the supplied environment search paths. The latest configuration file found will be the one used, so if there are multiple matches, only one configuration file (the last one matched) will be used. In the above example, if a file exists in ./config/develop.json, that file will be loaded and will override any settings specified in the base configuration. If there exists both a ./config/develop.json and a ./config/develop.yml, the the YAML file will be used.

    Command Line Switches

    Command line switches work similarly to environment search paths. They can be supplied as an array to the settings-lib and any command line arguments supplied to the node application will be searched to determine if a configuration file is found.

    For example, notice the following command line:

    node app.js --config-file "./config/production.json"

    In the above example, settings-lib will attempt to locate the file specifed (./config/production.json) provided that options includes --config-file as a switch in the commandLineSwitches field specified within options at initialization (by default, --config-file is used when settings-lib is initialized with no options).

    Read Environment Mapping

    In the event that you wish to override specific configuration keys directly via an environment variable, simply specify and environment variable mapping in the options when initializing the module:

    var
      settings = require('settings-lib'),
      options = {
        readEnvironmentMap : {
          APP_HOSTNAME : 'server.hostname'
        }
      };
    
    settings.initialize(options, function (err, config) {
      // work with config
      console.log('hostname: %s', config.server.hostname);
    });

    When executing your node application, simply supply the configured environment variable:

    APP_HOSTNAME=myapp.mydomain.com node app.js

    Read Command Line Mapping

    Similar to environment variable configuration key mapping, command line configuration key mapping is possible as well. Specify a command line key mapping in the options when initializing the module:

    var
      settings = require('settings-lib'),
      options = {
        readCommandLineMap : {
          '--hostname' : 'server.hostname'
        }
      };
    
    settings.initialize(options, function (err, config) {
      // work with config
      console.log('hostname: %s', config.server.hostname);
    });

    When executing your node application, simply supply the configured environment variable:

    node app.js --hostname myapp.mydomain.com

    Install

    npm i settings-lib

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    44

    Version

    1.2.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    65.8 kB

    Total Files

    7

    Last publish

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