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scalable-blob-store

4.0.0 • Public • Published

Introduction

A file system blob store that is designed to prevent conflicts when used with a distributed file system or storage area network.

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Topics

Warning

With the release of scalable-blob-store v4 there has been some major changes.

These changes have introduced some restrictions on the use of the module:

  • Requires Node.js v10.12.0 or later.
  • Uses Node.js Stability: 1 - Experimental features. Specifically the fs.promises API and the mkdir recursive options.
  • The module performance is approximately four times slower than v3.0.9. Most likely this is due to the experimental APIs.
  • All callback APIs have been removed.

In time these restrictions will become less of an issue, however for now if you want to use scalable-blob-store in production, I suggest you use the old version 3.0.9 release.

Please read the v3.0.9 README document to help you use the older release.

Features

  • Save binary large objects (blobs) locally in a scalable format.
  • Written using modern JavaScript language features.
  • No dependencies.
  • Blob file and directory names based on unique IDs.
  • Extensive read / write APIs in both stream and file format.
  • Promise based with no callbacks.

Note: see the restrictions above prior to using in production.

Quick Start

Installation

 
npm install scalable-blob-store --save
 

Create a writable stream

 
const os = require('os')
const ulid = require('ulid').ulid // You need a unique ID generator function
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
 
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: os.tmpdir() + '/blobs', // Change this!
  idFunction: ulid,
  dirDepth: 4,
  dirWidth: 1000
}
 
// Creating the blobStore Object
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
const result = await blobStore.createWriteStream()
 
console.dir(result)
// Logs the result object which contains the blobPath and writeStream.
// Use the writeStream to save your blob.
// Store the blobPath in your database.
//
// result object will be similar to this:
// {
//   blobPath: "/01CTZRTWMAD153V20K26S4Y0BW/01CTZRTWMBZW4SPR4E5QGGJYSH/01CTZRTWMB3QXZK04SYFY8ZJVR/01CTZS3KJYFPRQ34S3T15Y798S",
//   writeStream: [WriteStream]
// }
//
// In this example the full file path for the blob would be something like this:
// /tmp/blobs/01CTZRTWMAD153V20K26S4Y0BW/01CTZRTWMBZW4SPR4E5QGGJYSH/01CTZRTWMB3QXZK04SYFY8ZJVR/01CTZS3KJYFPRQ34S3T15Y798S
//
// This is based on the blobStoreRoot + blobPath.
 

See the Quick Start example files for more detail:

Rationale

After researching user file storage, or blob storage, for a web application I was working on I discovered the most common solution used by web developers is to store files using a cloud service provider. After creating an account with such providers as Amazon S3, Google Cloud Storage, or Azure Storage, they just stash all their application files and blobs there.

I researched the price of cloud storage and decided I wanted a free local version that would scale if needed.

I looked at a number of existing solutions such as filestorage but was unhappy with the scalability of these solutions. Most are only designed for a single server and would cause write conflicts if a distributed file system, cluster file system like GlusterFS, or a storage area network was used as the backend file system.

On a long car trip I was thinking about a solution for my blob storage and came up with scalable-blob-store.

Function

To achieve scalability on a distributed or replicated file system, scalable-blob-store does not use index files or other databases to manage the files on the disk or storage system. Instead, the file system itself is used to find the latest storage path based on the file systems birthtime attribute (the directory creation date).

Once the latest path has been determined, the number of files within the directory are counted to ensure it remains under the configured value. This is to prevent disk performance issues when very large numbers of files are stored within a single directory. If the number of items within a directory becomes too large, a new storage path is determined.

Because there are no databases used to manage the files in the root path, it is up to you to maintain the returned blobPath value and metadata about the stored files in your own database.

The reason scalable-blob-store is scalable is due to the naming of the directories and files within your file system. Every directory and file saved to disk is named by a generated unique id based on a user defined funciton. You could use any unique id generator such as ULID, CUID, UUID v4, or MongoDBs ObjectIds just to name a few. Check out my Awesome Unique ID repository for more examples. Merging directories between servers or disks should never cause file name collisions.

