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rodnecislo

rodnecislo

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A npm package for validating and deriving information from Czech and Slovak National Identification Number. This number is used in Czech and Slovak Republic as the primary unique identifier for every person by most, if not all, government institutions, banks, etc. It consists of two parts: birth date (with gender mark) and serial number with check digit. It is commonly known as Birth Number or rodné číslo in both Czech and Slovak hence the library name.

Install

npm install rodnecislo

Usage

import { rodnecislo } from 'rodnecislo';
// or using require: 
// let { rodnecislo } = require("rodnecislo") 
 
let rc = rodnecislo('111213/3121');
 
rc.isMale();   // true 
rc.isFemale(); // false 
 
rc.year();     // 2011 
rc.month();    // 11 - zero based month 
rc.day();      // 13 
 
rc.birthDate() // new Date(2011, 11, 13) - "Tue Dec 13 2011 00:00:00 GMT+0100 (CET)" 
rc.birthDateAsString() // "13.12.2011" - the Czech date format 
 
rc.isValid()   // true 
 
rc.isAdult()   // false - by default checks if current date is above 18 years old 
rc.isAdult(21) // false - for US 
 
rc.age()       // 5 - age today (it is 5.6.2017 ;) 
 
rc.dic()       // "CZ1112133121" - Czech Tax Identification Number (DIč) 

Definitions and legislation

Dictionary

  • birth number - a National identification number in Czech and Slovak republic
  • birth date part - first 6 digits of birth number, typically divided with serial number with slash '/'
  • serial number - 3 digits diferentiating people born on the same day, occurs after '/'
  • check digit - last digit of the birth number, making it divisible by 11 (with exceptions)
  • DIC - czech VAT number

Sources

Specification comes mainly from following links:

RegExp

RegExp for rodné číslo. With/without slash.

  |   1   |      2a      |       2b      |       2c      |       2d       |             3          |4 |    5   |
/^\d{0,2}((0[1-9]|1[0-2])|(2[1-9]|3[0-2])|(5[1-9]|6[0-2])|(7[1-9]|8[0-2]))(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]|3[01])\/?[0-9]{3,4}$/;

Explanation:

  • 1 - 00-99 birth year
  • 2 birth month
    • a - 01-12 for men
    • b - 21-32 for men*
    • c - 51-62 for women
    • d - 71-82 for women*
  • 3 - 01-31 birth day
  • 4 - slash
  • 5 - 000-9999 serial and check digit

* Since 2004 (law nr. 53/2004) it is possible to add extra 20 to the month number in case the number of newborns exceeds all the possible combinations of birth date/birth number divisible by 11.

Historical evolution

  • Before 1953
    • People in Czechoslovakia have Personal ID Card Number or Work ID Card Number. It isn't called birth number/rodne cislo yet.
    • It has format yymmdd/sss
    • Women have mm+50
    • sss is serial number for people born on the same day
    • Eg: 516231/016 is birth number of a woman, born on 31 Dec 1951
  • After 1953
    • Birth number is official now
    • It has format: yymmdd/sssc
    • Women have: mm+50
    • Whole PIN must be divisible by 11 OR
    • If (yymmddsss % 11 == 10 && c == 0) then the birth number is valid
  • After 1985
    • The (yymmddsss % 11 == 10 && c == 0) exception was removed
    • ... every new birth number must be divisible by 11 as a whole from now on
  • In 1993 Czechoslovakia split into Czech Republic and Slovak Republic
    • the legislation might differ from this point on
  • After 2004
    • Men can also have mm+20
    • Women can also have mm+70

So to flatten the knowledge:

  • Short/long version
    • Short version was used before 1953
    • Long version AND yy >= 54 THEN yyyy = 19yy
    • Long version AND yy < 53 THEN yyyy = 20yy
    • Who knows what comes in 2053...
  • Month/Gender
    • Month is 51-62 OR 71-82 - it is a woman subtract 50 and 20
    • Month is 01-12 OR 21-32 - it is a man subtract 20
  • Modulo condition
    • Short birth number - no modulo condition  - Whole birth number is divisible by 11 - valid birth number
    • Whole birth number without check digit modulo 11 equals 10 AND check digit is 0 AND year is 54-85 - valid birth number

Age and Adultood

According to Civil code §601 law n. 89/2012 and §30 of New Civil Code an age is reached at midnight which is starting the birthday. So on the first seconds of your 18th birthday you can start drinking in Czech.

VAT Identification Number

In Czech the personal VAT Identification Number is derived from Birth Number by adding CZ prefix and ommitting the slash. It is called Daňové identifikační číslo (DIČ) hence the .dic() method.

TODOs

Knowledge

  • What happens to birth number in 2053?
  • How many colisions in birth number are there?

Programming

  • Add optional support for momentjs.com
  • Build into jQuery plugin

Author

Jakub Podlaha j.podlaha@gmail.com

License

Contributing

Contributions are highly welcome! Really! This repo is trying to be ;-) commitizen friendly — please read about it here.


Dev notes

Generated using: https://github.com/d4rkr00t/generator-np

Watched using: https://travis-ci.org/kub1x/rodnecislo

Deployed using: https://github.com/conventional-changelog/conventional-github-releaser