node package manager


Verify that packages installed during development match those installed in production


seal can verify that packages installed during development are identical to those installed during deployment. The standard npm shrinkwrap only ensures that package versions are the same, but does not verify contents. seal checks the shasum of the package tarballs downloaded by npm during development and deployment to ensure they are the same.


  1. Install you packages (npm install)
  2. Generate shrinkwrap (npm shrinkwrap)
  3. Generate a sealed shrinkwrap file (seal g)
  4. Deploy code and install packages (on server, npm install)
  5. Check sealed shrinkwrap against installed packages (on server, seal c)
  6. If the check fails, errors will be dumped to stderr in JSON
npm install seal -g
$ seal -h

Usage: seal <command> [input] [options]

command     [generate|g|check|c] generate from a shrinkwrap or check a sealed shrinkwrap 
input       the shrinkwrap or sealed shrinkwrap file

   -o FILE, --output FILE    write output to specified file
   -c DIR, --cache-dir DIR   directory where npm package downloads are cached
   -v, --version             print version and exit

seal generate ./npm-shrinkwrap.json
seal check ./sealed-npm-shrinkwrap.json

If the check fails, JSON will be dumped to stderr. E.g.:
    "dep": "nomnom 1.5.2",
    "expected": "0ca9b018aedeeee38838a3c573d3caafa510522878adc4d26a51eea69fc7cf52",
    "actual": "b6cfb2d504d702a8cebca2b66d28efcf6a0f752dceeb234d1a9b291e9f62249d"
    "dep": "seal 0.0.1",
    "expected": "cb6454e280f5ab0218a756902cd0709b5c573f636fc3fa7ba1439a29da8b9824",
    "actual": "14a7e03047fd3eef6590382d0456d410965f35b685a63c15620e3b2fb0dedd92"