If a replicated or cluster file system is in use the only conflict that can occur is when one server is reading a file while another is removing the same file. scalable-blob-store does not try to manage this conflict, however it will raise the exception.

Below are examples of the directory structure created by scalable-blob-store.

Example with CUID directory and file names:

\blobs\cij50xia200pzzph3we9r62bi // ← Directory    File ↓   
\blobs\cij50xia300q1zph3m4df4ypz\..\cij50xiae00qgzph3i0ms0l2w

Example with UUID directory and file names:

\blobs\846a291f-9864-40bb-aefe-f29bdc73a761 // ← Directory    File ↓   
\blobs\846a291f-9864-40bb-aefe-f29bdc73a761\..\8b86b6fe-6166-424c-aed9-8faf1e62689e

scalable-blob-store supports configuration options to give you control over the directory and file ids used, depth of the directory structure, and the width of the directories. The default options give 3 directories deep containing 1000 items giving a total storage of one billion files within the directory structure.

Other operational points of interest:

  • Files are only stored at the bottom of the directory tree.
  • The directory used for writing files is determined by the latest creation time (file system birthtime attribute).
  • Once the number of files in a directory reaches the dirWidth value, the next directory is created.
  • Once the number of directories in any directory reaches the dirWidth value, the next parent directory is created.
  • If the number of directories in the highest directory, being the blob store root, has reached the dirWidth value, the dirWidth value is ignored.

Performance

Write

With the release of v4 of scalable-blob-store, the write performance has dropped significantly. See the Warning topic above for more detial.

Read

Read performance will be close to, if not the same, as disk speed.

API

With the update to v4 of scalable-blob-store all the BlobStore methods return a Promise. This is perfect for using with the async/await language features.

API Type Returns
new BlobStore(options) Constructor blobStore Instance
blobStore.blobStoreRoot Read Only Property String
blobStore.idFunction Read Only Property Function
blobStore.dirDepth Read Only Property Number
blobStore.dirWidth Read Only Property Number
blobStore.getCurrentBlobDir() Method Promise<String>
blobStore.setCurrentBlobDir(blobDir) Method Promise<undefined>
blobStore.createWriteStream() Method Promise<Object>
blobStore.write(data, writeOptions) Method Promise<String>
blobStore.append(blobPath, data, appendOptions) Method Promise<undefined>
blobStore.copy(blobPath, flags) Method Promise<String>
blobStore.createReadStream(blobPath) Method Promise<ReadStream>
blobStore.read(blobPath, readOptions) Method Promise<data>
blobStore.open(blobPath, flags, mode) Method Promise<FileHandle>
blobStore.realPath(blobPath, realPathOptions) Method Promise<String>
blobStore.stat(blobPath) Method Promise<Stats>
blobStore.exists(blobPath) Method Promise<Boolean>
blobStore.remove(blobPath) Method Promise<undefined>

new BlobStore(options)

Type: Constructor function.

Parameter: options as an Object.

  • A JavaScript object with desired options set. See below.

Returns: A new BlobStore object to be used to store data.

Description:

You can call new BlobStore(options) multiple times to create more than one blob store.

Options are passed to the constructor function as a JavaScript object.

Key Description Defaults
blobStoreRoot Root directory to store blobs Required
idFunction Any ID function that returns a unique ID string Required
dirDepth How deep you want the directories under the root 3
dirWidth The maximum number of files or directories in a directory 1000

Example:

 
// Start by requiring the `scalable-blob-store` constructor function:
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
 
// You will need a unique ID function
const uuid = require('uuid')
 
// Create the options object
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 4,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
// Create a blob store using the options `object`:
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 

Creating multiple blob stores:

 
const userOptions = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs/user',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 4,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const pdfOptions = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs/pdf',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 2,
  dirWidth: 300
}
 
const userFileStore = new BlobStore(userOptions)
const pdfDocumentStore = new BlobStore(pdfOptions)
 

blobStoreRoot

Type: Read only property.

