1.1.0 • Public • Published

Ring election

Is your dream to build a service like cassandra,kafka,zipkin,jaeger,redis,etc...? You are in the right place , join ring-election project !!!

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JavaScript Style Guide


Getting started
Use cases
How to integrate</>
High level design

Getting started

Try it out !
   docker-compose up 

Check assigned partitions to local:9000/status or change the port to 9001/9002
Try to stop and restart container and observe the behaviour.
If you want to develop new features or fix a bug you can do that without docker images , just configure environment variables correctly ( you can see them on [docker-compose.yaml] file) .
See Examples section to know how to integrate this library and build some distributed services on top of ring-election !!!

Overview and rationale

In modern systems it is often needed to distribute the application load to make the system scalable so that every data is processed by a single instance.
Ring-election is a driver that implements a distributed algorithm that assigns to each node the partitions to work on . In a simple use case each node can obtain data that are part of the partitions of which it is owner and work on them.
The algorithm will assign to each node one or more partitions to work with.
A node will be removed if it does not send an hearth beat for a while , this process is called heart check.
Each node in the ring will have an ID and a priority , if the leader node will die the node with lower priority will be elect as leader.
If a node is added or removed from the cluster, the allocated partitions will be rebalanced.

What the ring-election driver offers you ?

  • A default partitioner that for an object returns the partition to which it is assigned.
  • Mechanism of leader election
  • Failure detection between nodes.
  • Assignment and rebalancing of partitions between nodes
  • Automatic re-election of the leader

What problems can you solve with this driver ?

  • Scalability
  • High availability
  • Concurrency between nodes in a cluster
  • Automatic failover

Use cases

This section introduce you on what you can build on top of ring-election using it as driver/library.

Distributed Scheduler
Each Scheduler instance will work on the assigned partitions .
A real implementation of this use case is available here https://github.com/pioardi/hurricane-scheduler
Dynamic diagram

Distributed lock
Distributed cache
Distributed computing

How to integrate as driver/library

How to leader
const ring = require('ring-election');
let leader = ring.leader;
// if you want REST API as monitoring , invoke startMonitoring
// to get ring info
// Your leader will be the coordinator.

How to follower

const ring = require('ring-election')
let follower = ring.follower
const {
= ring.constants;
// if you want REST API as monitoring , invoke startMonitoring
// to get ring info
// to get assigned partitions
let assignedPartitions = ring.follower.partitions()
// now let me assume that a follower will create some data
// and you want to partition this data
let partition = ring.follower.defaultPartitioner('KEY')
// save your data including the partition on a storage
// you will be the only one in the cluster working on the partitions assigned to you.
// If you want to handle partitions assigned ( use other constants to listen other events ) you can do in this way.
ring.follower.eventListener.on(PARTITIONS_ASSIGNED , (newAssignedPartitions) => {
   // DO STUFF

Try it out !

   docker image build -t ring-election .
   docker-compose up

See examples folder for more advanced examples


PORT : The leader will start to listen on this port , default is 3000
TIME_TO_RECONNECT: The time to wait for a follower when he has to connect to a new leader in ms , default is 3000
HEARTH_BEAT_FREQUENCY: The frequency with which a hearth beat is performed by a follower , default is 1000
HEARTH_BEAT_CHECK_FREQUENCY: The frequency with which an hearth check is performed by a leader , default is 3000
LOG_LEVEL: Follow this https://www.npmjs.com/package/winston#logging-levels , default is info.
NUM_PARTITIONS: Number of partitions to distribute across the cluster , default is 10.
SEED_NODES : hostnames and ports of leader node comma separated, Ex . hostname1:port,hostname2:port
MONITORING_PORT : port to expose rest service for monitoring , default is 9000

Monitoring API

To monitor your cluster contact any node on the path /status (HTTP verb : GET) or contact a follower node on /partitions (HTTP verb : GET).


Re-add a client in the cluster when it was removed and send an hearth beat
Implement event emitter to notify library users when something happens

High Level Diagram

Dynamic diagram

How to contribute

This repo use standard js style , please use it if you want to contribute
Take tasks from todo list, develop a new feature or fix a bug and do a pull request.
How to run tests
Unit tests
npm run test

Integration tests
cd test/integration
npm run integration-test

How to check if your new code is standard style
npm run standard
If you want to lint your code run --> npm run lint


We use (http://semver.org/) for versioning.


This project is licensed under the MIT License - see the [LICENSE.md] file for details

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npm i ring-election

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