runtime-types

1.0.7 • Public • Published

runtime-types

Use flow type information at runtime. Automatically generate validation code, ORM schemas, etc from the type definition.

Installation

npm install --save runtime-types

Runtime Example

If this file is in ./example-types.js

// @flow
export type PhoneNumber = string;
 
export type User = {
  usernamestring;
  agenumber;
  phonePhoneNumber;
  created: ?Date;
}

You can import the type information as follows:

var types = require('runtime-types')
var path  = require('path')
 
// read the file into a runtime type description
var MyTypes = types.readFile(path.join(__dirname, '../test/example-types.js'))
 
// MyTypes is now equal to:
{
  PhoneNumber: { name: 'string' },
 
  User: {
    name: 'Object',
    properties: [
      { key: 'username', type: { name: 'string' } },
      { key: 'age',      type: { name: 'number' } },
      { key: 'phone',    type: { name: 'PhoneNumber' } },
      { key: 'created',  type: { name: 'Date', nullable: true } } 
    ]
  }
}

Validation Example

You can use the object provided by readFile to create validators for your types

var types = require('runtime-types')
var validate = require('runtime-types').validate
 
var MyTypes = types.readFile(path.join(__dirname, '../test/example-types.js'))
 
var VALIDATORS = {
  PhoneNumber: validate.validateRegex(/^\d{10}$/),
}
 
var validators = validate.createAll(VALIDATORS, MyTypes)

Then you can check various objects to make sure they match User at runtime.

var errs = validators.User({
  username: "bobby",
  age: 23,
  phone: "8014114399",
  created: null
})
 
// ==> []

Checks if fields are set

var errs = validators.User({
  age: 23,
  phone: "8014114399"
})
 
// ==> [ { key: 'username', value: undefined, error: 'missing' } ]
// no error for created because it is nullable

Checks correct typeof for string, number and boolean

var errs = validators.User({
  username: "bobby",
  age: "not an age",
  phone: "8014114399",
})
 
// ==> [ { key: 'age', value: 'not an age', error: 'expected typeof number' } ]

Checks instances for Date

var errs = validators.User({
  username: "bobby",
  age: 23,
  phone: "8014114399",
  created: 1432757991843 // was supposed to be date, not a timestamp
})
 
// [ { key: 'created',
//     value: 1432757991843,
//     error: 'expected instance of function Date() { [native code] }' } ]

Provided Validators: regex

var VALIDATORS:ValidatorMap = {
  PhoneNumber: validate.validateRegex(/^\d{10}$/),
}
 
var validators = validate.createAll(VALIDATORS, MyTypes)
 
var errs = validators.User({
  username: "bobby",
  age: 23,
  phone: "801-443-8899", // should be 10 digits without hyphens
})
 
// [ { key: 'phone',
//     value: '801-411-4399',
//     error: 'did not match /^\\d{10}$/' }, ]

Custom Validators: anything

var VALIDATORS:ValidatorMap = {
  PhoneNumber: function(value) {
    if (value.length == 10) {
      return true
    }
    else {
      return "wrong length!"
    }
  }
}

It does not try to guess validators for your type aliases. If you forget to provide one it will throw an error when you generate the validators

var VALIDATORS:ValidatorMap = {}
 
var validators = validate.createAll(VALIDATORS, MyTypes)
 
// Error: Could not find validator for type: PhoneNumber

Mapping to ORM Schemas

Coming soon. Will be similar to implementation of validate.js

API: runtime-types

readFile. See example

// read a file synchronously and return a type definition for each type alias found
// keys are the name of the alias
// values are the type description
// you should run this when your program starts
 
readFile(filepath:string):ObjectMap<Type>;

Property and Type

type Property = {
  key: string;
  type: Type;
  optional?: boolean;
}
 
type Type = {
  name: string; // number, string, boolean, Post, User, Array
 
  literal?: string; // for string literals
 
  nullable?: boolean;
 
  // only filled for object types
  properties?: Array<Property>;
 
  // only filled for generics, like Array<XX>
  params?: Array<Type>;
}
 
export type ObjectMap<T> = {[keystring]: T}

API: validate

See the example

This library returns ValidateObject functions: they accept an object and return an array of errors

type ValidationError = string;
 
type KeyedError = {
  key: string;
  value: string;
  error: ValidationError;
}
 
type ValidateObject = (value:Object) => Array<KeyedError>

Create a single validate function

create(map:ValidatorMap, type:Type):ValidateObject;

Create a map of validation functions, with keys equal to the name of the types

createAll(map:ValidatorMap, types:ObjectMap<Type>):ObjectMap<ValidateObject>;

Validators are the functions that you use as building blocks. They return either true or an error message

type Validator<T> = (value:T) => ValidationResult
 
// use === true to test
type ValidationResult = boolean | ValidationError;

Provided Validators:

validateExists():Validator;
 
validateTypeOf(type:string):Validator;
 
validateInstanceOf(type:any):Validator;
 
validateRegex(regex:RegExp):Validator;

The ValidationMap connects types to validators

type ValidatorMap = {[key:string]:Validator}
 
// the default validation map, override by passing to `create`
 
var VALIDATORS_BY_TYPE:ValidatorMap = {
  "string"  : validateTypeOf("string"),
  "number"  : validateTypeOf("number"),
  "boolean" : validateTypeOf("boolean"),
  "Date"    : validateInstanceOf(Date),
  "Object"  : validateExists(),
}

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Install

npm i runtime-types

Weekly Downloads

21

Version

1.0.7

License

MIT

Last publish

Collaborators

  • seanhess