scrolly-video
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0.0.20 • Public • Published

ScrollyVideo.js

A component for scroll-based (or other externally controlled) playback. See /demos for full example usages.

🚀 Web

Add html container to your page:

<div id="scrolly-video"></div>

Require javascript in your page and create the object (before </body>):

<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/scrolly-video@latest/dist/scrolly-video.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
  new ScrollyVideo({
    scrollyVideoContainer: "scrolly-video",
    src: "https://scrollyvideo.js.org/goldengate.mp4"
  });
</script>

You can replace @latest with specific version, example @0.0.2.

🔵 React

Install npm module with npm install scrolly-video --save: Import component in your application:

import ScrollyVideo from 'scrolly-video/dist/ScrollyVideo.cjs.jsx';
or
import ScrollyVideo from 'scrolly-video/dist/ScrollyVideo.esm.jsx';

Add the component where you need it:

<ScrollyVideo src="https://scrollyvideo.js.org/goldengate.mp4" />

🟠 Svelte

Install npm module with npm install scrolly-video --save: Import component in your application:

import ScrollyVideo from 'scrolly-video/dist/ScrollyVideo.svelte';

Add the ScrollyVideo component to your application:

<ScrollyVideo src="https://scrollyvideo.js.org/goldengate.mp4" />

🟢 Vue

Install npm module with npm install scrolly-video --save: Import module in your src/App.vue and config:

import ScrollyVideo from 'scrolly-video/dist/ScrollyVideo.vue';

Add html code to your html component:

<ScrollyVideo src="https://scrollyvideo.js.org/goldengate.mp4" />

🧰 Options / Attributes

Parameter Description Values Default
src The URL of the video (required) URL
scrollyVideoContainer The DOM element of the container, only used for plain js String / Element
transitionSpeed Sets the maximum playbackRate for this video Number 8
frameThreshold When to stop the video animation, in seconds Number 0.1
cover Forces the video to cover in it's container Boolean true
sticky Whether the video should have position: sticky Boolean true
full Whether the video should take up the entire viewport Boolean true
trackScroll Whether this object should automatically respond to scroll Boolean true
useWebCodecs Whether the library should use the webcodecs method, see below Boolean true
videoPercentage Manually specify the position of the video between 0..1, only used for react, vue, and svelte components Number
onReady The callback when it's ready to scroll VoidFunction
debug Whether to log debug information Boolean false

Additional callbacks

setTargetTimePercent

Description: A way to set currentTime manually. Pass a progress in between of 0 and 1 that specifies the percentage position of the video.

Signature: (percentage: number, options: { transitionSpeed: number, (progress: number) => number }) => void

Example: scrollyVideo.setTargetTimePercent(0.5, { transitionSpeed: 12, easing: d3.easeLinear })


setScrollPercent

Description: A way to set video currentTime manually based on trackScroll i.e. pass a progress in between of 0 and 1 that specifies the percentage position of the video and it will scroll smoothly. Make sure to have trackScroll enabled.

Signature: (percentage: number) => void

Example: scrollyVideo.setScrollPercent(0.5)

Technical Details and Cross Browser Differences

To make this library perform optimally in all browsers, three different approaches are taken to animating the video.

Method 1: WebCodecs and Canvas

Using the new WebCodecs API we are able to get all frames in the video and have them ready to draw to a canvas. This method is the most performant, but has two drawbacks: first, depending on the device and the size of the video, using the WebCodecs API will take some time to process all the frames, so the animation will not be available immediately upon page load. Secondly, the WebCoedecs API is currently only available on Chrome, and the WebCodecs polyfill does not work for this application.

If WebCodecs is not supported by the browser or has not finished processing all frames, it falls back to method 2:

Method 2: HTML5 Video and playbackRate

This method simply embeds the video with an HTML <video> tag, and it plays the video when the video needs to be animated. To adjust to the scroll speed, this method modulates the playbackRate attribute on the video in order to dynamically mimic a faster or slower scroll speed. This method is extremely smooth when the scroll direction is moving the video forward, but unfortunately does not work in reverse because playbackRate cannot be a negative value.

Thus, if the video needs to be animated backwards, this library falls back to method 3.

Method 3: HTML5 Video and currentTime

This method is the way that scrollytelling videos have traditionally been done, using an HTML <video> tag and skipping directly to frames using currentTime. However, this method requires the video to be encoded at keyframe = 1, which causes the video to be a lot larger or the quality to drop. Unfortunately, this is the only option for scenarios where methods 1 and 2 are not supported, or on mobile safari browsers where somehow this method performs better than method 2. Thus, to achieve maximum performance under all circumstances, it is still recommended to encode videos with keyframe = 1, if possible.

Known Issues

  • On iOS, ScrollyVideo will not work if battery saver mode is on. Unfortunately, there is no workaround for this due to the way that iOS handles videos and battery saving functions.

Created by: Daniel Kao

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MIT

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