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1.0.2 • Public • Published

"Saga First" Router for React/Redux/Saga Projects

This router is inspired by best parts of redux-saga-router and redux-first-router. A rather long introduction about the reasoning behind can be found at Pre Release: Redux-First Router — A Step Beyond Redux-Little-Router, but you can choose to just believe us a read further :)


yarn add redux-saga-first-router history


Keeping browser URL in sync with redux state and activating/deactivating application behavior per screen level is handled by redux-saga.

Router reducer is registered as usual in combineReducers block. Router saga is our workhorse which is registered with redux-saga middleware after all other saga-s and is initialized with application routesMap and instance of history helper.

import createHistory from 'history/createBrowserHistory';
import {
    reducer as routerReducer,
    saga as routerSaga,
} from 'redux-saga-first-router';
// matched from top to bottom
// less specific routes should appear later
// provided sagas are activated/deactivated on matched route
const routesMap = buildRoutesMap(
    route('PROJECT', '/portal/projects/:projectName', projectNavigate),
    route('PROJECTS', '/portal/projects', projectsNavigate, projectsQuery),
    route('DOWNLOAD', '/portal/download')
    // ...
const history = createHistory();
const reducer = combineReducers({
    // ... other reducers
    routing: routerReducer,
// ... store and saga middleware setup
// other sagas ...
// routerSaga is registered last, routesMap, history);


Routes Map

routesMap is ordered map of route-s defined in our application. route helper is just shorthand to generate the following data structure

    id: 'PROJECTS',
    path: '/portal/projects',
    navigateSaga: projectNavigate,
    querySaga: projectsQuery
  • id: {string} - should be unique and is part of all dispatch-ed redux actions.
  • path: {string} - Express-style path definition, for reference check Path-to-RegExp documentation (only paths are supported, no query strings).
  • navigateSaga: {function*} - [optional] saga that will be fork-ed when navigated to matching route and cancel-ed when navigated away.
  • querySaga: {function*} - [optional] saga that will be fork-ed when query is changed.

Routes are evaluated from top to bottom until URL match is found, this requires routes to be ordered from more to less specific.

routesMap is used to provide data for two essential functions:

  • URL -> Action - When URL is entered in browser address bar (or Back/Forward buttons are used) a scan trough routesMap tries to find match and when found an action is dispatched
    type: 'router/NAVIGATE',
    id: 'PROJECT',
    params: { projectName: 'Project 123' },
    query: { mode: 'grid' }
  • Action -> URL - When NAVIGATE action is dispatched by our code a matching route by id is used to generate the corresponding URL and is push/replace-ed in browser history.
import { navigate } from 'redux-saga-first-router';
const mapDispatchToProps = dispatch => {
    return {
        // ...
        onSelectProject(projectName) {
            dispatch(navigate('PROJECT', { projectName }, { query: { mode: 'grid' } }));
        onProjectDeleted() {
            dispatch(navigate('PROJECTS', {}, { replace: true }));
        // ...

Where navigate is small action creator helper. The third parameter can be used to pass additional options, currently supported are:

  • replace: {boolean} - instructs the router to use replace instead of push method on history update.
  • force: {boolean} - instructs the router to force new saga fork even if navigate action is the same as current route.
  • query: {object} - appends query string parameters to generated URL, these will be passed later as second parameter of activated navigate & query saga.

Query string parameters are unordered/arbitrary data, they are always optional and not considered in route matching.

All navigation in our application is now controlled by just dispatching redux actions, browser URL and history manipulation are handled automatically and only by the router ! If you want to react on navigation event, use registered route saga!

React routing component

Once we have in place the router reducer and saga we can create our React component that will render relevant React sub-components per route. This can be simple stateless React component connected to our routing state.

import React from 'react';
import { connect } from 'react-redux';
import ProjectView from './screens/project-view';
import ProjectList from './screens/project-list';
import NotFound from './screens/not-found';
const Screen = ({ id, params }) =>
        PROJECT: () => <ProjectView projectName={params.projectName} />,
        PROJECTS: () => <ProjectList />,
    }[id] || (() => <NotFound />))());
export default connect(state => state.routing)(Screen);

This example uses js object to map route id to React sub-components. Notice that we use functions as map values, this way we will create instances only for route matching React components. The structure of this component is entirely up to your project and you may decide to split it even further.

Directly using redux routing state beside main React routing component is rare, as saga-s are activated/deactivated per route with all relevant data.

Navigate sagas

The third parameter in our route definition is optional saga function, as we already mentioned this saga will be activated once our application navigates to this route and will be cancel-ed when navigated away.

export function* projectNavigate(params, query) {
    const { projectName } = params;
    const { mode } = query;
    // sub-saga active only for current route
    yield fork(watchProjectRename);
    // prepare initial state
    yield put(clearStore());
    if (mode) {
        yield put(setViewMode(mode));
    try {
        // poll for changes every 3 seconds
        while (true) {
            // load current project
            yield put(getProject(projectName));
            yield call(delay, 3000);
    } finally {
        if (yield cancelled()) {
            // cleanup on navigating away
            yield put(clearStore());

Here we will receive passed parameters and can initialize sub-sagas that are relevant only for the lifespan of this route, as opposite to application level sagas that are registered with saga middleware. Also we have chance to clear after application navigates away and all fork-ed sagas will be cancel-ed automatically.


npm i redux-saga-first-router

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