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    rodnecislo
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    1.6.0 • Public • Published

    rodnecislo

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    A npm package for validating and deriving information from Czech and Slovak National Identification Number. This number is used in Czech and Slovak Republic as the primary unique identifier for every person by most, if not all, government institutions, banks, etc. It consists of two parts: birth date (with gender mark) and serial number with check digit. It is commonly known as Birth Number or rodné číslo in both Czech and Slovak hence the library name.

    Install

    Works with nodejs v10 and higer (ES2015).

    npm install rodnecislo

    Usage

    import { rodnecislo } from 'rodnecislo';
    // let { rodnecislo } = require("rodnecislo")
     
    let rc = rodnecislo('111213/3121')
     
    rc.isMale()     // true
    rc.isFemale()   // false
     
    rc.year()       // 2011
    rc.month()      // 11 - zero based month
    rc.day()        // 13
     
    rc.birthDate()  // new Date(2011, 11, 13) - "Tue Dec 13 2011 00:00:00 GMT+0100 (CET)"
    rc.birthDateAsString() // "13.12.2011" - the Czech date format
     
    rc.isValid()    // true
    rc.isPossible() // true (valid, but maybe in the future)
     
    rc.isAdult()    // false - by default checks if current date is above 18 years old
    rc.isAdult(21)  // false - for US
     
    rc.age()        // 5 - age today (it is 5.6.2017 ;)
     
    rc.dic()        // "CZ1112133121" - Czech Tax Identification Number (DIč)

    Definitions and legislation

    Dictionary

    • birth number - National Identification Number in Czech and Slovak republic
    • birth date part - first 6 digits of birth number, typically divided with serial number with slash '/'
    • serial number - 3 digits diferentiating people born on the same day, occurs after '/'
    • check digit - last digit of the birth number, making it divisible by 11 (with exceptions)
    • DIC - czech VAT number

    Historical evolution

    Before 1953

    • People in Czechoslovakia have Personal ID Card Number or Work ID Card Number. It isn't called birth number/rodne cislo yet.
    • It has format yymmdd/sss
    • Women have mm+50
    • sss is serial number for people born on the same day
    • Eg: 516231/016 is birth number of a female, born on 31 Dec 1951

    After 1953

    • Birth number is official now
    • It has format: yymmdd/sssc
    • Women have: mm+50
    • Whole PIN must be divisible by 11 OR
    • If (yymmddsss % 11 == 10 && c == 0) then the birth number is valid

    After 1985

    • The (yymmddsss % 11 == 10 && c == 0) exception was removed
    • ... every new birth number must be divisible by 11 as a whole from now on

    In 1993 Czechoslovakia split into Czech Republic and Slovak Republic

    • the legislation might differ from this point on

    After 2004

    • Since 2004 (law nr. 53/2004) it is possible to add extra 20 to the month number in case the number of newborns exceeds all the possible combinations of birth date/birth number divisible by 11. In conclusion:
      • Men can also have mm+20
      • Women can also have mm+70

    So to wrap it up

    Short/long version

    • Short version was used before 1953
    • Long version AND yy >= 54 THEN yyyy = 19yy
    • Long version AND yy < 53 THEN yyyy = 20yy
    • Who knows what comes in 2053...

    Month/Gender

    • Month is 51-62 OR 71-82 - female, subtract 50 and 70 respectively
    • Month is 01-12 OR 21-32 - male, subtract 20

    Modulo condition

    • Short birth number - no modulo condition
    • Whole birth number is divisible by 11 - valid birth number
    • Whole birth number without check digit modulo 11 equals 10 AND check digit is 0 AND year is 54-85 - valid birth number

    Age and Adultood

    According to Civil code §601 law n. 89/2012 and §30 of New Civil Code an age is reached at midnight which is starting the birthday. So on the first seconds of your 18th birthday you can start drinking in Czech.

    VAT Identification Number

    In Czech the personal VAT Identification Number is derived from Birth Number by adding CZ prefix and ommitting the slash. It is called Daňové identifikační číslo (DIČ) hence the .dic() method.

    Sources

    Specification comes mainly from following links:

    RegExp

    RegExp for rodné číslo. With/without slash.

      |   1   |      2a      |       2b      |       2c      |       2d       |             3          |4 |    5   |
    /^\d{0,2}((0[1-9]|1[0-2])|(2[1-9]|3[0-2])|(5[1-9]|6[0-2])|(7[1-9]|8[0-2]))(0[1-9]|[1-2][0-9]|3[01])\/?[0-9]{3,4}$/;
    

    Explanation:

    • 1 - 00-99 birth year, i.e. yy
    • 2 birth month, i.e. mm
      • a - 01-12 for men
      • b - 21-32 for men*
      • c - 51-62 for women
      • d - 71-82 for women*
    • 3 - 01-31 birth day, .i.e. dd
    • 4 - slash
    • 5 - 000-9999 serial and check digit, .i.e xxxx

    Unanswered Questions

    • What happens to birth number in 2053?
    • How many colisions in birth number are there?

    Author

    Jakub Podlaha j.podlaha@gmail.com

    License

    MIT : http://opensource.org/licenses/MIT

    Contributing

    Don't hesitate to let me know about errors and/or possible uselessnesses. I did this for my project first but would be glad if others find this useful.

    Install

    npm i rodnecislo

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    312

    Version

    1.6.0

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    15.7 kB

    Total Files

    5

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • kub1x