Returns: A String that matches your options.blobStoreRoot value.

Description:

This is a convenience property to allow you to pass the blobStore object to a sub module and still have access to the configured properties.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 4,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
console.log(blobStore.blobStoreRoot)
// Outputs '/app/blobs' which you configured in the options
 

idFunction

Type: Read only property.

Returns: The unique ID function you configured in the options.idFunction value.

Description:

This is a convenience property to allow you to pass the blobStore object to a sub module and still have access to the configured properties.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 4,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
console.log(blobStore.idFunction())
// Outputs 'bac00ab2-5e6d-4b77-bfa4-e9befc3e4279' which is a generated UUID from the idFunction.
 

dirDepth

Type: Read only property.

Returns: A Number that matches your options.dirDepth value.

Description:

This is a convenience property to allow you to pass the blobStore object to a sub module and still have access to the configured properties.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 4,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
console.log(blobStore.dirDepth)
// Outputs '4' which you configured in the options
 

dirWidth

Type: Read only property.

Returns: A Number that matches your options.dirWidth value.

Description:

This is a convenience property to allow you to pass the blobStore object to a sub module and still have access to the configured properties.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 4,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
console.log(blobStore.dirWidth)
// Outputs '2000' which you configured in the options
 

getCurrentBlobDir()

Type: Method.

Returns: A Promise that resolves to a String that is the current active blob creation directory.

Description:

This function is used internally by the BlobStore to determine the directory where the next blob file will be saved to disk.

If you ever need to store a blob file outside of the BlobStore you could use this method to locate the right place to put your file.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
async function main () {
  try {
    console.log(await blobStore.getCurrentBlobDir())
    // The 'dirDepth' option above is set to 3 so the output will be similar to the following:
    // '/e44d3b0d-b552-4257-8b64-a53331184c38/443061b9-bfa7-40fc-a5a9-d848bc52155e/4d818f4c-88b3-45fd-a104-a2fc3700e9de'
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
}
main()
 

setCurrentBlobDir(blobDir)

Type: Method.

Parameters: blobDir as a String.

  • Represents a file system directory path you desire to store blob files in that will be located under the blobStoreRoot path.

Returns: A Promise that resolves to undefined.

Description:

This function can be used to guide the BlobStore to save new blob files into a desired blobPath.

One issue with scalable-blob-store is that if you remove many blob files the directories the files were located in will not be removed. You could either remove the directories yourself, or repopulate them with new blob files by setting the current active blob directory.

This function was added to enable consumers of this module to work around empty blob directories.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
async function main () {
  try {
    console.log(await blobStore.getCurrentBlobDir())
    // The 'dirDepth' option above is set to 3 so the output will be similar to the following:
    // '/e44d3b0d-b552-4257-8b64-a53331184c38/443061b9-bfa7-40fc-a5a9-d848bc52155e/4d818f4c-88b3-45fd-a104-a2fc3700e9de'
 
    await blobStore.setCurrentBlobDir('/some/blob/path')
 
    console.log(await blobStore.getCurrentBlobDir())
    // Outputs '/some/blob/path' to the console.
    // Any new blob files added to the blob store will go into this path until there are `dirWidth` or 2000 files within it.
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
}
main()
 

createWriteStream()

Type: Method.

Returns: A Promise that resolves to an Object containing the child path to the file within the blob store root and a WriteStream.

