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replicate-couchdb-cluster

1.0.2 • Public • Published

replicate-couchdb-cluster

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A fault-tolerant way to replicate an entire CouchDB cluster

Installation

$ npm install -g replicate-couchdb-cluster

Usage

Usage: replicate-couchdb-cluster -s source -t target options

  -s source           The URL for the CouchDB cluster from which we will be
                      replicating

  -t target           The URL for the CouchDB cluster to which we will be
                      replicating

Options:

  -c max-concurrency  The maximum number of concurrent replications. If this
                      value is omitted then the max-concurrency is defaulted
                      to 20.

  -i dbs-to-skip      A comma separated list of DBS to skip

  -a                  Use the target's _replicate API when replicating. This is
                      particularly useful when you are trying to replicate from
                      a remote source to localhost. By default, the source's
                      _replicate API is used.

  -v                  Verbose

  -d                  Debug info such as details of the requests and responses.
                      Useful for determining why long replications are failing.

Examples:

  Replicate all DBs on example1.com to example2.com:

    $ replicate-couchdb-cluster -s http://example1.com:5984 -t http://example2.com:5984

  Replicate all DBs, except the _users and _replicator DBs:

    $ replicate-couchdb-cluster -s http://example1.com:5984 -t http://example2.com:5984 \
                                -i _users,replicator

  Replicate all DBs using SSL and authentication:

    $ replicate-couchdb-cluster -s https://admin1:secrect1@example1.com:6984 \
                                -t https://admin2:secrect2@example2.com:6984

  Replicate all DBs from a remote source to a local source:

    $ replicate-couchdb-cluster -s https://admin1:secrect1@example1.com \
                                -t http://localhost:5984
                                -a

In a docker container

This can be useful for scheduling a reoccurring backup.

Run the replication in the foreground:

$ docker run -it \
    -e SOURCE="https://admin1:secrect1@example1.com:6984" \
    -e TARGET="https://admin2:secrect2@example2.com:6984" \
    redgeoff/replicate-couchdb-cluster

Replicate every hour in the background. This will persist through server reboots:

$ docker run -d --name replicate-couchdb-cluster \
    --restart always \
    -e SOURCE="https://admin1:secrect1@example1.com:6984" \
    -e TARGET="https://admin2:secrect2@example2.com:6984" \
    -e RUN_EVERY_SECS=3600 \
    -e VERBOSE=true \
    redgeoff/replicate-couchdb-cluster

Notes:

  • If the replication takes longer than RUN_EVERY_SECS, it will result to running the replications back to back. You can use RUN_EVERY_SECS=0 if you always want the replication to run continuously.
  • You can view the output at /var/lib/docker/containers/<container id>/<container id>-json.log

Replicate every day at 23:00 UTC (11 PM). This will persist through server reboots:

$ docker run -d --name replicate-couchdb-cluster \
    --restart always \
    -e SOURCE="https://admin1:secrect1@example1.com:6984" \
    -e TARGET="https://admin2:secrect2@example2.com:6984" \
    -e RUN_AT="23:00" \
    -e VERBOSE=true \
    redgeoff/replicate-couchdb-cluster

All options:

$ docker run -d --name replicate-couchdb-cluster \
    --restart always
    -e SOURCE="https://admin1:secrect1@example1.com:6984" \
    -e TARGET="https://admin2:secrect2@example2.com:6984" \
    -e RUN_AT="HH:MM" \
    -e RUN_EVERY_SECS=3600 \
    -e CONCURRENCY=10 \
    -e SKIP="_users,_replicator" \
    -e USE_TARGET_API=1 \
    -e VERBOSE=true \
    -e DEBUG=true \
    redgeoff/replicate-couchdb-cluster

Note: The RUN_AT and RUN_EVERY_SECS options cannot be used simultaneously. RUN_AT will always take precedence over RUN_EVERY_SECS.

API

You can also use the API.

Example:

var replicate = require('replicate-couchdb-cluster');
 
replicate({
  source: https://admin1:secrect1@example1.com:6984,
  target: https://admin2:secrect2@example2.com:6984,
  concurrency: 10,
  skip: ['_users', '_replicator'],
  verbose: true,
  useTargetAPI: true,
  debug: true
}).then(function () {
  // Replication done
});

Why?

You may be wondering why you would need such a tool when CouchDB 2 automatically replicates data between nodes:

  • We feel it is much safer to have a separate backup of our data in case something happens to our data, e.g. we accidentally delete data, there is a hacking attempt, etc...
  • Sometimes you want to replicate a cluster to a different region of the world. (The built-in clustering in CouchDB 2 isn't designed to be used across different regions of the world)
  • In rare cases, we have found that CouchDB sometimes corrupts database files and in these rare cases, we've had to restore data from our backups.

Testing

Building

install

npm i replicate-couchdb-cluster

Downloadsweekly downloads

16

version

1.0.2

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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