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redux-optimist

redux-optimist

Optimistically apply actions that can be later commited or reverted.

Build Status Dependency Status NPM version

Installation

npm install redux-optimist

Usage

Step 1: Wrap your top level reducer in redux-optimist

reducers/todos.js

export default function todos(state = [], action) {
  switch (action.type) {
  case 'ADD_TODO':
    return state.concat([action.text]);
  default:
    return state;
  }
}

reducers/status.js

export default function status(state = {writing: false, error: null}, action) {
  switch (action.type) {
  case 'ADD_TODO':
    return {writing: true, error: null};
  case 'ADD_TODO_COMPLETE':
    return {writing: false, error: null};
  case 'ADD_TODO_FAILED':
    return {writing: false, error: action.error};
  default:
    return state;
  }
}

reducers/index.js

import optimist from 'redux-optimist';
import { combineReducers } from 'redux';
import todos from './todos';
import status from './status';
 
export default optimist(combineReducers({
  todos,
  status
}));

As long as your top-level reducer returns a plain object, you can use optimist. You don't have to use Redux.combineReducers.

Step 2: Mark your optimistic actions with the optimist key

middleware/api.js

import {BEGIN, COMMIT, REVERT} from 'optimist';
import request from 'then-request';
 
let nextTransactionID = 0;
export default function (store) {
  return next => action => {
    if (action.type !== 'ADD_TODO') {
      return next(action);
    }
    let transactionID = nextTransactionID++;
    next({
      type: 'ADD_TODO',
      text: action.text,
      optimist: {type: BEGIN, id: transactionID}
    });
    request('POST', '/add_todo', {text: action.text}).getBody().done(
      res => next({
        type: 'ADD_TODO_COMPLETE',
        text: action.text,
        response: res,
        optimist: {type: COMMIT, id: transactionID}
      }),
      err => next({
        type: 'ADD_TODO_FAILED',
        text: action.text,
        error: err,
        optimist: {type: REVERT, id: transactionID}
      })
    );
  }
};

Note how we always follow up by either COMMITing the transaction or REVERTing it. If you do neither, you will get a memory leak. Also note that we use a serialisable transactionID such as a number. These should always be unique accross the entire system.

Step 3:

Using this, we can safely fire off ADD_TODO actions in the knowledge that the UI will update optimisticly, but will revert if the write to the server fails.

App.js

import { createStore, applyMiddleware } from 'redux';
import api from './middleware/api';
import reducer from './reducers';
 
let store = applyMiddleware(api)(createStore)(reducer);
console.log(store.getState());
// { 
//   optimist: {...}, 
//   todos: [], 
//   status: {writing: false, error: null} 
// } 
 
store.dispatch({
  type: 'ADD_TODO',
  text: 'Use Redux'
});
console.log(store.getState());
// { 
//   optimist: {...}, 
//   todos: ['Use Redux'], 
//   status: {writing: true, error: null} 
// } 
 
// You can apply other actions here and their updates won't get lost 
// even if the original ADD_TODO action gets reverted. 
 
// Some time later... 
console.log(store.getState());
// either 
// { 
//   optimist: {...}, 
//   todos: ['Use Redux'], 
//   status: {writing: false, error: null} 
// } 
// or 
// { 
//   optimist: {...}, 
//   todos: [], 
//   status: {writing: false, error: Error} 
// } 

License

MIT