Description:

Here is an exampe of the returned object using UUID as the idFunction:

 
{
  blobPath: "/e6b7815a-c818-465d-8511-5a53c8276b86/aea4be6a-9e7f-4511-b394-049e68f59b02/fea722d1-001a-4765-8408-eb8e0fe7dbc6/183a6b7b-2fd6-4f80-8c6a-2647beb7bb19",
  writeStream: stream.Writable
}
 

Use the writeStream to save your blob or file. The blobPath needs to be saved to your database for future access.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
// The below readStream is simply to make this a complete example
const fs = require('fs')
const readStream = fs.createReadStream('/path/to/file')
 
async function main () {
  let result
  try {
    result = await blobStore.createWriteStream()
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
 
  console.dir(result)
  // result object will be similar to this:
  // {
  //   blobPath: "/e6b7815a-c818-465d-8511-5a53c8276b86/aea4be6a-9e7f-4511-b394-049e68f59b02/fea722d1-001a-4765-8408-eb8e0fe7dbc6/183a6b7b-2fd6-4f80-8c6a-2647beb7bb19",
  //   writeStream: [WriteStream]
  // }
 
  // Using a Promise to encapsulate the write asynchronous events.
  await new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
    result.writeStream.on('finish', () => {
        resolve()
    })
    result.writeStream.on('error', reject)
    readStream.pipe(result.writeStream)
  })
 
  console.log(blobPath)
  // Logs the blobPath. Save this in your database.
}
main()
 

write(data, writeOptions)

Type: Method.

Parameter: data as either String, Buffer, TypedArray, or DataView.

Parameter: writeOptions as an Object.

  • The writeOptions object supports an encoding, mode, and flag property.
  • See the writeFile documentation for more detail.

Returns: A Promise that resolves to a String.

  • The string contains the blobPath value which needs committing to your database.

Description:

If you have simple data in memory rather than a stream of data you can use this method to store the data into a blob file.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
async function main () {
  const data = 'The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.'
 
  try {
    const blobPath = await blobStore.write(data)
    // The returned blobPath will look something like this:
    // '/e44d3b0d-b552-4257-8b64-a53331184c38/443061b9-bfa7-40fc-a5a9-d848bc52155e/4d818f4c-88b3-45fd-a104-a2fc3700e9de'
    // Save it to your database.
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
}
main()
 

append(blobPath, data, appendOptions)

Type: Method.

Parameter: blobPath as a String.

  • Retrieve the blobPath from your application database.

Parameter: data as either a String or Buffer.

Parameter: appendOptions as an Object.

  • The appendOptions object supports an encoding, mode, and flag property.
  • See the appendFile documentation for more detail.

Returns: A Promise that resolves to a undefined.

Description:

Use this method to add simple in memory data to the end of the blob file.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
async function main () {
  const data = 'The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.'
 
  try {
    await blobStore.append(data)
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
}
main()
 

copy(blobPath, flags)

Type: Method.

Parameter: blobPath as a String.

  • Retrieve the blobPath from your application database.

Parameter: flags as a Number.

  • See the copyFile documentation for more detail.

Returns: A Promise that resolves to a String.

  • The returned string is a new blobPath value for the copied blob file.

Description:

Use this method to create a copy of an existing blob file.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
async function main () {
  try {
  const blobPathSource = '/e6b7815a-c818-465d-8511-5a53c8276b86/aea4be6a-9e7f-4511-b394-049e68f59b02/fea722d1-001a-4765-8408-eb8e0fe7dbc6/183a6b7b-2fd6-4f80-8c6a-2647beb7bb19'
 
  const blobPathDest = await blobStore.copy(blobPathSource)
  // Store your new blobPath into your application database
 
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
}
main()
 

createReadStream(blobPath)

Type: Method.

Parameter: blobPath as a String.

  • Retrieve the blobPath from your application database.

Returns: A Promise that resolves to a ReadStream.

