3.0.2 • Public • Published

relative NPM version

Get the relative filepath from path A to path B. Calculates from file-to-directory, file-to-file, directory-to-file, and directory-to-directory.

Calculates correctly from:

  • file-to-directory
  • file-to-file
  • directory-to-file
  • directory-to-directory

Install with npm

$ npm i relative --save


var relative = require('relative');
relative(from, to);
relative('a/b/c.txt', 'd');
//=> '../../d'
relative('d', 'a/b/c.txt');
//=> '../a/b/c.txt'

Relative to process.cwd()

//=> 'a/b/c.txt'
relative(process.cwd(), 'a/b/c.txt');
//=> 'a/b/c.txt'
relative('a/b/c.txt', process.cwd());
//=> '..'


There are cases where it is impossible to tell if a path is a file or a directory without more information.


If assume that a.b.c is a directory, we have no way of know that without hitting the filesystem, which is impossible if the path doesn't actually exist.

So the result would be:

relative('fixtures/a.b.c', 'fixtures');
//=> '.'

If the path exists

Pass true as the last argument, or pass the stat object from fs.stat()/fs.statSync() and you will get the correct result.

relative('fixtures/a.b.c', 'fixtures', true);
//=> '..'

If the path does not exist

End directory names with trailing slash. If you can't or don't want to do that, you may get incorrect results from time to time, but there isn't much we can do about it.

One very bad idea I had was to create a whitelist of filenames that look like directories, and directories that look like file names so that when those paths are encountered the logic would be adjusted accordingly. Anyway, it is what it is.


Get the relative path to the given base.

relative.toBase(base, filepath);


relative.toBase('a/b', 'a/b/c/d/file.txt');
//=> 'c/d/file.txt'

Other useful libs

  • cwd: Node.js util for easily getting the current working directory of a project based on package.json… more
  • export-files: node.js utility for exporting a directory of files as modules.
  • global-prefix: Get the npm global path prefix.
  • is-absolute: Return true if a file path is absolute.
  • is-relative: Returns true if the path appears to be relative.
  • is-dotfile: Return true if a file path is (or has) a dotfile.

Running tests

Install dev dependencies:

$ npm i -d && npm test


Pull requests and stars are always welcome. For bugs and feature requests, please create an issue


Jon Schlinkert


Copyright © 2014-2015 Jon Schlinkert Released under the MIT license.

This file was generated by verb-cli on July 09, 2015.

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