Description:

Creates a readable stream to the blob file located at the blobPath.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
async function main () {
  // Get the blobPath value from your database.
  const blobPath = '/e6b7815a-c818-465d-8511-5a53c8276b86/aea4be6a-9e7f-4511-b394-049e68f59b02/fea722d1-001a-4765-8408-eb8e0fe7dbc6/183a6b7b-2fd6-4f80-8c6a-2647beb7bb19h'
 
  let readStream
  try {
    readStream = await blobStore.createReadStream(blobPath)
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
 
  readStream.on('error', err => {
    console.error(err)
  })
 
  // Blob contents is piped to the console.
  readStream.pipe(process.stdout)
}
main()
 

read(blobPath, readOptions)

Type: Method.

Parameter: blobPath as a String.

  • Retrieve the blobPath from your application database.

Parameter: readOptions as an Object.

  • See the readFile documentation for more detail.

Returns: A Promise that resolves to a the contents of the blob file.

  • The format of the file contents will depend on the readOptions passed.
  • scalable-blob-store sets the readOptions.encoding value to 'utf8' by default.

Description:

Use this method to read the content of a small blob file into memory.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
async function main () {
  try {
    // Retrieve the blobPath value from your database
    const blobPath = '/e6b7815a-c818-465d-8511-5a53c8276b86/aea4be6a-9e7f-4511-b394-049e68f59b02/fea722d1-001a-4765-8408-eb8e0fe7dbc6/183a6b7b-2fd6-4f80-8c6a-2647beb7bb19'
 
    const content = await blobStore.read(blobPath)
    // Do something with the content
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
}
main()
 

open(blobPath, flags, mode)

Type: Method.

Parameter: blobPath as a String.

  • Retrieve the blobPath from your application database.

Parameter: flags as an String or Number.

  • See the open documentation for more detail.

Returns: A Promise that resolves to a FileHandle object.

Description:

This is a more advanced method allowing you to carry out many file operations against the blob file.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
async function main () {
  try {
    // Retrieve the blobPath value from your database
    const blobPath = '/e6b7815a-c818-465d-8511-5a53c8276b86/aea4be6a-9e7f-4511-b394-049e68f59b02/fea722d1-001a-4765-8408-eb8e0fe7dbc6/183a6b7b-2fd6-4f80-8c6a-2647beb7bb19'
 
    const fileHandle = await blobStore.open(blobPath)
    // Do something with the file handle object
    // See the documentation for more detail
    // The documentation link is in the description above
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
}
main()
 

realPath(blobPath, realPathOptions)

Type: Method.

Parameter: blobPath as a String.

  • Retrieve the blobPath from your application database.

Parameter: realPathOptions as a String or Object.

  • See the realPath documentation for more detail.

Returns: A Promise that resolves to a String.

  • The returned string will be the full file system path of the blob file.

Description:

Use this method to locate a blob file on the file system. This method should not really be needed because you can determine the full blob file path. Simply concatenate the blobStoreRoot and the blobPath values.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
async function main () {
  try {
    // Retrieve the blobPath value from your database
    const blobPath = '/e6b7815a-c818-465d-8511-5a53c8276b86/aea4be6a-9e7f-4511-b394-049e68f59b02/fea722d1-001a-4765-8408-eb8e0fe7dbc6/183a6b7b-2fd6-4f80-8c6a-2647beb7bb19'
 
    const fsPath = await blobStore.realPath(blobPath)
    // With the above options the result will be similar to this:
    // '/app/blobs/e6b7815a-c818-465d-8511-5a53c8276b86/aea4be6a-9e7f-4511-b394-049e68f59b02/fea722d1-001a-4765-8408-eb8e0fe7dbc6/183a6b7b-2fd6-4f80-8c6a-2647beb7bb19
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
}
main()
 

stat(blobPath)

Type: Method.

Parameter: blobPath as a String.

Returns: A stats Object.

Description:

Rather than parse the file system stats object, scalable-blob-store returns the raw stats object.

More stat class details can be found on Wikipedia.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
async function main () {
  try {
    // Retrieve the blobPath value from your database
    const blobPath = '/e6b7815a-c818-465d-8511-5a53c8276b86/aea4be6a-9e7f-4511-b394-049e68f59b02/fea722d1-001a-4765-8408-eb8e0fe7dbc6/183a6b7b-2fd6-4f80-8c6a-2647beb7bb19'
 
    const stats = await blobStore.stat(blobPath)
    console.dir(stats)
    // Console output will be similar to the following.
    // { dev: 2050,
    //   mode: 33188,
    //   nlink: 1,
    //   uid: 1000,
    //   gid: 1000,
    //   rdev: 0,
    //   blksize: 4096,
    //   ino: 6707277,
    //   size: 44,
    //   blocks: 8,
    //   atime: Mon Oct 12 2015 08:51:29 GMT+1000 (AEST),
    //   mtime: Mon Oct 12 2015 08:51:29 GMT+1000 (AEST),
    //   ctime: Mon Oct 12 2015 08:51:29 GMT+1000 (AEST),
    //   birthtime: Mon Oct 12 2015 08:51:29 GMT+1000 (AEST) }
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
}
main()
 

exists(blobPath)

Type: Method.

Parameter: blobPath as a String.

Returns: Boolean

  • true if the file exists, otherwise false.

Description:

Use this method for a simple blob file existence test.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
async function main () {
  try {
    // Retrieve the blobPath value from your database
    const blobPath = '/e6b7815a-c818-465d-8511-5a53c8276b86/aea4be6a-9e7f-4511-b394-049e68f59b02/fea722d1-001a-4765-8408-eb8e0fe7dbc6/183a6b7b-2fd6-4f80-8c6a-2647beb7bb19'
 
    const exists = await blobStore.exists(blobPath)
    // The result will be either true or false depending if the blob file exists.
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
}
main()
 

remove(blobPath)

Type: Method.

Parameter: blobPath as a String.

Returns: undefined if nothing went wrong or the file did not exist.

Description:

Use this method to delete a blob file. This method can not be used to remove directories.

Example:

 
const BlobStore = require('scalable-blob-store')
const uuid = require('uuid')
const options = {
  blobStoreRoot: '/app/blobs',
  idFunction: uuid.v4,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 2000
}
 
const blobStore = new BlobStore(options)
 
async function main () {
  try {
    // Retrieve the blobPath value from your database
    const blobPath = '/e6b7815a-c818-465d-8511-5a53c8276b86/aea4be6a-9e7f-4511-b394-049e68f59b02/fea722d1-001a-4765-8408-eb8e0fe7dbc6/183a6b7b-2fd6-4f80-8c6a-2647beb7bb19'
 
    await blobStore.remove(blobPath)
    // The blob file will no longer exist
  } catch (err) {
    console.error(err)
  }
}
main()
 

Known Issues

There is a minor issue in scalable-blob-store. If there are a large number of blob files added and then removed from the blob store, you may have empty directories or directories with a small number of files in them. These directories will never be removed and will not be populated.

If you wish to prevent empty or sparsely populated directories you will need to run a maintenance task against the blobStoreRoot directory. This maintenance task will need to look for empty or incomplete directories and call the setCurrentBlobDir method passing in the empty blobPath.

For your application you may find you rarely remove large numbers of blob files. If this is the case then this issue can be ignored.

Testing

There are two methods for testing scalable-blob-store:

  1. Unit Testing which uses jest and the local os.tmpdir() directory.
  2. Manual Testing which will create directories and files on your local disk.

Unit Testing

After cloning scalable-blob-store, type the following into your console:

 
npm install
npm test
 

Manual Testing

Running the test-fs.js file will create a ~/blobs directory in your temporary directory and then recursively fill it with lots of blobs.

The default options configured in the test-fs.js file are:

 
const opts = {
  blobStoreRoot: os.tmpdir() + '/blobs',
  idFunction: cuid,
  dirDepth: 3,
  dirWidth: 1000
}
 
const repeat = 10000
 

Change the options if you wish to see different results.

After cloning scalable-blob-store, type the following into your console:

 
npm install
node ./tests/test-fs.js
 

Once complete, inspect the /tmp/blobs directory. I suggest using the tree command which gives you a summary of directories and files within the target directory.

 
tree ~/blobs
tree -d ~/blobs
 

About the Owner

I, Grant Carthew, am a technologist, trainer, and Dad from Queensland, Australia. I work on code in a number of personal projects and when the need arises I build my own packages.

This project exists because I needed a local blob store that could scale.

Everything I do in open source is done in my own time and as a contribution to the open source community.

If you are using my projects and would like to thank me or support me, please click the Patreon link below.

Patreon Donation

See my other projects on NPM.

Contributing

  1. Fork it!
  2. Create your feature branch: git checkout -b my-new-feature
  3. Commit your changes: git commit -am 'Add some feature'
  4. Push to the branch: git push origin my-new-feature
  5. Submit a pull request :D

History

  • v4.0.0 [2018-10-29]: Major upgrade to modern syntax. See readme above.
  • v3.0.9 [2018-02-26]: Dependency packages updated.
  • v3.0.8 [2017-12-22]: Dependency packages updated.
  • v3.0.7 [2017-07-28]: Fixed test. Removed mock-fs (now uses /tmp). Dependency packages updated.
  • v3.0.6 [2017-05-17]: Dependency packages updated.
  • v3.0.5 [2017-03-20]: Dependency packages updated to support Node.js v7.7.3 and mock-fs v4.2.0.
  • v3.0.4 [2016-12-05]: Dependency packages updated.
  • v3.0.3 [2016-10-10]: Replaced node-uuid with uuid.
  • v3.0.2 [2016-09-20]: Dependency packages updated.
  • v3.0.1 [2016-05-05]: Packages updated and minor refactor.
  • v3.0.0 [2016-03-07]: Callback support added. createReadStream API changed.
  • v2.1.2 [2016-03-05]: Missed duplicate function in tests, removed.
  • v2.1.1 [2016-03-05]: Refactored duplicate function in tests.
  • v2.1.0 [2016-03-05]: Switched to using the ES5 build code. Removed Nodejs engine requirements.
  • v2.0.10 [2016-03-03]: Dependency packages updated.
  • v2.0.9 [2016-02-09]: Added promisifyAll to the fsBlobStore instance. More return null statements.
  • v2.0.8 [2016-02-09]: Added return null after resolve/reject calls to prevent Bluebird warnings.
  • v2.0.7 [2016-02-09]: Added es5dist for older versions of node. Packages updated.
  • v2.0.6 [2016-01-28]: Added failure unit tests.
  • v2.0.5 [2016-01-26]: Refactor blob-store.js for minor performance improvement.
  • v2.0.4 [2016-01-24]: Minor performance improvements and bug fixes.
  • v2.0.3 [2016-01-22]: Added unit tests and minor fix.
  • v2.0.2 [2016-01-19]: Added standard to package.json.
  • v2.0.1 [2016-01-12]: Minor performance improvements and bug fixes.
  • v2.0.0 [2016-01-08]: Added support for CUID or UUID directory and file names.
  • v1.0.1 [2016-01-07]: Last release of v1. Work on v2.0.0 to support cuid.
  • v1.0.0 [2016-01-05]: Minor delint and README updates. Bump to v1.0 for future changes.
  • v0.4.1 [2015-08-20]: Fix reference error.
  • v0.4.0 [2015-08-16]: Changed read and write to createReadStream and createWriteStream.
  • v0.3.1 [2015-08-16]: Fix write stream event order.
  • v0.3.0 [2015-08-16]: Removed file path function, change of plans.
  • v0.2.0 [2015-08-16]: Added file path function.
  • v0.1.0 [2015-09-30]: Initial release.

License

MIT

Install

npm i scalable-blob-store

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Version

4.0.0

License

MIT

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